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Name: Michael Pugovkin

Middle name: Ivanovich

Birthday: July 13, 1923

Place of Birth: Rameshki village, Yaroslavl region

Date of death: July 25 2008 (85 years old)

Cause of death: find out diabetes complicated stroke

Place of burial: find out Moscow, Vagankovsky cemetery

Height: 170 cm

Eastern horoscope: Boar

Career: Russian actors 20 place

Biography of Mikhail Pugovkin

Mikhail Pugovkin is a wonderful actor whose name will forever be inextricably linked with dozens of memorable roles. He became part of Soviet cinema, and it, in turn, became the main passion of his life.

Today we don’t have a beloved actor with us, however, remembering films with the participation of Mikhail Pugovkin, you understand that some particle of this bright and extraordinary person will live forever. One example of respect for the memory of the great Soviet actor is this biographical article, in the framework of which we will try to talk about the life and career of the great master of comedy.

Childhood and the family of Mikhail Pugovkin

Trying to somehow settle in this life, some time later, the family of the future actor moved to Moscow. In the capital of the USSR, thirteen-year-old Mikhail got a job as an apprentice electrician at the Moscow Brake Plant named after Kaganovich. The work was hard, however, despite all the hardships, Mikhail Pugovkin after the end of the shift still found time to do what he liked. So, some time later, the future actor ended up in a drama club that worked at the Kalyaev club. Here he very soon became a local star and a true instigator of the whole team. The future actor played in all productions, participated in the preparation of stage numbers, receiving indescribable pleasure from this. Mikhail Pugovkin loved his job, and very soon this passion brought its first fruits.

During one of the performances, the drama club of our today's hero was noticed by the famous Soviet director Fedor Kaverin, who, in fact, invited a sixteen-year-old guy to take part in the work of a professional theater. So Mikhail Pugovkin was in the Moscow Drama Theater on Sretenka. At this point, the young guy became an actor in the reserve squad, but Misha was quite happy with this situation. He participated in the preparation of performances, studied with recognized masters, and sometimes even went on the big stage with them.

Soon, the film debut of the young actor took place. In 1940, at the invitation of director Georgy Roshal, Mikhail Pugovkin joined the cast of the film The Artamonov Case, in which he played a cameo role.

In total, the actor worked in the cinema and drama theater for two years, after which the course of his career was prevented by the Second World War.

A new stage in the career of Mikhail Pugovkin and subsequent popularity

In 1943, the actor joined the Moscow Drama Theater, and simultaneously began to study at the Moscow Art Theater. Soon came new roles in the movie. In the period from 1943 to 1947, the actor played in the films “Kutuzov”, “Wedding”, “At 6 pm after the war”, “Restless economy”. These roles in the cinema, as well as frequent performances in the theater, made Mikhail Pugovkin popular and famous in certain circles. However, until the present glory was still a long time.

In 1947, the actor received a diploma from the Moscow Art Theater School and entered the Murmansk Theater of the Northern Fleet. After that, there was also a short period of work at the Vilnius Russian Drama Theater, as well as performances at the Lenin Komsomol Theater and on some other stages. In parallel with this, Pugovkin often starred in films and very soon became widely known precisely as a film actor. The actor brought popularity and fame to roles in such films as “Soldier Ivan Brovkin”, “Earth and People”, “Case of the Motley”, “Girl with a Guitar” and some others.

In 1960, the actor finally leaves the theater, and, having settled on the Mosfilm studio, begins to work exclusively on cinematic projects. In the sixties, the actor starred in such popular films as “They were nineteen”, “Girls”, “Operation“ Y ”and other adventures of Shurik,“ Barbara Beauty, a long braid ”,“ Fire, water and ... copper pipes ”, "Wedding in the Robin." On one set, he works with such stars as Alexander Demyanenko, Natalya Varley, Leonid Kuravlev,

In 1965, Pugovkin was awarded the title of People's Artist of the RSFSR, as well as many other prestigious awards. In 1988, our today's hero also became the People's Artist of the Soviet Union.

However, the true reward for Mikhail Pugovkin was the love of the audience and the respect of colleagues. He starred a lot and often, and during his lifetime he became a real legend of Soviet cinema. What are the roles in the films “12 Chairs”, “Ivan Vasilievich Changing the Profession”, “Two Captains”, “Married Bachelor”, “Sitting on the Golden Porch”, “Bremen Town Musicians & Co” and many, many others.

In the 2000s, the actor almost did not act. In July 2008, the actor experienced an exacerbation of diabetes mellitus, which turned out to be fatal for Mikhail Ivanovich. On July 29, he was buried in the Vagankovsky cemetery next to the grave of his close friend, Alexander Abdulov.

Biography

Soviet cinema was very generous with the legendary comedies and actors who, with their play, provided this movie with the love of the viewer. Among them is the wonderful artist Mikhail Pugovkin, who was remembered by the public for his roles in religious paintings like "Operation" Y "," Wedding in the Robin "," 12 Chairs "and many others.

Actor Mikhail Pugovkin

Pugovkin was born on a warm summer day in 1923 in the village of Rameshki. His family lived very poorly, and from early childhood the boy had to help his parents, who worked hard in the field. He brought them food and looked after livestock. The school was at a considerable distance from the village, and every day Misha went to study with other children. But due to poverty, the future actor was able to finish only 3 classes. Despite these hardships, Mikhail grew up a very active and cheerful child who loved to sing and read ditties. The villagers supported the guy’s hobby and often jokingly said that he would become a great artist. But Pugovkin himself really believed in it.

Mikhail Pugovkin at school

When he was ten years old, the guys took him to a neighboring village to watch a movie. The young man was impressed by the film and decided to become an actor. Friends only laughed at Misha, because life in Rameshki did not at all favor creativity or an artistic career.

In 1935, Pugovkin’s mother became seriously ill, and the only thing that could help her was an expensive operation that was done exclusively in Moscow. Then the family decided to move, they were warmly received by the aunt of the boy, who lived in a modest communal apartment. There was so little space that Mikhail had to sleep anywhere, but there was no question of relaxing in bed. The future artist urgently had to look for work. At first, little Misha did not want to take anywhere, referring to a young age. Then Pugovkin got himself a couple of years old and got a job as an apprentice electrician.

Front-line actor Mikhail Pugovkin

Moscow became his chance for a dream come true. The future actor enrolled in a drama club named after Kalyaev and spent all his free time there.

The war began in 1941, and Pugovkin, of his own free will, went to the front to defend his homeland. He served as a scout, and in the second year of the war he was seriously injured in the leg. There was a high probability that the limb would have to be amputated, and then Mikhail, who came to himself for a while, persuaded the doctor to wait. Gangren managed to be cured, so the actor remained at his foot, although it brought him a lot of trouble. There was no question of further service; Mikhail was sent home, having been awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the II degree.

The difficult wartime had a very sad effect on the Pugovkin family. To be able to feed the children, his mother had to steal pies in the bakery where she worked. She was reported to and imprisoned. Then Mikhail took advantage of his own situation: he wrote to Stalin himself, thanks to which his mother was released.

Mikhail Pugovkin went through the war

In 1943, the actor set out to get a full higher education. Then he really managed to enter the Moscow Art Theater School, despite the three classes of the school. The artist was so impressed with the selection committee that they went to the tricks, lying that the certificate of the applicant was lost during the war. However, the lack of basic knowledge soon made itself felt, since in the second year the artist was unable to pass a few subjects, and for low academic performance was expelled from school. Immediately he received a summons for military service, and he was sent to a tank school. The actor instantly found a place in the local amateur circle, which he headed on the orders of the head of the school.

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Theater

The artist got into the theater thanks to the Moscow theater club, where he, by chance, was supposed to replace another guy in the production of "Our people - let's count." He learned the words in one night and played the role so well that the director decided to leave Pugovkin at the base. There he was noticed by the director of the Moscow Drama Theater Fyodor Kaverin and called in his troupe of auxiliary staff. Mikhail quit his job at the factory, although they paid several times more than a simple theater actor. But the dream was more expensive for him than money.

Actor Mikhail Pugovkin

After the war, the artist took the Moscow Drama Theater, where Pugovkin played one of the iconic roles in his career - Peter Ogonkov from the play "Muscovites". The fact that he got the main role, the actor learned a week before the premiere. His play so impressed the audience that, despite the weak drama, they wrote about the performance in the newspaper Pravda. In 1960, Mikhail completed his theatrical activities, fully devoting himself to cinema.

Seven with a spoon

In 1991, Pugovkin was widowed: his second wife, singer Alexandra Lukyanchenko, died. He lived happily with her for 32 years. Having barely buried, fleeing from loneliness and despair, he went to Yalta for the voice acting of the film “Swamp Street, or Remedy for Sex”. In this difficult time, he met the current girlfriend of life - Irina Konstantinovna Lavrova.

HAPPY DUET: actor Alexander Lukyanchenko worships to this day

She worked in the Yalta Soyuzkontsert and invited Pugovkin to speak at creative meetings in resort holiday homes. He agreed. A new acquaintance surrounded the already elderly, 68-year-old artist with warmth and care. As he himself recalled, at first it was a business marriage: Irina Konstantinovna was very energetic, a former Komsomol worker and quietly all the affairs of Mikhail Ivanovich took over. I did not want to return to Moscow, where everything reminded me of the recent loss. In the capital, he left a daughter from his first marriage and a grandson. After the third marriage, the family of Mikhail Ivanovich grew up - Irina Konstantinovna had two sons and four grandchildren. Two granddaughters - Ira and Svetlana - were orphaned early, and Mikhail Ivanovich and Irina Konstantinovna had to put them on their feet.

They decided to sell the Moscow apartment at the family council, and bought the excellent housing in Yalta with the proceeds and opened the Pugovkin movie center. But life in Ukraine did not work out. They did not shoot films at the Yalta film studio, and Moscow directors began to forget the actor.

In 1999, Pugovkin returned to Moscow. The city authorities gave him a two-room apartment in Glinischevsky Lane.

HOPE HOPE: Mikhail married the first beauty of the course (1947)

- The apartment is small, the ceilings leaked. Dampness, besides there is nothing to breathe in the gassed center, there are only expensive shops around, and we are not rich, ”says the actor’s wife. - The only advantage is that the apartment was located in the center and it was possible to sell it profitably.

We looked at new housing in Sokolniki - near the park, where Mikhail Ivanovich at first enjoyed walking. There was enough money for three apartments in a new building. In two of them, on the ground floor, a museum was opened.

And at this time, behind their backs, some were slandering:

- I got a gorgeous living space in Moscow at the expense of my famous husband. He gets dust in his eyes for a year or two and covers the museum.

But the spiteful critics were forced to silence. The artist’s wife took up the matter actively: held creative meetings, invited guests and residents of the region to events. Soon after the spouses, her whole big relatives moved to Moscow. It was here that happened what the ill-wishers had fussed about.

Movies

The first film by Mikhail was the film "The Artamonavs' Case", shot in 1940. Director Grigory Roshal came to the theater, where the artist worked at that time, in search of an actor for the small role of Stepasha Barsky, who, according to the script, dances at a wedding. The only requirement was the ability to sing and dance in an additive. Having slightly embellished his talents, Pugovkin got into the picture.

Mikhail Pugovkin in the movie "Kutuzov"

In wartime, he took part in the filming of the film "Kutuzov" in the small role of a soldier Fedi, who, according to the script, utters a very hearty monologue before his death. But Stalin himself considered that this scene was superfluous for such a difficult time, and the monologue was cut out of the film. In the final version of the tape, it appears for a few seconds in the frame, and its image is replaced by a banner. For shooting in the film he was given a registered deed, while the other actors received orders.

Mikhail Pugovkin in the movie "Soldier Ivan Brovkin"

Most of the paintings with the participation of Pugovkin are comedies that are more consistent with his nature. He does not like to play the main characters, preferring small roles that give him great freedom of action. His first notable role, which brought fame, was the image of the sailor Zakhar Silych from the comedy Soldier Ivan Brovkin.

In 1965, Leonid Gaidai invited the actor to the role of Verzila in his cult film Operation Y and Other Adventures of Shurik, but the artist chose to play the modest role of a superintendent.

Mikhail Pugovkin in the film "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes the Profession"

Most of all, the actor was remembered by the viewer for his vivid role in the film "Wedding in the Robin". Director Andrei Tutyshkin immediately chose Mikhail for the image of Yashka and instructed his assistant to find him. However, the girl planned to approve her friend for this role and within a month pretended to be unable to find an artist. Tutyshkin himself called Pugovkin just a day before filming began and called into his project. The role of the actor was not easy, because according to the script, his character had to fervently dance at the wedding, while the artist's leg was injured.

Mikhail Pugovkin in the film "Wedding in the Robin"

The actor often starred in the cult of Gaidai. After "Operation" Y ", he took part in the filming of" Ivan Vasilyevich changes his profession "and" 12 chairs ", which finally earned the fame of an artist in the comedy genre.

Pugovkin Mikhail Ivanovich

Born on July 13, 1923 in the village of Rameshki, Chukhloma Uyezd, Kostroma Province.

Honored Artist of the RSFSR (11.26.1965).
People's Artist of the RSFSR (7.01.1977).
People's Artist of the USSR (09/20/1988).

The family lived poorly, and the future artist from an early age knew all the hardships of peasant labor. Acting talent showed up at village weddings, where he famously danced a gypsy, a lady and a little pole.
In 1938, the Pugovkin family moved to Moscow. Mikhail got a job as an electrician at a brake plant, and after the shift, he studied at the Kalyaev Club in a drama circle. The artistic director of the club was the People's Artist of the RSFSR A.P. Steps, who recognized in him a natural artistic gift, and assigned the main role in the play based on the play by A.N. Ostrovsky “We will be counted as our own people.” In this role Mikhail was seen by Honored Art Worker of the RSFSR F.N. Kaverin, who then headed the Moscow Drama Theater, and invited him to the "real" theater. At first, episodic roles were entrusted, but the young man did not get lost among the masters, he worked hard and hard.
In 1941, Mikhail Pugovkin received an invitation to his first film role. Famous Director G.L. Roshal invited him to star in the role of Stepasha in the film “The Artamonov Case”. At the tests, Roshal asked if he could sing, dance, play, and there was an answer to everything: I can. “Here is youth! Well, we’ll shoot it, ”said Roshal.
The shooting of the film “The Artamonov Case” took place in June 1941. The picture did not have time to sound, the war began. Michael, followed his father and brothers to the front. He got into a rifle regiment as a scout, in August 1942 near Voroshilovgrad he was wounded in the leg. The hospital began gangrene, Michael was prepared for amputation. He asked the chief surgeon of the field hospital: “Doctor, I can't go without a leg, I'm an artist!” The surgeon went forward.
After a long treatment, he returned to Moscow and came to the only drama theater that was operating at that time, where the main director was the honored artist of the RSFSR N.M. Gorchakov (now the Vl. Mayakovsky Theater). The head of the musical part was Konstantin Simonov, leading artists - Valentina Serova and Rostislav Plyatt. The theater rehearsed the play "Muscovite", Michael received a role in it. The success of the public was huge.

In 1943 he entered the newly opened School-Studio of V.I. Nemirovich-Danchenko, headed by the director of the Moscow Art Theater V.G. Sakhnovsky, on the course of I.M. Moskvina. Pugovkin was shocked at the entrance exams when he provoked uncontrollable fun by quite serious reading of Pushkin's “Night”: “My voice is affectionate and languid for you.”
Fellow students of Mikhail Pugovkin were Vladlen Davydov, Alexey Pokrovsky, Igor Dmitriev, Andrey Goncharov, Vladimir Troshin, Irina Skobtseva.

During his studies he continued to act in films. In 1943, the small role of the soldier Fedi in the film “Field Marshal Kutuzov” by Vladimir Petrov, then in the film “Wedding” by Isidor Annensky according to A.P. Chekhov. The scene was with a dance, they took a lot of takes. The wounded leg was sore and bleeding, but Mikhail tried to move easily and smoothly.
In 1944, he had to interrupt his studies because of a draft for active service at the tank school in Vetlug. He started working, doing concerts, performing, defending the honor of his native school.
After the war and demobilization he continued his studies at the Moscow Art Theater Studio.
In 1947, he married a classmate - actress Nadezhda Nadezhdina. In 1948, daughter Elena was born. In 1959, the couple divorced.
In 1961, he married singer Alexandra Lukyanchenko, who was 11 years older than him. He lived happily with her for 32 years (until her death on April 1, 1991).

After graduating from the Moscow Art Theater School, Mikhail Pugovkin goes to work in the North. At the Murmansk Theater of the Northern Fleet (1947-1948) he played Oleg Koshevoi in the play "The Young Guard". Then a year of work in the Vilnius Russian Drama Theater, and then again Moscow, the Lenin Komsomol Theater and filming in the cinema.
After the film "Admiral Ushakov" recognition came to the artist. His outstanding appearance spoke for itself, so he played comic roles, and in each of them he was unique. Much later, the directors will consider in it new, completely different properties that will allow him to play the roles of the opposite genre.
Director Mikhail Romm in the young actor saw not only the required type, but also talent, a rare ability for young actors to stand in front of the camera quite naturally. It was he who told him an important phrase: “I think if you work a lot, then by the age of 50 you’ll be fully formed. Then it will be even more interesting to shoot you. ” His words were prophetic. To 50 years of M.I. Pugovkin starred in 57 films.
Mikhail Pugovkin met Leonid Gaidai at the time of his creative maturity. Their happy collaboration lasted for many years.

He traveled a lot around the country, met with spectators and starred in films. Significant work in 1967 was the role of the Yashka-gunner in the film by Andrei Tutyshkin "Wedding in the Robin". Then he played with the same director the main role in the film "Shelmenko-batman".

After 1982, Pugovkin starred in more than 20 films.
In 1991, after the death of his wife, Mikhail Ivanovich came to Yalta to work on the film and stayed there. In Yalta, he met the sister of his friend, actor Yuri Medvedev - Irina Konstantinovna.
In August 1995, at the Yalta Hotel, film director and cameraman Igor Krasovsky made a documentary film dedicated to Mikhail Pugovkin.
In 1999, Mikhail Ivanovich returned to Moscow. The city authorities thanks to the efforts of A.G. Abdulov was presented with a two-room apartment in Glinischevsky Lane. A little later they moved to a new building in Sokolniki.

In 1997, one of the minor planets was named after him.
A monument to Mikhail Pugovkin in the role of Fyodor's father from "12 Chairs" was erected in the city of Kharkov at the railway station South.

The last role in the movie of Mikhail Pugovkin was the role of the grandfather of one of the students in the film "Diamonds for Juliet."

A documentary film "Mikhail Pugovkin. My Life" (2008) was created about the life and work of an outstanding actor.

Mikhail Ivanovich passed away on July 25, 2008, from a stroke in his house on Korolenko Street in Moscow.
The outstanding actor was buried on July 29 at the Vagankovsky cemetery in Moscow, plot number 25.
On May 1, 2009, a monument was erected to the actor at the Vagankovsky cemetery.

Moscow Drama Theater:
1943 - The Muscovite by V. Gusev. Director: M. Gorchakov - Pyotr Ogonykov
1943 - “Front” A.E. Korneichuk. Director: M. Gorchakov - Soldier Bashlykov.

Drama Theater of the Northern Fleet:
1947 - The Young Guard A.A. Fadeeva. Director: Osipov-Troyanovsky - Oleg Koshevoi
1947 - “Days and Nights” K.M. Simonova. Director: I. Olyshvanger - Petty Officer Konkov
1948 - The Russian Question K.M. Simonova. Director: Osipov-Troyanovsky - Editor-in-chief
1948 - The Scout’s Feat. Director: Dudnikov - Willy Pomer

Vilnius Russian Drama Theater:
1948 - The Last, by M. Gorky. Director: Yu. Shcherbakov - near-stage Yakorev
1948 - The Moscow Character A.V. Sofronova. Director: S. Vladychinsky - student Victor

Theater named after Lenin Komsomol:
“So It Will Be” K. Simonova, Director I. Bersenev - Lieutenant
1949 - "Family" by I. Popov, staged by S. Giancintova - worker
1949 - “The Mansion in the Lane” of the Brothers Tour, production of I. Bersenev - captain
1949 - Lena, director S. Stein - collective farm chairman
1951 - “The First Symphony” by A. K. Gladkov, staged by S. Giancintova and A. Rubba - Ershov, composer
1951 - “The Sun Rises” by S. Vurgun, directors I. Bersenev, S. Birman - Vanya Violetov
1952 - “Sons of Moscow” N. Rozhkov, directors S. Giancintova and S. Stein - the eldest son of Shorokhov
1954 - “Good Name” by K. Simonov, directors S. Giancintov, V. Solovyov - Brykin, deputy. chief editor
1955 - “The Guy from Our City” by K. Simonov, staged by S. Giantzintova, A. Pelevin - Sevastyanov, captain
1957 - The First Horse Vishnevsky, director B. North - Budyonovets fighter
1957 - "Factory Girl" A. Volodina, director V. Eufer - dude

Vologda Drama Theater:
1958 - “The Servant of Two Masters” Carlo Goldoni Director: A.V. Shubin - Servant.

Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" IV degree (January 14, 2002).
Order of Honor (September 1, 2003).
Order of Merit, III degree (2007, Ukraine).
Order of the Badge of Honor (1983).
Order of the Patriotic War II degree.
Zhukov Medal (2004).
Medal "For the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
Medal "50 years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
Medal "300 years of the Russian Navy."
Medal "In memory of the 850th anniversary of Moscow."
Medal "60 years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
Veteran of Labor Medal
Medal "For the development of virgin lands"

Prize of the III All-Union Film Festival "For the Best Comedy Ensemble" in the film "Wedding in the Robin" (together with actors Z. Fedorova, V. Samoilov and M. Vodyan) (Leningrad, 1968).
OKF “Kinoshok” in Anapa (Prize “For Courage and Dignity in the Profession” named after P. Luspekaev, 1998).
Charitable Foundation “Constellation” of the Guild of Russian Film Actors (Prize “For Outstanding Contribution to the Profession”, 2002).
Golden Border Crown Award (2003).
Honorary Citizen of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (1998).
Honorary Citizen of Yalta.

Personal life

The great comedian was married three times. His first wife was actress Nadezhda Nadezhkina, whom he met at the Moscow Art Theater. They got married in 1947, and a year later they had a daughter, Elena. They lived together for 12 years, after which their destinies diverged.

The second wife of Mikhail was pop singer Alexandra Lukyanchenko, who at that time was a married lady. Their romance grew into true love, Alexandra left her husband and married the actor.

Mikhail Pugovkin with his wife

Her adult daughters did not immediately take the decision of the mother, but, looking at her happiness, found the strength to understand her choice. Together, the couple lived more than 30 years until the very death of Lukyanchenko, who passed away in 1991.

The artist was very upset by the loss of his beloved and even decided to move to another city, where he met his third wife - Irina Lavrova. He lived with her until the end of his life.

Death

After 2003, the actor almost disappeared from sight, preferring to lead a reclusive lifestyle. He did not want the audience and colleagues to see him as a weak old man. Death overtook the artist in his own house in Moscow in 2008: he suddenly exacerbated diabetes mellitus, which led to death.

Grave of Mikhail Pugovkin

The actor was buried in the Vagankovsky cemetery next to the grave of his friend Alexander Abdulov, who passed away a few months earlier.

Mikhail Pugovkin

Mikhail Ivanovich Pugovkin. Born July 13, 1923 in the village. Rameshki Kostroma province - died July 25, 2008 in Moscow. Soviet and Russian theater and film actor. People's Artist of the USSR (1988).

Mikhail Pugovkin was born on July 13, 1923 in the village of Rameshki (now the Chukhloma district of the Kostroma region). There is a version in a number of sources that the real name of Mikhail Ivanovich is Pugonkin.

Father - Ivan Mikhailovich, the butcher.

Mother - Natalya Mikhailovna, a peasant woman.

The family was large and lived poorly. Because of this, he was able to finish only three classes of a rural school.

In 1936, the Pugovkin family moved to Moscow.

In Moscow, Mikhail Pugovkin got a job as an apprentice electrician at the Kaganovich Moscow Brake Plant. After work, attended a drama club in the club. Kalyaeva.

After one of the performances, Pugovkin’s drama club was noticed by the honored artist of the RSFSR, director F.N. Kaverin, who then headed the Moscow Drama Theater, and invited him to a professional theater. So, from the age of 16, Mikhail Pugovkin was in the Moscow Drama Theater on Sretenka, where he worked from 1939 to 1941 as an auxiliary artist.

In 1940, the seventeen-year-old Pugovkin was noticed by the famous film director Grigory Lvovich Roshal and invited to play in the film “The Artamonov Case”. It was Pugovkin’s film debut: he got the tiny role of the merchant Stepasha Barsky, who is trying to dance the main character at the wedding.

The shooting of this episode ended on June 22, 1941, on the first day of the war. And two days later, Mikhail Pugovkin volunteered for the front.

He served in the 1147th Infantry Regiment as a scout. In October 1942 he was seriously wounded in the leg near Voroshilovgrad (now Lugansk). The wound was serious, gangrene began, but the leg was saved. After the hospital, Pugovkin was commissioned from military service. He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War II degree.

In 1943 he worked at the Moscow Drama Theater (in 1943 it was merged with the Theater of Revolution), where the main director was People's Artist of the RSFSR N. M. Gorchakov. There Pugovkin played the first major role in his life - Petra Ogonkova in the play Muscovite.

Mikhail Pugovkin in his youth

September 24, 1943, Mikhail Pugovkin went to undergo competitive tests at the School-Studio at the Moscow Art Theater. And having no education (he finished, as mentioned above, only three classes of a rural school), he was accepted to the course of the People's Artist of the USSR Ivan Mikhailovich Moskvin and became his favorite student.

In the second year, Mikhail Pugovkin could not pass the tests in Marxism, history and the French language, as a result of which he was temporarily expelled from the school-studio.

In 1944, the draft board was called up for military service at the Second Gorky Tank School. The head of the school, General Fyodor Nikolaevich Raevsky, who loved art, appointed Mikhail Pugovkin responsible for the activities of the school, and thanks to this, Pugovkin returned to the Moscow Art Theater School.

After studying at the Moscow Art Theater School (1945-1947), Pugovkin went to the Northern Fleet Theater in Murmansk for just one season, where he successfully played four roles.

From 1948 to 1949, Pugovkin worked at the Vilnius Russian Drama Theater for one season. Then Pugovkin returns to Moscow, where he appears at once in three theaters, but decides to stay in the Lenin Komsomol Theater, where I. Bersenev, who knew him from his student work, was the main director. At this time, Pugovkin was constantly acting in films.

The popularity in the cinema came after the films “The Soldier Ivan Brovkin”, “The Case of the Motley”, “Earth and People”, “The Girl with the Guitar”.

Having worked at the Lenin Komsomol Theater for eight years (1949-1958), Pugovkin firmly decides to devote his work to cinema. Having played in 1958-1959. in the Vologda Drama Theater, in 1960 finally leaves the theater for the sake of cinema.

From 1960 to 1978, Pugovkin worked as a film actor at the Mosfilm studio, then from 1978 to 1991 - a film actor in the studio to them. Gorky, starred in many films and constantly traveled around the country with creative meetings with the audience. Pugovkin’s roles during this time are very different: bureaucrats, toadies, bribe takers, fraudsters and all kinds of opportunists.

The actor considered the best time of his work to be for Leonid Gaidai - six films in a row, Andrei Tutyshkin in “Wedding in the Robin” and “Shelmenko-batman”, as well as the great storyteller Alexander Rowe (four roles of kings and kings).

Mikhail Pugovkin in the movie "12 Chairs"

Mikhail Pugovkin in the film "Wedding in the Robin"

Mikhail Pugovkin in the film "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes the Profession"

Mikhail Pugovkin in the film "Sportloto-82"

The actor also starred in more than ten newsreels "Wick" and in several children's magazines "Jumble".

In July 1991, Mikhail Pugovkin moved permanently to the city of Yalta in the Crimea, where he organized the Mikhail Pugovkin Center, went to performances and creative meetings in the health resorts of Crimea.

From 1992 to 1993 - actor of the Studio Theater of the film actor.

In 1999 he returned to Moscow, worked in his own "Mikhail Pugovkin Cinema Center" in Sokolniki.

Over the years of his creative career, the actor has starred in hundreds of films, mostly comedies, exceptions were “The Motley” Case, “Visit to the Minotaur” and some others.

He died on July 25, 2008 at his home in Moscow due to exacerbation of diabetes.

Mikhail Pugovkin was buried on July 29, 2008 at the Vagankovsky cemetery in Moscow (plot No. 25). The last will of the deceased was to bury him next to a close friend, Alexander Abdulov.

Mikhail Pugovkin

The growth of Mikhail Pugovkin: 170 centimeters.

Personal life of Mikhail Pugovkin:

He was married three times. Once in her youth, a gypsy made three marriages for Pugovkin. Of course, he did not believe it, but life has shown that the gypsy was right.

First wife - Nadezhda Vladimirovna Nadezhdina (surname at birth - Lenin), classmate, Honored Artist of Russia. Lived together for 12 years. Daughter - Elena. Grandson - Michael.

“It was love in a hut,” said Pugovkin. By distribution, the young ones left to work in Murmansk, to the Northern Fleet Theater, where the first daughter of Mikhail Ivanovich Alena was born. “We wandered from apartment to apartment, from theater to theater. They lived together for 12 years and broke up. Having sold my only like gloves, I bought a ticket to Moscow and wrote in a carriage on a frozen glass: “Mikhail Ivanovich, you are starting a new life,” he said.

Mikhail Pugovkin and Nadezhda Nadezhdina

The second wife is Alexandra Nikolaevna Lukyanchenko (1912-1991), a singer.

Once Pugovkin was offered to hold a concert by singer Alexandra Lukyanchenko. She had by that time a husband who worked as her accompanist, and two adults, already married daughters. First, the lovers met secretly, and then Alexandra left her family and left the luxurious apartment on Karetny Ryad in a twenty-meter room in the communal apartment to Pugovkin.

“Until the passing of Alexandra’s life, on April 1, 1991, we lived soul to soul for 32 years. I owe everything that is good in me to her, ”Mikhail Ivanovich said.

Mikhail Pugovkin and Alexandra Lukyanchenko

The third wife is Irina Konstantinovna Lavrova, administrator of the Soyuzkontsert. They were married from July 1991 until the death of the actor.

“I was the administrator of the Soyuzkontsert, many artists worked with me, but Pugovkin refused. For four years she asked him to work with me, but he still could not change the Knowledge society. We had tickets for 4–10 rubles and artists had more fees, and the Znanie society sold all 80 cents tickets. Can you imagine what his fee was? And in 1991, God called Alexander Nikolaevna, and we began to work together, and then gradually became a family, ”Irina Konstantinovna recalled.

Mikhail Pugovkin and Irina Lavrova

Filmography of Mikhail Pugovkin:

1940 - Yakov Sverdlov
1941 - The Artamonovs Case - Stepan Barsky, merchant
1943 - Kutuzov - Fedya, soldier
1944 - Wedding - Guest
1944 - At 6 pm after the war - gunner
1946 - Restless economy - Pugovkin, aircraft mechanic
1949 - Kuban Cossacks - collective farmer
1952 - Maximka - Artyukhin, sailor
1953 - Admiral Ushakov - Pirozhkov, sailor
1953 - Ships storm the bastions - Pirozhkov, sailor
1954 - School of courage - Shmakov, sailor
1954 - Faithful friends - head of the water club, entertainer
1954 - Inspectors involuntarily - chauffeur
1954 - We met somewhere - policeman
1955 - The collapse of the emirate - anarchist
1955 - Mother - Resin (uncredited)
1955 - Good morning - store manager
1955 - Soldier Ivan Brovkin - Zakhar Silych
1955 - One fine day - Panas Chushko
1955 - Earth and People - Grishka Khvat
1956 - Ilya Muromets - Mind
1957 - Brothers - Vanya Komarov, foreman of divers
1957 - The Truth - Vasily Bozhenko
1957 - Stepan Kolchugin - miner
1958 - Ivan Brovkin on the virgin lands - Zakhar Silych
1958 - Oleko Dundich - soldier
1958 - Case of the Motley - Safron Lozhkin, thief
1958 - Girl with a Guitar - Penkin, Electrician
1959 - May Stars - Ivanov, foreman
1959 - Snow Tale - Chauffeur
1960 - Fortress on wheels - Vozhzhov
1960 - They were nineteen - Baba, foreman
1961 - Girls - Commandant
1961 - The heart does not forgive - Konkov, veterinarian
1961 - Happy Birthday! - policeman
1962 - The Eccentric Man - Mezha, manager of the Zagotskot office
1962 - Horseback Riding - Pomerantsev, tractor driver
1962 - Cheryomushki - fireman
1963 - The Court is Coming - Knee, collective farm chairman
1963 - Missing Summer - Forwarder
1963 - Penalty Kick - Kukushkin
1963 - Large wick - passenger train
1963 - Short Stories - Bloody Felik, Director of the Atelier
1964 - Give the Complaint Book - Domino Player
1964 - Bag full of hearts - pilot
1964 - First Freedom Day
1965 - Unconquered Battalion - Colonel
1965 - Sleeping Lion - Policeman
1965 - Above us the Southern Cross - a policeman
1965 - Operation Y and Shurik's other adventures - Pavel Stepanovich, foreman
1965 - Traveler with luggage - taxi driver
1967 - Wedding in Robin - Yasha-gunner
1967 - His name was Robert - Knopkin, personnel officer
1967 - Until the thunder strikes - Fedor Ivanovich
1968 - Suitable for non-combatant - Kachura, foreman
1968 - Fire, water and. copper pipes - King
1968 - In difficult times - collective farm chairman
1969 - If there are sails - Dudka, boatswain
1969 - Barbara Beauty, a long braid - Eremei, king
1969 - Abduction - policeman
1971 - Fakir for an hour - supply
1971 - Shelmenko-batman - Shelmenko-batman
1971 - 12 chairs - Father Fedor
1972 - Golden Horns - Ataman
1972 - After the Fair - Pranskys Pustorevich
1973 - Ivan Vasilievich changes his profession - Karp Savelievich Yakin, film director
1973 - No smoke without fire
1974 - Nylon 100% - Administrator
1974 - Screen Star - Dudkin, Director
1974 - The Unknown Heir - Kuznetsov
1975 - Finist - Clear Falcon - Voivode
1975 - It can't be! - Gorbushkin
1976 - The Little Mermaid - Lip
1976 - Two captains - Gaer Kuliy, stepfather Sani
1977 - There is an idea - a neighbor
1978 - New Adventures of Captain Vrungel - Vrungel, Captain
1979 - Ah, vaudeville, vaudeville. - Mikhailo Lisichkin
1979 - Suicide Club, or the Adventures of a titled person - Reburn, the gardener
1980 - Behind the matches - Police Chief
1980 - Lyalka-Ruslan and his friend Sanka - Mikhail Ivanovich, the owner of the cottage
1980 - Sailors have no questions - Uncle Misha
1980 - Forest - Vosmibratov
1981 - The Incomparable Tip
1981 - Sixth - Mironych
1982 - Silver Review - Ice Ranger
1982 - Sportloto-82 - San Sanych Murashko
1982 - Married bachelor - Vasily Petrovich Bulavin, director of the motor depot
1983 - Without much risk - Granovsky, General
1984 - ordered to take alive - Ryabokon, foreman
1984 - Egor - Toporschuk, boatswain
1984 - The Road to Myself - Yakov Ivanovich
1985 - A Man with an Accordion - Uncle Kolya, Neighbor
1985 - Session of the hypnotist - Nikanor Ilyich
1985 - Malicious Sunday - Miron Sergeevich
1986 - Sat on the Golden Porch - Fedot, Tsar
1987 - Visit to the Minotaur - Miller
1987 - Circus arrived - stepfather
1988 - Artist from Gribov - Georgy Terentich, father
1989 - Under the dome of the circus - artistic director
1991 - Swamp street, or Means against sex - Fedor, manager
1992 - Shot in a coffin - Colonel Butylkin / "Morgunist"
1994 - Messrs. Artists - Provincial Official
1997 - Old songs about the main 3 - Karp Savelievich Yakin, film director
2000 - Bremen Town Musicians & Co - King
2004 - Diamonds for Juliet - Grandfather Misha

Video clips with the participation of Mikhail Pugovkin:

1997 - Nikolai Trubach “Five Minutes”
2000 - The Radchenko Brothers “House with Garden Windows”

Mikhail Pugovkin in the clip “House with Garden Windows” (The Radchenko Brothers)

Anniversary in doubt

“The costumes in which Mikhail Ivanovich starred, another props, photographs, his military awards - all had to be hidden,” the actor’s wife regrets. - But the expositions were not only about Pugovkin, but also about Soviet comedy. The museum was not empty.

DECKING COMEDIAN WITH WIFE IRINA KONSTANTINOVNA: worries about the new family distracted Mikhail Ivanovich from his own troubles

And just fans of Mikhail Ivanovich came, and ordered a tour of the school. The district government has been promising to find a room for many years now. Officials love to take pictures with Mikhail Ivanovich on holidays. But who will give something now for free, and philanthropic investors have not yet been announced. However, the museum continues to live, - as if responding to spiteful critics, Irina Konstantinovna says, - simply the work is being conducted in a different form.

Mikhail Ivanovich, according to his wife, was not upset. He loves great-grandchildren as his own and is glad that they have a roof over their heads. And the museum ... So you can do without it.

Apologizing, Irina Konstantinovna sat down on a stool. It turned out that her leg was bandaged.

“I was afraid to be late for negotiations about creative meetings, so I fell, got a sprain,” she complained.

- trouble, I sympathized. - And how does Mikhail Ivanovich feel, goes for a walk in Sokolniki?

- Now he, sorry, is sleeping. Feels according to age. And he walks around the apartment, we have it big.

MISFUL CONSTRUCTION: blocks the actor a short road from home to the park

- But how to breathe air? - I was upset for the beloved actor.

“We have a large balcony,” retorted Irina Konstantinovna. - Did you see, they dug everything near the entrance? Already that year, garages are being built. If it weren’t for the fence, then it’s close to the park, and now Mikhail Ivanovich is far from going around. How many complained - all is useless.

- You can take Mikhail Ivanovich to the park by car, because the mayor’s office gave him “Zhiguli” as a veteran of World War II, I remembered.

- In October, the granddaughter got into an accident, hit the car so that the trunk soft-boiled. The insurance company paid only 12 thousand rubles. You cannot repair the car with this money. And we have a big family, no extra money. Fees Mikhail Ivanovich receives less and less. City Hall promised to help. Here we are waiting.

It was somehow inconvenient to ask what four adult grandchildren, young and full strength living on the actor’s living space could do for his grandfather. Therefore, I had to change the subject.

FOLLOW-UP Grandchildren: Pugovkin for them - breadwinner and support

- Will you celebrate the anniversary as broadly as the last time?

- Mikhail Ivanovich’s health is not that. I can’t even say whether he will now have enough strength to go to the sea in the summer.

- Does Mikhail Ivanovich communicate with his own daughter from his first marriage and grandson?

“I try to keep in touch, but they have their own lives,” the actor’s wife answered vaguely, trying not to go into the details of the apparently complicated relationship.

In parting, the wife of Pugovkin presented a picture of Mikhail Ivanovich with great-grandchildren. Glorious babies grow up with the grandchildren of Irina Konstantinovna. But the only native actor, the grandson, 37-year-old Mikhail, is not married and has not yet made his grandfather happy with heirs. As my neighbors told me, they had not seen Mikhail’s grandson for a long time visiting the famous grandfather. He works at Mosfilm as a programmer. They say that Irina Konstantinovna arranged it there.

And then Irina Konstantinovna was informed that Mikhail Ivanovich had woken up and was calling her.

The wife of the actor, apologizing and saying goodbye, hurried to her husband, leaning on a crutch.

“If there was a car, I wouldn’t hurt my leg,” she lamented.

And there wasn’t Yakin

I called the daughter of Mikhail Ivanovich, 60-year-old Elena Pribrezhetskaya, and asked if she knew that her father could not go out.

BORN PEOPLE: Mikhail Ivanovich with daughter Elena, grandson Mikhail and son-in-law Vladislav

“He is not alone, lives in a large family,” Elena Mikhailovna sharply answered. - Dad does not have an old wife, he is 19 years younger and also very active. All these questions are best asked her.

The impression was that in the family of the actor, indeed, not everything is going smoothly.

In Omsk lives Elena's mother, the first wife of Pugovkin - Nadezhda Vladimirovna Nadezhdina. She is an honored artist, has served in the regional theater for more than 30 years. I called her too.

“Nadezhda Vladimirovna lives with her sister, she recently celebrated her 85th birthday, now she feels unwell, it’s difficult for her to even talk on the phone,” a woman who introduced herself as a friend of Nadezhdina answered me.

And when I found out that I wanted to talk about Pugovkin, she told me family secrets:

- Mikhail Ivanovich drank heavily in his youth, Nadia was tormented with him.

Talking to me, Irina Konstantinovna hinted that Nadezhda Vladimirovna had left Pugovkin, having twisted an affair with the main director of the Vologda Theater for her career.

STANDING IN HONOR TO THE 80th ANNIVERSARY OF PUGOVKIN: the hero of the day recalls how Alexander Korzhakov (center) talentedly played the chief of security in the Bremen Town Musicians

In this case, it turned out that Pugovkin, playing one of his best roles - directed by Yakin in the comedy “Ivan Vasilyevich Changes the Profession,” brilliantly embodied his fateful image. But my interlocutor interceded for a friend:

- After drinking, Pugovkin was jealous for no reason. Nadia complained that she was tired of the constant scenes. Sobering up, Mikhail begged every time to forgive, but everything was repeated. When they nevertheless divorced, their daughter Lenochka was 12 years old. She stayed in Moscow with her grandmother. Having matured, she herself, without the help of her father, received housing. Nadezhda Vladimirovna first lived in Vologda, then in Norilsk. There she met actor Alexander Shchegolev. Together they moved to Omsk, where they had a son - Ivan Schegolev. He is a successful director, working in Moscow.

Elena all the years communicated with her father, and was friends with the daughters of his second wife, singer. But later a misunderstanding occurred. Pugovkin promised a Moscow apartment to bequeath to his grandson Mikhail. But, having sold it, he did not keep his word. His current home is jointly owned by his wife. So it turned out that the grandson Michael was left without an inheritance.

GREAT ACTORS ON THE ROAD DO NOT DECK: Mikhail Shvydky’s compliments hit Pugovkin on the spot

UNKNOWN FACT

The passport of Mikhail Ivanovich Pugovkin says that he was born on November 21, 1923. But he celebrates his birthday on July 13. Here is how Irina Konstantinovna explains this discrepancy. In the village of Rameshki, where the future actor was born, there was no village council. Inquiries were issued to newborns in the church. The priests wrote in the document instead of the true date of birth of Mikhailov, November 21.

DOSSIER

* Mikhail PUGOVKIN - People’s artist of the USSR, starred in more than a hundred films: “Wedding in the Robin”, “Soldier Ivan Brovkin”, “Ivan Brovkin on the virgin lands”, “Girls”, “Ivan Vasilyevich changes his profession”, “Twelve chairs”, “Sportloto- 82 "," For matches ", etc.

* The first time he married in 1947, a classmate - actress Nadezhda Nadezhdina. In this marriage, a daughter, Elena, was born. In 1959, the couple broke up.

* In 1961, married for the second time to actress Moskontserta, singer Alexander Lukyanchenko. She left her husband for Pugovkin’s sake. Despite the big difference in age, the second wife was ten years older than Pugovkin, they lived happily 32 years. There were no common children in the marriage, but Mikhail Ivanovich considers his two adult daughters Lukyanchenko to be relatives. Alexander Lukyanchenko died on April 1, 1991.

* In July 1991, Pugovkin married Irina Lavrova and moved to a new family in Yalta. In 1999, he returned to Moscow.

Early years

He was born on July 13, 1923 in a large peasant family in the village of Rameshki of the Chukhloma district of the Kostroma province of the RSFSR (now the Chukhloma district of the Kostroma region of Russia). There is a version in a number of sources that the real name of the actor is Pugonkin, and he became Pugovkin because of an error in the passport office. However, according to film critic Vita Ramm, this version is a fiction that Mikhail Ivanovich's wife unsuccessfully fought against, both he and his parents were the Pugovkins.

Three boys grew up in a family. They lived very poorly. Michael had the opportunity to finish only three classes of a rural school. From the age of five, he danced, sang ditties, he had already been predicted as an artist. At the end of 1936, her mother became very ill, and it was decided to go to her aunt in the capital.

In 1938, the Pugovkin family moved to Moscow, where Mikhail got a job as an apprentice electrician at the Moscow Brake Plant. After work, he attended a drama club at the Kalyaev Club under the guidance of People's Artist of the RSFSR A. Shatov. After one of the performances, he was noticed by the director Fyodor Kaverin, who then headed the Moscow Drama Theater, and invited Pugovkin to play in his professional theater. So, at the age of 16, he became an auxiliary artist in the theater on Sretenka, where he served from 1939 to 1941.

In 1940, the film director Grigory Roshal noticed the actor and invited him to the film “The Artamonov Case”. Tiny role merchant Stepashi Barsky, who is trying to dance the main character at the wedding, became the debut role of Pugovkin in the movie. The shooting of this episode ended on June 22, 1941, on the first day of the start of World War II.

War

On July 7, 1941, Mikhail volunteered for the front. He was enrolled in the 1st Rifle Regiment of the 6th Division of the Moscow People’s Militia, which included building defensive lines, and then participated in the Yelninsky operation. Once surrounded, managed to get out to his. Since January 1942, he served as a scout in the 1147th Infantry Regiment of the 353rd Infantry Division on the Southern Front. In August 1942 he was seriously wounded in the leg near Voroshilovgrad.

He was treated in the evacuation hospital in Tbilisi. The wound was serious, gangrene began, and they were going to amputate his leg, despite the entreaties of the actor not to break his career. At the last moment, a nurse ran in the ward with a telegram signed by Stalin, in which doctors were ordered to "stop the senseless amputation of soldiers and officers." As a result, the leg was saved. After the hospital was commissioned with military service.

Movie

From 1960 to 1978 he worked at the Mosfilm film studio, from 1978 to 1991 - at the them. M. Gorky. He starred a lot and constantly traveled around the country with creative evenings. Totally played about a hundred roles, mostly comedic. Often played bureaucrats, toadies, bribe takers, fraudsters and opportunists. The popularity came to him after the films “Soldier Ivan Brovkin”, “Case of the Motley”, “Earth and People” and “Girl with a Guitar”.

The actor considered the best time of his work to be for Leonid Gaidai, his close friend (six films in a row), Andrei Tutyshkin in “Wedding in the Robin” and “Shelmenko-batman”, as well as in the tales of Alexander Rowe (three roles - two kings and one robber ) In addition, he starred in more than ten issues of "Wick" and in several issues of "Jumble".

He was a deeply religious person. I didn’t agree to one role without the blessing of a devout mother.So, Leonid Gaidai had to wait three weeks before Pugovkin received permission to play the role of Fyodor’s father in “12 Chairs”.

Last years

According to the widow, he was not given the title of People's Artist for a long time because he refused to join the party (awarded in 1988). In the perestroika years, he almost stopped acting.

In July 1991 he moved to a permanent residence in the Crimea, in Yalta, where he organized the Mikhail Pugovkin Center. I went to performances and creative meetings in health resorts of Crimea. The actor said in an interview:

“I have been in love with Crimea, Yalta, and the sea since 1952, when I first saw these places on the set of Admiral Ushakov, and then Ilya Muromets. In my imagination, in the past, a guy from distant Rameshki in Chukhloma, Crimea seemed fabulous country. "

In 1999 he returned to Moscow, worked in his own "Mikhail Pugovkin Cinema Center" in Sokolniki.

Mikhail Pugovkin died on July 25, 2008 at his 86th year of life in Moscow due to exacerbation of diabetes. . He was buried on July 29 at the Vagankovsky cemetery (plot number 25) - according to his last will, next to a friend Alexander Abdulov, who helped him a lot in recent years.

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