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Alexey Batalov: biography

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Batalov Alexey Vladimirovich

November 20, 1928, Vladimir, RSFSR, USSR - June 15, 2017, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Honored Artist of the RSFSR (08/06/1964).
People's Artist of the RSFSR (1969).
People's Artist of the USSR (12/29/1976).
Hero of Socialist Labor (03.03.1989).

Father - actor of the Moscow Art Theater Vladimir Batalov (theater name - Atalov), mother - actress Nina Olshevskaya. When Alex was five years old, the parents broke up. Mother married the writer Viktor Ardov. The whole color of the Russian intelligentsia was in their apartment on Ordynka - Mikhail Bulgakov, Osip Mandelstam, Faina Ranevskaya, Boris Pasternak, Anna Akhmatova, Yuri Olesha.
Batalov has many memories connected with Akhmatova. Once she, herself in need of money, gave him her fee - so that Alexei returning from the army would buy his clothes. And he acquired. used Moskvich. And Annushka called him.

In 1950 he graduated from the School-Studio. V.I. Nemirovich-Danchenko at the Moscow Art Theater (workshop of S.K. Blinnikov and V.Ya. Stanitsyn).

After graduating from the Studio School, he was drafted into the army and until 1953 he served as an actor in the Central Theater of the Soviet Army.
In 1953-1956 he played on the stage of the Moscow Art Theater named after Gorky.
In 1957-1975 - actor and director of the film studio "Lenfilm".

In the cinema since 1944 (episode in the film "Zoe").

The first wife of Alexei Vladimirovich was a childhood friend Irina Rotova. In 1955, the daughter of Nadia was born. On the set of “The Rumyantsev Case”, he fell in love with the nineteen-year-old circus rider Gitan. A few years later they were able to get married. When the actor turned 40, and Gitan 28, their daughter Maria was born. On this day, the circus career of Gitan ended forever, and Batalov, one of the most sought-after actors, began to accept only offers that cannot be refused. Spouses had to recapture the baby from cerebral palsy.
The love of Alexei and Gitana Batalov helped their daughter find herself in life, get a profession.
In the 1960s, Alexei Batalov was invited to work on the radio. The characters of the radio plays “Cossacks” by L. N. Tolstoy, “White Nights” by F. M. Dostoevsky, “Hero of Our Time” M. Yu. Lermontov, “Duel” by A. V. Kuprin, “Romeo and Juliet” V spoke in his voice Shakespeare and others.
“Fate decreed that for almost two years I was separated from the theater and from movie studios, from communicating with live actors,” said Alexey Vladimirovich. “It was then that my earphone, and then the quiet-sounding transistor, unobtrusively and very patiently led me into the radio world, which gave me a lot of bright minutes and good thoughts.
Batalov read, as he played in the movie - selflessly, emotionally. And once he was offered to read Leonid Brezhnev on the radio "Small Earth". The actor could not make a deal with conscience. Surprisingly, this impudent act got away with him.

He taught at VGIK at the Department of Acting since 1975.
Since 1981 - professor.
Since 1989 - Head of the Department of Acting. He released 7 acting workshops as the head of the course.

For many years, he served as secretary of the Union of Cinematographers of the USSR, chairman of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions Committee on Prizes in the field of literature, art and journalism, worked in the Peace Committee, the Peace Fund, and the Rodina Association.
Since 2007, he was President of the Russian Academy of Motion Picture Arts "Nika".
For several years he was president of one of the largest Russian film festivals, Moscow Premiere.
He wrote poetry, scripts. Author of the books “Fate and the Craft” (1984), “Dialogues in the Intermission”, as well as memoirs.

Passed away on June 15, 2017. He was buried at the Preobrazhensky cemetery in Moscow, next to his mother, as the actor himself bequeathed.

Biography

Alexey Batalov was born on November 20, 1928 in Vladimir, in the family of director Vladimir Batalov and actress Nina Olshevskaya, who worked at the Moscow Art Theater.

From the age of 5 (after the divorce of his parents) his stepfather, writer Viktor Ardov, brought up the future actor, who, according to the actor, became for him “a close and dear person”.

Anna Akhmatova, Boris Pasternak, Joseph Brodsky were in the hospitable house of the Ardovs, and Mandelstam lived on the floor above. In the second marriage, Olshevskaya gave birth to two more sons: Mikhail and Boris. The famous actress Anna Ardova today is the daughter of Boris, the niece of Alexei Batalov.

The debut of Alexei Batalov in the cinema took place, even when he was at school - in 1944, his entire class was chosen for the filming of the film about Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. The guys played classmates of the heroine who died at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. And 16-year-old Lesha even said a few words.

Then he graduated from the Moscow Art Theater School and became one of the country's most beloved actors, playing vivid roles in the famous Soviet films “Big Family”, “The Case of Rumyantsev”, “Lady with a Dog”, “Cranes Are Flying”, “My Dear Man”, “Nine days of one year”, “Three fat men”, “Moscow does not believe in tears” and many others.

The first wife of Alexei Batalov was Irina Rotova, they lived in the same yard, fell in love at 16, started living together early, they registered the marriage as soon as they turned 18.

In 1953, Alexei Batalov came to Leningrad to shoot the film "Big Family", circus artists, including 18-year-old Gitan Leontenko, lived in the same hotel. They got married 10 years after meeting.

In 1968, Alexei and Gitan had a daughter, Maria, who, due to the fault of doctors, suffers from cerebral palsy from birth.

Alexey Vladimirovich Batalov died in his sleep, at 6 a.m. on June 15, 2017, at the 89th year of his life, in Moscow

Photo: Alexey Batalov

Awards

▪ Order “For Merit to the Fatherland”, II degree (November 20, 2008) - for outstanding contribution to the development of national culture, many years of creative and pedagogical activity
▪ Order “For Merit to the Fatherland”, III degree (November 10, 1998) - for outstanding contribution to the development of Russian cinema
▪ Two Orders of Lenin (November 4, 1967, March 9, 1989)
▪ Imperial Order of St. Anne, II degree (Russian Imperial House, 2012)
▪ Gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation (July 3, 2006) - for his great contribution to the preparation of the Internet project "Virtual Tour of the Kremlin"
▪ USSR State Prize (1981) - for playing the role of Georgy Ivanovich in the film “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears”
▪ State Prize of the RSFSR named after the Vasilyev Brothers (1966) - for playing the role of ▪ Dmitry Alekseevich Gusev in the film “Nine Days of One Year”
▪ Lenin Komsomol Prize (1967) - for creating images of a Soviet young man in the films My Dear Man (1958), Cranes Flying (1957), Nine Days of One Year (1961), etc.
▪ Award “Kinotavr” in the nomination “Award for a creative career” (1997)
▪ Juno Award (1997)
▪ Prize of the President of Russia in the field of literature and art of 1999 (February 17, 2000)
▪ National Prize of the Russian Academy of Motion Picture Arts “Nika” in the nomination “Honor and Dignity” (2001)
▪ Award “Idol” in the nomination “For high service to art” (2003)
▪ Prize named after B. Sh. Okudzhava (2003)
▪ Triumph Prize (2003)
▪ State Prize of the Russian Federation in 2005 (June 9, 2006) - for the creation of artistic images that have become classics of Russian cinema
▪ MIFF (Award "For Contribution to World Cinema", 2007)
▪ International Prize of St. Andrew the First-Called “For Faith and Loyalty” (2007)
▪ International public award “Crystal Sunflower” in the nomination “Symbol of Good” (Reception House of the President of the Russian Federation, 2007)
▪ Moscow City Prize 2009 in the field of literature and art (nomination "Cinema") (August 5, 2009) - for the creation and holding of the Moscow Festival of Russian Cinema "Moscow Premiere"
▪ Prize “Book of the Year” in the nomination “Book and Cinema” (with the book “Chest of the Artist”, 2016)

The childhood and youth of the actor

Alexei Vladimirovich Batalov was born in the autumn of 1928 in the city of Vladimir in an intelligent family associated with theatrical activities. Father Vladimir Batalov, was an actor and director at the Moscow Art Theater. Mother Nina Olshevskaya is an actress of the same theater. Uncle Nikolai Batalov, aunt Olga Androvskaya, cousin Svetlana Batalova were associated with art.

As for childhood and family, when Alyosha was very young, his parents broke up. So from the age of five, the boy lived in the family of writer Viktor Ardov. Alexei Batalov had two younger unmarried brothers - Mikhail, who later became a priest, and Boris - also an actor in theater and cinema, an animator. Alyosha loved his stepfather very much, and he did not distinguish between the stepson and his own sons.

For reference: Alexey Batalov for Anna Ardova, actress of the Mayakovsky Theater, is an uncle.

Famous personalities throughout the country often visited their house: Anna Akhmatova, Boris Pasternak, Joseph Brodsky and many others. The boy was madly in love with such a friendly atmosphere, and she seriously influenced the formation of a young personality.

Happy childhood not only with Lesha, but among all Soviet children ended on June 22, 194, when the war was announced on the radio. Batalov's mother, along with him and his younger brothers, was evacuated from Moscow to Bugulma. In the evacuation, Nina Olshevskaya was not idle. She organized a small theater in which refugees and their children worked. Fifteen-year-old Alexei also tried his hand, speaking in various secondary roles. However, he strongly doubted his abilities and believed that he lacked a lot in order to achieve creative success.

Batalov's debut in cinema also took place during the war, in 1944. It was a year before the victory that Alexei with his mother and brothers returned to the capital from evacuation. Somehow, the class in which Alyosha studied was invited to participate in the extras of the film "Zoya" about the underground worker Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. Interestingly, unlike classmates, only Batalov had a role with words.

The versatility of Alexei Batalov's talents: career development

An important place in the life of Batalov was occupied by radio shows. Thanks to the new hobby of the actor, well-known radio shows appeared: “The Hero of Our Time” by Mikhail Lermontov, “Cossacks” by Leo Tolstoy, “Romeo and Juliet” by William Shakespeare and many others.

Since 1974, the actor was engaged in dubbing cartoons. The audience could hear his voice in the most famous Soviet cartoons: “Hedgehog in the Fog”, “Traveling Frog”, “Keys to the Time”. Since 1975, Batalov taught at VGIK, and in 1980 received a professorship and headed one of the departments.

Thus, we can safely say that Alexey Batalov has long been one of the most prominent figures in Russian cinema. So it may seem strange to someone that in 1979 a brilliant actor decided to play in the seemingly quite ordinary melodrama of Vladimir Menshov. Nevertheless, the film “Moscow Doesn’t Believe in Tears” was eventually scattered into quotes and became an adornment of Russian cinema.

Theater work

On the stage, the young Batalov turned out, as we already wrote, thanks to the amateur theater. After school, Alexei Batalov successfully passed an examination in the Moscow Art Theater School. He studied in the classroom under the guidance of teachers Blinnikov and Stanitsyn. There was nothing surprising in the decision to become an actor in his youth - all of Alexey’s relatives were artistic, he himself got offstage for the first time as a baby.

Batalov studied well, study was easy for him, he always remembered his mentors warmly and with a sense of deep appreciation. As soon as in the 50th year a graduate was issued a diploma, he was drafted into the army. Batalov served in the Central Theater of the Soviet Army, on the stage of which he worked for three years.

In 1953, Batalov returned to the artistic and academic and remained loyal to him until 1957. Aleksey Batalov had no idea of ​​another fate. In the late fifties, the actor focused on working in the cinema.

The death of Alexei Batalov

Even at an advanced age, Alexey Batalov was engaged in teaching. He always was very demanding of his work and was firmly convinced that the actor should play heroes who are able to teach and improve society.

Sometimes reports appeared in the press about the rather limited material capabilities of Batalov.The actor worked all his life not so much for the sake of money as for the love of art, and therefore he did not make huge capital. But he did not worry for himself and did not complain, because he lived a bright, interesting and dignified life.

Films with the actor

The glory to Alexei Batalov brought wonderful films in which he starred. He was lucky with the proposed material, with directors who were well aware of the enormous potential of a talented actor.

The talented guy was noticed from his first major work in Joseph Heifitz’s film “The Big Family”. In this picture, Batalov starred in the role of a simple working guy working in a shipyard - first a riveter, then a welder, one of the members of the large Zhurbin family. The director’s game impressed the director so much that he didn’t hesitate to invite Batalov to the main role in his next film “The Rumyantsev Case”. This turned out to be a melodramatic Soviet semi-detective, where the driver, Sasha Rumyantsev, was substituted by his boss for a criminal case, and an experienced and fair investigator, the head of the OBHSS, Colonel Afanasyev performed by Sergey Lukyanov (incidentally, in the previous tape, Lukyanov played the grandfather of Batalov’s character), to understand the situation.

In the same 1955, Alexey was invited to the set of the film "Mother" by the novel of the same name by Maxim Gorky, directed by Mark Donskoy. Batalov gets the main role of the revolutionary Pavel Vlasov. It is interesting that in an earlier film adaptation of the work in 1926, the same role was played by the uncle of Alexei Vladimirovich - Nikolai Batalov.

Two years later, the artist was lucky to get a significant role in the masterpiece film by Mikhail Kalatozov "Cranes are flying." Batalov played Boris Borozdin - the guy of the main character Veronica. Young people love each other, but they are separated by war. Boris dies, but the funeral does not reach his relatives. Meanwhile, the beloved girl betrays him, agreeing to marry Mark - a cousin of Boris, a musician who has armor and did not go to the front. At the end of the film, Veronica unsuccessfully searches for Boris among the returning war veterans. The tape won the main prize of the Cannes Film Festival. The main roles in the films were provided to Batalov.

A year later, the picture “My Dear Man” was released of all Heifits, where another brilliant duet appeared in front of the audience - Inna Makarova and Alexei Batalov. The latter played a medical doctor Vladimir Ustimenko, and Makarov his lover.

In 1960, Kheifits again invited his beloved artist to his film crew. This time, the classic piece - Chekhov's "Lady with a Dog" was filmed. Alexey reliably portrayed an intelligent married man by the name of Gurov, who fell in love with a married woman Anna Sergeyevna (Iya Savvina) on vacation in Yalta. The film was presented at several international festivals and won many awards, as well as positive reviews.

In 1962, Alexey Batalov reincarnated as the nuclear physicist Gusev in Mikhail Romm’s film "Nine Days of One Year." The hero in the course of the action receives a dose of radiation during the experiment, but continues to do hard work, essentially making a real feat in the name of science. Gusev’s wife was played by Tatyana Lavrova, and rival colleague Innokenty Smoktunovsky. This tape also collected a whole bunch of prizes.

In the sixties, Batalov became interested in directing and theater, acting much less often. But even in these years he prefers classics, good scripts and collaboration with strong directors. In which films was he shot then:

  • with Kheifits in "In the city of S." (according to Chekhov's story "Ionych"),
  • in "The Seventh Satellite" with Aronov and German (according to the book of Lavrenyov),
  • with Vengerov in the Living Corpse (according to the story of Leo Tolstoy).

In the seventies, Batalov became a teacher at VGIK, and later - the title of professor and the post of department head. Cinema is also not forgotten. Of the most successful films with the participation of the artist include:

  1. "Running" (Naumov-Alov),
  2. “Star of captivating happiness” (Motyl),
  3. “A purely English murder” (Samsonov),
  4. “Late meeting” (Schrodel).

And the crown of not only this time period, but also the entire film career in Batalov’s biography was the popular favorite film directed by Vladimir Menshov, “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears”. The film also received international recognition, having won the prestigious American Academy Award in 1980 as the best film of the year in a foreign language.

Batalov’s character, an intellectual mechanic Gosh appears only in the second series of the picture and becomes the main man in the life of the heroine of the film Katya Tikhomirova in the brilliant performance of Vera Alentova. The film triumphantly passed through the screens of Soviet cinemas. It is still regularly included in the festive broadcasting network. Many women of our country dreamed of marrying the same "Georgy Ivanovich", so Batalov can be recognized as a sex symbol of that era, although we did not use such a term in those years. Quotes from this film instantly spread to the people: “What people! and without security! ”,“ Do not teach me how to live, better help me financially ”,“ At forty, life is just beginning! ”,“ I decide everything in life myself, on the simple basis that I am a man. ”

After this take-off, the same significant pictures in the filmography of the artist were no longer there. In the eighties, Batalov starred very rarely, in the nineties - very little, and in the new century he lit up once, and then in the not very successful picture of Eldar Ryazanov's “Carnival Night 2, or 50 Years Later!” (2006), where he played himself (cameo )

Director work

Once a young and energetic Batalov decided to test himself in the director’s chair, to feel himself in the role of a man on the other side of the camera. The debutant took the first-class material - Gogol’s famous novel called The Overcoat. Filming began in 1959. Batalov invited Rolan Bykov to the main role of Akaky Akakievich Bashmachkin.

Six years later, Batalov again turned to the classics. Next in turn was the film adaptation of Yuri Olesha’s fairy tale “Three Fat Men”, and Aleksei Vladimirovich took part in writing the script and played one of the main roles in the film - gymnast Tibul. Besides him, Valentin Nikulin (Professor Gaspar Arneri), Pavel Luspekaev (General Karaska), Batalov’s brother Boris Ardov (captain Bonaventure) were involved in the picture.

In 1972, the third and, unfortunately, the last directorial work of Batalov was released. And again, Russian classics, this time the “Player” of Dostoevsky.

In the future, Alexey Vladimirovich did not shoot. As Batalov himself later explained, in Leningrad he had a wonderful team, a friendly team, and in Moscow, where he was forced to move, he was not lucky to put together such a team.

Scripts and radio shows

Radio shows have become a real outlet for a fine connoisseur of good literature. The artist has long wanted to work at the microphone, in the role of a reader of outstanding literary works. As a result, Batalov recorded “Cossacks” by Leo Tolstoy, “Hero of Our Time” by Lermontov, “Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare, “White Nights” by Dostoevsky, “Duel” by Kuprin. These radio performances are still being heard in one breath, they are so professionally and amazingly recorded.

The talent for writing scripts with the artist manifested itself even when creating the film “Three Fat Men”, and then developed into animation. Alexei Batalov's pen belongs to the scripts for the animated films “Little Bunny and the Fly”, “Another's Fur Coat”, and he is also the author of the 1989 film script “A Trip to Wiesbaden” and the documentary “Beyond the Screen” (2009).

Scoring

Aleksey Vladimirovich’s velvet pleasant voice came in handy when working on dubbing films, documentaries and cartoons. Batalov was invited to record a voiceover, a text from the author, for example, in such cartoons as:

  • Mysterious Planet
  • Hedgehog in the Fog
  • "Frog traveler",
  • "Mountain of gems."

Works in scoring feature films:

  • "Mr. Veliky Novgorod",
  • Fatal Eggs
  • "The Case of Kukotsky."

In documentaries:

  • “A word about Russia”,
  • The World of Ulanova,
  • “The unfamiliar Burkov. Letters to a friend ",
  • "Russia. XX century. A look at power. ”

Ranks and awards

Over a long career, Batalov has repeatedly won the highest awards and titles for his excellent work and outstanding contribution to the development of Russian art. According to Wikipedia, in the late eighties he received the Hero of Socialist Labor, and in the mid-seventies - the title of People's Artist of the USSR. On his award list:

  1. Order of Merit to the Fatherland, II, III degree,
  2. Two Orders of Lenin,
  3. Order of Peter the Great
  4. Bulgarian Order of Cyril and Methodius,
  5. State awards for the role of Gosha in “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears”, for Dmitry Gusev in “Nine Days of One Year”, Lenin Komsomol Prize for creating images of a Soviet young man in “My Dear Man”, “Cranes Are Flying”, “Nine Days of One Year” ,
  6. Awards of various film festivals, including Cannes, Moscow, Kinotavr, Constellations,
  7. Prizes "Juno", "Nick", "Idol", "Triumph".
  8. Since 2003, Batalov has been granted in the nobles by the Russian Imperial House.

Children and wives

In his youth, he fell in love with his peer. Irina Rotova is the first wife of Alexei Batalov. The guys got married, barely reaching adulthood. In 1955, their daughter Nadezhda Batalova was born. The actors also have a granddaughter Ekaterina Smirnova - now an economist.

Often being on the set, the head of the family was absent for a long time at home, which could not but affect the relationship with his wife. Gradually, the feelings cooled. In the late fifties, the actor gets acquainted with the circus artist, gypsy Gita Leontenko, and as they say, loses her head. He filed for divorce in 1958 and literally immediately entered into a new marriage - Gitan Leontenko became Batalov's second wife.

In this marriage, the actor was truly happy. After ten years of marriage, the daughter of Maria Batalova is born. Unfortunately, during the birth, the doctors made a mistake, and the girl was born with cerebral palsy. Despite all the obstacles and difficulties, the parents helped their daughter adapt socially. Masha subsequently graduated from the VGIK scenario faculty, began to work in her specialty. She managed to join the Writers' Union and publish a book.

Photo by Alexey Batalov

There are a lot of pictures on which this actor, director and teacher of the university are featured, it’s enough to go online and type in the search engine the combination “photo of Alexey Batalov”. If you wish, you can find photos in old age, as well as the latest photos.

The death and memory of the actor

The cause of the death of the great artist is problems with the vessels. Aleksei Vladimirovich was often tormented by headaches, and over the years things only got worse. Once in January 2017, a man was dizzy. He fell and earned a hip fracture. Batalov was hospitalized, carried out two operations. The state of health seemed to improve, but the doctors were in no hurry to discharge the patient ...

Batalov never returned from the hospital. Date of death - June 15, the actor died in a dream.

Why the artist died, we have already reported. Perhaps the long and unpleasant country conflict with the neighbor in the country, the jeweler, brought the hour of the death of Alexei Vladimirovich closer. The cunning citizen made a survey so that he got more land and persuaded him to sign Batalov’s documents. He agreed, but when the catch was revealed, it was too late to fix anything. I had to disassemble even Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin.

“Meeting with Alexei Batalov” (1989) - that was the name of the documentary project dedicated to the artist’s work.

The Bugulminsky Drama Theater in Tatarstan is named after the actor.

The funeral was held on June 19 with a large gathering of people - relatives, acquaintances, friends.

Numerous fans of his talent regularly come to the grave of the actor.

The monument to Alexei Batalov in the cemetery is a large gray cross in a black frame.

Trial family

For the first time, the artist was married to his childhood friend Irina Rotova. Their families were friends for many years and therefore young people were almost inseparable until the war. Evacuation led their paths and a new meeting after the Victory was joyful and exciting.

After all, Irina and Aleksey parted with complete nonsense, caressed by the love of their parents and creative environment. And met with matured personalities, the hardships of a half-starved existence far from each other and the need to survive in difficult times did their job.

As Alexey Vladimirovich recalled in recent interviews, early marriage would be a shock for both families and young people just waited until they received passports.

Then they went to the registry office, insisting on registering the relationship. For a long time they were the youngest couple in this institution, and a copy of their marriage certificate hung on the wall in the registrar’s office in a frame.

The relationship of the newlyweds was initially subjected to serious tests, because the marriage broke up after 4 years of periodic residence under a common roof. As Alexey Batalov himself told (see photo below), then in his personal life and biography there was simply no place for children and his wife.

He enthusiastically pursued a career, trying to prove to everyone around him and to himself that popularity was achieved not only by acquaintance with the elite of the Moscow intelligentsia:

  1. Anna Akhmatova.
  2. Boris Posternak.
  3. Osip Mandelstam.

By the time of the divorce from his first wife Irina, the stunning actor already had the main roles in the films:

  1. "Big family"
  2. The Rumyantsev Case
  3. "Mother"
  4. "Cranes are flying" and many others.

By the way, the last film struck with its emotionality even the foreign colleagues of the artist in cinema - at the Kansky Festival he was awarded the Golden Palm Branch back in 1955.

Then numerous rumors about her husband’s infidelity fell on the artist’s wife and, spurred on by her mother’s conversations, the young woman filed for divorce. And since she lived in her father’s house, where Batalov was not respected, communication with her daughter gradually came to naught.

In addition, Irina soon remarried, and Alexey Vladimirovich withdrew from the life of his former family, not wanting to add even more suffering to a small child.

Circus princess

By the time he met the popular Soviet actor Gitan Leonontenko (Batalov), she was not going to become the wife of Alexei Batalov. She was barely 18 years old, thoughts about children and her place in her personal life and biography in the charming head of a young circus artist simply did not arise.

They were introduced by mutual friends, who noted in close circle the beginning of the tour of the gypsy circus in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg).

As the woman’s former colleagues recall, she was extremely popular at that time as a unique acrobat who performed stunning galloping stunts. The girl was born in a family of hereditary circus gypsies and from 4 years old she performed with her parents.

A miniature beauty with a mischievous gaze of black eyes and a shock of rebellious resin curls struck the heart of Alexei Vladimirovich at first sight. The girl answered the courtship of the actor in return, contrary to the will of the parents - it is not customary for the gypsies to accept people of a different nationality into the family.

However, the flaming bonfire of new relationships instantly cooled the actor’s recognition of his own family status. So, for a long 10 years, fate divorced lovers on different roads. And only in 1963, young people got married.

The tragedy of a lifetime

In 1968, Alexei Batalov, whose personal life and biography is inseparable from art and his own children, found out that his long-awaited daughter Maria would remain disabled for life (photo).

The trouble happened because the mom’s trained muscles were not as elastic as they are needed during childbirth. Doctors, without thinking twice, pulled out the baby with the help of forceps, damaging the spinal cord of the baby with their actions. Both Aleksey Vladimirovich and Gitana Arkadyevna did not give up for a second, they began to carry their daughter to all the famous specialists in the world. Unfortunately, it was impossible to correct the situation.

Then Batalov began to devote all his free time to the baby, trying as best as possible to prepare her daughter for adulthood. Alexey Vladimirovich was very grateful to his second mother-in-law and wife - the women left all affairs and devoted their lives to looking after Masha.

Husband and wife lived together for more than 50 years, and until the last breath Alexei Vladimirovich was touchingly devoted to his "Princess of the Circus." With his own hands, he arranged the cottage in the writer's village, took up any work, unless it contradicted his principles.

It is honesty with the audience and the high exactingness to the story that the artist brings to his fans with his work that explains Batalov’s oblivion as an artist.

However, Alexey Vladimirovich always found a lesson for himself:

  • voiced cartoons - the famous “Hedgehog in the Fog” was touchingly told by Batalov’s voice,
  • after receiving a professorship, he taught at GITIS for many years,
  • wrote poems and scripts,
  • made films - "Three Fat Men" the artist decorated not only with his presence, but also with the management of the entire filming process.

Thanks to the efforts of the parents, after the death of Pope Maria, proper care was provided, which was guaranteed by family friends who created a special fund to support the life of a 47-year-old woman.

Passion by inheritance

After Batalov passed away, the yellow press began to intensely exaggerate the theme of the apartments and summer cottages Masha had left, in which, in fact, the family had been living the last time. The girl’s mother explained to reporters that the artist bequeathed all the property to the youngest child because of her vulnerability to the outside world.

Contrary to the stories of journalists about the insult to the eldest daughter of Nadezhda and her children at the famous grandfather, the woman made a statement in the press that idle fiction on this subject was not pleasant to her.

She is not going to sue her younger sister for a prestigious apartment and no less solid summer residence and asks all outsiders to not interfere in the affairs of the Batalov family.

According to Nadezhda Alekseevna (see photo below), in the personal life and biography of Alexei Vladimirovich, children always occupied a dominant place and his daughters respect the memory of his father.

The woman herself never considered herself deprived - the late mother remarried, the stepfather treated the girl perfectly. Nadezhda is currently working as a translator, raised two wonderful daughters.

Even in her youth, she often visited her father’s mother, her family always talked with her father’s relatives and came to her with pleasure in St. Petersburg.

Photo All

Public position

He ironically called himself a “man of the Neanderstal era,” considering Stalin a “bandit” and a “murderer,” since Batalov’s closest relatives were repressed during his reign. In Soviet times, he was not a member of the party, because "that state could not stand and understood that this was the CPSU assembly of villains and murderers." He refused to sign a letter of support for the entry of Soviet troops into Czechoslovakia, to read Brezhnev’s “Small Land” on the radio, to play Lenin.

On March 11, 2014, he signed the Collective appeal to the Russian public of cultural figures of Russia in support of the position of the President in Ukraine and Crimea. In an interview with the Evening Moscow publication, he explained his support for the annexation of Crimea to Russia by saying that “this is absolutely reasonable, because the time was like that. ... This is a very necessary piece of native land, preciously needed! ... And thanks for this to one person to whom we owe it - he is an absolute fine fellow. And the main thing is that this is true, because the people there were always ours anyway. "I clap my hands with all my hands and wave and shout - it's wonderful!”

Video All

Alexey Batalov. Farewell Confession. Live from 06/16/17

Perfect repair. Visiting Gita Leontenko. In memory of Alexei Batalov. 09/16/2017

“Alexey Batalov. Meeting with the audience »

Alexey Batalov - biography

Alexey Batalov is the face of an era. He was a talented actor and director, a master of artistic word and had his own civic position. He played people who were distinguished by purity and sincerity, restrained and intelligent. All his heroes possessed some kind of attractive inner strength and special light that warmed others. He himself was such in life - a simple, reliable and very decent person.

The fame came to the actor Alexei Batalov after the release of the paintings “Cranes are Flying” and “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears”.

A family

  • Father - Vladimir Batalov (06 (19) .09.1902-14.03.1964), actor and director.
  • Mother - Nina Olshevskaya (July 31 (August 13) .1908 - March 25, 1991), actress.
  • Uncle - Nikolai Batalov (11.24 (06.12) .1899-10.11.1937), theater and film actor. Honored Artist of the RSFSR.
  • Aunt - Olga Androvskaya (09 (21) .07.1898–31.03.1975), theater and film actress, teacher. People's Artist of the USSR.
  • The elder cousin is Svetlana Batalova (06/21/1923 - 04/09/2011), theater and film actress.
  • Stepfather - Victor Ardov (08 (21) .10.1900-26.02.1976), satirist, playwright, screenwriter, publicist and cartoonist.
  • The younger uterine brother is Mikhail Ardov (born October 21, 1937), writer, publicist and memoirist, clerical of the Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church, archpriest, rector of the Moscow church of St. Royal Martyrs and New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia at the Golovinsky Cemetery, Dean of the Moscow Deanery of the ROAC, until 1993 was a priest of the Russian Orthodox Church, served in the Yaroslavl and Moscow dioceses.
  • The younger uterine brother is Boris Ardov (02/07/1940 - 08/23/2004), theater and film actor, director and production designer of animated films.
  • First marriage (1948-1958) - Irina Konstantinovna Rotova (1931-2007), daughter of the artist Konstantin Rotov (19.02 (04.03) .1902-16.01.1959) and children's writer Ekaterina Borisova (24.07 (06.08) .1906-27.02.1972) , the adopted daughter (since 1940) of the scriptwriter, historian of literature, theater and film critic Nikolai Kovarsky (01/17/1904 - 10/13/1974).
    • Daughter - Nadezhda Alekseevna Batalova (born 1955), graduated from the Institute of Foreign Languages, translator.
      • Granddaughter - Ekaterina Smirnova (Batalova) (born 1978), graduated from the Faculty of Economics, economist.
  • The second marriage (1963-15.06.2017) - Gitan Leontenko (born 18.08.1935), hereditary circus artist, dancer on a horse, gypsy by nationality.
    • Daughter - Maria Alekseevna Batalova (born 1968), has suffered from cerebral palsy since birth, graduated from the VGIK scenario faculty, became a writer, writes scripts, released a book, is a member of the Union of Writers and the Union of Filmmakers of Russia.

Theater

For the first time, Alexey Batalov entered the theater stage in an evacuation in Bugulma. During the war years, the actor also made his film debut, having received a cameo role in the film "Zoe".

After the war, Batalov returned to Moscow. In 1950, Alexei Vladimirovich began working at the Moscow Art Academic Theater (Moscow Art Theater).

Alexey Batalov in the play "Woe from Wit." 1946 year.

At this time, he was finishing his studies at the Moscow Art Theater School, and soon for three years he worked in the Central Theater of the Soviet Army. Since 1953, Alexei Vladimirovich became an actor of the Moscow Art Theater, but could not stay there for a long time. In 1957, the artist left the theater institution.

The actor himself has repeatedly said that the theater is his fate, because Alex is the son of an actor and actress of the Moscow Art Theater. The first thing that the artist saw in his life was the scenery and the made-up actors, and in his childhood it seemed to him that all adults in the world work in this theater.

Directing

Batalov’s first directorial work, “The Overcoat,” based on Gogol’s novel, was filmed in 1960. In 1966, he shoots the second film "Three Fat Men" based on the book by Olesha and himself plays one of the main roles. In 1972, the artist creates the third picture - Dostoevsky’s short story “The Player”. This is where his directorial experience ends. Batalov explains this by moving from Leningrad to Moscow. The artist said that with the city he lost the team that helped in the work, and the new professional team was not able to be assembled.

Alexey Batalov in the movie "Three Fat Men"

But radio shows played a special role in Batalov’s life. They appeared during the idle period in the movie and the actor’s desire to understand the art of the word. As a result, the famous “Cossacks” of Tolstoy, “The Hero of Our Time” Lermontov, “Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare, “White Nights” by Dostoevsky and others were released. Each of them still remains an excellent example of a radio show, perfectly staged, played and retained the idea, the character of the author.

Since 1974, Alexey Vladimirovich is fond of voice acting cartoons. We have all heard Batalov’s voice in the cartoons Mysterious Planet, Hedgehog in the Fog, Adventures of the Lolo Penguin, Adventure Frog, Keys to Time, and others.

Actor

  • 1944 - Zoe - Alexey, a schoolboy(not in the credits)
  • 1954 - Big family - Alexey Ilyich Zhurbin
  • 1955 - The Case of Rumyantsev - Sasha Rumyantsev
  • 1955 - Mikhailo Lomonosov - red man
  • 1955 - Mother - Pavel Vlasov
  • 1957 - Cranes fly - Boris Fedorovich Borozdin
  • 1958 - My dear man - Vladimir Afanasevich Ustimenko
  • 1960 - Lady with a Dog - Dmitry Dmitrievich Gurov
  • 1961 - Nine days of one year - Dmitry Gusev
  • 1963 - Day of Happiness - Alexander Nikolaevich Berezkin
  • 1964 - Light of a distant star - Pyotr Stepanovich Lukashev
  • 1966 - Three Fat Men - tightrope walker Tibul
  • 1966 - In the city of S. - Shergov
  • 1967 - Seventh satellite - commissioner
  • 1968 - The Living Corpse - Fedor Vasilievich Protasov
  • 1969 - Attention, turtle! - grandfather Tanya Samokhina
  • 1970 - Running - Sergey Pavlovich Golubkov
  • 1971 - Red diplomat. Pages of life of Leonid Krasin - episode
  • 1973 - No return - Alexey Vladimirovich Egorov
  • 1974 - Purely English murder - Dr. Botwink
  • 1975 - Star of captivating happiness - Prince Sergey Petrovich Trubetskoy
  • 1975 - Rikki-Tikki-Tavi - Robert Lawson
  • 1976 - Burn to shine - Savin
  • 1978 - Late meeting - Sergey Ivanovich Gushchin
  • 1979 - Moscow does not believe in tears - Georgy Ivanovich (Gosha)
  • 1983 - Speed ​​- Igor Vladimirovich Lagutin
  • 1984 - Rest time from Saturday to Monday - Paul
  • 1986 - Honeymoon Umbrella - Dmitry Pavlovich Kraskov
  • 1986 - The dossier of the person in the Mercedes - Sergey Vladimirovich Grigoriev
  • 1990 - Stalin's funeral - Zhenya's father
  • 1991 - Poltergeist-90 - professor Vilnitsky
  • 1998 - Chekhov and Co. (9th episode "The Story of Madame NN") - Peter Sergeevich
  • 2006 - Carnival Night 2, or 50 years later - cameo

Personal life

Irina Rotova is the first love of Alexei Batalov. Young people met when they were 16 years old. Alex and Irina fell in love with each other, but were able to get married after two years. After the wedding, the couple had a daughter, Nadia.

Gradually Batalov spends more time on the set. Relations with Irina began to collapse, and on the set of the film "Big Family" Alexei meets the circus performer Gitan Leonontenko. The young gypsy really liked the actor. In 1958, he divorces his wife and marries Gitan.

Alexey Batalov and Gitan Leontenko

The second marriage was successful. Only the disability of Masha’s daughter marries family life. She was injured during childbirth, and did not stand on her feet. But the girl turned out to be strong and learned to be a screenwriter at VGIK.

Alexey Batalov made every effort so that the child could find his place in life. Soon, the artist’s efforts were rewarded, and his daughter’s talent began to manifest. The girl entered the institute, and later she was accepted into the Writers' Union.

Producer

  • 1959 - Overcoat
  • 1966 - Three Fat Men (jointly with I.S. Shapiro and I. Olshevsky)
  • 1972 - Player
  • 1966 - Three Fat Men (jointly with M. Olshevsky and Yu. K. Olesha)
  • 1977 - Little Bunny and the Fly (animated)
  • 1985 - Alien fur coat (animated)
  • 1989 - Drive to Wiesbaden
  • 2009 - On the other side of the screen (documentary)

Country conflict

To health problems were added litigation with a neighbor in the country. Aleksey Batalov even turned for help to Sergei Sobyanin, the mayor of Moscow, so that he could help solve the summer conflict.

It is known that the people's favorite has long acquired a summer cottage in the DSK "Michurinets" near the writer village of Peredelkino. Batalov built a modest house with a veranda on the site, but soon found out that his own piece of the site was designed by a neighbor, jeweler entrepreneur Vadim Elgart.

Dacha of Alexey Batalov

A clever jeweler built a bathhouse on this territory, having previously submitted documents for signature to Alexei Vladimirovich that he did not really understand. It soon became clear that the artist with his signature confirmed the act of delimiting the borders. According to experts, a neighbor could slip Batalova papers on the alienation of land under the pretext of an autograph.

At the time of signing, the artist was not the owner of the cottage, and a few years before this story he issued all the documents for his daughter Maria. Thus, it is Batalov’s daughter - the mistress of both the dacha and the land. The neighbor, plotting such a "deal", did not know about it. In fact, Batalov’s signature does not bear any legal force, but the actor has been suing his neighbor for at least six years.

The situation is complicated by the fact that Elgart gave the dacha to Olga Ivanova, her daughter, who lives in Los Angeles and is not in the Russian court, but, nevertheless, she is the defendant in the case.

Alexey Batalov

Fans of the actor hoped that in the near future the negative situation around the land would be resolved, since even the chairman of the Investigative Committee of Russia Alexander Bastrykin became interested in the incident, instructing to check the circumstances of the alienation. Nevertheless, many users of social networks are surprised at what happened, because Aleksey Vladimirovich was left alone in the country conflict, and even the all-Union glory did not help the actor protect himself. It would seem that the artist’s fame should correct this state of affairs, but the conflict with the summer cottage remained on the agenda.

Sound works

Cartoon storyteller

  • 1967 - A word about Russia (documentary) - voiceover text
  • 1967 - Your generous heart (documentary) - voiceover text
  • 1974 - Starry minute (documentary) - voiceover text
  • 1979 - You are a man of fire! (documentary) - voiceover text
  • 1981 - World of Ulanova (documentary) - voiceover text
  • 1991 - Unfamiliar Burkov. Letters to a friend (documentary) - voiceover text
  • 1999 - Russia. XX century. A look at power (documentary) - voiceover text

Cause of death

In 2016, Alexei Batalov turned 88 years old. He was often tormented by headaches, the artist suffered from constant dizziness. In January 2017, the disease again made itself felt, Batalov fell and received a hip fracture on his right leg. He was hospitalized, underwent surgery, a month later, another, reconstructive surgery was performed. The health condition was gradually improving, the wound began to heal, but the doctors did not give permission to discharge home.

Photo: Grave of Alexei Batalov

Batalov never left the hospital until his very death, which happened on June 15, 2017. The day before, a priest was called to Alexei Batalov, who communed him before his death.

Relatives, friends, and simply numerous fans were able to say goodbye to the great actor on June 19. The resting place of Alexei Batalov was the Transfiguration Cemetery.

Selected Filmography

  • 1944 - Zoe
  • 1955 - Mikhailo Lomonosov
  • 1957 - Cranes fly
  • 1958 - My dear man
  • 1963 - Day of Happiness
  • 1969 - Attention, turtle!
  • 1973 - No return
  • 1979 - Moscow does not believe in tears
  • 1986 - Honeymoon Umbrella
  • 1991 - Poltergeist-90
  • 2006 - Carnival Night 2, or 50 years later

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Watch the video: Aleksey Batalov A Simple Tribute (April 2020).