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Eldar Aleksandrovich Ryazanov

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Name: Eldar Ryazanov

Middle name: Alexandrovich

Birthday: November 18, 1927

Place of Birth: Samara

Date of death: November 30 2015 (88 years old)

Cause of death: find out heart failure

Place of burial: find out Moscow, Novodevichy cemetery

Height: 170 cm

Eastern horoscope: Rabbit

Career: Directors 14th place

Photo: Eldar Ryazanov

Childhood and the family of Eldar Ryazanov

On November 18, 1927, the famous Eldar Aleksandrovich Ryazanov was born to us in the maternity hospital of the city of Samara. The parents of the great director, father - Alexander Semenovich Ryazanov, and mother, Sofya Mikhailovna Ryazanova, nee Shusterman, worked at that time in the Soviet trade mission in Tehran. Consequently, he spends his childhood there.

Parents immediately knew what they would call their boy. The name - Eldar, in fact, is not so ordinary. If you translate it from the Persian language - it means "owning the world." Apparently, the parents then already knew that their son would win the hearts of all viewers, would have millions of fans around the world. After all, it’s not in vain that they say how “you call a boat, so it will sail.”

Soon after working in Tehran, Eldar Alexandrovich’s father falls into Moscow by distribution. Accordingly, he took the family with him. There Alexander Semenovich worked as the head of the wine department. But, as was often the case in those days, he was soon shot. Sofya Mikhailovna raised her son alone.

The future director was never punished for various tricks. Parents had their own methods of education. Young Eldar was spoken out with words. And, to the surprise of adults, he perceived everything correctly. He listened a lot, even then he learned to listen and understand people.

The childhood of the future director was in the years of the war. The family often did not have money, I always wanted to eat. What happiness was for the young man when food coupons were canceled. He began to eat everything and always. I could not stop. Ryazanov characterizes himself as "glutton".

Eldar Ryazanov from childhood showed love for books, reading. He could often be found reading a book. Imagine, he faked a certificate from a third grader to a fifth grader to go to the library. He dreamed of being a writer. To convey to your reader various thoughts, stories, reasoning. Ryazanov also wanted to see the whole world. He imagined himself a traveler, a sailor. That is why, after graduation, he wrote a letter to the Odessa Naval College. But it was wartime, so Ryazanov did not wait for an answer. As time shows, it is for the better. Now, perhaps, we would not know this beautiful man, would not have watched his fiery pictures.

Eldar Ryazanov decides to externally pass 11 school subjects to enter the institute. And he does it. Eldar Alexandrovich takes 22 days to do everything - preparation, delivery. Incredible. And now he is a first-year student at VGIK, and even at the workshop of Grigory Mikhailovich Kozintsev, who at that time was already a well-known director who shot the paintings known to us: “The Overcoat”, “New Babylon”. Ryazanov also studied with all of us known Sergei Eisenstein, who drew attention to the talent of young Eldar. They closely communicated with each other. Eisenstein invited Ryazanov to his home. And so, over a cup of tea, Eldar Alexandrovich impressed his teacher with a fascinating reading of rare books. They were immersed in French impressionism, in ancient Greek art.

In 1950, Eldar Ryazanov graduated with honors from VGIK. The diploma work of the young director was the documentary “They study in Moscow”, which he presented together with his classmate Fomina. Ryazanov gets a job as a director at the Central Documentary Film Studio. And all the time that he worked there, he presented the viewer with documentary materials for film magazines: “News of the day”, “Soviet Sport”, “Pioneer” and much more. Ryazanov made film essays: "Not far from Krasnodar," "Sakhalin Island."

Eldar Ryazanov and movies

One of the best pictures made by Ryazanov at that time was considered “Beware of the car”. In the film life moments, dialogues were competently shown. Eldar Ryazanov gathered all the famous actors of Soviet cinema in one film: Innokenty Smoktunovsky, Evgeny Evstigneev, Anatoly Papanov, Andrei Mironov, Oleg Efremov, Olga Aroseva, Galina Volchek, Donatas Banionis. The wonderful composer Andrei Petrov wrote the music for this movie. All this could not bring success. This film is watched by all generations. Until now, he occupies a leading position in Soviet cinema. Luck and success accompany Ryazanov in all his subsequent works: “Zigzag of Luck”, “Old Robbers”, “Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!”, “Office Romance”, “Station for Two”. Incredible talent, understanding of his audience revealed Ryazanov in the urban genre of "fairy tales". Undoubtedly, the tragicomedy becomes the favorite genre of the great director. Almost all films sound music, poetry.

Further, Eldar Alexandrovich makes the film “Garage”. The picture was sharply criticized for the reality of that time. Ryazanov does not stop there, continues to shoot his beautiful paintings: “Cruel Romance”, “Forgotten Melody for Flute”, “Dear Elena Sergeevna”, “Old Nags”.

With the help of films by Eldar Aleksandrovich Ryazanov, many unknown actors became mega-popular. He revealed their talent in his own way. Ryazanov found his permanent spectator, who still adores watching films of the master with adoration.

But the great director not only made films, he also wrote plays, was a co-author of the scripts of some of his films. He writes books: “The Sad Face of Comedy”, “Zigzag of Good Luck”, “These Frivolous, Frivolous Films”, “Funny Unhappy Stories”, poetry collection “Nostalgia”. In the 80s, the Kinopanorama program was aired. So here. Ryazanov becomes her leader. Ryazanov releases television programs: “The Paris Secrets of Eldar Ryazanov,” “Conversations in the Fresh Air,” “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.” He is invited to be a jury member in the legendary KVN program, the capital show “Field of Miracles”.

In 2005, Ryazanov opened his film club. The main idea was to compose domestic comedy in one place. The club consists of three halls. There are creative evenings, concerts, films, performances of not only Russian, but also foreign directors.

Photo All

Eldar Ryazanov - biography

Films directed by Eldar Ryazanov are emotional and ironic, touching and simple. For many years they have been accompanying several generations of spectators through life; they warm the soul and fill it with romance. It has already become a good tradition to see off the outgoing year with the Irony of Fate or Carnival Night. It’s a pity that they don’t make such a movie anymore, it’s a pity that the director has already left this world. He lived a long and dignified life, and left at 88, leaving behind a huge legacy. Many are afraid of death, Ryazanov took this philosophically, and took it for granted.

Eldar Ryazanov is one of the most famous domestic directors. He became famous for his unforgettable comedies - “The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath”, “Carnival Night”, “Office Romance”, “Garage”.

Childhood and youth

Eldar Ryazanov was born on November 18, 1927 in Samara. Dad Alexander Ryazanov and mother Sofya Ryazanova (Shusterman) were employees of the Soviet trade mission in Iran, so Eldar spent the first three years of his life in Tehran. Parents even before the birth of their son decided to call him Eldar, which in the Persian language sounds like owning the world. Maybe it was this name that helped him subsequently really wield the love of a million viewers.

In the photo Eldar Ryazanov in childhood

In 1930, the family moved to Moscow, and his father was appointed head of the wine department. They had a huge apartment in the center of the capital and a fairly prosperous life. Father soon became addicted to alcohol, abandoned his family, married a second time, and even managed to become a father again. In 1938 they came for him, they gave him five years in the camps, but he decided to escape. He was caught, and added another 12 years. He stayed in the camps for seventeen years, and was able to track down Eldar only in the 60s. Alexander came to his son to ask for money, Eldar gave everything he had, and his father again disappeared for several years - he could not be in the capital. A few months later he was gone, Eldar went to his funeral.

After the family fell apart, my mother married engineer Lev Kopp, a widower with a child. He accepted Eldar as a native, and treated him with all his heart.

Parents were not particularly involved in raising their son, he learned the taste of cigarettes at about eight years old, and since then has not quit this bad habit. He loved to drive pigeons and often disappeared in the yard with the same boys.

Mom taught her son to always tell the truth, and instilled a love of reading. He read classics and adventures, and even gathered after school at the Naval College in Odessa. Ryazanov even sent a request there, but received no reply.

During the war years the family was evacuated to Kuibyshev, and this period became the hardest in the life of the boy. All his life he remembered this terrible cold and hunger, endless lines for groceries and a fainting state. Therefore, when food cards were canceled, and the opportunity to eat better appeared, he ate without ceasing, and soon began to gain weight significantly.

Eldar Ryazanov in his youth

Having not received an answer from Odessa, Ryazanov decided not to waste time, and for the sake of interest try to go to the theater. He did not think that something would come of this venture, because the son of the enemy of the people and the Jewish woman had few prospects. However, after completing all the exams, he was surprised to find his name among the students of the directing department of VGIK. His mentor was Grigory Kozintsev, who already in those years was a famous director.

At first, studying did not interest Eldar at all, he only recently turned 16. After the second year, Kozintsev even threatened him with expulsion, due to his youth, to which Ryazanov replied that he was two years younger when he entered, and then no one told him that he does not pass through the years.

One of the teachers of the course was Sergey Eisenstein, who immediately considered great abilities in Eldar. It was thanks to him that Ryazanov turned out to be an excellent director. Eldar received his diploma with honors in 1950, and took off his diploma painting “They study in Moscow”.

Movies

The first five years of his biography, Eldar Ryazanov devoted to documentary films. Over the years, he traveled a lot, visited the Far East, Kamchatka and Sakhalin. The heroes of his films were the simplest people - reindeer herders, fishermen, border guards, crab catchers. He gained tremendous experience.

Shot from the film Eldar Ryazanov's "Spring Voices"

In 1955, Ryazanov began working at Mosfilm, where he created his first painting, Spring Votes. The director liked the film very much, Ivan Pyryev, and he strongly recommended Ryazanov to start making comedies, and even offered to pay attention to Carnival Night, the script for which was written by Laskin and Polyakova.

It cannot be said that Ryazanov with great enthusiasm accepted the advice of a famous director, but decided to give it a try. The genre was unfamiliar, the work progressed with great difficulty, but after the release of the picture it became clear - comedy was within his power. After the release of the tape, Eldar instantly became a famous director.

The picture took a leading position at the box office, and brought Ryazanov the first awards in his life.

Ryazanov’s next film, “A Girl Without an Address,” which 36.5 million viewers came to see, was just as successful. The director’s popularity grew with each new project.

In the 60s, Eldar formed a special way of creating a movie. His tapes were called lyrical tragicomedy. In those years, the director created his own permanent group, which participated in all his projects. The scripts for his films belonged to Emil Braginsky, the musical accompaniment was created by Andrei Petrov, the duties of the operator lay on the shoulders of Vladimir Nakhabtsev. And of course, the cast, which included famous Soviet artists.

Eldar Ryazanov during the filming

In 1966, the director shot one of his best comedies - Watch Out for the Car, which was very warmly received by the audience. Ryazanov co-wrote the script for this film.

In the 60-70s, Eldar Ryazanov worked fruitfully, releasing several new works every year. The most significant projects of that time were Old Man-Robbers, Zigzag of Fortune, and The Incredible Adventures of Italians in Russia.

On the first day of 1976, a tape appeared on the screens, which became the permanent attribute of the New Year - the comedy “The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!”. The following year, the entire creative group was awarded the USSR State Prize.

In 1977, the film “Office Romance” appeared on the screens of the country, which became one of Ryazanov’s most successful projects. A year later, the authors of this film were awarded the State Prize of the RSFSR named after the Vasilyev brothers. After that there was a whole series of paintings that became real hits, and are popular with the viewer and nowadays - “Station for Two”, “Garage”, “Cruel Romance”.

Eldar Ryazanov in the film “The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!”

In the 80s, the director moved away from his role, and shot a serious movie - “Dear Elena Sergeevna” and “Forgotten melody for flute”. At the same time, the director’s documentary project, “Four Meetings with Vladimir Vysotsky,” dedicated to the fiftieth anniversary of the bard, comes out.

In 1991, Eldar Ryazanov released the painting "Promised Heaven", which was slightly different in style from his previous works. But from this she did not completely lose her value, on the contrary, emphasized the versatility of the talent of the master. Quiet Pools and Old Nags came out in the same style.

Eldar Ryazanov lit up in almost every project, in small episodes. It’s like an autograph of a great artist on his canvas.

Personal life

In the personal life of Eldar Ryazanov, there were three official marriages. The first time he married Zoe Fomina, his classmate, with whom he then shot pictures. In 1951, they had a daughter, Olga, who received a diploma from the Moscow State University in the field of philology and film studies.

Eldar Ryazanov and Nina Skuybina

The second wife of the director was Nina Skuybina, editor of the Mosfilm film studio. She died at a young age from an incurable ailment.

Eldar Ryazanov and his wife Emma Abaidullina

The third time, Eldar Ryazanov married Emma Abaidullina, who worked as an editor at Mosfilm. This marriage lasted until the death of the great director.

Death

Eldar Ryazanov’s health shook sharply in the fall of 2015, although before that for seven years he had often been treated in various clinics in Moscow. On November 29, it became known that he was connected to a breathing apparatus, and on November 30, 2015 Ryazanov died. The cause of death was called heart failure, and the doctors were unable to help him.

The funeral of Eldar Ryazanov

The resting place of Eldar Ryazanov was Novodevichy cemetery.

Director's filmography

  • 1950 They study in Moscow
  • 1954 Sakhalin Island
  • 1956 carnival night
  • 1957 Girl without an address
  • 1961 Man from Nowhere
  • 1968 Zigzag of Fortune
  • 1971 Old robbers
  • 1975 The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!
  • 1977 Office Romance
  • 1979 Garage
  • 1984 Cruel Romance
  • 1988 Dear Elena Sergeevna
  • 1993 Prediction
  • 1996 Hello, fools!
  • 2000 Old nags
  • 2003 bedroom key
  • 2006 Andersen. Life without love
  • 2007 Carnival Night 2, or 50 years later
  • 2007 The Irony of Fate. Continuation

The filmography of the actor

  • 1957 purpose of his life
  • 1965 Give The Complaint Book
  • 1970 One hour with Kozintsev, or Seven Opinions
  • 1971 Old robbers
  • 1975 The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!
  • 1996 Hello, fools!
  • 2000 Old nags
  • 2007 Carnival Night 2, or 50 years later
  • 2007 The Irony of Fate. Continuation

Biography

Back in the 80s, Eldar Ryazanov dreamed of filming Masters and Margarita, but at that time, if Mikhail Bulgakov disliked the Writers' Union and had Christ and scenes with a head chopped off, no one would have allowed it.However, even without the film adaptation of such a large-scale work, the director left unforgettable works for posterity. He loved to make films, wanted to be interested in his work as much as possible.

Eldar Ryazanov

“For the artist, the highest praise, as they said before: from the collective farmer to the academician. Not always succeeds, but this is the highest happiness, when so. The desire to share with a huge number of people is natural, it does not need to be ashamed. And if you’re not watched by 100 million viewers now, it’s very bad. ”

YOUTH

Born in Samara (where the parents and sisters of the mother lived) in a family of workers of the Soviet trade mission in Tehran, Alexander Semyonovich Ryazanov and Sofya Mikhailovna Ryazanova (nee Shusterman, 1902-1969), in a house on 120 Frunze Street.

Soon the Ryazanov family moved to Moscow, where his father worked as the chief of the wine department. In 1930, the family broke up, and the future filmmaker from the age of 7 was brought up by his mother and stepfather, engineer Lev Mikhailovich Kopp (1899-1985), a researcher at the Promstalkonstruktsiya design institute of the USSR Ministry of Construction and Construction, a widower with a child who also related to Eldar as his own son. His father married a second time, he had a daughter, in 1938 he was arrested and sentenced to five years in forced labor camps. Ryazanov Sr. escaped from the camp, after the capture he received an additional ten years, and in total he served 17 years. During the years of World War II, Eldar wrote a letter to his father and received an answer with a laconic description of the northern nature. In the early 60s, when Eldar Ryazanov was already a well-known film director, his father found a son.

Eldar Ryazanov, 1941.

From childhood he loved literature, wanted to become a writer, dreamed of traveling. After the end of the decade, he even sent a letter of application to the Odessa Naval College.

By chance, he became a first-year student at VGIK (workshop of G. M. Kozintsev). By that time, Kozintsev was already a world famous director, the creator of such films as “The Overcoat” (1926), “S. V. D. ”(1928),“ New Babylon ”(1929),“ One ”(1931), the trilogy about Maxim (1934-1939) (all together with Leonid Trauberg).

FIRST WORK

In 1950, Eldar Ryazanov graduated from VGIK, his diploma work, which received an excellent mark, was the documentary “They study in Moscow”, shot together with classmate Z. P. Fomina. For 5 years, Ryazanov worked in documentary films at the Central Documentary Film Studio. He shot stories for the film magazines Pioneria, Soviet Sport, and News of the Day, and he edited several editions in its entirety. He also made film essays “October Road” (with L. Derbysheva, 1951), “For the World Chess Championship” (1951), “Your Books” (with Z. P. Fomina), “Near Krasnodar” (both 1953 ), “Sakhalin Island” (with V.V. Katanyan, 1954).

In 1955, Ryazanov became the director of the Mosfilm film studio and staged (with Sergei Gurov) the first Soviet wide-screen film-review “Spring Voices”, in which there were also game episodes. And a year later, the head of the Mosfilm film studio I. A. Pyryev literally forced Ryazanov to take up the comedy film. The film Carnival Night (1956) was a huge success. The famous actor Igor Ilyinsky played one of his best roles in the film - the bureaucrat Ogurtsov, and the young actors Lyudmila Gurchenko and Yuri Belov became movie stars.

In the next few years, Ryazanov directed the lyric comedy The Girl Without an Address (1957), the heroic comedy The Hussar Ballad (1962), the everyday comedy Give the Complaint Book (1964), the eccentric comedy The Incredible Adventures of Italians in Russia (1973). . And in 1961 he made two satirical tapes: “How was Robinson created” (according to the eponymous short story by I. Ilf and E. Petrov, a short story in the comedy almanac “Seriously Serious”) and “A Man from Nowhere” (1961, almost never went from box office for the censorship ban). Sergey Yursky and Anatoly Papanov spoke in The Man from Nowhere.

In the creation of the film “The Hussar Ballad”, I. A. Pyryev again greatly assisted E. A. Ryazanov, who obtained permission for the production and persuaded him to play the role of Lieutenant Rzhevsky Yuri Yakovlev. Ryazanov himself had a great effort to convince the film industry that the best candidate for the role of Mikhail Kutuzov was Igor Ilyinsky, that the film does not distort Russian history, but romanticizes it. The play of Alexander Gladkov “Once Upon a Time”, which served as the dramatic basis for the film, was cut by Ryazanov, at the same time he had to add several poetic episodes.

In the 1960s, a team of creative associates E. A. Ryazanov began to take shape: screenwriter - Emil Braginsky, composer - Andrei Petrov, cameraman - Vladimir Nakhabtsev, actors: Liya Akhedzhakova, Oleg Basilashvili, George Burkov, Valentin Gaft, Evgeny Evstigneev, Andrey Mironov , Andrei Myagkov, Svetlana Nemolyaeva, Valentina Talyzina, Alisa Freindlikh and Yuri Yakovlev.

Eldar Ryazanov in the village of Soviet writer. The director at his first cottage in the Middle Alley, in the late 1960s. Photos from the personal archive

MAJOR DIRECTIVE SUCCESS

One of Ryazanov’s best paintings is “Watch Out for the Car” (1966). Despite the fact that the film was based on a city joke about a noble car thief, it clearly spells out all life conflicts, characters and dialogues. The widest audience was attracted by Ryazanov's further works: “Zigzag of Fortune”, “Old Robbers”, “Incredible Adventures of Italians in Russia”, “Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!”, “Office Romance”, “Station for Two” and "Cruel Romance" which caused heated controversy in the press.

The films “Garage” and “On the poor hussar put in a word” (television movie) summed up a certain feature in Ryazanov’s work: both films are sharply critical of the then reality.

In the 1980-1990s, Ryazanov worked as intensively as before. He was the co-author of the scripts of many of his films, wrote several plays, published a number of books. In 1979-1985, Ryazanov worked as the host of the TV show Kinopanorama, the author and director of which was Ksenia Marinina. In addition, he created more than 200 copyright television programs. The most popular television cycles were: “Eight Girls, One Me,” “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs,” “Talking in the Fresh Air,” “Talking about the Weirdness of Love” (series of programs about prominent people), “Paris Secrets of Eldar Ryazanov” (ORT ) (in this series, in particular, Ryazanov’s interview with Jean Mare came out). He was a member of the jury at the 1987 KVN Premier League final game.

In 2002, E. A. Ryazanov became president of the Nika Russian Academy of Motion Picture Arts.

On January 23, 2005, the film club of Eldar Ryazanov was opened. The cinema club is conceived, in the words of Ryazanov himself, as a kind of center for Russian comedy. In three rooms, the largest of which is designed for more than five hundred seats, films and performances are held, creative meetings and concerts are held.

Eldar Ryazanov taught at the Higher Courses of Scriptwriters and Directors (among his students are directors Yu. B. Mamin, I.V. Dykhovichny, E. Tsymbal, I. Fridberg).

He was a member of the Union of Filmmakers of Russia, founded in 1990. In 2010, Ryazanov became one of the founders of KinoSoyuz.

LAST YEARS OF LIFE

In 2010 and 2011, Eldar Ryazanov underwent heart surgery and has since been hospitalized more than once.

At the end of 2014, doctors diagnosed the director with an acute violation of cerebral circulation, and in early August 2015, he suffered a heart attack, which led to pulmonary edema.

On October 6, 2015, the director was hospitalized in the intensive care unit of the Moscow City Clinical Hospital No. 1 named after N.I. Pirogova.

Ryazanov celebrated his birthday on November 18 at home. On November 21, the director was again hospitalized. Eldar Ryazanov died in a Moscow hospital on the night of November 29-30, 2015, at the 89th year of his life, from acute heart failure.

Farewell to the director took place on December 3 at the Central House of Writers, on the same day he was buried in the Novodevichy cemetery in Moscow.

Personalities

Youth

Eldar Ryazanov was born in Samara, his mother’s hometown, in a family of workers of the Soviet trade mission in Tehran, Alexander Semyonovich Ryazanov and Sofya Mikhailovna (nee Shusterman), in a house on 120 Frunze Street.

Soon, parents moved to Moscow, where his father worked as the chief of the wine department. In 1930, the family broke up, and from the age of seven Ryazanov was brought up by his mother and stepfather, engineer Lev Mikhailovich Kopp, a widower who treated Eldar as his own son.

From childhood he loved literature, wanted to become a writer, dreamed of traveling. After the end of the decade, he sent a letter of application to the Odessa Naval College.

MEMORY

In 2017, the name in the name of Eldar Ryazanov was a street in the Obruchevsky district of the South-Western Administrative District of Moscow and a street in the Southern City microdistrict of the Volzhsky District of the Samara Region.

In the 2015 television series Lyudmila Gurchenko, the role of the director was played by actor Andrei Kurnosov.

In October 2017, a monument was unveiled in Samara in the homeland of the filmmaker.

By the sixtieth birthday of Eldar Ryazanov, the astronomer of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory Lyudmila Karachkina named the asteroid (4258) Ryazanov discovered by her on September 1, 1987.

A FAMILY

Father - Alexander Semenovich Ryazanov (1898–?), A native of the village of Novoe Dalnee of the Nizhny Novgorod province (now the village of Novoe, Dubrava village council of the Dalnekonstantinovsky district of the Nizhny Novgorod region), a participant in the Civil War, in 1921 he was the head of the land sector of the registration department of the Field Headquarters of the Republican Military Council of the Republic. In 1922 he was sent as a scout to China, then transferred to Persia. Arrested on November 14, 1937, February 2, 1938 sentenced to 8 years in forced labor camps. He escaped from the camp. He was caught and added for ten years, and in total he served 17. During the war, Eldar wrote a letter to his father and received an answer with a concise description of the northern nature. In the early 1960s, his father found a son from his films. “But close contact did not work: a stranger came, a man broken by life, - recalls E. Ryazanov. - He did not find his wife and daughter ... I gave him all the money I had with me, and he disappeared for four years, having no right to live in Moscow. After rehabilitation, he still moved to the capital, died a few months later, and I arrived at his funeral. ”

Mother - Sofya Mikhailovna Shusterman (married - Ryazanova, September 26, 1902 - September 1, 1969).

Stepfather (since 1934) - Lev Kopp (1899-1985), civil engineer, author of textbooks and monographs “Installation of metal structures” (Moscow: Gosstroyizdat, 1948), “Installation of steel structures” (Moscow: Gosstroyizdat, 1954) , “Installation of building structures” (Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1968 and 1982), “Installation of metal and reinforced concrete structures” (Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1972, 3rd ed. - ibid., 1982).

The uterine sister is Frida Lvovna Kopp (1936-1939).

The uterine brother is Mikhail L. Kopp, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences (b. 1940), chief researcher in the laboratory for comparative analysis of sedimentary basins of the tectonics department of the Geological Institute of the RAS.

Nephew (son of half-brother) - doctor of medical sciences, professor Mikhail Valerievich Kopp (b. 1950), oncologist, chief chemotherapist of the Ministry of Health of the Samara Region.

First wife - Zoya Petrovna Fomina (1924-1999), director of documentaries (1950-1970s), Lenin Prize (1980).

Daughter - Olga Eldarovna Ryazanova (born 1951), graduated from Moscow State University, philologist, film critic.

Grandson - Dmitry Vitalievich Troyanovsky (born 1987), television journalist, writer.

The second wife is Nina G. Skuybina (1930-1994), editor at Mosfilm (1970-1994).

Pasynok - Nikolai Vladimirovich Skuybin (born 1954), from a previous marriage of Nina Skuybina with director Vladimir Skuybin (1929-1963). By profession, a filmmaker, like his father.

The third wife - Emma Valerianovna Abaidullina (born 1941), film editor. For Emma Valerianovna, this was the third marriage. The previous, second, marriage was with the composer Pavel Aedonitsky (1922-2003).

Stepson - Oleg Valeryevich Berdyugin (1964-2017) and Igor Valeryevich Berdyugin (born 1966), from Emma Abaidullina's first marriage to design artist Valery Berdyugin. Both took up art projects.

AWARDS AND TITLES

  • IFF in Cannes (Sakhalin Island, participation in the short film program, 1955)
  • International Film Festival in Edinburgh (Diploma, film "Carnival Night", 1957)
  • VKF in the nomination "First Prize Among Comedies" for 1958
  • VKF (Second Prize in the section of feature films, film "Carnival Night", 1958)
  • IFF comedy films in Vienna (Jury Diploma, film "Hussar Ballad", 1963)
  • Honored Artist of the RSFSR (November 26, 1965)
  • IFF in Sydney (Diploma, film “Watch Out for the Car”, 1966)
  • International Film Festival in Edinburgh (Diploma, film “Watch Out for the Car”, 1966)
  • IFF in Melbourne (Honorary diploma, film “Watch Out for the Car”, 1967)
  • Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1969)
  • People's Artist of the RSFSR (March 28, 1974)
  • USSR State Prize (1977) (for the film “The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!”)
  • Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1977)
  • State Prize of the RSFSR named after the Vasilyev brothers (1979) (for the film "Office Romance")
  • VKF (Special Prize "For Contribution to the Development of Soviet Comedy", 1983)
  • VKF (Prize for best directing, the film "Station for Two", 1983)
  • Prize of criticism for the best foreign film of the year in Poland (Prize Warsaw Siren, film Station for Two, 1984)
  • People's Artist of the USSR (July 25, 1984)
  • IFF in Delhi (Grand Prix Golden Peacock, film Cruel Romance, 1985)
  • Order of Friendship of Peoples (1987)
  • Nika Award for Best Director in 1991, the film Promised Heaven
  • The Nika Award in the Best Feature Film nomination for 1991, the film Promised Heaven
  • IFF in Madrid (Grand Prix, Promised Skies, 1992)
  • The Order “For Merit to the Fatherland” III degree (June 20, 1996) - for services to the state, an outstanding contribution to the development of domestic cinema and culture.
  • TEFI Prize (Special Prize, 1997)
  • Gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation (November 18, 1997) - for his great personal contribution to the development of domestic cinematic art and in connection with the 70th anniversary.
  • Cavalier of the Legion of Honor (France, 1998).
  • Cavalier of the Golden Badge of Public Recognition (1999)
  • Gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation (May 5, 2000) - for great achievements in the development of cinema and in connection with the 50th anniversary of creative activity.
  • Charitable Foundation “Vivat Cinema of Russia!” In St. Petersburg (Grand Prix, film “Old Nags”, 2000)
  • OKF “Kinoshok” in Anapa (Grand Prix “Golden Vine”, for the best full-length feature film, the film “Quiet Whirlpools”, 2000)
  • Honorary Doctor SPbGUP (since 2000)
  • CF of Russian films in Honfleur (Grand Prix, film "Old Nags", 2001)
  • Vivat Cinema of Russia! Foundation in St. Petersburg (Grand Prix, film “The Key to the Bedroom”, 2003)
  • Charitable Foundation “Moscow Premiere” (Second Prize, film “The Key to the Bedroom”, 2003)
  • ORKF in Sochi “Kinotavr” (Prize of the Presidential Council, film “The Key to the Bedroom”, 2003)
  • Tsarskoye Selo Art Award (2005)
  • Triumph Award (2006)
  • Prize "Nika" in the nomination "Honor and Dignity" for 2006
  • Vivat Cinema of Russia! Foundation in St. Petersburg (Grand Prix, Press Prize, film Andersen. Life Without Love, 2007)
  • Charitable Foundation “Moscow Premiere” (Prize “For contribution to Moscow cinema, creating an on-screen image of our capital, serving its beauty for 50 years of professional cinematic activity”, 2007)
  • RKF "Literature and Cinema" in Gatchina (Grand Prix "Garnet Bracelet", the film "Andersen. Life without Love", 2007)
  • The distinction "For Merit to Moscow" (Moscow, November 7, 2007) - for his merits in the development of domestic cinema, a great contribution to the cultural life of the capital and many years of creative activity.
  • Order “Key of Friendship” (Kemerovo Region, 2007)
  • Order of Honor (Georgia, 2008)
  • 17th International Film Festival “Golden Knight” (Gold medal of Sergey Fedorovich Bondarchuk in the nomination “For Outstanding Contribution to Cinema”, 2008)
  • National Award “Russian of the Year” (2008)
  • The Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", II degree (July 3, 2008) - for outstanding services in the development of domestic cinema and many years of creative activity.
  • Honorary Citizen of Samara (2012).
  • The honorary sign of the Governor of the Samara region "For work for the good of the land of Samara" (Samara region, November 8, 2012) - for a significant contribution to the development of culture in the Samara region.
  • Order of Arts and Literature (France)
  • Russian Prize L.E. Nobel.
  • Academician of the Russian Academy of Motion Picture Arts "Nika"

FILMOGRAPHY

1950 - They study in Moscow. (Director, Writer)
1951 - October Road. (Producer)
1951 - At the World Chess Championship. (Producer)
1953 - Your books. (Producer)
1953 - Not far from Krasnodar. (Producer)
1954 - Sakhalin Island. (Producer)
1955 - Spring Voices. The rental name is “Happy Youth”. (Producer)
1956 - In the Far Eastern seas. (Producer)
1956 - Carnival night. (Producer)
1957 - Girl without an address. (Producer)
1957 - The purpose of his life. (Actor)
1961 - Quite seriously (film almanac) Novel "How Robinson was created." (Director, Writer)
1961 - Man from nowhere. (Producer)
1962 - Hussar ballad. (Director, Writer)
1965 - Give the plaintive book. (Producer)
1966 - Watch out for the car. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1968 - Zigzag of luck. (Director, Writer)
1970 - Telefilm One hour with Kozintsev, or Seven Opinions. (Actor)
1971 - Old robbers. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1973 - The incredible adventures of Italians in Russia. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1973 - Television play “Co-workers”. (Screenwriter)
1975 - The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath! (Director, Writer, Actor)
1977 - Risk is a noble cause. (Actor)
1977 - Office romance. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1978 - Ivan Pyryev. (Actor)
1979 - Garage. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1980 - The television movie "Need a good tune." (Actor)
1980 - Say a word about poor hussar. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1981 - Television play “Relatives”. (Screenwriter)
1982 - Station for two. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1984 - Cruel romance. (Director, Writer)
1987 - Forgotten tune for flute. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1987 - Telefilm "Four meetings with Vladimir Vysotsky." (Director, Actor)
1988 - Dear Elena Sergeevna. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1991 - Promised Heaven. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1993 - Day in the family of the president. (Director, Writer, Actor)
1993 - The Prediction. (Director, Writer)
1994 - I am a frivolous Georgian. (Actor)
1996 - Actor is not at all the same as an actor ... (Actor)
1996 - Hello, fools! (Director, Writer, Actor)
1997 - The unit of decency is one Gallay. (Producer)
2000 - Old nags. (Director, Writer, Actor)
2000 - Quiet whirlpools. (Director, Writer, Producer, Actor)
2003 - The key to the bedroom. (Director, Writer, Producer, Actor)
2006 - Andersen. Life without love. (Director, Writer, Producer, Actor)
2007 - Carnival Night 2, or 50 years later. (Director, Actor)
2007 - The Irony of Fate. To be continued. (Actor)
2009 - Music of life. (Director, Writer, Actor)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ryazanov E.A. The sad face of a comedy. - M .: Young Guard, 1977 .-- 272 p. - ISBN P 70803-311-241-77.
Ryazanov E.A. Unsumpted results. - M .: Art, 1983.
Ryazanov E.A. Internal monologue. Poems. // Library “Twinkle”: application. - M .: Pravda, 1988. - No. 26. - ISSN 0132-2095.
Ryazanov E.A. Zaekranye. - M., True, 1990. - 48 p., 150,000 copies. (Library “Twinkle”)
Eldar Ryazanov. Prediction. - M .: Vagrius, 1994.
Ryazanov E. A. Outgoing nature. Poems. - M., YanikO, 1995.
Ryazanov E.A. Nostalgia. - Nizhny Novgorod: Dekom, 1997.
Ryazanov E. A. Four meetings with Vladimir Vysotsky. - M .: Vagrius, 2004 .-- 302 p. - ISBN 5-475-00020-4.
Ryazanov E.A. Unsumpted results. - Vagrius, 2005 .-- 640 p. - ISBN 5-9697-0117-3.
Ryazanov E. A. Love is a spring country. - M .: Eksmo-Press, 2005 .-- 352 p. - ISBN 5-699-12269-9.
Ryazanov E.A. Andersen. Life without love. - M .: Eksmo-Press, 2006 .-- 320 p. - ISBN 5-699-18683-2.
Ryazanov E.A. Office romance. - AST, 2007 .-- 715 p. - ISBN 978-5-17-043870-9.
Ryazanov E. A. What I live and live. - M .: Eksmo-Press, 2007 .-- 688 p. - ISBN 978-5-699-24337-2.
Ryazanov E. A. Rushing years-bad weather. - M .: Eksmo-Press, 2007 .-- 608 p. - ISBN 978-5-699-24344-0.
Ryazanov E.A. Old robbers. - AST, Zebra E, 2008 .-- 688 p. - ISBN 978-5-17-048780-6, ISBN 978-5-94663-535-6.
Ryazanov E. A. The sad face of comedy, or Finally summed up. - M.: PROZAIK, 2010 .-- 640 p. - ISBN 978-5-91631-061-0.
Ryazanov E. A. Nature does not have bad weather: poems. - M .: EKSMO, 2011 .-- 352 p. - ISBN 978-5-699-04681-2

Documentary film

In 1950, Eldar graduated from VGIK and began working at the Central Documentary Film Studio.

“Every day work on newsreels and news releases led to a stereotypical way of thinking. I felt that I was losing the freshness of my eyes, I was starting to think in cliches. I realized that I had to go into feature films,” the director recalled his “documentary” period.

First work

In 1950 he graduated with honors from VGIK (workshop of Grigory Kozintsev). His thesis was the documentary "They're Studying in Moscow", shot together with classmate Zoya Fomina. For five years he worked in documentary films at the Central Documentary Film Studio. He shot scenes for the film magazines Pioneria, Soviet Sport, and News of the Day, and edited several editions in its entirety. He also shot film essays “October Road” (with Lia Derbysheva, 1951), “For the World Chess Championship” (1951), “Sakhalin Island” (with Vasily Katanyan, 1954) and others.

Since 1955, he worked as the director of the Mosfilm film studio. Together with Sergei Gurov, he directed the first Soviet widescreen film-review “Spring Voices”, in which there were also game episodes. A year later, the director of the film studio Ivan Pyryev literally forced him to take up the comedy film. source not specified 18 days

The film Carnival Night (1956) was a huge success. The famous actor Igor Ilyinsky played one of his best roles in the film - bureaucrat Ogurtsovaand the young actors Lyudmila Gurchenko and Yuri Belov overnight became movie stars. source not specified 18 days

In the next few years, he directed the lyrical comedy The Girl Without an Address (1957), the heroic comedy The Hussar Ballad (1962), the everyday comedy Give the Complaint Book (1964), and the eccentric comedy The Incredible Adventures of Italians in Russia (1973). In 1961 he shot two satirical tapes: “How was Robinson created” (according to the eponymous short story by Ilf and Petrov, short story in the comedy almanac “Seriously Serious”) and “A Man from Nowhere” (1961, almost never went to the box office due to a censorship ban). Sergey Yursky and Anatoly Papanov spoke in The Man from Nowhere.

Pyryev again rendered great help to the filmmaker in creating the film “The Hussar Ballad”, who obtained the permission of the production and persuaded him to play the role of Lieutenant Rzhevsky Yuri Yakovlev. The filmmaker himself had to make great efforts to convince the filmmakers that Ilyinsky was the best candidate for the role of Kutuzov, that the film does not distort Russian history, but romanticizes it. source not specified 18 days Alexander Gladkov’s play “Once Upon a Time”, which served as the dramatic basis for the film, he shortened, at the same time he had to finish writing several poetic episodes.

In the 1960s, a team of creative like-minded filmmakers began to take shape. source not specified 18 days This is the scriptwriter Emil Braginsky, composer Andrei Petrov and cameraman Vladimir Nakhabtsev, as well as the actors:

"Carnival Night"

In 1955, Ryazanov came to the Mosfilm studio. The first musical comedy with Lyudmila Gurchenko and Igor Ilyinsky starring Ryazanov removed from the filing of the then head of Mosfilm, an outstanding director Ivan Pyryev. Ryazanov himself, according to his confession, "had no desire to make a musical comedy."

Ryazanov initially saw the actor Pyotr Konstantinov as Ogurtsov. Again, Ivan Pyryev insisted on the candidacy of Ilyinsky. As Ryazanov recalled, the members of the artistic council, having looked at the draft material, considered the upcoming comedy "gray, boring, worthless and hopeless."

“I didn’t think about success, about festivals and reviews, I only dreamed of not being driven out of work and given some time to put another picture. I was not interested in ambition. I had only one task - to survive,” - recalled Eldar Alexandrovich.

The comedy was released on December 29, 1956. The resounding all-Union success of Carnival Night - 48.6 million tickets were sold for the film - made Lyudmila Gurchenko, starring star, the star.

The comedy “survived”, “survived” and for more than half a century “livelier than all living” - invariably gathers the audience of the former USSR from the screens, and the song “Five Minutes” actually became the New Year’s anthem.

In the next few years, Ryazanov makes comedies that have become classics of Soviet cinema: “Girl without an Address” (1957), “A Man from Nowhere” (1961), “Hussar Ballad” (1962), “Give a Complaint Book” (1964).

"Watch out for the car"

In 1966, the tragicomedy Eldar Ryazanov "Watch out for the Car" was released, which instantly became a hit. Phrases "Freedom to Yuri Detochkin!" and "They’ll give you a fuck, but you don’t steal" the whole country is still using it. Usually the main character of the picture is called the Soviet "Robin Hood" by Yuri Detochkin, brilliantly played by Innokenty Smoktunovsky, but the image of investigator Maxim Podberezovikov performed by Oleg Efremov is no less expressive in this film.

"Beware of the car" was shot on the novel by Emil Braginsky, published in the magazine "Young Guard" in 1964. Ryazanov and Braginsky worked on the screenplay together. Their creative union has developed for many years.

"Irony of Fate or Enjoy Your Bath!"

In 1974, Ryazanov began filming the New Year comedy "The Irony of Fate ...".

"Goskino and Mosfilm did not want to launch comedy in production in any series, or even as a short film," recalled Eldar Alexandrovich. And the director did not want to reduce the dialogues of the play, co-written by him in collaboration with Braginsky, so as not to simplify the development of the relationship of the characters. It became clear that the film should be two-part, but "make a two-part film about the love affairs of a sweeping doctor - but who needs it?" Then Ryazanov had the idea to make the film a television. And the director was right, insisting on his own.

The film received the USSR State Prize, became the most popular in the history of Soviet and Russian cinema. Zhenya Lukashin and Nadia performed by Andrei Myagkov and the Polish actress Barbara Brylska are so loved by the audience that for 40 years now, not a single New Year's feast in the whole of Soviet and post-Soviet space has been without them.

In the period from the mid-70s to the beginning of the 80s Ryazanov removes "Office Romance", "Garage", "Station for Two", "The Incredible Adventures of Italians in Russia", "Say the Word About the Poor Hussar". Comedies of the creative tandem Ryazanov-Braginsky invariably break all records at the box office.

In the 1980-1990s Ryazanov made films: Cruel Romance, Forgotten Melody for Flute, Dear Elena Sergeevna, Promised Heaven, Prediction, Hello, Duraleys, Old Nags. And "Quiet Whirlpools" was the last film created by Ryazanov in collaboration with Braginsky, in 1998 the playwright passed away.

In 2006, the film was directed by Andersen. Life Without Love, which won the Grand Prix of the XV Russian Festival "Vivat, Russian Cinema!" - Audience Award and Press Award.

Ryazanov’s latest work was a remake of Carnival Night - Carnival Night-2, or 50 Years Later, which premiered on January 1, 2007.

In total, Eldar Ryazanov directed 24 comedies, co-wrote the scripts of many of his films, and wrote several plays.

Writer

Eldar Ryazanov wrote a number of books. Among them are "The Sad Face of Comedy", "Zigzag of Good Luck" (with Emil Braginsky), "These Frivolous, Frivolous Films", "Funny, Unhappy Stories", "Unsummed Results". In 2013, Eksmo Publishing House published his books Eldar Ryazanov. Poems and Novels in One Volume and I Want a Light, Light, Tender ...

In 2002, Eldar Ryazanov became president of the Russian Academy of Motion Picture Arts "Nika". He held this post until 2007.

Ranks and awards

  • 1984 - People's Artist of the USSR
  • He was awarded the USSR State Prize (1977, for the film “The Irony of Fate, or“ Enjoy Your Bath! ”) And the RSFSR State Prize named after the Vasilyev Brothers (1979, for the film“ Office Romance ”)
  • He was awarded two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, Orders of Friendship and "For Merit to the Fatherland" III (1996) and II (2008) degrees
  • He was awarded the French Order of Fine Arts and Literature, the Order of the Legion of Honor for the Paris Secrets series of programs (1998).
  • The director was a prize winner at the International Film Festivals in Madrid (Grand Prix of the Madrid Film Festival), Delhi (Golden Peacock), in Brussels and others.
  • Winner of the awards "Nika", "Golden Ostap", "Golden Duke", "TEFI", the Russian independent award "Triumph" (2007).
  • On January 13, 2002, a solemn ceremony of laying the star of Eldar Ryazanov took place at the Square of Stars of the Russian Film Alley.

The main directorial work

There is an opinion that one of his best paintings is “Watch Out for the Car” (1966). source not specified 18 days Despite the fact that the film was based on a city joke about a noble car thief, it clearly spells out all life conflicts, characters and dialogues. The widest audience was attracted by the further work of the filmmaker:

  • Zigzag of Fortune
  • "Old robbers",
  • “The Incredible Adventures of Italians in Russia” (1973),
  • “The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!” (1975, television movie),
  • "Love affair at work",
  • “Station for two”,

A certain feature in the work of the filmmaker was summed up source not specified 18 days the films “Garage” and “On the poor hussar put in a word” (television movie): both films are sharply critical of Soviet reality.

Not all plans were implemented. In the late 1960s, Ryazanov planned to make a film about Cyrano de Bergerac based on the heroic comedy of Edmond Rostand and the likeness of his "Hussar Ballad." Having tested the leading role of many popular actors (Andrei Mironov, Oleg Efremov, Sergey Yursky, Vladimir Vysotsky and others), the director eventually approved Evgeny Yevtushenko. He successfully passed the screenings, however, higher authorities closed the project due to the social activities of the famous poet.

Late period

In the 1980-1990s, Ryazanov worked just as hard, source not specified 18 days as before. He was a co-author of many of his scripts, wrote several plays, published a number of books. In the 1980s, the director had his own film production of the novel by Mikhail Bulgakov, “The Master and Margarita,” for which senior officials in ideology did not give permission.

In 1979-1985, he worked as the host of the TV show Kinopanorama. He has created more than 200 copyright television programs source not specified 18 days . The most popular were television cycles: source not specified 18 days “Eight Girls, One Me,” “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs,” “Talking in the Fresh Air,” “Talking about the Weirdness of Love” (series of programs about prominent people), “Paris Secrets of Eldar Ryazanov” (ORT) Ryazanov’s interview with Jean Mare, Bridget Bardot, Pierre Richard, Roman Polanski and Patricia Kaas).

He was a jury member in the final game of the Major League of KVN 1987.

In 1993, the author’s program “Eldar Ryazanov’s Male Conversation with Boris Yeltsin” was released and shown on television, during which the president answered the filmmaker’s sensitive questions. The broadcast took place on the “Ostankino Channel 1”, REN-TV was engaged in production. The second show took place on April 25, 2007 on the REN TV channel and was timed to coincide with the funeral of Yeltsin. source not specified 18 days

In 2002, Ryazanov became president of the Nika Russian Academy of Motion Picture Arts.

On January 23, 2005, the cinema club (later the cinema club museum) Eldar was opened, conceived, in the words of the director himself, as a kind of center for Russian comedy. In three rooms, the largest of which is designed for more than five hundred seats, films and performances are held, creative meetings and concerts are held.

He was a member of the Union of Cinematographers of Russia. In 2010, he became one of the founders of KinoSoyuz.

Public position

In 1989, he was nominated as a candidate for people's deputies of the USSR from the Gagarin constituency of Moscow (Ramenki, Solntsevo, Peredelkino). source not specified 56 days He passed through one constituency with Yuri Chernichenko and several other candidates. source not specified 56 days I could not guarantee the voters that a metro line would be drawn in Solntsevo, and called on my supporters to vote for Chernichenko, who, as a result, won the election in the district. source not specified 56 days

In early 1993, he publicly supported Russian President Boris Yeltsin, calling for a vote of confidence in him during the 1993 referendum. source not specified 18 days

On the night of October 3–4, 1993, speaking on RTR, Ryazanov condemned the decision of the Constitutional Court to lift the ban on the activities of primary organizations of the Communist Party of the RSFSR (Communist Party) and called the Supreme Council supporters “communist geeks,” “bastards.” He also compared the CPSU with the NSDAP.

In January 1996, he was among cultural and scientific figures who called on the Russian authorities to stop the war in Chechnya and move on to the negotiation process. In March-June of the same year, together with his friend Zinovy ​​Gerdt and the parodist Alexander Ivanov, he actively campaigned for the election of Boris Yeltsin as president of Russia for a second term. source not specified 56 days

In an interview with the Echo of Moscow radio station in 2011, he gave a mostly positive assessment of the activities and personality of Boris Yeltsin, and called the appointment of Vladimir Putin his successor as the biggest mistake the ex-president made. In the same year, together with other cultural figures and human rights activists, he signed an open letter demanding that the “anti-constitutional ban on the registration of new parties” be lifted and all political forces in the country allowed to participate in the elections.

He spoke out against the criminal prosecution of defendants in the Yukos Cases and members of the Pussy Riot group. He called on Muscovites to take part in protests against Federal Law No. 272 ​​(the so-called “Dima Yakovlev Law”), which prohibited the adoption of Russian children by US citizens. In March 2014, together with his wife, he signed an open letter published by KinoSoyuz condemning "Russian military intervention in Ukraine" and the "unprecedented anti-Ukrainian campaign unleashed by Russian state channels." He supported the congress of the intelligentsia congress “Against the war, against the self-isolation of Russia, against the restoration of totalitarianism” in Moscow and signed a congressional appeal condemning the annexation of Crimea to Russia. The name and surname of Ryazanov were included by the Ukrainian authorities in the so-called “white list” of cultural and art workers from different countries who supported the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the country.

Over the years, he has consistently advocated for the protection of animals: for the adoption of the relevant federal law, investigation of the facts of ill-treatment, the creation of circuses without numbers with training. He supported the candidacy of environmental activist Evgenia Chirikova in the 2012 mayoral election of Khimki.

Last years of life

In 2010 and 2011 he underwent heart surgery and has since been hospitalized more than once. In late 2014, Ryazanov was diagnosed with acute cerebrovascular accident, in early August of the following year he suffered a heart attack, which, according to media reports, led to pulmonary edema.

On October 6, 2015 he was hospitalized in the intensive care unit of the Moscow City Clinical Hospital No. 1 named after N.I. Pirogova. He celebrated his birthday on November 18 at home. Three days later he was hospitalized again.

Eldar Ryazanov died in a Moscow hospital on the night of November 29-30, 2015 from acute heart failure.

Farewell took place on December 3 at the Central House of Writers. On the same day he was buried in the Novodevichy cemetery.

A family

Father - Alexander Semenovich Ryazanov (1898-1960), a native of the Nizhny Novgorod province, a participant in the Civil War, in 1921 - head of the land sector of the registration department of the Field Headquarters of the Republican Revolutionary Army. In 1922 he was sent as a scout to China, then transferred to Persia. Arrested on November 14, 1937, February 2, 1938 sentenced to 8 years in forced labor camps. He escaped from the camp. He was caught, served a total of 17 years. In the early 1960s, the father found a son from his films. “But close contact did not work: a completely alien, life-broken man came,” Ryazanov recalled. - He did not find his wife and daughter ... I gave him all the money I had with me, and he disappeared for four years, having no right to live in Moscow. After rehabilitation, he still moved to the capital, died a few months later, and I arrived at his funeral. ” source not specified 18 days

Mother - Sofya Mikhailovna Shusterman (in marriage - Ryazanova, 1902-1969).

Stepfather (from 1934) - Lev Kopp (1899-1985), civil engineer, researcher at the Promstalkonstruktsiya Design Institute of the USSR Ministry of Construction and Construction, author of textbooks and monographs.

  • The uterine sister is Frida Lvovna Kopp (1936-1939).
  • The uterine brother is Mikhail L. Kopp (born 1940), chief researcher in the laboratory for comparative analysis of sedimentary basins of the tectonics department of the Geological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences.

First wife - Zoya Petrovna Fomina (1924-1999)), director of documentaries (1950-1970s), Lenin Prize laureate (1980).

  • Daughter - Olga Ryazanova (born 1951), graduated from Moscow State University, philologist, film critic.
    • Grandson - Dmitry Troyanovsky (born 1987), TV journalist, writer.

The second wife is Nina Grigoryevna Skuybina-Ryazanova (1930-1994), editor at Mosfilm (1970-1994).

  • Pasynok - Nikolai Vladimirovich Skuybin (born 1954), film director, from his previous marriage N. Skuybina with director V. Skuybin (1929-1963).

The third wife is Emma Valerianovna Abaidullina (born 1941), a journalist, film editor and actress. For Emma Valerianovna, this was the third marriage. The previous, second, marriage was with the composer Pavel Aedonitsky (1922-2003).

  • Stepson - Oleg Valeryevich Berdyugin (1964-2017) and Igor Valeryevich Berdyugin (born 1966), from the first marriage of E. Abaidullina with designer V. Berdyugin. Both are engaged in art projects.

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