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The biggest flowers in the world: tall, scary

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However, size is not the only reason why it will not be possible to include a flower in a bouquet. The smell of Rafflesia is so disgusting that a rare insect dares to sit on it. Only forest flies risk pollinating the largest flower. The flower emits a smell similar to the aroma of rotting meat.

The tree with the largest inflorescence

Talipot palm blooms only once, between the ages of 30 and 80 years. And from the flowering period to the fruiting period, about a year passes. Well, ripe fruits, the number of which reaches thousands, look like round yellow-green fruits, relatively small, compared with the palm itself - only 3-4 centimeters. The fetus has one seed. After the fruiting process ends, the palm tree dies.

The birthplace of the record-breaking palm tree is southern India, Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka and China.

Largest Smelling Succulent

The sizes of stapelia flowers differ in different species, but they all exude the aroma of rotten meat. The most modest flowers in diameter do not exceed 5 cm, the largest can reach 30-40 cm.

Stapelia petals are covered with soft hairs. Various flies land on them, which the flower attracts with a putrid aroma. The task of insects is to pollinate the plant.

Top 10 highest and largest flowers in the world

Most giant flowers come from the tropics. After all, it is precisely in such a climate that the abundance of moisture, heat and sunlight allow them to grow inexorably, getting plenty of food. Although the presence of especially large flowers can boast of other climatic zones.

Botanical nameAlternative nameFeaturesPlace of growth
Rafflesia ArnoldDead lotusThe mass of the flower may exceed 11 kgThe national symbol of Indonesia, growing in the jungle of the island of Southeast Asia
Amorphophallus titanicTitan Arum, Lilia VoodooThe diameter of the petal-bedspreads is up to 1.2 m, the height of the flower is up to 3 mJungle of Sumatra
Giant stapeliaStarfishFlower diameter about 35 cmSouth West and South Africa
Hydnor AfricanFrom English - Smelly root parasite, from Latin - MushroomThe height of the aerial part (flower) is about 15 cmDeserts of Africa, Arabia, Madagascar Island
Puya RaymondQueen of the andes

Dinosaur plant

Inflorescence height - up to 10 m,

more than 10,000 flowers

Peru and the mountains of Bolivia
Victoria AmazonVictoria Regia, RegalLeaves of water lilies in diameter reach 3 m, flowers about 30 cmThe national symbol of Guyana, growing in the Amazon
KirkazonAristolochiaGrassy vine grows up to 20 m, leaf diameter about 30 cmIn the tropical and temperate regions of America, Asia, Africa
Lady banksRose Lady BanksA single bush covers an area of ​​740 square meters. mUSA, Arizona
Ethiopian callaZantedesia,

Wingfly, Calla

Inflorescence from 50 to 80 cm long, bushes up to 1 m highSouth Africa, Tanzania, Nigeria
SunflowerOilseed sunflower, SunflowerThe tallest plant is 7.7 m, the largest flower is 82 cm in diameterHomeland flower - North America, today cultivated around the world.

Especially large flowers can be found in different parts of the world, both in the wild and in greenhouse conditions. Some of them are parasites, others are extremely useful or have healing properties.

Some giant flowers (like Sunflower) are obtained by millennium selection and selection methods. They are very different from small, unremarkable parent species. You should learn more about each type of giant flower.

Rafflesia Arnold

The flower appears as a large bright red spot against a background of green jungle. The flowering period of the culture does not exceed 4 days, but during this time a large bud manages to unfold into a huge, fleshy "star" of an unusual appearance, exuding a suffocating smell reminiscent of the stench of rotting meat.

A specific aroma and appearance attract flies that get stuck in the villi and, trying to get out, produce pollination.

The diameter of a bright red or brick-brown flower can not exceed 1 meter, but has an impressive weight - up to 11 kg. The petals are covered with uneven light spots and outgrowths, and in the center of the inflorescence a circular hole gapes, where the anthers are located and fertilization takes place.

The largest flower has no stem or roots and parasitizes on neighboring plants. There are few wild species in the world with a similar structure: thin suckers developing from a seed penetrate under the cover layer of tree roots or vines and freely use their sap. The host plant does not die, but only serves as a temporary refuge for the short-lived Rafflesia.

The awakening of the seed and the development of a small bud in a flower takes more than 3 years. After a short flowering, fleshy, juicy petals quickly decompose, turning into black slurry. Millions of ripened spores are spread in the jungle by animals that have stepped on an overripe fetus.

The largest flower in the world is Rafflesia Arnold.

Single seeds manage to find a suitable place for development, and the constant reduction in the area of ​​tropical forests puts Rafflesia Arnold in danger of complete extinction.

Amorphophallus titanic

Another giant, surprising in size and shape, but not pleasing in aroma - Titan Arum. For a putrid, unbearable smell, the plant is called the "cadaverous flower." The huge size of the bud and the phallic form explain the Latin name of the flower, first discovered in the jungle of Sumatra in the late 19th century.

The largest flower in the world is very capricious and poorly takes root in protected ground, but an exceptionally large specimen was recorded in the botanical garden. In 2003, the public was presented with a fully opened bud of Amorphophalus 2.7 m tall, grown in the German city of Bonn.

Over a long time (about 40 years), the plant completely changes its appearance several times.

At first it’s a chestnut-like tree. Later, Titan Arum resembles a giant head of lettuce. The plant blooms no more than 4 times in a lifetime, when for 2 weeks it turns into a huge bud. Full flower opening lasts 72 hours. During this time, its tip is heated to a temperature close to the human body, which helps to better evaporate volatile substances.

The smell of rotten flesh becomes especially dense and attracts numerous pollinating flies to the flower. After three days, the huge petal-hood begins to fall and the flower completely fades, leaving behind a small shoot that looks like a withered tree.

Witnesses of unusual flowering describe this sight as delightful and disgusting at the same time. In nature, it is unlikely to admire such splendor - the plant is almost completely exterminated. There are only about 120 copies preserved by the botanical gardens of different countries.

Giant stapelia

A succulent plant with fleshy stems can store moisture, so less than other giant flowers depends on the whims of the weather. At home, in the central and southern parts of Africa, the giant Stapelia prefers to settle on shady places and the banks of water bodies. The bush itself is not striking in size, reaching a maximum of 60 cm, it looks like ordinary branching cacti.

The tetrahedral stems along the ribs are decorated with soft curved teeth. Surprises begin during flowering. On separate thin peduncles hanging buds similar to chicken eggs are formed. Moreover, flower shoots depart, most often, from the base of the bush. The opened flowers have 5 pointed petals and about 30 cm in diameter.

Huge "stars" have a uniform, striped or spotty color, can be fancifully covered with cilia along the edge of the petals, over the entire surface or in the center.

During flowering, the plant produces an unpleasant rotten aroma, which did not prevent it from becoming one of the favorite indoor plants of the last decade. Reviews of Stapelia as a pot culture emphasize its unpretentiousness in leaving and the contrasting sensations of flowers - both beautiful and frightening.

Hydnor African

An amazing plant lives in the deserts of eastern Africa. Due to its strange appearance and parasitic nutrition, Gidnora is able to survive the longest droughts. The roots and shoots of the plant are completely located underground. The culture has completely no leaves, and nutrition is carried out thanks to suction cups, entangling the roots of neighboring plants.

Flowering time occurs only with sufficient moisture. The plant is able to wait a favorable time for years. So after heavy rain from the earth, either giant mushrooms, or snake heads. It grows the buds of Gidnory.

The surface of the flower buds is indistinguishable from the surrounding soil, but after the opening of three thick, fleshy leaf-petals, a bright, scarlet or orange "gut" is exposed. The height of the whole aerial part of the flower reaches 15 cm.

After the petals open, the flower attracts pollinators with an unpleasant cadaveric smell, and then gradually decomposes. With all its repulsive splendor, Gidnora is quite edible. In Madagascar, dishes from its fruits are considered a delicacy.

Puya Raymond

The inflorescence of this plant from a distance can be mistaken for a tree. Rising more than 10 m in height, it resembles a candle on a candlestick from a thick rosette of leaves. The diameter of such a column reaches 2.5 m. The giant “ear” simultaneously blooms with tens of thousands of bell-shaped flowers, and the resulting seeds can be more than 10 million.

True, such a miracle happens infrequently - Puyya Raymond blooms once, most often, after reaching 50 years. Pollination is produced by insects and bats. After setting seeds, a giant plant dies in 90 days.

The largest flower in the world is the oldest known herbaceous species. According to geneticists, such a method of reproduction and a lifespan is preserved in the species for millions of years.

DNA research confirms that Puiya Raymond has not undergone any changes since at least the time of the dinosaurs.

The representative of the ancient flora is threatened with extinction. Separate small habitats of Pouilly have been preserved in Peru. In Bolivia, there is a national park where plants are protected by law.

Victoria Amazon

The aquatic plant is a giant water lily with leaves similar to rafts and the largest flowers in its genus. As the name implies, the culture is distributed along the course of the Amazon and its tributaries. More often it is observed in the territory of Bolivia and Brazil, but the Amazonian water lily is also found along the small rivers of the Caribbean.

The name Victoria was given to her during the design of official botanical catalogs in honor of the Queen of England. Huge floating leaves with a diameter of about 2 meters withstand weight up to 60 kg. The edges are usually bent vertically upwards, like sides. The lower part of the leaf is reinforced with hollow ribs, equipped with frequent sharp spikes, which protects the plant from being eaten by waterfowl and fish.

The buds are formed under water and appear on the surface only once a year for 2 to 3 days. Large fragrant water lilies (up to 30 cm in diameter) reveal up to 60 petals of snow-white color exclusively at night. At dawn, the buds again disappear under water.

In the air, the color of the petals changes: on the second night, the flower acquires pink shades, in the end it turns purple or raspberry. Such a change in color suggests that giant flowers that have gone under water will not appear until next year.

To grow and make Victoria Amazon bloom is a real pride for botanists. By the beginning of the 19th century, a real competition unfolded in England between gardeners of different duchies for growing giant Victoria. Until now, cases of flowering of the Royal water lily in botanical gardens are rare.

Kirkazon

Botanists believe that this species existed even before the division of the great-mainland, so Kirkazon (aristolochia) is found in all parts of the world. Prefers the liana of the tropics and subtropics of Asia, America, Australia and Africa. The Manchurian variety grows in Korea, China and the Russian Far East.

A grassy vine, characterized by rapid growth, is capable of growing up to 5 m of green mass in one season. Perennial shoots grow up to 15 m. The densely growing, bright leaves of the aristolochia are heart-shaped and very decorative in themselves, always lining up symmetrically, like a smoothly laid tile.

Forming a dense curtain, the vine perfectly protects from the sun, decorates the high vertical walls of buildings. Interesting and varied in appearance are the flowers of Kirkazon, growing individually and in groups of up to 8 buds. Curved, fused petals form the shape of gramophones or fancy pitchers.

Flowers of some species in size can compete with leaves, others grow only a few centimeters. Since the main pollinator of the culture is flies, flowering is accompanied by an unpleasant odor of decomposition.

Lady banks

The largest flower in the world from the Pink family is a winding variety with terry, white buds. Rose Lady Banks was not accidentally included in the list of the largest flowers.

The single bush of Lady Banks, which has been growing for more than 130 years in the town of Tumstone (USA), occupies an average football field by area, annually gives about 200 thousand flowers, and its sizes are constantly monitored by representatives of the Guinness Book of Records. Lady Banks at the base has a trunk about 4 meters thick; her shoots rise 2.5 m above the ground.

Curly roses of this kind are able to braid more than 3 floors, if you provide them with a vertical support. Under good conditions and appropriate care, the bush is able to completely cover a small structure in a few years. Numerous terry rose flowers can have snow-white or pale yellow petals, do not differ in large sizes, but they grow in clusters and densely cover the entire bush.

Banksiae roses have been cultivated in Chinese gardens for several hundred years. Wild ancestors of the species are still found in mountainous regions, at an altitude of up to 2 thousand meters above sea level in the territories of the western provinces. It was from China in 1807 that the expedition of Sir Joseph Banks brought the first samples of a climbing rose, forming amazing giant bushes.

Ethiopian calla

The plant is familiar to many as indoor and garden culture and is not associated with gigantic dimensions. But under favorable conditions or at home in the marshes of South Africa, the herbaceous bush reaches a height of 2.5 meters, and the inflorescence can exceed 80 cm.

A white, pinkish or yellow “veil” wrapping around the central ear, hugs the stem funnel-like and expands above, forming a very laconic, restrained, but very decorative flower.

The plant has large, succulent leaves, in the form of broad arrows rising directly from the soil. The brightest coverlet, mistaken for a flower, is also only a modified leaf protecting a long yellow inflorescence. After pollination, the bright color of the bedspread is usually replaced by green. The flowers of Zantedescia (Calla) exude a delicate aroma compared to the faint smell of vanilla or pineapple.

All parts of the plant contain plant poisons that are dangerous to humans, while plants are often used as powerful medicine by traditional healers from different countries.

Its botanical name is Zantedeskia, the Ethiopian flower received in honor of the Italian famous botanist Giovanni Zantedeschi, and because of the complexity of pronunciation, it has many spelling options. In Russian-speaking territories, plants are traditionally called Callas.

Sunflower

Uncomplicated and familiar sunflower in all respects belongs to the ten largest flowers of the world. At home, in North America, it began to be cultivated long before the advent of Europeans. Wild species are still found on the California coast, but their size, decorativeness and oil content are very far from today's sunflowers.

The flower of the Sun Deity was considered by the Aztecs and the ancient Mayan people. The first official botanical description of the plant in 1576 was also made under the name "flower of the sun." The property of reaching for the luminary, turning the head toward it during the day, disappears only after the seeds have fully ripened.

Types of sunflower for oil production were bred in Russia, where the culture was introduced by Peter I as a rodent (seed). Today, cultivation on an industrial scale takes place in the Volga region, Altai, and the North Caucasus. Sunflower cultivation is widespread in the United States, Argentina, Ukraine, Romania, Spain, and Turkey.

The tallest flower of modern sunflower has been grown in the Netherlands. The result - a trunk height of 7.76 m, is listed in the Guinness Book of Records from 1986. The largest inflorescence of a sunflower was recorded in Canada, its diameter reached 82 cm.

The largest and most unusual flower may be a parasite with an unpleasant repulsive odor or a cultivated plant that brings a lot of benefits to a person. The conservation of all existing species with beautiful or terrifying properties is one of the urgent problems of the modern world.

The huge size and complexity of breeding make giants, such impressive in appearance, more vulnerable to environmental conditions than ordinary flowering crops.

Article design: Lozinsky Oleg

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Watch the video: BIGGEST flower in the world: Rafflesia arnoldii (April 2020).