These natural and architectural monuments will make you fall in love with our country.
When we talked about 40 places worth visiting until the age of 40, we were bombarded with questions. But what about Baikal? Why is there no Russia? We have not forgotten. Our country is simply so beautiful that it deserves a separate compilation.
1. Curonian Spit, Kaliningrad Region
The Curonian Spit is a long narrow strip of land with a unique landscape, flora and fauna. About 600 species of plants grow there and there are 296 species of animals, and another 150 species of birds go through the migration route. For its stunning nature, the Curonian Spit is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. You can enjoy its beauty by going along any of the six hiking routes of the national park of the same name.
2. Khibiny, Murmansk region
Khibiny is a mountain on the Kola Peninsula. They have a soft relief and stunning nature. Almost the entire Red Book grows and lives there. For most of the year, the mountain range remains snowy, which attracts lovers of skiing. The main ski resorts are on the Aykuayvenchorr and Kukisvumchorr mountains. You can ride from November to June.
Do not ski? Embark on a jeep safari on the peninsula, fish in emerald lakes or get acquainted with the life of Kola reindeer herders. Also from the minimum program in the Khibiny is the Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and the "Snow Village".
1. Altai mountains
The Russian part of the mountain range is located in the Altai Territory and the Altai Republic. The ridge will be divided between four countries: Russia, Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan. The highest point - Mount Belukha - rises 4.5 km above sea level. Altai Mountains is one of the most beautiful places in Russia. They are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, in addition to them, the heritage includes the Altai and Katunsky biosphere reserves, as well as the Ukok plateau. All this is located in Russia.
Altai is a place where snow-capped mountain peaks border green meadows, and fast mountain rivers border quiet deep lakes. An ideal place for those who like to relax among untouched by nature.
3. Kizhi, Karelia
Kizhi is an architectural ensemble of two wooden churches and a bell tower of the XVIII – XIX centuries, built without nails. This is one of the main Russian attractions. It is located on an island in Lake Onega and is part of the Kizhi State Historical and Architectural Museum. This is a great place to study history and crafts, as well as thoughts on eternal topics.
2. Lake Baikal
Baikal is the most beautiful lake in Russia. Located in Eastern Siberia in the Irkutsk region. This is the deepest lake on the planet, its greatest depth exceeds 1.6 km. It contains 20% of the world’s supply of fresh water, more than any other lake or reservoir.
The water in Baikal is so clean that it can be drunk without special treatment. The climate in this area is quite mild and attractive for tourists. The lake creates its own microclimate: it is warmer here in winter and cooler in summer than in Irkutsk and other nearby cities. In addition, there are almost never clouds over Lake Baikal, the blue sky reflects in the lake for most of the year, which makes it even more attractive. There are 27 islands on Baikal, most of which have unique flora and fauna.
4. Ruskeala, Karelia
Ruskeala is a village with unique nature and glorious history, near which there is a mountain park of the same name. It includes Marble Canyon and Ruskealsky failure. The canyon is surrounded by sheer cliffs, grottoes and adits. It is filled with clean groundwater, and therefore completely transparent. And the Ruskealsky failure is unique in that ice never melts in its distant parts. In the park, you can ride a boat through the canyon, jump off its cliff or swim through abandoned scuba mines.
Elbrus is an active stratovolcano on the border between Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia, and one of the most picturesque places in Russia. However, tourists should not be afraid, the last eruption of the volcano was about 3100 BC. and in the near future no new eruption is expected. Elbrus is the highest point in Europe and is included in the tourist route of climbers “Seven Peaks”. The peak of Elbrus is located 5.6 km above sea level.
The mountain range has a fairly developed infrastructure. There are many cable cars designed for a large number of tourists. There are also hotels, tourist camps, alpine shelters and cafes. The LeapRus Hotel is located at an altitude of 3.9 km; there are no analogues in Europe.
5. Peterhof, St. Petersburg
Peterhof is a palace and park ensemble on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland. Along with other architectural monuments, it is a visiting card of St. Petersburg and part of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The appearance of the suburban imperial residence was formed during the 18th-19th centuries, was severely damaged during the Great Patriotic War, but completely restored and ennobled. The best time to visit Peterhof is the end of spring and summer, when the fountains are open. There are 147 of them - this is one of the largest fountain systems in the world.
4. Kezenoy-am Lake
Another beautiful lake in Russia, Kezenoy-am, is located on the border between the Chechen Republic and Dagestan. It is mountainous, the height above sea level is 1.8 km. According to the law, 2/3 of Kazenoy-am belongs to Dagestan and 1/3 of the Chechen Republic, however, for the benefit of the tourism business, there are no conflicts between states.
There is a tourist complex of the same name on the lake, located on the territory of Chechnya. It includes a hotel and cottages of classes from “Standard” to “VIP”, piers, boat stations, cafes and restaurants, sports fields, baths - all this is present on an area of 1.2 km2.
The water in the lake is cold even in summer, however, amazing landscapes, clean air and unique representatives of flora and fauna make Cazena am attractive for tourists.
6. Novgorod detinets, Veliky Novgorod
On the shore of Volkhov, in the heart of Veliky Novgorod there is a fortress, the first annalistic mention of which dates back to 1044. XI century! Novgorod detinets includes nine towers and four cathedrals. Including the famous snow-white St. Sophia Cathedral.
A visit to the kids is a great opportunity to refresh your knowledge of Russian history and get acquainted with the culture of the Ancient Russian state.
5. Char sands
Charsky Sands is a small desert in the Trans-Baikal Territory. This is one of the most amazing and beautiful places not only in Russia, but also on the planet. 50 km2 desert located in the taiga. Geologists and historians failed to find out when and how it originated. Char sands are surrounded by swamps, evergreen trees and snow-capped mountain peaks. The climate of this area is not typical for the desert: summer does not last long, winter comes early and is characterized by heavy snowfalls and severe frosts. The first snow appears in Chara Sands in September, in winter the temperature drops to -50 ° C, and spring comes only in mid-May. The desert blooms in May-June, but at this time the ice melts in the waters of the Upper and Middle Sakukan rivers and it is dangerous to visit this area.
7. Yasnaya Polyana, Tula Region
Yasnaya Polyana is a manor 14 kilometers from Tula. It was founded in the XVII century and belonged to several noble families. On August 28, 1828, Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy was born in Yasnaya Polyana. There he wrote War and Peace, Anna Karenina and other works. There he is buried.
In Yasnaya Polyana, you can plunge into the atmosphere of the Russian nobility and get acquainted with the character and life of the great writer. The best time to visit the manor is spring, when apple orchards bloom. In the house-museum of Lev Nikolaevich, the situation was recreated in 1910, when Tolstoy left Yasnaya Polyana forever.
Why go: see how East meets West
In Kazan, the Tatar culture was closely intertwined with the Russian - and it turned out a lovely child of mixed blood. In the Kazan Kremlin, directly across the road from the Annunciation Cathedral, the Kul-Sharif Mosque rises - both of these are of incredible beauty.
Amazing contrasts await you at the National Museum: you will see the Tarkhan label from the time of the Kazan Khanate and the carriage in which Catherine the Great traveled. In the Old Tatar settlement it is interesting to look at the neat, brightly colored houses that have been preserved from the past, and on the Bauman street - the local Arbat - to stroke the bronze cat of Kazan. And by all means, try the gentle and thick-sided echpochmaki - Kazan knows a lot about pastries.
How to get to Kazan: Choose between bus, train and plane.
6. Valley of Geysers
The Valley of Geysers is the only geyser field on the Eurasian continent, which is the most visited place in Kamchatka and one of the most picturesque places in Russia. Its area is 6 km2
A geyser is an underground source of hot water that periodically releases jets of steam under pressure. In addition to geysers, the beautiful valley contains healing mud boilers, waterfalls and lakes. This area has many legends and traditions. Some tourists come here to enjoy the beautiful views of the Kronotsky Biosphere Reserve, while others want to improve their health with the help of mud baths, healing geysers and lakes.
However, the Valley of Geysers is a dangerous place. Hot steam can cause burns, and geysers on the surface of the earth are not visible to the naked eye, then visiting it alone is not recommended.
8. Sviyazhsk, Tatarstan
Sviyazhsk is a small village with a long history. In 1551–1552, the city of Sviyazhsk helped the troops of Ivan the Terrible to take Kazan. The village is located in the Zelenodolsky district of Tatarstan. Separated from the main land by the Kuibyshev reservoir, in the summer a passenger ship runs to it.
There are no public transport, industry or modern buildings on the island - only the picturesque nature of the Middle Volga and numerous architectural monuments. You can explore all the local attractions in a day, but fishing enthusiasts will certainly want to linger.
Why go: recharge the energy of the deepest lake in the world
On Baikal, everyone will find what he is looking for. Settle on the very shore of the sacred lake-sea, swim and eat omul. Take a sightseeing train along the rare Circum-Baikal Railway. Meet the seal - a touching seal with round eyes. Solve the shamanistic secrets of the island of Olkhon. Drive to Arshan and try the healing power of mineral springs. And if you want to visit the snow queen, come to Lake Baikal in winter. Go skiing and ice-skating and admire the blue, absolutely transparent Baikal ice. When you freeze, keep warm buhler - rich meat broth with spices.
How to get to Baikal: Trains stop right on the lake, but the way from Moscow will “eat” for more than three days. It is more convenient to fly to Irkutsk or Ulan-Ude, and by train or bus do only the rest of the way.
- Ivolginsky datsan, Buryatia
Ivolginsky datsan - a Buddhist monastery, is officially considered the center of Buddhism in Russia. Located in the village of Upper Oriole, in Buryatia, it includes temples, a library, and the only Buddhist university in Russia. Its multi-color roofs are visible from afar. It is open for tourists, but when visiting, do not forget the rules of Buddhist etiquette: you can’t turn your back on Buddha statues, point your finger at them, you must not smoke, swear or speak loudly.
- AtSpensky Cathedral, Vladimir
Assumption Cathedral - the most significant temple in the city, was built in the 12th century. It solemnly rises above the Klyazma river, it can be seen from afar. The object of cultural heritage of the Russian Federation, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. This cathedral is a white stone masterpiece of Ancient Russia, which has become a model for the construction of Russian churches.
- Swallow's Nest, Crimea
Swallow's Nest - a visiting card of the Crimea Peninsula. If you do not know where it is, then you have never been to Crimea. This palace is like a castle that has passed through time and as if soars above the waves. It fits perfectly into the Crimean landscape. A fascinating picture of the surrounding rocks opens from the observation deck.
- Kizhi, Karelia
Kizhi Museum-Reserve is one of the most important cultural attractions of Russia. This is a unique museum - a reserve of wooden architecture in the open. The museum consists of 76 buildings. Here are examples of peasant culture of the heritage of the peoples of Russia. More than 500 ancient icons ... rare species of plants listed in the Red Book ... In general, there is something to see.
- Peterhof, St. Petersburg
Peterhof is a palace and park complex located in the vicinity of St. Petersburg. It is also called the Kingdom of Fountains. More than 150 fountains and water cascades are undoubtedly a decoration of the park. Majestic palaces, pavilions, statues, alleys, flower beds, oaks planted by Peter the Great ... An unforgettable experience and a sea of positive emotions are guaranteed to you.
- Sviyazhsk, Tatarstan
Sviyazhsk is a small island located on the banks of the Sviyaga River, 60 kilometers from Kazan. Why does it attract tourists? This is an amazing place with the most ancient architectural structures, ancient monasteries of the 16-19th centuries. The island is beautiful at any time of the year and in any weather. Coming to this island, you feel as if in a different dimension. It is definitely recommended to visit!
- Mamaev Kurgan, Volgograd
One of the most important memorial complexes in Russia dedicated to the Great Patriotic War. It is located in the hero city of Volgograd at the place where the fierce battles of the Battle of Stalingrad took place. It was after this battle, which lasted 200 days, that a turning point in the war occurred. An amazing place with a special energy. Tells us how good it is when there is no war in the world.
- Egical, Ingushetia
The largest tower complex in the mountainous Ingushetia. Hundreds of stone buildings are located on the southern slope of Tsey Loam Mountain. The Ingush built towers in which they lived, fought and buried their ancestors. The last man left Egical in 1944. Today it is an uninhabited tower complex in which silence and silence reigns ...
Suzdal is the district center of the Vladimir region, located on the banks of the Kamenka River. An ancient city with a very interesting history. First mentioned in 1024. There are approximately 200 historical monuments in this city. This is the only city - a museum in Russia. Included in the tourist route "Golden Ring of Russia". Arriving in this city, you will plunge into the atmosphere of history, silence and tranquility ...
- Nizhny Novgorod Stone Kremlin
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin - a stone necklace of the city. Brick fortress with 12 towers. The history of Nizhny Novgorod originates from this Kremlin.
A grandiose stone structure, pride and decoration of the city. Enemies always tried to capture this place and defenders desperately guarded. Now it has become a favorite place for walks of local people and tourists. It looks very nice from the deck of the ship.
- Transfiguration Monastery, Murom
Transfiguration Monastery is located in Murom, on the banks of the Oka. One of the most ancient monasteries in Russia, its history began almost 1000 years ago. Miracle of the Russian land.It stands on the high bank of the Oka, and as if the Orthodox ark, which floats in the blue of the sky.
Place of pilgrimage for Orthodox Christians from around the world.
The most beautiful city of Russia, located on the shores of the Baltic Sea. It is the center of the Kaliningrad region, which is located between Poland and Lithuania. Perhaps the most European city in Russia. A city with many attractions. A vacation spent in Kaliningrad will certainly bring peace and peace of mind.
- Towers “Moscow City”, Moscow
A grandiose urban development project implemented in Russia. Work on the construction of modern towers has been ongoing for more than 20 years and is currently ongoing. The total built-up area is 100 ha. Each of the towers is unique and has its own design. Recently, it has become one of the business cards of Moscow. These towers cause conflicting opinions among Muscovites. Some consider them a violation of the architectural style of Moscow, others, on the contrary, that they harmoniously fit into modern Moscow. To understand this, you need to come here and see everything with your own eyes.
- Smolensk Kremlin
An amazing stone structure, an architectural monument, built in 1595-1602, during the reign of Fedor Ioannovich and Boris Godunov. It was of great defense importance in the Russian state. A unique building in many ways, has long been considered the largest and most reliable in all of Europe. Of the 39 towers, 18. remained. An interesting fact - there is not a single repeating tower.
- Olympic Village, Sochi
The Olympic Village was built for the 2014 Olympic Games, which took place in Sochi. The construction of the village lasted as long as 7 years. The grand residential complex consists of 47 buildings, which can accommodate up to 3,000 people. The infrastructure of the village is very interesting. Entrance to the village is free, so you can see everything by coming here. Bunny, leopard and White Bear will meet you and invite you to plunge into the incredible Russian flavor. Believe me, there is something to see!
- Rostov City Duma
The building of the City Council in Rostov-on-Don is one of the attractions of the city. Built in the late 19th century. The architectural style is eclectic, but with Baroque elements. A very monumental building. The richness and splendor of the architectural decoration of this building is second to none in the south of Russia. Unfortunately, excursions inside are not carried out. You can admire the building only outside.
- Tauric Chersonesos, Sevastopol
Tauric Chersonesos is the ruins of the ancient city of Chersonesos, which was founded in the middle of the 5th century BC. This amazing place with a rich ancient history is washed by the waves of the Black Sea and tells the 25 century history of the great city. Having been here, you will have something to admire and be surprised. Unique monuments will reveal to you the mysterious world of antiquity.
- Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, Sergiev Posad
The largest Orthodox monastery in Russia. It was founded almost 700 years ago. It is considered a monument of architecture and is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. In order to inspect all 50 objects located on the territory of the monastery, it will take several days. The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is an amazing place full of calm and tranquility. The beauty of architecture and the harmony of nature will leave you only positive emotions.
- St. Basil's Cathedral, Moscow
One of the most famous churches in Russia is St. Basil's Cathedral. Located in the heart of Moscow - on Red Square. The abundance of domes, bright colors - all this is interpreted as a symbol of Heavenly Jerusalem. The temple is open as a museum. Visitors can climb the spiral staircase and admire the icons of the 16-19th centuries, portrait and landscape painting and church utensils. Incredibly beautiful temple with shiny domes, it will not leave you indifferent.
- Novodevichy Convent, Moscow
The oldest Orthodox convent in Moscow. The most beautiful monastery is located in the bend of the Moskva River on the Maiden's Field. Each stone of this monastery breathes history. Having been in Moscow, you must definitely visit this holy place. Here is the Novodevichy cemetery, where outstanding figures of our country are buried.
- St. Isaac's Cathedral, St. Petersburg
The most famous and largest temple of St. Petersburg. Probably one of the first places to visit in this beautiful city. One of the most beautiful domed buildings. Its dome is still visible from the Gulf of Finland! In size - the fourth in the world. Sometimes it is called the museum of colored stone. Famous artists and sculptors worked on the decoration of the cathedral. You can talk about this wonderful cathedral as you like, but the best way to get to know it is to visit it personally.
1. Putorana Plateau
Our list of the most beautiful places in Russia opens with the Putorana Plateau - an immense and at the same time practically unaffected by civilization basalt plateau located in Eastern Siberia. Tectonic fissures occupied rivers and lakes, which reach 150 km in length and about 400 m in depth. These lakes hold an incredible amount of clean, fresh water. About 25 thousand lakes are located on the plateau, and 18 of them have an area of more than 100 km2. This landscape area is also decorated with a huge number of beautiful waterfalls that reach a height of more than 100 meters.
Why go: cross the Arctic Circle
The Kola Peninsula is the Arctic, to which you do not need to ride deer for three days. You slam the car door, and around you are already undersized northern birches, emerald lakes and rocky mountains - the very middle of the Khibiny Mountains. If you want romance, then pave the way through the taiga and tundra on foot, with a backpack and a camera.
ATV will provide you with adrenaline: you will storm the fords and climb to the passes directly on four wheels. If you want a calmer adventure, land in a cozy recreation center - the only one in the center of Khibin - and enjoy the white nights in summer and the aurora.
How to get to Khibin: Planes fly to Apatity and to Murmansk. Take a train or bus on the spot. The journey from Murmansk by car will take 3 hours, from St. Petersburg - 17-20 hours.
2. St. Basil's Cathedral
St. Basil's Cathedral is one of the most beautiful architectural structures in Russia. It was erected on Red Square in 1561, by order of Ivan the Terrible, symbolizing the conquest of the Kazan Khanate. In the XVI century on this place was located "Trinity Church, which is on the moat." The prefix “on the Moat”, found in the annals, indicates that in the XIV century the entire Kremlin wall was a ditch for defense, which was subsequently covered in 1813. Pokrovsky Cathedral is an example of hip stone architecture. The temple consists of eight limits, located around one, ninth church. This is one of the attractions that you must visit in Moscow!
3. Kungur cave
Another picturesque place on the territory of the Russian Federation is the Kungur cave. This is one of the main attractions of Siberia and the Urals. Located in the city of Kungur, in the Perm region. Kungur cave is one of the "ten" gypsum caves around the world in length. Its dyne is almost 6 km, one and a half of which are equipped with everything for the reception of tourists. In the Kungur cave there are more than 50 grottoes, 70 lakes, as well as 146 tons of so-called. mines (organ pipes) reaching almost to the surface. The air temperature in the cave is kept at approximately +5 ° C, and the humidity in the center of the cave is 100%.
4. Kul Sharif Mosque
In 1552, Russian troops led by Ivan the Terrible entered Kazan, which held the defense for 41 days. During the battle, the central mosque of Kazan was almost completely burned. In 1995, a decree was signed on its restoration. The opening of this beautiful mosque took place only in 2005. The mosque is named after the last imam of Seid Kul-Sharif. The area in front of the mosque holds about 10 thousand people, and the internal capacity is 1,500 people. The minarets of Kul Sharif reach a height of 58 meters. The base of Kul-Sharif is 22 x 22 meters.
5. Mount Belukha
Mount Belukha is an amazing natural place and one of the most amazing places in Russia. Belukha is the highest point in Siberia (4506 meters). It is from here that the Katun River begins to flow. In addition to its attractiveness, this mountain is an object of scientific value. For many years, she has been gathering tourists, scientists, writers, artists at her foot.
The climate of the Belukha district is quite severe, because even in mid-July the average air temperature reaches 8-9 ° C. And on top of Belukha even in summer you can meet a temperature of about -20 ° C. But even this temperature does not scare away lovers of beautiful views.
The Grand Cascade is one of the largest ensembles of fountains in the world, which includes more than 60 beautiful fountains, as well as 2.5 hundred statues and reliefs. On its steps, faced with marble, of incredible beauty, water flows into a huge pool. Gilded statues are located on the parapets of the stairs. The construction of the Grand Cascade dates from 1715-1723. The purpose of the sculpture is to demonstrate the sea power of Russia. After all, this triumphal monument was erected in honor of the victory of Russia in the struggle for access to the Baltic Sea.
7. Char sands
Another incredibly beautiful place of Russia is in the Baikal region, in the middle of the Charskaya valley, which is surrounded by mountains. Being there, it seems that the mountains are within reach. But no! The nearest foot of the mountain is about 40 km. This is an absolutely real desert with dunes that reach a height of up to 25 meters. Unlike the deserts of Central Asia, here you will not meet a camel, but deer - you can. In this desert it is very difficult to get lost or die of thirst, because it is actually not very large - 50 km.sq. But this is the real desert in Russia, surrounded by a mountain range.
Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric station named after Neporozhny is the largest (by capacity) hydroelectric power station in Russia. Within the framework of the world, it is the sixth station in the ranking among active hydropower plants. Its arch-gravity dam with a height of more than 245 meters is considered one of the highest in the world. It is located on the Yenisei, in the middle of Khakassia and the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The construction of this hydroelectric power station, which began in 1963, was officially completed in 2000.
View of the hydroelectric power station named after Neporozhny is breathtaking, although this object is neither a historical monument nor an object of nature. It’s not for nothing that the world-wide Discovery Channel made a documentary about this unusual building.
9. Volcano Krenitsyna
Krenitsyna is a beautiful and active volcano, which is located on the north-Kuril island of Onekotan. This volcano is not ordinary - it is two-tiered, that is, a “volcano in a volcano”. Its height reaches 1325 meters. It is the largest bunk volcano in the world. In addition, it is located in the middle of Ring Lake, which has a diameter of 6 km and a maximum recorded depth of 264 meters. And behind the lake - the rocky walls of the more ancient Tao-Rusyr caldera, reaching heights of up to 900 meters. No wonder the old-timers call this picturesque place the “eighth wonder of the world”! Throughout its history, the only activity recorded in the year 1952 is recorded.
10. Catherine's Palace in Tsarskoye Selo
And concludes our list of the most beautiful places in Russia, the Catherine Palace - a great architectural landmark, located near St. Petersburg. The building began to be erected by order of Catherine I. Until now, this is the main pride of the inhabitants of the city of Pushkin (formerly Tsarskoye Selo). During the reign of Elizabeth Petrovna, it was decided to expand the palace. At one time, with its expansion, parks were laid, the main decoration of which are: the Hermitage, Grotto, Upper and Lower Bath.
During the Second World War, the main parts of the building were badly damaged and looted, including the sensational charming Amber Room. Thanks to modern restorers, most of the rooms (32 of 58) have already been restored. Currently, there are more than 130 exhibits in the Picture Hall.
That's all. But it is worth noting that this list of the most beautiful places in Russia did not include many (except for clause 2) sights of Moscow, St. Petersburg, etc. After all, it is quite obvious that it takes too much time to list the beauty, history, significant dates of all places. And how many more beautiful places Russia keeps in itself!
7. Curonian Spit
The Curonian Spit is a narrow strip of land that separates the Baltic Sea from the Curonian Lagoon. The Russian Federation owns 49 km of the spit from Zelenogradsk of the Kaliningrad region, the remaining 50 km are under the jurisdiction of Lithuania.
For tourists, the spit is attractive because sandy beaches are located on both sides of the land. From the salty sea to the fresh bay can be reached on foot. In addition, this beautiful place has many historical places, unique representatives of flora and fauna, the migratory path of birds passes through it. There are many tourist routes. For example, an excursion around the Fringilla station was created for bird watchers, and the Korolevsky Bor route runs through hunting reserves that are about 400 years old.
8. Lake Jack of London
This beautiful freshwater lake is located in the Magadan region. There is a legend that it got its name because the Jack of London volume “Martin Eden” was found on its shore. Visit the lake should be from July to October, the rest of the time the water is chained with ice. Water temperature rarely exceeds + 15 ° C.
In summer, the lake is extraordinarily beautiful. Its shores are represented as flat terrain with lush green vegetation, and low mountain ranges. The water in the lake is completely clear. This place is ideal for those who want to be alone with untouched nature. Due to the fact that it is quite difficult to get here, tourists rarely visit the lake.
9. Putorana Plateau
The mountain range is located in Eastern Siberia. The plateau area is 250,000 km2, the highest point is at 1.67 km above sea level.
On this territory is located the picturesque Putoransky Nature Reserve, which is a World Heritage Site (according to UNESCO). About 250 million years ago, a volcano was located on this territory, the eruption of which led to the extinction of almost all living things on the planet and the transition from the Paleozoic to the Mesozoic.
Now on the plateau there are many lakes, forests and plains. This beautiful place in Russia will appeal to lovers of unusual landscapes, unique flora and fauna. Migration trails of several animal species pass through the Putoransky Nature Reserve.
10. Lena pillars
And the last on our list of the most beautiful places in Russia is the Lena Pillars Natural Park in Yakutia. The area got its name because the rocks here, located strictly vertically, stretch along the Lena River, perpendicular to its surface. Outwardly, they really resemble smooth symmetrical pillars. Their height barely exceeds 200 m above the river.
Locals recommend admiring the Lena pillars at dawn and sunset, when they take on bizarre outlines in the sun. Rocks hide many caves that would once be inhabited by primitive people. A great place for those who like to plunge into centuries-old history.
Plateau and rocks
Lena Pillars (Yakutia)
Lensky Pillars Natural Park stretches for 40 km along the banks of the Lena and Sinaya rivers in Yakutia. Lena pillars are a lot of bizarre and very beautiful, free-standing rocks. Their average height is 100 meters. The age of the Lena pillars is estimated at 400 thousand years.Therefore, it is quite possible that mammoths, woolly rhinos and ancient bison, whose skeletons are everywhere found in Yakutia, were the first to admire them.
From the capital of the republic to the Lena Poles get on boats or small cruise ships. On site you can not only swim past all this natural splendor, but also climb individual rocks, swim in the cold waters of the Lena River (the fourth longest river in the world) or take a walk along the real sand dunes among the thick taiga - Tukulans. And bison are bred here! And all this beauty of Yakut nature can be seen by going with us on a summer trip “Golden Rocks of Yakutia”.
Weathering Pillars (Komi Republic)
Another unusually beautiful Russian pillars are located this time not along the rivers, but on a plateau with the interesting name Manpupuner (translated from Mansi as "small mountain of idols"). Indeed, the pillars in Komi look like idols standing on top of a mountain and watching the surrounding nature. They turned out because of the weathering of the rock - such strong winds here! This process continued for 200 million years.
The plateau is part of the Pechora-Ilyinsky Reserve and is located almost on the border between the Komi Republic and the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. But getting to one of the seven wonders of Russia is not so easy! The plateau is located at a considerable distance from the settlements. It is most convenient, of course, to fly to a place by helicopter, but you can also go by car for a long time, and then climb the mountain on your own.
Putorana Plateau (Krasnoyarsk Territory)
Putorana Plateau is a huge mountain range on the Taimyr Peninsula with an area of 250 thousand km². This is an amazingly beautiful place with mountains literally without peaks! Well, these flat mountain ranges are shared by numerous lakes and rivers. On the territory of the plateau and the reserve of the same name, you can see the highest waterfall in Russia and simply bottomless canyons. By the way, in Evenki, the name of the plateau means "lakes with steep banks." With very cool, we tell you!
Unfortunately, getting to the plateau yourself is impossible. You can do this only with an organized transfer from Norilsk. For example, in the framework of our tour “Mountains without peaks”. On the other hand, perhaps such complex logistics is for the better. After all, you will contemplate all this beauty of nature in silence and tranquility, and not trying to find a place among thousands of other tourists.
Caves and canyons
Kungur cave (Perm Territory)
Kungur cave is the most popular in Russia. It is not the longest (7th place in the world) or deep, but unusually beautiful. Inside the cave, whose length is 5.7 km, there are numerous underground lakes and several dozen grottoes. Stalactites and stalagmites of bizarre shapes hang from its arches, and vertical tunnels go somewhere far up, almost to the surface.
The Kungur cave is located 100 km from Perm in the village of the same name Kungur. Getting here from the capital of the Perm Territory is quite simple. In addition, the place has all the necessary tourist infrastructure. Inside the cave, visitors are allowed only as part of organized or individual excursions and are allowed to walk only along a stretch of the cave 1.5 km away.
Ruskeala Marble Canyon (Karelia)
Karelia is not without reason included in the rating “The most beautiful places in Russia”. The republic is famous not only for the beauty of its nature, but also for many man-made and natural attractions. However, the most beautiful place in the republic is the marble canyon of Ruskeala. Over the 18th-19th centuries, about 200 thousand tons of marble were mined in these places, which was used in the construction of palaces in St. Petersburg and its suburbs. In the 40s of the last century, an abandoned quarry was flooded, and it stopped in a natural park of amazing beauty!
The "Ruskeala Mountain Park" is located near the Karelian village of the same name, 250 km from Petrozavodsk. In addition, you can get here from St. Petersburg by bus, with an organized excursion, or even by train (from May 2019). Well, you can not only admire the canyon and its gray marble walls from afar, but also swim along it in a boat or even swim in its waters!
Lakes and other water attractions
Baikal (Irkutsk region, Buryatia)
Baikal is the main and most famous lake in Russia! All residents of our country, and indeed the world, know about it without exception. You yourself can easily name a few facts about Lake Baikal:
- huge depth to 1641 meters, similar to the sea,
- the largest fresh water reserve in the world,
- extraordinary purity and transparency of water,
- and, of course, the famous Baikal sables, seals and omul.
Well, we are convinced that you need to go here on vacation at least once! To glance through the transparent stratum of Baikal water, visit the largest island of Olkhon on the lake, climb the rocks holy to shamans and take part in their rituals, get acquainted with the culture and traditions of local residents - all this can be done as part of our summer “Circum-Baikal expedition”.
Valley of Geysers (Kamchatka)
The Valley of Geysers is part of the UNESCO-protected area called “Volcanoes of Kamchatka,” and in Russia it is officially ranked as part of the Kronotsky Biosphere Reserve. This is the only geyser field in our entire continent that occupies only 4 km². But 90 seemingly concentrated geysers and another hundred hot springs are concentrated on this seemingly small area.
The Valley of Geysers is one of the most inaccessible places in Russia. You can only get here by helicopter as part of a tourist group. In addition, the number of tourists is limited in number, and before traveling you need to get permission to visit in advance. Therefore, to see this miracle of nature, we offer to join our Kamchatka trip “Country of Active Volcanoes”.
Avacha Bay (Kamchatka)
Avacha Bay is a huge, closed from the sea and ice-free part of the bay of the same name in the Pacific Ocean. There is a bay in the southeast of Kamchatka. Its area is 215 km². They say that in this place absolutely all the merchant ships of the world can fit together! Almost all 24 km, on which the bay stretches along the Kamchatka coast, is occupied by high cliffs starting at the very water. On one of them stands a lonely white lighthouse, and in the distance you can see the magnificent volcanoes of Kamchatka.
You can see all this beauty, admire volcanoes from the side of the bay and the bay from the slopes and peaks of volcanoes as part of our summer expedition to Kamchatka - “The Country of Active Volcanoes”. In addition, this trip involves a boat trip on Avacha Bay, sea fishing and a visit to the most picturesque, albeit very small, local islands.
Bogolyubovsky meadow - Church of the Intercession on the Nerl
The village of Bogolyubovo, Vladimir region
Why go: sail to the white stone church in a motor boat
Not far from the confluence of the Nerl and Klyazma rivers, the Church of the Intercession on the Nerl whitens. It appeared in 1165, when the Vladimir-Suzdal principality flourished, and with it white-stone architecture. A paved path winds through an idyllic Bogolyubovsky meadow to a man-made hill: it was built so that the church would not be flooded during the flood. If you arrive in April, you will find a river spill instead of a meadow, and an air temple with snow-white lions and griffins will be on an island surrounded on all sides by water. All the better! Take a motor boat ride and make sure that in spring the Church of the Intercession on the Nerl looks like a stately swan in the middle of a lake.
How to get to the Church of the Intercession on the Nerl: From Vladimir to the village of Bogolyubovo there are buses and trains - only 10 km to go. If you are planning to go by car, at the same time look into Suzdal and do not miss Kideksha: there stands the church of Boris and Gleb, laid down by Yuri Dolgoruky.
Islands and archipelagos
Shantar Islands (Khabarovsk Territory)
The Shantar Islands National Park is a true untouched corner of nature, which at the same time is located in the Tugursky Gulf almost off the coast of the Khabarovsk Territory. However, despite being close to the mainland, getting to Shantary is not so easy. The fastest way to fly there is by helicopter, as planned in our expedition "Discovery Archipelago."
But the main reason why tourists go to this remote and inaccessible island is a meeting with whales! There are so many whales in the coastal waters of the Shantara Islands and they are so close to the coast that you can see them with the naked eye! Yes, and special optics to capture the largest animals in the world will not be needed.
What else can be seen on Shantara:
- whales and killer whales in the Ongochan Bay on the mainland,
- seals rookery on the island of Small Shantar,
- Thousands of species of birds flying to the nesting island of Utichii,
- salmon spawning in island rivers,
- weather station on the island of Big Shantar - the only inhabited place on the archipelago.
- Commander Islands (Kamchatka)
Unlike Shantar, the Komandorski Islands are inhabited. The majority of the local population are Aleuts, and the only settlement totals only 700 inhabitants. There are no attractions here - only beautiful wildlife. But do you really need something else for a perfect vacation away from civilization? True, one historical monument is still here! On one of the islands of the archipelago is the grave of navigator Vitus Bering, who discovered these islands.
Rare travelers come to the Komandorski Islands to visit the largest marine reserve in Russia, as well as to see an unprecedented number of marine animals living in these places. In the coastal waters on the Commanders are found whales and killer whales, seals and fur seals. In addition, one of the largest bird markets in the country can be observed on the islands of the reserve.
Wrangel Island (Chukotka)
Wrangel Island is located in the Arctic Ocean, off the coast of Chukotka. On it, almost exactly in the middle, runs the border between the Western and Eastern hemispheres. On this snowy and cold, but incredibly beautiful island, only a few employees of the reserve and weather station live, as well as a small base of the Russian Pacific Fleet. By the way, the reserve, which includes the entire area of the island, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Particular attention is paid to the preservation of the huge rookeries of sea walruses and the breeding of musk ox, brought back in the Soviet era from the mainland.
Ergaki Nature Park
Western Sayan, Krasnoyarsk Territory
Why go: climb rocks without special training
The Ergaki ridge in the Western Sayan mountains, although not high, but impresses with severity: it bristled all over with rocky peaks. One of the most spectacular is the Dragon Tooth. If you want to take a selfie on a huge stone fang, do not be shy: climbing the Dragon Tooth from the side of the Color Lakes takes 3-4 hours along with the return road and is accessible to any fit person. And in order to enjoy Yergaki and not to carry heavy backpacks, set up a base camp on Lake Svetly and arrange small hikes for a day or two. Swim in the cleanest lakes, admire the waterfalls, inhale the aromas of alpine meadows, wonder why the Hanging Stone does not fall, and in the evenings sing songs with the guitar, as in the good old days.
How to get to Ergakov: In Abakan or Krasnoyarsk, take a bus to Kyzyl. Many routes go from the visit center of the Ergaki Nature Park to 614 km of the Krasnoyarsk – Kyzyl highway, where you can also join exotropic excursions.
Deserts and Dunes
Curonian Spit (Kaliningrad Oblast)
The Curonian Spit is a long sandy strip (98 km) along the coast of the Baltic Sea. It stretched from the city of Zelenogradsk in Russia to the Lithuanian Klaipeda. The territory of the spit is part of two nature reserves of the same name - Russian and Lithuanian. The Curonian Spit is unique in its nature. On this narrow (up to 400 meters) strip you can climb one of the highest sand dunes in the world (up to 68 meters). In addition, it is over this place that birds migrate. In total, up to 20 million birds a year flies over the scythe!
Barkhan Sarykum (Dagestan)
Even if you have never heard of such a miracle of nature as the Sarykum dune, you have definitely seen it at least once! How is this possible? It's simple, it was at this place that the famous Soviet film “White Sun of the Desert” was shot. The dune is located in Dagestan in the Caucasus Mountains and is a huge 250-meter mountain of sand! This height makes the dune one of the largest in the world.
Scientists say that sand brought to these places along with the wind. Well, then it does not spread through the mountains of Dagestan due to small plants whose roots, like a net, hold the slopes of the dune. However, it is not clear at the same time where and how the typical inhabitants of the desert — vipers, tarantulas and scorpions — brought to the dune. So, walking around Sarykum, be careful!
Charsky Sands (Trans-Baikal Territory)
Charsky Sands is a real desert in the Trans-Baikal Territory, very similar to its counterparts in Central Asia. It spreads over 50 km² among the dense taiga and impassable swamps against the snowy peaks of the Kodarsky mountain range. This desert is located in the valley of the same name near the village of Chary and represents a long elongated sandy strip (5 km x 10 km).
Char sands move along with the wind and gradually move to the northeast, burying taiga vegetation under their onslaught. The height of the local dunes reaches 30 meters. Interestingly, even in such a relatively small desert territory, real sandstorms often occur. The only thing is that scorpions and tarantulas are still not found here.
Banks of the Lena River, Yakutia
Why go: find trilobite
Lena pillars, which stretched 40 kilometers along the Lena, seem to be a fortress on the defense of the great Siberian river. In addition, this is a visual aid in geology: the rocks of which they are composed are more than 500 million years old. Look in all eyes - what if you find trilobite? Even if you are not lucky with fossils, the view from the observation deck will quickly console you: the Lena River is even more elegant from above, and the ancient rocks will be right under your feet. Leaving the Lena Pillars Park, do not forget to attach a shred to the tree following the example of local people - for good luck and to see this beauty again.
How to get to Lena Pillars: In summer, cruise ships go from Yakutsk to Lena Pillars. If you want to return that day, sail on a motorboat. An alternative is by car to the village of Elanka and further by boat in the summer or by snowmobile in the winter.
Why go: wake up the artist
Ples reminds a country noble salon: everything around is elegant and noble, and solid poets and artists meet for tea. Creative people have appreciated Ples since the time of Levitan, so there is an incredible concentration of museums and art galleries, as well as lovely souvenir shops. Wooden houses with carved platbands and domes of churches - also as in the picture. But the main decoration is nature. The town stands on the hills above the Volga and, like a patchwork quilt, is covered with greenery of birches and apple trees - even if you yourself take brushes and paints and write the second “Evening. Golden Reach ".
“Evening. Golden Reach ". 1889 year. Painting by Isaac Levitan. Public domaine
From Ples, just a stone's throw to Palekh, from where you can bring a glorious casket painted using the lacquer miniature technique.
How to get to Ples: Buses go from Moscow to Ples. The journey by car will take 5-6 hours.
Nature reserves and natural parks
Dzheyrakh-Assinsky reserve (Ingushetia)
Of course, there are a lot of nature reserves, national and natural parks in Russia. But there are some among them that cannot be ignored in the story of the most mysterious and beautiful places in our country.As, for example, the Dzheyrakh-Assinsky Reserve is a great pride and the main attraction of Ingushetia. If you are interested in history and cannot live without beautiful mountain landscapes, then the Dzheyrakh Gorge in Ingushetia is an undoubted must-see!
The reserve includes not only natural attractions in the mountains, but also some of the most ancient fortresses and tower complexes of the Caucasus:
- unusual medieval towers of Vovnushki, built as a continuation of high cliffs,
- the ancient city of Egical, once abandoned by the inhabitants. On its territory there are several dozen stone buildings, and in the vicinity archaeologists have found traces of ancient people dating back to the III millennium BC,
- Erzi aul with its tall (up to 30 meters) battle towers. It is believed that the settlement arose in the VIII century.
Sikhote-Alin Reserve (Primorsky Territory)
The Sikhote-Alin Reserve is located in the Far East in the Primorsky Territory. First of all, the reserve is known for the fact that endangered Ussuri and Amur tigers live on its territory, as well as Himalayan bears specially protected in Russia and Japanese spotted deer. By the way, the unique wildlife of the reserve became the main reason for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
However, the protected objects of the reserve include not only representatives of the fauna, but also rare and endangered plants, entire forests and beautiful lakes:
- cedar forests and yew groves,
- the cliffs of the tract Abrek, where the guarded throat is found (artiodactyl animal resembling a mountain goat),
- lagoon lakes Blagodatnoe and Golubichnoe and rivers with Sakhalin sturgeon,
- several dozens of plant species, including the famous Far Eastern flower-shoes.
Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve is open to visitors. Well, to walk along its beautiful ecological paths and learn a lot of interesting things about the famous Amur tigers, which in nature have only two dozen individuals, can be part of our big trip to the Far East - “Primorsky round-the-world.” In addition, the expedition program also includes a visit to the equally interesting Kema-Amga National Park and the Far Eastern Marine Reserve.
Why go: find a place of power
Belukha is the highest mountain in Siberia and something like the domestic Kailash. Local residents are afraid and revere Belukha because they believe that the owner of Altai lives on its top. Nicholas Roerich was looking in these parts for a gate to either Shambhala or Belovodye, and his followers still catch signals from space here.
Climbing the mystical mountain is accessible only to those well trained, but anyone will get to the picturesque Akkem Lake at the foot. Three days from the village of Tyungur, and if you don’t want to walk, join the horseback riding trip. In order not to walk on the same road, go back through Lake Kucherlinskoe and the river Kucherla - the names are similar, and the impressions are unique.
Why go: travel to Europe without crossing borders
Vyborg is not like any other Russian city. Among the narrow streets and pointed spiers, Northern European restraint and sophistication soar. You can cross the entire old quarter of Vyborg in half an hour, but you will not even notice how it flies all day. Take time on a dilapidated clock tower and set off to trample on cobblestone pavements and look at old houses. And for dessert, leave the mysterious Vyborg castle of the XIII century, standing on an island. That and look out of the window a ghost will fly out, as in the tale of Otfried Preussler.
Vyborg will have a particularly pleasant aftertaste if you enjoy a meal in the famous local pretzel with sesame seeds, caraway seeds or cinnamon.
How to get to Vyborg: The nearest airport is in St. Petersburg, then by train or bus. And if you want to at the same time enjoy the other beauties of the Karelian Isthmus, rent a car in St. Petersburg.
Altai Republic, joint borders of Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia
Why go: admire the Martian landscapes on Earth
The Ukok Plateau is the real Mars, only in Altai. Lakes and streams glisten in the wide valleys, mountain caps silver on the horizon - rarely you will see such endless expanses. In the silence, only the marmots whistle is heard: people on Ukok are rare, here even a natural park is called the "Rest Zone". If you are ready to sacrifice comfort for the sake of cosmic beauty, come on an SUV. Just pre-stock up on gas, camping equipment, warm clothes and food. And upload a good map to the navigator so you don’t miss the radon thermal springs and the Princess of Ukok.
To travel to the Ukok, you need a pass to the border zone: it can be obtained at the border post in the village of Kosh-Agach along the way.
How to get to the Ukok plateau: From Barnaul, Biysk or Gorno-Altaysk by car.
Rostov the Great
Why go: get to Ancient Russia
In Rostov the Great, one is older than the other. The city itself was first mentioned in the annals in 862 - almost three hundred years earlier than Moscow. And Lake Nero has existed since those times when mammoths walked the earth. But most importantly, the center of Rostov has retained its historical appearance. The poppies of the cathedrals soar freely in the bright blue sky, and are not lost against the background of skyscrapers. To see the beauty of the Rostov Kremlin at once, go up to the observation deck on the Water Tower. And take a walk along the passages on the walls: not so high, but you’ll be right like the impostor tsar from the movie “Ivan Vasilyevich Changes the Profession”.
A good souvenir from Rostov is enamel. Choose from earrings, caskets and Christmas toys painted in ancient technique.
How to get to Rostov the Great: You can get from Moscow by train or bus. And even better - in your car, combining with Yaroslavl, Uglich or other cities of the Golden Ring.
Republic of Karelia and the Leningrad Region
Why go: pave the way through the skerries
Lake Ladoga has many faces. For a relaxing holiday on a sandy beach, get to the east coast - for example, in the Vidlitsa region. By July, the water here warms up to + 20-24 ° C - not the Andaman Sea, but it's nice to swim.
And if you want landscapes, as in Norway, then Ladoga skerries in the north of the lake are waiting for you. Everything here consists of rocky shores, islets and straits - a wonderful view, especially in the morning fog and at sunset. Something can be seen from the road from Olonets to Sortavala: it follows the contours of Ladoga. To get a closer look at the skerries, board a kayak, motor, rowing or sailing boat. Just chur, do not leave the bays in the open lake alone: Ladoga is not as harmless as it seems at first glance.
How to get to Lake Ladoga: The most convenient way is by car from St. Petersburg or Petrozavodsk.
Why go: learn how to live on a volcano
In Kamchatka it is difficult to choose one very place: it is beautiful everywhere. And everything seems to be unearthly: the Valley of Geysers is seething, Pacific waves are rushing onto the black beach, volcanoes are restlessly smoking. If you want to be born again, plunge into the Kamchatka thermal springs in the open air. Climb the Avachinsky volcano, feed gophers with biscuits on the way back, and then spy on bear fishing on Kuril Lake. Take a walk along the lava fields near the Sharp and Flat Tolbachik, only make sure that the volcanoes are sleeping sweetly: Kamchatka is so good that it can afford any whims.
How to get to Kamchatka: The only way is by plane to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, but with a competent approach the trip will turn out not so expensive.
White Sea, Arkhangelsk Region
Why go: take a break from the hustle and bustle
The whole history of the Solovetsky Islands is visible as rings on a cut of a tree - you just need to look around. Proto-Sama stone labyrinths or “Babylon”, as the locals call them, will tell about the most ancient times. The harsh view of the Solovetsky Monastery will remind you of the monks who got here in the 15th century. Massive walls and towers of boulders are a sure sign that it was not just a monastery, but also a mighty fortress guarding the country's northern border. The Solovetsky special purpose camp does not fit into the head until you see the Sekirnaya Gora, on which there was a punishment cell, and now the church is functioning again. When studying Solovki, get ready for strong and contrasting feelings: on the largest archipelago of the White Sea it does not happen differently.
Do not limit yourself to a one-day excursion. Better stop in the village of Solovetsky, take a smartphone with a navigator and at your own pace go around all the interesting places on Solovki.
How to get to Solovki: From June to September, you can sail to the Solovetsky Islands by boat from the Karelian cities of Kem and Belomorsk. In winter, planes from Arkhangelsk fly to Solovki.
Other trips for the benefit of the soul:
Why go: climb a sand dune in Siberia
Where you do not expect to meet the desert, it is in Siberia. But you will not turn away from the facts: in the Trans-Baikal Territory there are real sand dunes. The size of Chara Sands is small - with fifty square kilometers. But they are closely surrounded by swamp marshes, rivers and taiga, and this is no less shocking than ghost trees in Pakistan.
It is not so difficult to see the sandy mirage in the foothills of the Kodar ridge. From the village of New Chara to the Middle Sakukan River, get on foot or go by car, then carefully cross the ford, and in the spring go along the ice - and that’s all, you are in Charsky Sands. It is convenient to spend the night on Lake Alenkin, just grab a repellent - and then listen as much as you like to the sand on the dunes.
How to get to Chara Sands: In Krasnoyarsk, take the train to the village of Novaya Chara, then walk on your own, or by car with a group.
Veliky Novgorod and Staraya Russa
Why go: to visit Dostoevsky’s favorite places
Everyone should go to Veliky Novgorod. Not in the sense that I am obliged - it is simply insanely interesting here and it will be insulting to all this beauty to never see. For example, in the local Kremlin museum the oldest Slavic book is stored - the Psalter of the XI century, and in the Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior - murals of Theophanes the Greek. And when you walk along Rurik's hillfort at the source of the Volkhov River, you’ll even be carried away with your thoughts in the Viking era.
From Novgorod-on-Volkhov you can easily reach Staraya Russa. This town in the south of Lake Ilmen is famous not only for ancient churches, mineral springs and excellent dishes from lake pike perch. Staraya Russa is the only place of those where Dostoevsky has ever lived and worked, where he moved of his own free will, and not by the will of fate. Here you can still go into the house in which Fedor Mikhailovich wrote “Demons”, “Teenager” and “Brothers Karamazov”.
How to get to Staraya Russa: First you need to get to Veliky Novgorod. The Sapsan fast train runs from Moscow to the Chudovo station, where you can transfer to the Swallow straight to Novgorod-on-Volkhov. From there, you can reach Staraya Russa by bus or car in an hour and a half. Direct trains run from the Moscow railway station in St. Petersburg to Veliky Novgorod. You can also get from St. Petersburg to Novgorod by bus - from the Obvodniy Canal metro station.
Relax with the muse: Literary hotels of the world
The list of the most beautiful places in Russia cannot be complete. Tell us where you would bring your foreign friends first thing!
9. Shihan, Bashkortostan
Shihan called fossilized reef massifs. Millennia ago there was a warm sea. Therefore, inside the sheehan there are deposits of rock salt and limestone.
Such "mountains" remained only in Australia and in the Sterlitamak region of the Republic of Bashkiria. There are three sheehan there: Toratau, Yuraktau and Kushtau. They form a narrow chain along the Belaya River.
On the shihan there are ski slopes, motels and recreation centers. Fans of geological relics and active pastime will appreciate this place.
10. Divnogorye, Voronezh region
Divnogorye is a steppe plateau in the Liskinsky district of the Voronezh region. In different parts of the plateau rise many-meter chalk pillars - Diva. In Big and Small Divas cave temples are located. Both are included in the ensemble of the Divnogorsk Assumption Monastery.
Another attraction of the plateau is the archaeological site of the 9th – 10th centuries called Mayatskoe settlement. There you can see the life of the Don Alans.
11. Elton, Volgograd region
Elton is a salt lake near the border with Kazakhstan. The largest mineral lake in Europe and one of the most mineralized in the world. A golden-pink pond is bordered by snow-white crystals, and around there are chamomile steppes of stunning beauty.
Elton attracts tourists who want to improve their health. In the nearby village of the same name there is a sanatorium. You can also relax and be treated "savages", living in a hotel or with local residents.
12. Mamaev Kurgan, Volgograd
Fierce battles took place on this hill on the right bank of the Volga in 1942–1943. In memory of the Battle of Stalingrad, Mamaev Kurgan was turned into a memorial complex, the heart of which is the sculpture "Mother Mother Calls!" Its total height is 85 meters, and it is the tallest non-religious statue in the world.
Mamaev Kurgan is saturated with historical pain: over 35,000 defenders of Stalingrad are buried there. The best place to tell children about the war, and to show how wonderful the world is without it.
13. Sukko, Krasnodar Territory
Sukko is a village 12 km from Anapa, surrounded by the Lysaya and Soldatskaya mountains. A small cozy resort with pebble beaches, clear sea and amazing nature. You can go for walks in the mountains, ride horses and ATVs, go paragliding or diving, or you can simply sunbathe on the beach for days on end.
14. Big Thach, Adygea / Krasnodar Territory
Bolshoi Thach is a 2368-meter-high mountain in the Western Caucasus, on the watershed of the Malaya Laba and Belaya rivers. It is part of the natural park of the same name, which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Translated from Adyghe, “Thach” means “god”.
Mountain, hiking and cycling are developed there. Speleologists also liked these places.
15. Elbrus, Kabardino-Balkaria
Elbrus is the largest mountain in Russia and Europe. 5 642 meters above sea level! Elbrus is sung by poets and glorified by climbers. If climbing is too risky and difficult step for you, come at least just to look at this giant.
In Elbrus region, you can enjoy low-cost skiing, drinking mineral water and enjoy Caucasian hospitality with barbecue and wines.
16. The Egical, Ingushetia
Egical is a well-preserved medieval tower complex in the Caucasus Mountains. This is an open-air museum, which is part of the Dzheyrakh-Assinsky state historical-architectural and natural reserve. The main purpose of the trip there is to explore the ancient towers. They incredibly organically fit into the mountain landscape. And one of the battle towers 27 meters high was preserved in almost perfect condition.
17. Kezenoyam, Chechnya / Dagestan
Kezenoyam is a lake on the southern slope of the Andean ridge. It is the largest (1.7 square kilometer) and deepest (up to 74 meters) natural reservoir of the North Caucasus. Kezenoyam is striking in its transparency - in good weather you can see trout frolicking at the bottom.
A sports and tourist complex with hotels, a restaurant, sports fields, a pier and a boat station has been created on the shore of the lake. In the warm season, the main entertainment there is fishing and walking. In winter, you can skate (the pond freezes) or ski in the surrounding mountains.
18. Columns of weathering, Komi
Weathering pillars or Mansiyskie boobies are mountain remnants from 30 to 42 meters high, which were formed due to the blowing of mountain peaks by strong winds. They are located on the Manpupuner plateau, on the territory of the Pechora-Ilych biosphere reserve.
Weathering pillars are considered one of the seven wonders of Russia and one of the most mysterious places in the world. You can get to them on foot, skiing or by helicopter.
19. Kungur cave, Perm Territory
Stalactites, stalagmites, huge grottoes with ice patterns and crystal clear lakes - all this is the Kungur cave. It is located on the outskirts of the city of Kungur, which is a hundred kilometers from Perm. The cave is about 10-12 thousand years old, and the first written mention of it dates back to the 18th century. It is not surprising that during this time the cave was overgrown not only with stalactites, but also with legends.
One and a half kilometers of the cave are equipped for visiting. You can get there daily from 9:00 to 16:00, and in the summer - up to 18 hours. Sightseeing tour costs 600-800 rubles, individual - 1500 rubles.
20. Chusovaya, Chelyabinsk and Sverdlovsk Regions / Perm Territory
Rafting along the legendary Chusovaya River, which flows in the Middle Urals and flows into Kama, is the dream of any hiker. What could be more extreme and romantic than a many-day trip along the picturesque rocky shores.
Rafting on Chusova in spring and summer. There are several routes of varying lengths and complexity. During parking you can explore local attractions, for example, the Miracle Cave or the ruins of the Gulag.
21. Taganay, Chelyabinsk region
Taganay National Park covers the territory from the ranges of the Southern Urals to forest-steppes. The name translates from Bashkir as "stand for the moon." The mountain tundra, relict forests and moss swamps, untouched by a human hand, were preserved there.
In the park you can go fishing at the Big Kialim. You can climb the Response ridge and admire the Valley of Tales with its bizarre stone figures. Or just take a walk and take gigabytes of stunning photos home.
22. Kucherlinsky lakes, Altai
Kucherlinsky lakes are three reservoirs in the Ust-Koksinsky district of the Altai Republic. The largest and most picturesque of them is located at an altitude of 1,790 meters. The emerald waters of glacial lakes and pristine nature are breathtaking!
Kucherlinsky lakes are open for visiting from May to September. Campers can go there on their own, with tents and backpacks on their shoulders. Those who prefer a comfortable stay should book an overnight stay in one of the local camp sites. Usually this includes a shuttle service, excursions to the lakes and all kinds of entertainment (bathhouse, horseback riding, etc.).
23. Putorana, Krasnoyarsk Territory
Putorana is a plateau in the northwest of the Central Siberian Plateau. It is part of the reserve of the same name and is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
The Putorana Plateau is huge - 250 thousand square kilometers. There are a huge number of waterfalls, cliffs, mountain lakes and rare endemic species. This is one of the most beautiful and at the same time inaccessible places in Russia. Getting there on your own is almost impossible. It is safer to use a tourist transfer from Norilsk and reserve a place at the camp site located in the reserve itself.
24. Oymyakon, Yakutia
Oymyakon is a village in the east of the Republic of Yakutia. This is one of the "poles of the cold" of the planet - the most severe place where people live. The temperature in winter drops to minus 50-60 degrees. The absolute officially recorded minimum temperature in Oymyakon is –64.3 ° C. But, they say that in the winter of 1938 in the village it was –77.8 ° С.
In summer, in Oymyakon, on the contrary, it is very hot. The air warms up to +30, and from May 24 to July 21 in the village you can see white nights.
Weather is the main “attraction” of Oymyakon. There is a museum of local lore in the village, but the exposition is modest. So it’s better to go there in March-April, when the annual Pole of Cold Festival takes place, or during the white nights to enjoy plenty of fishing on Indigirka.
26. Ivolginsky datsan, Buryatia
Ivolginsky datsan is a Buddhist monastery, consisting of ten temples, five stupa suburgan and houses of monks. On its territory is stored one of the main Buddhist shrines - the imperishable body of Lama Itigelov.
Ivolginsky datsan deserves attention, because it is strongly dislodged from a number of typical Russian attractions. It is worth a visit even if you are irreligious. You can admire Sino-Tibetan architecture and learn more about Buddhist culture.
27. Baikal, Buryatia / Irkutsk Oblast
Among the Siberian hills and centuries-old forests, between Irkutsk and Ulan-Ude lies the most famous Russian lake. Baikal is unique - it is the deepest on the planet and the cleanest lake in the country. Here you can enjoy a huge number of endemic and dizzying landscapes.
The most favorable time for visiting Baikal is from May to October. The main resorts: Listvyanka (“Baikal Gate”), Slyudyanka, Olkhon (the most famous Baikal island - its heart), Big Cats and Peschanaya Bay (“Baikal Riviera”). In each of these places you will find a lot of entertainment: from swimming and diving to fishing and meetings with shamans.
29. Tyatya, Sakhalin Oblast
Tyatya (translated from Japanese as “father-mountain”) is an active volcano on the island of Kunashir. It is part of the Kuril reserve. The aunt is considered one of the most beautiful volcanoes after Fuji and Vesuvius. And he is one of the most active in the Kuril Islands. He has some amazing craters.
It is worth a visit to experience the power of nature. Even in the Kuril reserve you can enjoy the beauty of rare plants and animals, as well as thermal springs.
30. Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka Territory
The Valley of Geysers is one of the largest fields in the world with underground hot springs. 90 geysers and 110 thermal springs over four square kilometers. Now and again, many-meter-high hot fountains soar upward. Amazingly beautiful sight!
The Valley of Geysers is part of the Kronotsky State Biosphere Reserve. Her visit is limited (only as part of an organized tourist group), but it is worth it to get to Kamchatka and get permission.
The beauties of Russia do not end there. Continue our list in the comments. Write what places in our country you consider the most beautiful and why.