|Date of Birth||February 24, 1932 (1932-02-24)|
|Place of Birth|
|Date of death||June 19, 1985 (1985-06-19) (53 years old)|
|Place of death|
|Buried||New Don cemetery|
|Singing voice||mezzo soprano|
|Wikimedia Commons Media Files|
Maya Vladimir Kristalinsky (February 24, 1932, Moscow - June 19, 1985, Moscow) - Soviet pop singer, Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1974).
Maya Kristalinskaya was born on February 24, 1932 in Moscow, in a Russian-Jewish family. Her father, Vladimir Grigoryevich Kristalinsky (1904-1972), came from Mglin, Chernihiv province, and graduated from a real school in Mogilev. Her mother, Valentina Yakovlevna Kristalinskaya (nee Pytkina, 1911-1996), was from Pavlodar. Parents got married in Saratov and soon moved to Moscow, where his father graduated from the Art Design Department of Higher Art and Technical Courses (VKHUTEMAS) and worked at the All-Russian Society of the Blind, was a writer of games, puzzles and crosswords for children that were published in the newspaper Pioneer Truth , the author of the book "Jokes-minutes" (Moscow: Detsky Mir, 1958).
While studying at school, Maya studied in the children's choir group of the Folk Song and Dance Ensemble of the Central House of Children of Railway Workers, led by Semyon Osipovich Dunaevsky, Isaac Dunaevsky’s brother. After graduating from school in 1950, she entered the Moscow Aviation Institute. At the institute, she was engaged in amateur art. After graduation, she left for distribution to Novosibirsk to the V.P. Chkalov Aviation Plant. But, according to the memoirs of a friend and classmate Valentina Kotelkina, they soon returned to Moscow, and Maya began working in the A. Yakovlev Design Bureau.
In 1957, Maya Kristalinskaya became a laureate of the Moscow International Festival of Youth and Students, at which she performed with the amateur ensemble "First Steps" under the leadership of Yuri Saulsky. In the same year, she married the writer Arkady Arkanov. The marriage was unsuccessful and soon broke up.
After 1960, she recorded the song “Two Shores” for the movie “Thirst,” and with the release of the film, her all-Union popularity began. Initially, this song was performed by Irina Denisova, an artist of the youth group “Full Ahead!” Of the Leningrad Philharmonic, later a journalist (Ryzhov’s creative pseudonym), but the surname of the first performer was not even in the credits. When the film and the song became popular, other singers began to perform this song, and they made a new sound track for the film, inserting the last name of the performer into the credits (in different versions: Kristalinskaya, Dvoryaninova).
Maya Vladimirovna toured the country a lot, worked with the jazz orchestras of Eddie Rosner and Oleg Lundstrem, with the ensemble of Evgeny Rokhlin. Circulations of her records quickly sold out. The song to Yevgeny Rokhlin’s music “We met by chance in our lives” became a real hit, only she performed this song. The name of the song became the name of Maya Kristalinskaya’s CD, which was released in 1985.
At the age of 29, doctors discovered a tumor of the lymph glands (lymphogranulomatosis). She underwent a difficult course of treatment, and since then she had to go on stage with a scarf around her neck to hide from the audience traces of a burn from radiation therapy.
Maya Kristalinskaya became the first performer of the legendary song "Tenderness" by composer Alexandra Pakhmutova, recording it in 1966. Chermen Kasaev (music editor of BP and CT), who was then present in the recording studio, in the documentary film “The land would empty without you ...” (2005), dedicated to the singer, recalled that when listening to the already recorded phonogram, tears fell from her eyes: "These are the dewdrops ... morning summer dew ..." - so touched her song "Tenderness", which for many years has become the hallmark of the singer.
In 1966, according to opinion polls, Maya Kristalinskaya was recognized as the best variety singer of the year.
In 1970, S. Lapin became the new chairman of the State Radio and Television. The famous singers and singers: Vadim Mulerman, Emil Gorovets, Aida Vedishcheva, Nina Brodskaya, Larisa Mondrus and others got into the black list and almost lost their jobs (and many left the country).
The path to the TV screen and radio was practically closed for Maya Kristalinskaya non-authoritative source? . However, occasionally some exceptions were nevertheless made: she was invited to participate in her creative evenings held in the Column Hall of the House of Unions, such masters as Kolmanovsky, Pakhmutova, Frenkel, Oshanin and others. The singer’s performances were accompanied by an orchestra conducted by the unchanging Yuri Silantyev . But on Central Television, Kristalinskaya became almost "persona non grata."
For the last ten years of their life, the Soviet pop star has performed in rural clubs, in the regional centers of Tula, Ryazan, and Oryol regions. Getting permission for concerts in regional centers, not to mention Moscow, was still very difficult.
Maya Kristalinskaya was a man of great erudition, she loved theater unlimitedly, was versed in painting, she was interested in the problems of psychology, she knew literature in the way that only experts know her.
In 1974, she was awarded the title of Honored Artist of the RSFSR.
She loved the movie. Her favorite actress was Marlene Dietrich. In the last years of her life, Maya Vladimirovna took up the translation from the German book of Dietrich's Reflections. The book was published in the USSR after the death of the author. clarify
In 1984, her illness worsened. May 19, 1985, at the 54th year of her life, Maya Kristalinskaya died, having survived her life partner a little more than a year, the architect Eduard Barclay, who died of diabetes on June 15, 1984. Farewell to Maya in the Central House of Arts. During the civil funeral service, her songs sounded, and the coffin was carried out to the song "Rus."
The singer is buried in Moscow at the New Donskoy cemetery. The epitaph on her grave reads: “You have not left, you just left, you will return - and you will sing again”.
The famous poet Robert Rozhdestvensky called Maya Kristalinskaya "The echo of our youth".
Maya Kristalinskaya childhood
The cousin of Vladimir Kristalinsky - Lilia was a singer and actress at the Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko Theater. The husband of Aunt Lilia - Pavel Samoilovich Zlatogorov was a famous director and for a long time led the theater. Thanks to “Uncle Pasha” and “Aunt Lila”, music from May childhood entered the life of Maya; she reviewed almost the entire repertoire of the theater. Once, uncle gave little Maya an accordion, on which she independently learned to play.
At school, she studied well, she was easily given literature, a foreign language and mathematics. From childhood, Maya showed singing abilities. At school evenings, she often sang to the piano without preparation. She began to sing in a choir in the Central Palace of Railway Children (the former House of Pioneers), led by Semyon Dunaevsky. At a graduation party in June 1950 at Manezhnaya Square, Maya performed for casual spectators songs of the war years “Blue Handkerchief” and “Friends-Fellow Soldiers”.
The rise of the star and the beginning of the career of Maya Kristalinskaya
In 1955, Maya Kristalinskaya graduated from the institute. Together with their girlfriend, Valery Kotelkina, they were distributed by distribution to Novosibirsk, to the Chkalov plant. The girls found themselves in completely unusual conditions, for ten to twelve hours a day they had to work in the dirty workshop as “dispensers” of parts. They could not stand it for a long time and after some time decided to flee to Moscow. In those days it was a crime. The Novosibirsk plant sent a petition to Moscow to prosecute them for unauthorized abandonment of their jobs. Only through connections did they manage to avoid trouble. By acquaintance, they were hired by the Yakovlev Aviation Design Bureau.
Maya continued to take part in amateur performances in the pop ensemble of the Central House of Artists. In 1957, Moscow hosted the World Festival of Youth and Students. Kristalinskaya was invited to the jazz ensemble of the studio "First Step" at the Central House of Arts. As part of the ensemble, Maya took part in many performances, concerts and shows. Soon in the newspaper "Soviet Culture" a devastating article "Musical dudes" was criticized by the youth orchestra "The First Step". The customer of the article was the country's main jazzman A. Tsfasman, who saw his competitors in the youth orchestra. Soon followed by "organizational conclusions", and the studio "First Step" ceased to exist.
In the summer of 1958, Maya Kristalinskaya received an offer from the State Concert to take part in a tour of the Caucasus. She agreed and took a vacation at the design office. Her performances were overwhelming success. The famous jazzman Eddie Rosner invited her to become the soloist of his ensemble. Maya accepted this offer and firmly decided to devote herself to the stage, she did not return to the design bureau.
Kristalinskaya toured the country a lot with jazz orchestras, released many records with songs that were instantly sold out. She received wide recognition after the release of the film "Thirst", in it Maya sang the song "You and I Are Two Shores." The record with this song was sold across the country with a circulation of seven million copies. The singer was the first to perform the song of Bulat Okudzhava “Ah, Arbat”, which until then sounded only on tape recordings. In 1966, Maya Kristalinskaya was recognized as the best pop singer of the year.
Luck later turned away from her. In the 70th year, Sergei Georgievich Lapin, who was Brezhnev's personal friend, became the chairman of the State Radio and Television. After that, persecution of many famous singers began, including Kristalinskaya. After the performance of the song “It's raining in our city” at the New Year's “Blue Light”, the TV guide accused the performer of propaganda of sadness. She practically stopped showing on television, her tour continued, but she was allowed to speak only in rural clubs and regional centers of the Ryazan, Tula and Oryol regions.
In 1974, Maya Kristalinskaya was awarded the honorary title "Honored Artist of the RSFSR."
In the last years of her life, Kristalinskaya was engaged in the translation of the book “Reflections” from Marlene Dietrich from German. The book was released after the death of the singer.
Birth and family
Maya was born in Moscow on February 24, 1932. The family where the girl was born was Russian-Jewish.
Dad, Vladimir Kristalinsky, was from Chernigov province. In Mogilev, he studied at a real school, then at the art and design department of the Higher art and technical courses in Moscow. He was a mathematician, worked in the All-Russian Society of the Blind, composed all kinds of puzzles, children's games and crosswords, which were often published in Pioneer Truth. In 1958, Detsky Mir published a joke-minute book, authored by Maya Kristalinsky’s father. Vladimir Grigoryevich in the House of Pioneers eagerly taught classes for children (later the institution was renamed the Central House of Children of Railway Workers).
Mom, Kristalinskaya Valentina Yakovlevna (maiden name of Pytkin), was born in Pavlodar.
Parents after the wedding moved to Moscow. In the late 1920s, their first girl was born, they named her Maya, but at the age of two, the baby died. For Vladimir and Valentina Kristalinsky it was a difficult blow, to recover from which they could only with the birth of their second daughter in 1932, they gave her the same name Maya.
Children and school years
Mayina Aunt Lilya (dad's cousin) worked at the Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko Theater as an artist. Her husband, Pavel Zlatogorov, was a famous director. Maya loved going to the theater with Aunt Lily and Uncle Pasha, she reviewed almost the entire repertoire there, and when she was visiting them, she became acquainted with the whole theater elite of Moscow at that time. But most of all, Maya loved to listen to their records and play the piano.
Mayina’s closest childhood friend was Valya Kotelkina, the girls met in a circle of the Pioneer House, which was headed by Kristalinsky’s dad, and remained friends for life. As a child, their favorite game was the performance of songs and arias, one started, and the second had to finish. Maya loved to sing, but at the same time she never even had a thought to connect her life with music.
She studied well at school, most of all loved literature, mathematics and a foreign language. At school evenings, Maya always performed, she went on stage and sang just like that without any preparation, with the first chords of the piano.
Maya continued to study music even during the war. The little and fragile girl had a truly iron will. In order not to disturb the neighbors in the communal apartment, she waited for the sirens to start howling and firing anti-aircraft guns, and at that time she was studying the piano.
When a choir formed in the Central House of Children of Railway Workers under the direction of Semyon Dunaevsky, Maya became its permanent member.
In June 1950, Kristalinskaya graduated from high school and during the prom in front of a random audience decided to sing songs of the war years. Strangers applauded the girl vigorously, shouting: “Bravo!”, But Maya still did not perceive this talent as a future profession. She decided to enter after Moscow at the Moscow Aviation Institute.
Personal life of Maya Kristalinskaya
The first husband of Kristalinskaya was the writer Arkady Arkanov in 1958. They signed secretly from their parents, and then simply put them before the fact. The marriage did not last long, a year later Arkanov and Kristalinskaya broke up. Officially, they divorced only in 1962.
The second husband was the famous architect Eduard Barclay, whom she met at a dinner party, at the house of the famous doctor A. Vishnevsky. They sat next to the table and Eduard Maksimovich politely courted Maya all evening. A few months later, they began to live together.
The marriage of Barclay and Kristalinskaya lasted almost twenty years. In June 1984, the couple arranged a feast, marking the departure on vacation, which they planned the next day. In the morning, Eduard Maksimovich felt ill, he suffered from diabetes. He passed out. Maya called an ambulance, the doctors who arrived gave Edward an injection, but it was too late, he died. June 19, he was buried. Maya was experiencing the loss of her husband heavily, lost interest in life and was no longer observed by a doctor.
Institute and distribution
In the summer of 1950, Maya, along with her girlfriend Valey, became students of the MAI Aircraft Economics Department.
At the institute, Kristalinskaya, as in school, sang in the choir. Leaders noticed that a quiet and modest Maya had an almost perfectly set voice by nature.
In the choir of Kristalinskaya, another girlfriend Galya Kareva appeared, who in the future became the prima of Alexandrinka. Galya began to insist that Maya, having such a unique gift, devote her life to singing. But Kristalinskaya reacted calmly to this, and in 1955 she graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute, received a diploma with a degree in Novosibirsk (here she had to work for three years at the Chkalov plant).
Maya, together with her friend Valeya, went to the capital of Siberia to learn the profession acquired at the institute and participate in cultural life (at least they thought so when they took the train to Novosibirsk). But reality was not so rosy.The deputy director of the plant did not meet the girls very warmly, appointed them to the position of the dispensers (to give parts to the workers) with a salary of 730 rubles, which was not much at that time. Young specialists were not even offered a dormitory room, the director's secretary took the girls to the “red corner”, where she identified a sofa for the night.
Later they were placed in the accounting room, which the girls called the casemate among themselves. Maya and Valya asked the director to let them go back home to Moscow, and they received a strict: “No!” Dirty production facilities, scolding women, 10-12 hours work day — all this contributed to the fact that the girls simply ran away.
A paper came from the Novosibirsk plant to Moscow, informing that Kristalinskaya and Kotelkina voluntarily left their jobs, for which they must be prosecuted. Such a complaint was received by the Ministry of Aviation Industry. But the girls are lucky. The chief of the head office was a reviewer for the Majin diploma, which she defended with excellent marks. He did not spoil the girls' work biography, took pity on them and attached him to work in the Moscow Design Bureau under the leadership of General Designer Yakovlev.
There was a lot of work, the leader was strict, so Maya spent most of her work day on the kulman and spent only 15 minutes of a lunch break on concert rehearsals, and in the evenings she performed at the Central House of Railway Children.
During a break in rehearsal, workers from all KB laboratories escaped to listen to Kristalinskaya. Soon, the young composer Yuri Saulsky, who organized a jazz ensemble for the festival of youth and students in Moscow, heard about a talented nugget working in a design bureau.
Saulsky’s amateur ensemble was called “First Steps”, Kristalinkaya became his soloist. Already in 1957, at the Moscow Youth Festival, the team received the title of laureate of the song contest.
After the festival, a devastating publication came out in “Soviet Culture”, where the collective was called “musical dudes,” the ensemble “First Steps” had to be closed, but Kristalinskaya’s magical voice sunk into the hearts of listeners, Maya began to gain fame as a singer.
She continued to work in the bureau, took leave at her own expense and went on tour. In the summer of 1958, Maya took out two months of vacation right away (regular and at her own expense). She went on a long tour of the Caucasus. This summer was crucial, Kristalinskaya never returned to work. She understood the full scale of spectator love when, after one of the concerts, a young girl handed her her institute record for an autograph.
Maya was completely different from other pop stars: she sang on stage not in concert dresses, but in casual costumes, as if she had just run out of her design office for a break, now she will sing and go back to work. For this and for a surprisingly clean, gentle voice, her fans idolized. The manner of her performance was absolutely individual, there was so much sincerity in her voice that the newspapers often called Kristalinskaya “home,” “cozy,” “the mother of Soviet pop music.”
The most popular composers and songwriters wrote songs for her, she collaborated with the jazz orchestras of Oleg Lundstrem and Eddie Rosner, and records with Kristalinskaya’s songs were sold out at one time.
In the late 60s and early 70s of the twentieth century, Maya became a symbol of the Soviet stage, constantly her songs were played on radio and television, they were sung when fun, in large and noisy companies, and when sad, alone:
- "Top-top, stomping baby",
- "We choose, they choose us,"
- "And in the suburbs"
- "Snow is falling",
- “It is snow, it is rain”
- "Today is a holiday with the girls,"
- "Old Maple"
- "It never repeats itself,"
- “You and I met in life by chance.”
The most popular song performed by Maya is considered to be the song “Tenderness”, which the audience knows from the film “Three Poplars on Plyushchikha”.
Unfortunately, Mayu was crushed by Soviet reality. Officials in power admitted that there was a lot of sadness in her songs, and the Soviet singer was supposed to sing only joyful songs. First, her performances on television were banned, then concerts in big cities, it was only allowed to sing in rural clubs in the Ryazan, Oryol and Tula regions.
But wherever Maya sang, there were always full halls at her concerts, Kristalinskaya conquered the audience with her sincere manner of performance and absolutely not a star modest appearance. In 1966, viewers recognized her as the best singer of the Soviet Union. She received the title of Honored Artist in 1974, but for the audience was truly People.
In the early 60s, during a tour, Maya felt not quite healthy, her temperature rose too high. Turning to the hospital, a young 29-year-old woman found out about a terrible diagnosis - a tumor of the lymph glands (in medical language this sounds like lymphogranulomatosis).
Maya had a very difficult course of treatment. But she withstood everything steadily, only after treatment her neck left burns from chemotherapy. After that, Kristalinskaya began to go on stage with a scarf around her neck.
Surprisingly, Soviet women loved the singer so much that they instantly bought up all the scarves in the department stores and tied them to their necks, so I wanted to look like a charming, sweet, sincere Maya.
After that, for almost a quarter of a century, the famous Soviet hematologists Vorobyov and Kassirsky treated the singer, thanks to them she lived as much as before the terrible diagnosis. The strongest woman did not leave the stage and the audience, she continued to sing and go on tour, taking with her a full suitcase of pills, medicine and scarves. Maya spent short creative holidays in the hospital room, but no one knew about this.
After graduating from school in 1950, Maya, without thinking twice, decided to enter the Moscow Aviation Institute. She and Valya Kotelkina were inseparable - together they became students of the faculty of aircraft economics, which they graduated five years later as economic engineers. By distribution, they ended up in the Novosibirsk Aviation Plant.
Maya Kristalinskaya and Valentina Kotelkina
The deputy director of this plant met the girls terribly. They did not even have a place in the hostel. Everything repelled the girls of the capital here - the unwashed workshop, dirty women swearing, ten years older than them, the mocking attitude of their superiors. The friends decided to run away - they boarded the train and left for their native Moscow. Later, the plant will send a complaint to the capital asking for liability.
Maya Kristalinskaya | ProfiLib
The friends were lucky that the chief of the central board was a reviewer of the diploma project Kristalinskaya. Thanks to him, they were pitied at the Ministry of Aviation Industry and found a new job in Moscow - in the experimental design bureau of the famous Soviet aircraft designer Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev.
Despite being busy, Maya continued to perform her own activities as a member of the troupe of the Central House of Artists. In early 1957, the World Festival of Youth and Students was held here. During these years, jazz in the country was actually considered forbidden, but in honor of the festival, the Komsomol committee instructed composer Yuri Saulsky to organize a jazz orchestra, to which he invited Maya.
The performances of the amateur singer were noticed by the audience, but at the end of the festival in the newspaper "Soviet Culture" came out a negative article with the heading "Musical dudes". In it, a concert of a young jazz orchestra was completely routed. The work of Yuri Saulsky was called "the terrible barking of trombones", "the vile howl of saxophones", "the disgusting roar of drums." As a result, all members of the orchestra were expelled from the House of Artists.
Maya Kristalinskaya on stage | Life is photo
After three mandatory years in the design office, Maya Kristalinskaya left this profession. By this time, she managed to participate in dozens of performances and decided to become a professional artist. She went on tour with the Oleg Lundstrem Orchestra, then with the Eddie Rosner Orchestra, during which she managed to visit every corner of the Soviet Union.
In 1960, the film "Thirst" appeared on Soviet screens, for which Maya Kristalinskaya recorded the song "You and I Are Two Shores." Immediately after the premiere, the singer gains crazy popularity. In the blink of an eye, the 7 millionth edition of the record with a song from the film was sold out. Recordings were played almost every day by radio stations.
Maya Kristalinskaya on stage | Best-pesnya
The voice of Maya Vladimirovna fell in love with all the people. Since then, she has come out with many hits: “And it is snowing,” “And then it is raining, it is snowing outside,” “Our mothers”, “Grandchildren”. She worked with the best performers and composers of the Soviet Union. Among them were Tariverdiev, Joseph Kobzon, Kolmanovsky, Valentina Tolkunova and many others.
In 1966, according to an all-union poll, Maya Kristalinskaya was recognized as the main pop singer of the year, and she knew the song “Tenderness” from the picture “Three Poplars on Plyushchikha” and the whole country sings with tears in her eyes. Only four years later, when the chairman of the USSR State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting is replaced, the artist will become a persona non grata on the national stage.
Clever, beauty and singer
When the time came for sixteen-year-old Maya to get a passport, she made her first mistake. Russian by mother, in the column "nationality" she recorded herself Jewish as a father. In many years, this will actually put an end to her singing career. Kristalinskaya went to study as an engineer, but fate still overtook her. Having settled down to work in the design bureau, after work she fled to the Central House of Art Workers, where she participated in amateur performances. Here, the owner of a unique voice was noticed by jazzman Oleg Lundstrem and invited to tour with his orchestra. Maya spent only three years as an engineer.
Success and loneliness
Moscow fell in love with Kristalinskaya after the International Festival of Youth and Students, at which she performed with the Yuri Saulsky Orchestra. The rest of the country learned about the singer after the release of the film “Thirst”: the disc with the song “You and I Are Two Shores” sold 7 million copies. She was played on the radio every day, and Maya literally heard her voice from every window. The first husband of Kristalinskaya - a graduate of the medical institute and a novice writer Arkady Arkanov - was jealous of the success of his wife. They met after the fateful festival for her and got married, never even having kissed. Arkanov was known as a womanizer, his impudence and perseverance conquered Maya.
But the relatives of the young took hostility with hostility: deathly silence reigned at the wedding table. Maya’s father tried to defuse the situation: he distributed the puzzles of his own composition to all the guests: “About thirty minutes our relatives and Maya silently, without drinking, solved puzzles. The scene turned out to be funny ... ”- Arkanov recalled. He left her less than a year later. Kristalinskaya tried to get distracted by work, but suddenly fell ill.
Doctors forbade straining ligaments - this greatly worsened the state of the artist. But Kristalinskaya answered this: “It’s better to kill me right away, without a scene, I will die slowly, day after day.” Severe treatment with chemotherapy allowed the disease to be in remission. It was then that Maya Kristalinskaya began to appear on stage with an invariable handkerchief on her neck. The public attributed this to fashion, but the reason was more serious: the scarf covered the traces of burns from radiation.
After a failed first marriage, the singer tried to build a relationship with a certain journalist who treated her like a trophy and was not indifferent to the bottle. This love only worsened her already precarious reputation among her superiors. When the State Radio and Television was headed by Sergey Lapin, the times of the Khrushchev "thaw" for artists ended. According to rumors, he was an ardent anti-Semite - and that very column “nationality” in the passport immediately played against Kristalinskaya. Officially, she was removed from the air for "propaganda of sadness." Lapin believed that she "does not sing, but achs."
Then, spacious halls of Moscow, St. Petersburg and other major cities of the country became inaccessible to her. The famous Maya Kristalinskaya traveled to the districts and performed in rural clubs so as not to be left without work at all. It was during this difficult period of her life that she met her longtime admirer, architect Eduard Barclay. After each concert, he sent her a bouquet of red roses backstage. When they finally met in person, Maya reciprocated his feeling.
Close singers said that only Edik's care helped prolong Maya's life. He took out medications for her, monitored their intake, forbade doing housework and complimented him tirelessly. But he himself slowly died away from diabetes.
In June 1984, they were going on vacation when Barclay suddenly became ill. The ambulance arrived was unable to do anything - he died in Maya’s arms. From that very moment she lost interest and the will to live. All Kristalinskaya wanted was to “reunite with Edik” as soon as possible. She died exactly a year after his funeral - June 19, 1985. The words from the song "Tenderness" became prophetic for her.
“The Earth was empty without you.How do I live a few hours?Also falls in the foliage gardensAnd somewhere, a taxi is in a hurry ...Only empty on Earth alone Without you, and you,You fly and youGive starsHis tenderness ... "
Escape and criminal case
Maya always sang: at home, with friends, in school activities. But she chose a solid profession: aviation design engineer. With a childhood friend, Valentina Kotelkina, they entered the Moscow Aviation Institute. Having received diplomas, they went to their first appointment - to the plant in Novosibirsk. They fled after 5 days in the city. When they were called to the police in Moscow, what was heard struck and frightened: they sued their friends. The girls had to tell what they encountered.
At the factory, young specialists were the "fifth wheel in the cart." Graduated graduates were appointed to the position of ... workers with a meager salary. According to the "generosity of the soul" they were given housing - a nook in the Red corner. Then, however, they moved to a small room for bookkeeping. At night, the girls had to fend off annoying guests.
Fortunately, the prosecutor in Moscow caught an understanding. Immediately determined: before him are not criminals, but simply frightened girls. He did not initiate a criminal case.
The first unpleasant encounter with real life ended successfully. But, ahead of her, even greater blows of fate awaited.
Maya is already gaining popularity. She was well received, she sang her songs. There was no singer in the Oleg Lundstrem orchestra and Kristalinskaya was invited to her place. A few months before the festival of youth and students, several months remained in Moscow. At constant rehearsals, Maya met a charming young man with a subtle sense of humor. This was the last year student of the medical institute Arkady Arkanov.
The future doctor liked beautiful girls with a sense of humor, who understood and appreciated his first works. Maya was sincere and gullible, probably a little naive and little knowledge of men, their ability to seduce. A month later, the young people got married without telling their parents. True, Arkady talked with his mother after painting. Accustomed to the rallies of his son, and now to his statement: "Mom, I got married." , she answered:
Seeing the marriage certificate, mom slowly crawled down the wall ...
Maya was happy, however, even at the wedding (arranged shortly after the painting), a nuisance occurred: Maya's parents did not accept new relatives. But, the young began to build a family. Maya, not doubting the sincerity of her lover's feelings, tried to earn more by dangling on a tour.
It didn’t work out the way I wanted. Arkady, engaged in the unloved work of the local doctor, began to get annoyed, envious of Maya. His constant nit-picking and the insulting “you don’t even have a special education” were unsettling. Then it turned out that he had also married in order to stay after defending his diploma in Moscow. But this is not the most offensive. Arkady, having met Maya, told his friend about this, he asked with a grin:
“Yes, no, not weakly,” Arkanov said with a shrug.
So it turned out that he married not at the call of his heart, but simply for the sake of "weakly." Maya did not want to believe, the girl really loved from the bottom of her heart. Life together ended six months after painting. Officially, they broke up only after 5 years.
Maya was having a hard time breaking up with her husband. Her natural intelligence, subtle nature, devotion and fidelity, and most importantly, the ability to love, were deeply wounded by the former's trick. It was painful to be deceived, but even more painful was that she was simply hooked by a don Juan who never loved her. It got to the point that the insult simply did not want to live. After this story, Maya was alone for a long time, fighting the hardships that continued to pour on her.
Cleaning. People of the second grade
At this time, on television at the initiative of Lapin, they were purging. Dismissed many talented artists, television presenters of Jewish nationality. Maya, which was admired by all the spectators of the Soviet Union, who was loved to such an extent that even then they considered it folk, without which the musical programs of that time could not do, was not needed. Thrown overboard. All that remained was a tour of small towns and concerts in cold rural clubs. Then, after a terrible cold, the actress was diagnosed with cancer of the lymph nodes. Doctors forbade singing, Maya frantically said:
“I can't live without a song.” Better kill right away.
She sang. I suffered. And smiling ... With such a diagnosis and burning pain, she went on stage for several more years. Once a gypsy came up to her and looked, she said:
“You will be happy, but not for long ...”
Since then, Maya, recalling this prophecy and waited for happiness.
She fell in love seriously for the second time. He was a famous journalist at that time. This time, the man was simply flattered that the famous artist was losing her head because of love for him. There were no feelings of response. He got drunk, got into fights.
The third and last man in her life was the architect Eduard Barclay. It was he who turned out to be the happiness that the gypsy had guessed. Maya did not want to believe in love already. To experience feelings (or to end a relationship), she immediately said that she had cancer. Edward is not scared.
His care, participation, huge bouquets of red roses after concerts, compliments and assurances of love literally extended her life. After his sudden death (Edward was ill with diabetes), Maya completely surrendered. Died exactly on the anniversary of his death. Fortune-telling still came true. It was true love and true happiness. It is a pity that not so much time was allotted to him.
Probably, due to the fact that the audience did not see Kristalinskaya on the screens after her incredible peak of popularity, it seems that the artist is alive. How lacking now are her soulful songs, a deep, crystal clear voice, a soft smile. It seems that somewhere sounds "Old Maple", "Tenderness", "In our city, rain", "Two shores" ... and more than 200 emotional songs.
Unlike today, Maya was an artist, working soul, not feet. For this she was loved and will be remembered.
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We’ll start telling the biography of Maya Kristalinskaya in 1932, when the heroine of our article was born in Moscow in the family of the editor Vladimir Grigoryevich and his wife Valentina.
It is believed that the fate of the future artist was determined by her uncle Pavel Zlatogorov, who at that time worked as a director in a musical theater. He was married to her father's cousin Lilia, who played in the Stanislavsky Theater. On one of his birthdays, he gave Maya a harmonica. Despite her young age, the heroine of our article quickly mastered this musical instrument, and soon she began to play war songs that were popular at that time with her relatives and friends, for example, “Blue Handkerchief” or “Friends-Fellow Soldiers”.
Maya's father, although he was very busy at work, still managed to conduct a circle in the House of Pioneers. He was visited by Valentina Kotelkina, who became the singer’s best friend over the years. They were united by a passion for creativity.
This was not the brightest strip in the biography of Maya Kristalinskaya. She recalls that the factory management met them coldly, without even offering a place in the hostel.
Everything repelled them at this work: swearing women, dirty workshops, mocking and arrogant attitude on the part of the authorities. Soon, the friends decided to quit this job, and simply run away. They returned to Moscow, and a complaint came from the factory demanding to prosecute negligent employees.
However, the girls were lucky. The head of the central board knew them well, was one of the reviewers of the Kristalinsky diploma, so they found a new job in the capital - in the design bureau near Yakovlev.
Passion for music
Despite the workload, the heroine of our article did not leave her music lessons, attending an amateur club at the Central House of Art Workers.
In 1957, in honor of the World Festival of Youth and Students in the USSR, it was allowed to organize a jazz orchestra, although the musical direction itself was then prohibited in the country. Composer Yuri Saulsky invited Kristalinsky to him.
Her performances captivated the audience, but the press rated them negatively. In the newspaper "Soviet Culture" even a review entitled "Musical dudes" was published. Saulsky’s work was criticized; everyone who participated in the orchestra was expelled from the House of Artists.
Student Aviation Institute
Maya Kristalinskaya was born on February 24, 1932 in Moscow into a Jewish family. Her father Vladimir Kristalinsky worked in the All-Russian Society of the Blind, where he came up with puzzles and games for children, and the mother of the future singer Valentina Pytkina was a housewife.
From childhood, Maya Kristalinskaya participated in amateur performances, attended the children's choir collective of the Folk Song and Dance Ensemble of the Central House of Railway Children. The future singer also performed at school concerts, for which she almost never specially prepared. She easily memorized the lyrics and without long rehearsals she could sing the song correctly.
In 1950, Maya Kristalinskaya graduated from high school. For a long time I could not decide which faculty to apply for - she received good grades in all subjects. In the "Directory for applicants to Moscow universities" the future singer found MAI - Moscow Aviation Institute. Kristalinskaya decided that the name of this educational institution is consonant with her name, so she chose it for admission. She perfectly passed the entrance exams and became a student of the program “Economics of Aircraft Engineering”. At the institute, Kristalinskaya again joined the amateur art group, she sang at creative evenings. After graduating from the Moscow Aviation Institute in 1956, she tried to work in her specialty - she went to Novosibirsk to a local aviation plant for distribution. There, Kristalinskaya was not arranged for the post, so she soon returned to Moscow.
In Moscow, they started a case on Kristalinskaya “Leaving the place of work without permission”. However, it did not reach the trial - Artyom Ter-Markaryan, a professor at the Moscow Aviation Institute and head of the main department of the Ministry of Aviation Industry, stood up for the future singer. He reviewed Kristalinskaya’s graduation project at the institute and gave her the highest rating on defense. Ter-Markaryan arranged the future singer in the design bureau of Alexander Yakovlev, where she worked for three years.
After working for three years in the design bureau, the heroine of our article quit to devote herself to music. Singer Maya Kristalinskaya by that time had actually become a professional artist. She went on tour with the Eddie Rosner Orchestra.
The real popularity came to her in 1960, when the military drama Yevgeny Tishkov “Thirst” came out on Soviet screens. It sounded the song of Maya Kristalinskaya "We are two shores." The very morning after the release of the film, the artist woke up famous. The album of Maya Kristalinskaya with the recording of songs from the film sold 7 million copies. The composition was put on the radio almost every day.
Winner of the World Festival of Youth and Students
Even while studying at the institute, Maya Kristalinskaya began attending a pop studio at the Central House of Art Workers of the USSR (TsDRI), she sang in the ensemble "The First Step". In 1957, members of this group were invited to perform at the events of the VI World Festival of Youth and Students in Moscow. One of the leaders of the “First Step” composer Yuri Saulsky was commissioned to create a jazz orchestra. The biographer of the singer Anisim Himmervert wrote: “Saul had to do almost unbelievable. The country where jazz was driven into a corner, and then escaped underground, was obliged to show the world that jazz music in the USSR was almost universally loved, and jazz musicians were the most respected musicians. ”. Saulsky called Maya Kristalinskaya to the new collective as a vocalist - she knew how to sing songs in Spanish and Italian with almost no accent, calmly reacted to criticism and quickly studied. At concerts, the singer performed “Lullaby” and “Farewell Song”.
At one of these performances, Kristalinskaya met her future husband, writer Arkady Arkanov. He recalled: “We were assigned to sign for the first of June. You can imagine that we met on the thirtieth of April, we’ve already set a record for the first of June. Their marriage lasted less than a year - they divorced in March 1958.
As part of the jazz band of Saul Maya, Kristalinskaya became a laureate of the World Youth Festival and received a silver medal.
Towards the end of the festival, on August 8, 1957, the publication “Soviet Culture” published an article “Musical dudes”. They wrote in it: “A pernicious example in art of losing independence of a creative look, a creative individuality, is, in particular, the youth pop orchestra of the Central House of Artists (leader Yu. Saulsky)”. The author of the material criticized the musicians of the ensemble, including Maya Kristalinskaya. He wrote about "Weak creative opportunities" soloists and her "Wobbling" stylish "tweaks". Soon after this devastating article, the team began to gather less often in the Central House of Arts. Saulsky recalled: “We were thrown out, though not directly, by a house order, but having created such conditions that it became impossible to work”.
The whole country fell in love with the voice of the heroine of our article. She got a large number of hits. Among them are the songs “And it’s raining, it is snowing outside”, “And it is snowing”, “Grandchildren”, “Our Moms”. Photos of Maya Kristalinskaya were printed by popular Soviet newspapers and magazines.
In her creative biography, she was lucky to work with the best composers and performers of the time in the Soviet Union. This is Joseph Kobzon, Mikael Tariverdiev, Valentina Tolkunova.
In 1966, Kristalinskaya was recognized as the main pop singer of the year, while she was at the peak of her popularity. For many years, the hit song “Tenderness” performed by her, which sounded in Tatyana Lioznova’s melodrama “Three Poplars on Plyushchikha”, became a hit.
A dramatic change in her biography will occur only a few years after the change of chairman of the State Committee on Television and Radio Broadcasting of the Soviet Union. The artist for many years will actually turn into a persona non grata on the domestic stage.
“We are two shores”: songs for film and television
“You and I Are Two Shores”, from the film “Thirst” by Yevgeny Tashkov (1959). Music by Gregory Pozhenyan. Words by Andrey Eshpay. Performed by Maya Kristalinskaya
After the dissolution of the team, Maya Kristalinskaya continued to study music and perform with various orchestras. The singer had to change her repertoire - after the publication of the article “Musical dudes”, foreign compositions were hardly performed. At this time, Kristalinskaya met with the composer Eduard Kolmanovsky, sang his “Silence” and “Rain in Our City”. She often performed at concerts, at meetings with foreign delegations.
With the Lundstrem Orchestra in 1958, Kristalinskaya went on her first tour - to Ukraine. After returning from them, she quit Yakovlev’s design bureau and decided to concentrate on working in musical groups. Soon she was asked to record a song for the film "Thirst" directed by Yevgeny Tashkov. The poetry for the composition “We are two shores” was written by the poet Andrei Eshpay, and the music by composer Grigory Pozhenyan.
The song brought Kristalinskaya all-Union fame, the composition was released on records with a circulation of seven million copies. Despite this, the singer had to leave the Lundstrem collective: she, along with many other musicians, was reduced by order of the All-Russian Touring and Concert Association.
The following 1960, Kristalinskaya joined the orchestra of jazz artist Eddie Rosner, with whom she had collaborated several times before - she sang to his accompaniment at concerts. Rosner recalled: “Once a girl came to us, an aircraft engineer. She sang her “Svetlana” so soulfully in a special way that she wanted to help her become a real singer ”.
In December 1960, Kristalinskaya was invited to speak on the program "Good morning!", Where she performed two songs - "New Year's" and "I am coming." She continued to go on tour with various musical groups. In 1962, during one of her trips with Rosner's jazz ensemble, Kristalinskaya caught a cold. After returning to Moscow, Rosner advised her to see a doctor - it seemed to him that the singer had not recovered completely. In the hospital near Kristalinskaya, a cancerous tumor was found. For some time she had to leave the performances and be treated, but almost immediately after discharge, she returned to the Rosner team. At concerts, the performer tied a scarf around her neck, which hid the traces of medical procedures, which now had to take place regularly. The illness of Kristalinskaya, an already famous singer, was written in the newspapers.
"When Mayechka began to sing, I wanted to listen to her endlessly ..."
"Tenderness". Music by Alexandra Pakhmutova. Words by Sergey Grebennikov and Nikolai Dobronravov. Performed by Maya Kristalinskaya
In the first half of the 1960s, despite her illness, Maya Kristalinskaya recorded many songs, including “Snow is falling”, “It is raining in our city”, “Good afternoon”, “Stork”, “Top, top, baby is stomping” and others . They were played on the radio, released on records. The singer began to be invited not only to the program "Good morning!", But also to other programs, including the "Blue Light" and "Song of the Year". Critics and colleagues wrote about the charm and sincerity of Kristalinskaya. Joseph Kobzon recalled: “As soon as Mayyushka, as I called her, smiled, dimples appeared on her cheeks, her eyes were narrowed and such sincerity became warm immediately, and when Mayechka began to sing, I wanted to listen to her endlessly ...”.
In 1965, Maya Kristalinskaya performed the song “Tenderness” by Alexandra Pakhmutova and Nikolai Dobronravov. The premiere took place at a concert in the columned hall of the House of Unions. The following year the song became famous - it began to be played on the radio, and director Tatyana Lioznova included the composition in the film “Three Poplars on Plyushchikha”.
Soon Kristalinskaya got married a second time. Her husband was the sculptor Eduard Barclay. Anisim Himmervert wrote “Eduard Maksimovich, a person who is unusually responsive, who showed latitude here, ready to always come to the aid of a person even unfamiliar, especially cared for Maya”. They lived in marriage until the death of Barclay in 1984.
"Continuous long trips": the last years of life
"My beloved." Music by Alexandra Pakhmutova. Words by Rimma Kazakova. Performed by Maya Kristalinskaya. The author’s evening of Alexandra Pakhmutova. 1975. Column Hall of the House of Unions, Moscow
In April 1970, Sergey Lapin became chairman of the State Committee on Radio and Television Broadcasting, who decided that “Jews should not be on the holiday screen”. Maya Kristalinskaya almost ceased to be invited to television, and in 1972 her performance with the song “Who will respond?” Was cut out from the program “Song of the Year”.
Kristalinskaya continued to perform concerts, which were now held at small venues - festivals in parks, cinemas. Sometimes the singer went on tour in Russia. She visited Tula, Ryazan, Smolensk, even traveled to small towns and villages. A friend of Kristalinskaya, who went on tour with her, Tatyana Rainova wrote: “Continuous long trips, I believe that it is humiliating for Kristalinskaya. Everywhere one is drunk, cold, dirty, coming back at night - once again exposing oneself to danger of getting into an accident ”. Several times she was sent abroad, Kristalinskaya spoke to soldiers in garrisons in Hungary and the GDR.
In 1974, Maya Kristalinskaya became a Honored Artist of the RSFSR. However, she was not invited to television and major concerts. For the past ten years, the singer continued to tour the regions of the RSFSR.
In the 1980s, Kristalinskaya's speech and coordination began to deteriorate. In 1984, the singer's husband died - Edward Barclay. After that, she went to the hospital. Joseph Kobzon recalled: “Creepy, of course, was to look at her. She really wanted to write to me her new disc, which was just released, but it was difficult for her. I said: “Mayushka, why are you tormenting, so you’ll get better, stand up and write it down. I believe in you, the whole country is waiting for you. " She cried and only said: "No, Joseph.". In the spring of 1985, Kristalinskaya was discharged from the hospital, but she did not feel better - the singer lost her speech. May 19, 1985 Maya Kristalinskaya died. She was buried at the Don cemetery in Moscow, and on the grave they wrote: “You have not left, you just left, you will return - and you will sing again”.
1. Maya Kristalinskaya was the first performer of the song "May there always be sunshine" by composer Arkady Ostrovsky to the words of Lev Oshanin. She sang it in one of the episodes of Good Morning! In 1962. A few weeks later, this song was performed by Tamara Miansarova at the VIII World Festival of Youth and Students in Helsinki, where she received a gold medal for her.
2. In the 1980s, Maya Kristalinskaya was engaged in the translation from German memoirs of her beloved actress Marlene Dietrich. A book called "Reflections" was released after the death of the singer.
Despite the popularity, fame and success, in the late 60s in the life of Kristalinskaya there was a difficult streak. After she sings the song “It's raining in our city” on New Year’s air, the leadership accuses her of “propaganda of sadness”, the number of airs of the singer is sharply reduced.
At the same time, doctors discover in her a serious ailment for her profession - a tumor of the lymph glands. This is an oncological disease that can cause numbness of the lymph nodes on the neck of a person.
For a long time, Kristalinskaya was treated, and at concerts she performed with a scarf around her neck to hide signs of the disease. After all, her lymph nodes were greatly enlarged. Over time, the shawl became her calling card, present in almost all of her images. At the same time, the audience did not even suspect that these were not style details, but a necessary measure. She had to take whole bags of medicine with her on tour.
With the advent of Sergey Lapin, the Kristalinskaya, was almost completely removed from the air. Presumably, this was due to her nationality indicated in the passport, since Lapin was rumored to be anti-Semite.
Over time, the heroine of our article began not only to sing, but also to try herself in journalism. She wrote articles and notes in “Evening Moscow”, translated into Russian the biographical book of Marlene Dietrich “Reflections”.
Maya Kristalinskaya’s personal life was not easy, she was married twice. Her first husband, Arkady Arkanov, had just graduated from a medical institute by that time. Young people were almost the same age — Arkanov was a year younger.
They met in early 1958 and already signed in the summer. Moreover, the parents of the newlyweds were informed about this after the incident. The amazed relatives were not happy, therefore, according to the memoirs, the festive wedding dinner was in complete silence.
Over the years, Arkanov will declare that he met the singer for an argument, and there has never been true love between them. In addition, according to their mutual acquaintances, the husband was envious of his wife’s successes, since at that time he himself worked as a regular district doctor, and the popularity of Kristalinskaya grew every day.
Already in October 58th, Arkanov went to vote with his parents at the place of registration, but never returned. The couple divorced, remaining among themselves in friendly relations.
An important role in the biography and personal life of Maya Kristalinskaya was played by her second husband, architect and designer Eduard Barclay. He cared about the singer when she discovered a serious ailment. It was thanks to him that she was able to live so long. Maya Kristalinskaya and her husband did not have children.
However, Edward himself also had health problems. In the summer of 1984, he died of diabetes.
For the artist, his death was a heavy blow, as he remained her support and support for many recent years. Almost immediately after the death of her husband, Maya worsened cancer. She could not live alone for long.
In June 1985, at the age of 53, Kristalinskaya died. But shortly before that, she was completely speechless. Ironically, the singer, whose songs the whole country admired, could not utter a word in recent months. The disease finally prevailed over her. And after the loss of a loved one, there was no one to support her.
Farewell to the singer was organized at the Central House of Artists. Throughout the civil funeral service, her songs sounded, and the coffin was carried out of the building to the composition "Rus." The heroine of our article is buried in the capital's New Don Don cemetery.