The coldest places in Russia are in Siberia and beyond the Arctic Circle. For long winters, everything is chained by crackling frosts, and to residents of temperate temperature zones such places seem simply unsuitable for life. In the given list of cities, the minimum recorded temperature is indicated in parentheses.
Rating of the coldest cities in Russia
|Nomination||a place||Town||Absolute minimum|
|Top 10 Coolest Cities in Russia||10||Naryan-Mar||−47.6 ° C|
|9||Vorkuta||−52 ° C|
|8||Anadyr||−46.8 ° C|
|7||Neryungri||−57.9 ° C|
|6||Vilyuysk||−60.9 ° C|
|5||Dudinka||−61 ° C|
|4||Norilsk||−53.1 ° C|
|3||Yakutsk||−64.4 ° C|
|2||Pevek||−50 ° C|
|1||Verkhoyansk||−67.8 ° C|
10th place - Naryan-Mar
Naryan-Mar is the administrative center of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, it is located just over 100 kilometers from the coast of the Barents Sea. The name is translated from the Nenets language as "Red City". This settlement is relatively young, it has existed since the beginning of the 1930s. Its economy is based on several enterprises in the fuel industry. Almost year-round cold did not become an obstacle in the development of tourism, every year people come here who want to plunge into the pristine beauty of the wild nature of the Arctic.
The climatic conditions of Naryan-Mar are fully consistent with the title of one of the most severe places in the country. Short, cool and windy summers with temperatures no higher than 13 degrees and frosty unpredictable winters. Cooling to 40 degrees and below degrees often happens.
9th place - Vorkuta
Vorkuta is located in the Komi Republic. The city was founded in the 30s of the last century, after the discovery of rich coal deposits in the area. The historical heritage is represented by architectural monuments, as well as the memory of the gloomy period associated with Vorkutlag, one of the gulag camps. At present, the population of the northern industrial city is about 58 thousand people. The surroundings of Vorkuta are interesting for natural attractions, such as the Upper Kara Canyon and the Khrebtovy Reserve.
The city has a subarctic climate, above zero the temperature rises here for a maximum of 70 days a year, and the rest of the time, frost and icy wind prevail. Winter lasts from October to May. The characteristic features of Vorkuta are sharp temperature changes, sometimes from 40 degrees of frost to zero, and a high level of humidity in warm periods.
10. Pechora | Average annual temperature: -1.9 ° C| Average annual temperature: -1.9 ° C
The tenth place in the list should be given to Pechora. The average annual temperature in the city does not fall below -1.9 ° C. At the beginning of the last century, the famous Russian explorer V. Rusanov went on an expedition whose main goal was to explore the banks of the Pechora River. In his diary, Rusanov noted that someday a city would appear on these picturesque shores. The words were prophetic. However, the settlement appeared only many years after the researcher’s journey, in the middle of the twentieth century.
8th place - Anadyr
The city of Anadyr was founded in 1889, originally it was called Novo-Mariinsk. It is located in the north-eastern part of Russia, on the shores of the Bering Sea and is the administrative center of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. About 15 thousand people live in the city, for the most part it consists of multi-storey buildings. Most of them are painted in bright colors, on the walls of some of them you can also see huge themed posters. This expressive design of the urban landscape brightens up living in the gray and cold tundra.
Winter in Anadyr is long and severe, the minimum temperature can reach 40 degrees below zero. In addition, snowstorms often occur with a wind speed of about 50 meters per second. The snow cover has been lying since the end of September, it often does not melt until the second half of May, and even in the midst of summer heat can be replaced by sudden frosts. A short summer is most often wet, foggy, and the water in the Anadyr Gulf does not warm above ten degrees Celsius.
9. Naryan-Mar | Average annual temperature: -3 ° C| Average annual temperature: -3 ° C
Naryan-Mar, of course, can be called among the coldest settlements in Russia. However, in the "cold" rating, he takes only ninth place. The average annual temperature in the city: -3 ° C. Translated from the Nenets language, the name of the settlement means "red city". Naryan-Mar was founded in the early 30s. The city received the status of a city in 1935.
What are the cities in second and third place in the cold?
Silver in the cold climate among cities is rightfully owned by the Chukchi town of Pevek. About 4700 people live in it. The village was founded recently; it is not even 100 years old. This is a seaport located on the Northern Sea Route. In the 50s of the XX century, there were forced labor colonies for prisoners. The average annual air temperature in Pevek is 9.5 ° С. It is also quite cold in summer, the temperature rarely rises to + 10 ° С.
In the city from May to July it is light at any time of the day, as during the day, it is a polar day. But there is a polar night from November to January. Not far from the settlement, deposits were discovered where gold and tin are mined. Not far from Pevek is the Wrangel Island Nature Reserve. In the city you can book an excursion to the nature park. It will be possible to get to know the plants and animals that inhabit the harsh northern region.
Bronze remains outside the city of Dudinka, Krasnoyarsk Territory. The average annual temperature is the same as in Pevek, but in summer it is much warmer, up to + 13 ° С, and there is almost twice as much rainfall there. The village stands on the Yenisei River, it is home to almost 22,500 people. You can get to Dudinka by water, by road and rail.
The city has a Museum of the North, monuments, the Holy Vvedensky Church, the old wooden river station, the old post office. Near the village there are many lakes on the banks of which you can relax. But it’s unlikely to hear silence and be alone on the lakes, as the locals also like to relax there, on the banks are built arbors with barbecue facilities.
An urban-type settlement located in the Republic of Sakha in Yakutia. The population of 4.5 thousand people.
Tiksi has very strong winds and sometimes they blow snowdrifts up to 2 floors. Since this village is located in the border zone, foreign citizens are not allowed here.
The average annual temperature is -12.6.
This small village in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is called cold pole. There is a monument with that name. Site Features:
- The name comes from sources suitable for sampling year-round - "non-freezing water."
- Height above sea level - 741 m. The village is located in a valley where the air temperature is always below the surrounding area.
- The average annual atmospheric pressure is 689 mm.
- The lowest officially registered temperature is 67.7ºС. Very often in various sources indicate - 72.1ºС, but this does not have documentary evidence. Rumors and imagination ascribe lower temperatures in Oymyakon in different years up to - 82ºС.
- The highest temperature + 34.6 ºС was recorded in 2010.
- Today, about 500 people live in the village. Previously, there was a parking for reindeer herders, but the Soviet government created a settlement for the convenience of training, treatment and weaning from a nomadic way of life. In Soviet times, there was a silver fox farm with excellent fur quality, which is not surprising.
- There is a school where classes are stopped at temperatures below 52ºС.
- The only rural store selling a simple set of products and household goods.
- Fuel for the boiler room is coal, residential buildings are heated with firewood.
- The benefits of civilization are minimal. Residents wash in baths, toilets in the yards.
But, despite the difficult living conditions, residents do not leave their homes. They are mainly engaged in reindeer husbandry and hunting, as well as their ancestors.
8. Vorkuta | Average annual temperature: -5.3 ° C| Average annual temperature: -5.3 ° C
Vorkuta (Komi Republic) takes eighth place, since the average annual temperature in this city does not fall below -5.3 ° С. Translated from the local language, the name of the city means "river, in which there is a huge number of bears." Vorkuta was founded in the 30s of the last century. Despite the fact that the settlement is not among the five coldest Russian cities, the word "Vorkuta" has been synonymous with cold for decades. The city became famous thanks to the infamous Vorkutlag, one of the branches of the Gulag.
It is also located in the largest region of Russia - Yakutia. In addition to being the coldest place in our country and the Northern Hemisphere, it is notable for many:
- One of the smallest cities in the country with a population of 1,150 inhabitants according to 2015 data. It was founded by Cossacks as a prison in 1638. It is older than many large cities of Siberia.
- It has a marina on the Yana River, an airport and the Pole of Cold obelisk.
- The lowest temperature - 67.8 ° C was documented twice - in 1885 and in 1933, in which it was 67.7 ° in Oymyakon. This confirms the "purity of the experiment" of nature and today leaves Verkhoyansk the winner.
- The maximum temperature in the summer was + 37.3 ° C, which allows us to assess all the unpredictability of the sharply continental climate with its drops.
- Precipitation here is very small - 180 mm in average annual terms, which is comparable with deserts.
- Fortunately, there are practically no winds here either - an average of 1.4 m / s.
Residents of both “cold poles” consider their place of residence colder, take pride in this, do not lose heart, dress very warmly and confirm the truth that a person can adapt to almost any conditions. But there are still quite a lot of cold places in Russia where people constantly live, and here are some of them.
7. Anadyr | Average annual temperature: -6.8 ° C| Average annual temperature: -6.8 ° C
Anadyr can be given the seventh place in the list of the coldest Russian cities. This is the main city of the Chukotka National District. The average annual temperature in the village: -6.8 ° C or slightly higher. In the summer months, the air warms up to + 10 ° С ... + 14 ° С. Currently, more than 14 thousand people live in Anadyr.
No less cold climate in the capital of the Republic of Sakha. The minimum temperature was - 64.4ºand the maximum + 38.4ºС. With such peak temperature differences and their average annual values, Yakutsk is not very different from both “cold poles” in the region. But, if several hundred inhabitants live there, then the population of the city was about 304,500 people in 2012. The port on the Lena River, the airport, many enterprises, educational and cultural institutions have long turned it into one of the centers for the development of Siberia.
6. Neryungri | Average annual temperature: -6.9 ° C| Average annual temperature: -6.9 ° C
The second largest Yakut city is Neryungri. He also ranks sixth in the ranking of the coldest cities in Russia. The history of Neryungri totals no more than four decades. The village was founded in the mid-1970s. The average annual temperature in Neryungri does not fall below -6.9 ° C. The air temperature in summer rises to + 15 ° C and above. Thanks to the active mining of coal and gold, the young city was able to achieve a high level of industrial development in a significantly short time and become a major industrial center of the Republic. Today, about 58 thousand inhabitants live in the city. Neryungri can be reached by car, by air or by rail.
5. Vilyuysk | Average annual temperature: -7 ° C| Average annual temperature: -7 ° C
Another cold city is also located in the Republic of Sakha and is called Vilyuisk. Currently, about 11 thousand inhabitants live in this settlement. Vilyuysk is a city with a history. He appeared on the map of Russia in the XVII century. Vilyuysk is called among the coldest settlements of the Russian Federation, even despite the fact that the average annual temperature in this settlement rarely drops below -7 ° С. The small town has few attractions. The museum of the national Yakut musical instrument of the khomus is the pride of the Vilyuyts. The city can be reached by car or by plane.
This village in the Krasnoyarsk Territory is the settlement closest to the place where the Tunguska meteorite fell. In 1908 there was a trading post here - a point for buying fur from Evenki hunters. The village was founded in 1932. According to 2015, 2899 people live. There is a year-round operating airport, despite the harsh climatic conditions. Peak of frost reached - 61ºС.
3. Dudinka | Average annual temperature: -9 ° C| Average annual temperature: -9 ° C
In third place in the list of the coldest cities in the Russian Federation is Dudinka (Krasnoyarsk Territory). Summer is much warmer than in Pevek: the temperature rises to + 13 ° С ... + 15 ° С. At the same time, twice as much rain falls in Dudinka. The city, located on the Yenisei River, has more than 22 thousand inhabitants. In the vicinity of this village is a huge number of lakes that attract the local population and visitors. It is much easier to get to Dudinka than to Verkhoyansk and Pevek, which positively affects the development of the tourism industry. Among the main attractions of the city are the Holy Vvedensky Church and the Museum of the North.
This city in the Magadan region is also one of the coldest places in our country. The settlement as a center for managing prison camps appeared at the site of gold and coal mining in 1938.
The absolute minimum was - 60.6ºС (1971), and the maximum temperature + 35.0ºС in 2010. Such climatic conditions in this place become more clear if you look at the map. After all, Susuman is located less than 300 km from Oymyakon. In the era of developed socialism, the city's population reached 18,000 inhabitants, and due to changes in the life of the country, providing the opportunity to move with the help of the state from the regions of the Far North to warmer places today, about 5,000 people live there.
The capital of the Republic of Tuva is located much south of other cold places in Russia. But the average annual temperature here is also below zero, winter is long and frost reached - 54ºС.
This place is the geographical center of Asia, to which a beautiful monument is dedicated. Today, about 115 thousand people live in the city. This is a developing city, one of the centers of Buddhism in our country.
2. Pevek | Average annual temperature: -9.5 ° C| Average annual temperature: -9.5 ° C
The second place in the rating of the coldest Russian cities is usually given to Pevek. The city was founded recently and has not yet managed to celebrate its centenary. In the middle of the last century, there was a forced labor colony. In a small village there are about five thousand people. In June, July and August, the air temperature in Pevek rarely exceeds + 10 ° С. The average annual temperature: -9.5 ° C. From May to July, a polar day lasts in the city. This means that during this period in Pevek it is light at any time of the day. Especially for tourists who prefer to visit the harsh region to relax on the seaside beaches, the Wrangel Island nature reserve was opened in the city.
The small village, where about 50 people live, is located in the Komi Republic. Unlike all other extremely cold places, it is located in the European part of Russia. The features of seasonal air movement from the Arctic have long been of interest to scientists. The weather station was founded in 1885 to study these phenomena. The lowest temperature was in 1978 - 58.1ºС, which is an absolute minimum for the whole of Europe.
Norilsk - the most northern city in the world
The climate in Norilsk is quite severe. Winter lasts about 7 months: from the second half of September to the first half of May. The average January temperature here about -28 degrees centigrade. The frosty period is 280 days a year. Snow can lie 7-9 months. Summer in Norilsk is cold and short: lasts from late June to late August. Summer temperature is approximately +10 degrees Celsius. Norilsk is also considered one of the 5 most windy cities in the world.
The population in Norilsk is 176,251. The city is quite large and has a well-developed infrastructure. Tourism and metallurgy flourish here.
Norilsk is a center of non-ferrous metallurgy (nickel, copper, cobalt). Also, precious metals (gold, silver, palladium, platinum, etc.) are mined here. However, toxic emissions from plants and factories led to a disastrous environmental situation in the city.
Locals are actively involved in tourism. Natural conditions allow the development of mountain, river and tundra tourism. A popular sport is skiing and snowboarding. Blueberries, lingonberries and mushrooms are also harvested in large quantities here.
Our country, without any doubt, defeated the cold. Indeed, only in cities and towns beyond the Arctic Circle, more than 1.5 million people live. Most of them are not sitting at home. South of thousands of kilometers, conditions cannot be called comfortable either, which does not greatly prevent people from living and working normally.
10.Kirensk -3.5 ° С
The city with a population of more than 11 thousand people is located in the Irkutsk region. It was founded in mid-1630. Irkutsk is 650 km away. The climate of Kirensk is sharply continental. The average annual temperature does not rise -3.5 ° С. Winter is long and cold, summer is short and hot. The amplitude of the fluctuation between the coldest and warmest month is 45 ° C. Frosts happen year round. Snow cover reaches a height of 45 cm. The coldest cities in Russia are located beyond the Arctic Circle or in Siberia. People in such areas can not be scared by a 20-degree frost. They used to enjoy life at much lower temperatures.
9. Vorkuta -5.3 ° С
Closes the four largest cities in the permafrost zone - Vorkuta. Located in the Komi Republic. The population is more than 58 thousand people. The city has a subarctic climate. The frost-free period for the whole year is no more than 70 days. Frosts happen even in summer. Annual temperature fluctuations are small. Winter starts in October and ends in April-mid-May. A strong gusty wind blows the territory all year round.
8.Aldan -5.5 ° С
The city with a population of more than 20 thousand people is located in the Republic of Sakha. Established in 1924 It was built on the right tributary of the Lena, at the confluence - the stream of the Invisible and the Orto-Sala river. Proximity to water significantly softens the climate. It is warmer here than in Yakutsk, but the average annual temperature does not exceed -5.5 ° C. Winter begins in October and lasts until April. Thaws are excluded.
7. Anadyr -6.9 ° C
The city of 15 thousand people is located in the north-east of Russia, in the permafrost zone. The climate is subarctic with long harsh winters and short but sultry summers. Proximity to the sea softens frosts. Water does not warm above + 10 ° С. 350 mm of precipitation falls annually. The lowest temperatures fall in January - up to -23 ° С, the highest - in July, up to 20 ° С above zero. All year round, high humidity - up to 81%. In the summer months it is often overcast, windy.
Norilsk - the cold city of the Arctic
The city of Norilsk is located just 300 km north of the Arctic Circle. It is characterized by permafrost, cold summers and a total spring and summer duration of 2.5 months.
The land in Norilsk and its environs froze up to half a kilometer. Unlike dry Verkhoyansk with scarce rainfall, Norilsk in winter suffers from an abundance of snow. There is so much of it that every citizen has 10 tons of snow, and this is in one winter.
The lowest winter temperatures reach minus 56 degrees. The average annual temperature in the city is minus 10 degrees. Even in the summer, city residents are not immune to freezing temperatures. This is due to the proximity of the Far North. For guests of the city, the climate of Norilsk is very unusual, it differs not only in low temperatures, but also in high humidity up to 75%.
6.Neryungri -6.9 ° С
A city in the Far Eastern Federal District of the Republic of Sakha. Located at an altitude of 800 m above sea level, which largely determines the type of climate. Here, high humidity is 73%. The largest frosts, up to 61 ° C, occur in December and January. The average annual air temperature does not exceed -6.9 ° C. There is no off season. Winter begins at the end of September and lasts until May. At the end of May, plus temperature is already observed, up to 20 ° C above zero. There is a lot of rainfall during the year. The weather is mostly cloudy and windy.
Pevek - Chukotka cold city
The young inhabited city, which has not yet celebrated its 100th anniversary, is located on the Northern Sea Route. Its number is slightly less than 5 thousand people. Cold summers do not indulge in high temperatures and the columns of thermometers do not rise above 10 degrees. The average annual temperature is minus 9.5 degrees.
The city is attractive for tourists with its polar nights and days. The polar day lasts from May to July, and the polar night lasts from November to January. You can also visit the nature conservation zone and the Wrangel Island nature reserve, on excursions everyone has the opportunity to get acquainted with the fauna and flora of this harsh region.
5.Vilyuysk -8.2 ° С
One of the oldest cities in Russia, located in the Republic of Sakha. It was created in 1634. It is 600 km to Yakutsk. The population of Vilyuysk today is 11 thousand people. The city is located in the Northern Hemisphere. The climate is sharply continental with cold long winters and short but hot summers. The lowest temperature was recorded in 1927. It was -61 ° C.
3.Dudinka -9.4 ° С
City in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Established - 1667 Over 20 thousand people live here. This is the region of the Far North. Krasnoyarsk is 1500 km away. The area is characterized by polar days and nights. The first starts in mid-May and continues until the end of July. The sun at this time does not fall below the horizon. Polar nights are observed from late November to mid-January. Daylight hours during this period are no more than two hours. The climate is harsh, arctic. Frosts reach 50 ° C below zero. In total, 280 cold snow days are observed per year. There is a lot of rainfall all year round, especially in spring and autumn. The average is 48 mm of rainfall over 24 hours.
2. Pevek -9.5 ° С
A city in the Chukotka region with a population of 4 thousand people. The climate has an interesting feature. Pevek is often “attacked” by strong southerly winds, whose speed reaches 80 m / s. They are accompanied by a drop in atmospheric pressure, a snow whirlwind. Bad weather can last up to 14 days. In winter, the temperature drops to around -45 ° C. There is no summer as such. The maximum warm air temperature does not exceed + 15 ° С. Heat can quickly turn into a blizzard. Here are observed polar days and nights. From late November to mid-January, the city plunges into twilight.
7th place - Neryungri
Neryungri is the second largest city in the Republic of Sakha. It is quite young, it was founded only in the mid-1970s and soon, thanks to active coal mining and the construction of coal processing enterprises, it became a significant industrial center of Yakutia. The number of urban population reaches 58 thousand inhabitants. Despite the harsh weather, Neryungri lives a full life, even one of the largest indoor sports complexes in the far east of Russia was built in it.
The city stands at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level, which, combined with its geographical location, determined the type of climate. Almost all year round, the inhabitants of Neryungri have to put up with high humidity and cold. The average annual temperature is about seven degrees below zero, and in the coldest month, January, the thermometer can show from 30 to 50 degrees of frost.
6th place - Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk was founded on the banks of the Vilyuy River back in the 17th century by the Yenisei Cossacks, and two centuries later it became the administrative center of the district. It is located in the Republic of Sakha, 600 kilometers northwest of Yakutsk. Now about 11 thousand people live in the city. The pride of the city's residents is the Museum of Khomus, a traditional musical instrument of the Yakuts.
The climate of Vilyuisk is sharply continental, most of the year it is covered with snow, and summer is very short. In the winter months, air temperatures can exceed 40 degrees below zero.
Other cold cities of our homeland
Next on this list is Yakutsk. This city is known to all, it is the capital of the Republic of Sakha, only from it you can get to many settlements of the republic. It is located on the Lena River, one of the important ports of the Russian Federation. The population of the city is over 299,000 people. The average annual temperature is 8.80 ° C. But in the summer the air warms up to + 17- + 18 ° С.
Another cold city is also located in Yakutia, this is Vilyuisk. On average, it is slightly warmer than in Yakutsk. This is a very old village, founded in the first half of the XVII century. Population over 10500 inhabitants. It has a Museum of the national Yakut musical instrument - khomus. You can get to the city by plane or by car.
The city of Neryungri is recognized as the second largest in the Republic of Sakha. The average annual temperature is -6.90 ° C, in the summer it can reach + 15 ° C. You can get to the village by rail or road, by air. Neryungri was founded in 1975. In a short period it grew to a large industrial center, where gold and coal are mined. The population of Neryungri is about 58,000 inhabitants.
Anadyr is located in Chukotka, it is the main settlement of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. The average annual temperature is -6.90 ° C, in summer the air warms up to + 10 ° C. The population is over 14,000 people. Anadyr is a port, you can get to it by plane, from the airport to the village by helicopter or by road.
4. Neryungri (-61 degrees)
Neryungri is the second most populated city in Yakutia. He also got into the rating of the coldest Russian cities. This is a fairly young city, which is only about 40 years old, since it was founded in the mid-1970s. The average annual temperature in this village is -6.9 degrees. In summer, air can warm up to 15 degrees Celsius and even more. The active development of gold and coal allowed Neryungri to achieve high industrial development in a fairly short time. Therefore, it became an important industrial center of Yakutia. Now 58,000 people live in the city. You can get here by plane, by train or by car.
6. Pechora (-56 degrees)
The famous Russian explorer V. Rusanov at the beginning of the last century led an expedition that was supposed to study the banks of the northern Pechora River. Rusanov suggested in his diary that in the future on the picturesque banks of this river a city should definitely appear. And he was not mistaken, although the appearance of the settlement here had to wait many more years after the completion of his expedition. Only in the middle of the 20th century people settled here.
But after the collapse of the USSR in the 90s, a number of large enterprises were closed in the city, and the inhabitants of Pechora had no choice but to move to the more southern regions in search of work. Whereas in 1991, 66,500 people lived in Pechora, in 2011 there were only 48,900 left. The remaining city-forming enterprises have now stabilized their activities, so the outflow of the population has slowed down somewhat, even signs of some development are observed.
The climate in the city of Pechora, located in the Komi Republic, is moderately continental, winters are moderately harsh and long, and summers are short and cool. But sometimes even hot days happen. The average annual temperature here is close to zero - only -1.9 degrees. In January, the average monthly temperature drops to -18.4 degrees, and in the summer reaches +16.1 degrees.
7. Norilsk (-53.1 degrees)
Norilsk is located 300 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle. Permafrost reigns here, short and cold summers, the duration of which, together with spring, does not exceed 2.5 months. The land near Norilsk froze about half a meter in depth. But if precipitation is extremely scarce in continental Verkhoyansk, then in winter there is no shortage of snow in Norilsk. During the winter, up to 10 tons of snow fall for each resident of the city. In winter, sometimes the thermometer’s column drops below the 50 degree mark in Norilsk, and on average for the year it is no higher than -10 degrees.
Often light frosts annoy the residents of Norilsk in the summer, and all because it is not so far from the north pole from here. And the proximity of the sea and the winds blowing from it, lead to very high humidity, reaching up to 75%. Few residents of such cold and dank weather, so even the glory of one of the dirtiest cities in the world has entrenched to Norilsk. In its atmosphere, the content of metal oxides exceeds all permissible norms. Therefore, it is not surprising that the inhabitants of Norilsk, according to statistics, live 10 years less than in the rest of Russia.
5th place - Dudinka
Dudinka was founded in the XVII century, now it is inhabited by about 22 thousand inhabitants. The city is located in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, on the banks of the Yenisei River. It is known for having the Taimyr ice arena - the only ice stadium in the world beyond the Arctic Circle. The annual Arctic Curling Cup is taking place at the arena. Dudinka also boasts tourist attractions such as the Holy Vvedensky Church and the Museum of the North.
The city has a cold subarctic climate with high rainfall at any time of the year. On average, snow falls here 280 days a year, and relatively warm weather lasts only four months. The winter period is characterized by severe frosts, often up to 50 degrees. The average annual temperature in Dudinka is approximately 9.5 degrees below zero.
9. Pevek (-50 degrees)
Pevek cannot be called an old city, because it has not yet turned 100 years old. It was based on the route of the Northern Sea Route. Almost 5,000 people live in the city. Summer is cold - you can’t sunbathe, and the air does not warm above 10 degrees. As for the average annual temperature, it is at the level of -9.5 degrees.
Tourists in Pevek can be attracted only by the endless polar days that last from May to July, and for more than six months there is hopeless darkness of the polar night. There is a conservation area with a reserve “Wrangel Island”, during excursions through which visitors can find out that there is also flora and fauna, and not just snow.
When tin mines began to be massively closed here in the early 1990s, the residents of Pevek had no reason to continue to bite their teeth from endless local frosts, and they stretched south. From 1989 to 2002, the population of Pevek melted like snow (but it just remained), dropping from 12,000 to 5,000.
4th place - Norilsk
Norilsk is located beyond the Arctic Circle, in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. This is a fairly large city with a population of more than 180 thousand people. It is an important center of the metallurgical industry; most of the residents are involved in this area. In addition, the tourism industry is developing, in particular, there is a ski base nearby with paved slopes for skiers and snowboarders.
Norilsk is not only one of the coldest cities, it is also one of the ten most windy settlements on the planet. Snowstorms are observed here up to 130 days a year. In winter, the temperature can drop to 50 degrees below zero, and in the summer frosts often occur. A distinctive feature of the city is high humidity, up to 75%, because of which severe frosts are even harder to carry.The warm period in Norilsk lasts no more than two and a half months, but the land that has frozen for half a meter in depth never thaws. The cold season is characterized by a huge amount of snow, about 10 tons of rain fall per inhabitant.
2nd place - Pevek
The history of Pevek dates back less than a hundred years, before there was a forced labor colony, as well as rich tin mines. In the early 1990s, the mining industry of the city began to decline, as a result of which the number of inhabitants decreased almost twice. Today, a little less than five thousand people live in the northernmost city of Russia. But it is often visited by tourists who are given the opportunity to observe the polar days or nights, as well as visit the Wrangel Island State Nature Reserve.
The average annual temperature in Pevek is minus 9.5 degrees, if you add strong winds at any time of the year and frequent snowstorms in winter, it becomes obvious why no one is in a hurry to settle in such a place. For the winter season, the norm is an indicator of 45 degrees below zero, but sometimes it is even colder here.
10. Naryan-Mar (-47.6 degrees)
The name of this city in translation from Nenets means “red city”. And although the earth around the earth was frozen for thousands of years, the city is actually beautiful. There are ethnic attractions, wooden tent churches, wide clean streets. Compared to the rest of the Arctic, the climate here is milder, and therefore the population of Naryan-Mar is gradually growing.
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