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Gaidai, Leonid Iovich

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Leonid Iovich Gaidai (January 30, 1923, Svobodny, Amur Region - November 19, 1993, Moscow) - Soviet film director, screenwriter, actor.
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People's Artist of the RSFSR (1974), People's Artist of the USSR (1989). Creator of the most popular comedies of his era, which later became iconic, phrases from which are firmly embedded in modern Russian, becoming “winged”.

Biography
Leonid Gaidai was born in 1923 in the city of Svobodny. His father, Job Isidorovich Gaidai (1886-1965) was a railway employee, a native of the Poltava region. Mother, Maria Ivanovna was from the Ryazan region. Leonid Gaidai had a brother Alexander and a sister to Augustus. Soon the family moved to Chita in 1923, and then to Angara, to Irkutsk, where she lived in the station area of ​​Glazkovo. Gaidai studied at the Irkutsk railway school No. 42.

Leonid Gaidai took part in the Great Patriotic War, was seriously wounded, after which he was found unsuitable for further military service. In 1947 he graduated from the theater studio at the Irkutsk Regional Drama Theater (now the N.P. Okhlopkov Irkutsk Academic Drama Theater), worked as a lighting designer and actor.

In 1949 he entered the directing department of VGIK, which he graduated in 1955.

In 1956, Leonid Gaidai’s first film, The Long Way, was released. Two years later, the scandalous satirical film “The Groom from the Other World” almost cost the director a career. After that, Gaidai goes into the shadows for three years. The year 1961 was marked by two short films “Dog Watchdog and Unusual Cross” and “Moonshiners”. These works bring fame to the director, as well as to the legendary troika Trus - Dunce - Experienced. The following year, Gaidai will film three novels by O. Henry as part of his film "Business People." Having taken a break of three years, Leonid releases three films, each of which becomes a popularly beloved work of Soviet cinema. The comedy "Operation" Y "and Shurik's other adventures, consisting of three movie novels, ranks first in the 1965 box office. Like the next two films by Gaidai - “The Caucasian Captive, or Shurik's New Adventures” (1966) and “The Diamond Arm” (1968), which repeat this achievement.

Leonid Gaidai’s detective comedy “The Diamond Arm” was recognized in 1995 as the best domestic comedy in 100 years, having won in a survey of television viewers.

In the 1970s he was engaged in adaptation of classic works (I. Ilf and E. Petrov, M. Bulgakov, M. Zoshchenko, N. Gogol). In 1981-1988 Gaidai shot stories for the movie magazine The Wick. Also, several new paintings by Gaidai were released. Despite the high quality of these films, they were less noticeable to the audience than the director’s early work.

The last work of Leonid Gaidai was the film "The weather is good on Deribasovskaya, or it is raining again on Brighton Beach", released in 1992.

He was married to actress Nina Grebeshkova.

He died on November 19, 1993 in Moscow. He was buried at Kuntsevsky cemetery in Moscow.
CLUB OF FANS OF CREATIVITY OF LEONID GAYDAY

THE GROUP HAS BEEN CREATED ON JANUARY 8, 2008.
APRIL 9, 2011 - 1000 participants.

Biography

In the same year, his family moved to Chita, then to Irkutsk, where she lived in the suburbs of Glazkovo near the railway station (now Profsoyuznaya St.).

He studied at the Irkutsk Railway School No. 42 (now Lyceum No. 36 of JSC Russian Railways), which he graduated on June 21, 1941. 2 days after graduation, on June 23, 1941, Gaidai went to sign up as a volunteer in the army, but he was not accepted because of his age. He got a job as a stage worker in the Irkutsk Drama Theater, where the Moscow Satire Theater arrived at the evacuation at that time. I watched all the performances, went on tour.

Member of the Great Patriotic War. Drafted in the fall of 1941 and initially served in Mongolia, then sent to the Kalinin Front, in intelligence. On December 14, 1942, in the battles for the village of Enkino, he threw grenades at the enemy’s firing point and destroyed three Germans, participated in the capture of prisoners, for which he was awarded the medal "For Military Merit" (Order No. 69 dated 12/20/1942 on the 1263rd Rifle Regiment 381- th Infantry Leningrad Red Banner Division). He was seriously injured by being blown up on an anti-personnel mine, after which he was found unsuitable for further military service and was sent to a hospital.

From June 1943 to January 1944 he was treated in evacuation hospital No. 1386 in Ivanovo, located in the buildings of the current schools No. 49 and 31 (Sosnevo market town).

In 1947 he graduated from the theater studio at the Irkutsk Regional Drama Theater (now - the Irkutsk Drama Theater named after N.P. Okhlopkov), where he worked as an actor and illuminator.

In 1949-1955 he studied at the directing department of VGIK in Moscow.

Since 1955 - director of the Mosfilm film studio.

In 1956, the first film of the director was released, which he put together with V. Nevzorov - “The Long Way”, based on the stories of V. G. Korolenko.

In 1958, the satirical film “The Groom from the Other World,” almost costing the director of a career, was released. After editing and deleting all the scenes that are objectionable to the authorities, a little more than half of the film remains. Despite the favor of the director of Mosfilm I. A. Pyryev, he was almost removed from the director's work.

Only in 1960, after the ideologically “correct” film “Three Times Risen” was released (which the director himself never mentioned later), he was “forgiven”.

Then there were short films of 1961 - “Dog Watchdog and Unusual Cross” and “Moonshiners”. These works brought fame to the director, as well as the acting trio Trus - Dunce - Experienced. In 1962, he filmed three novels by O. Henry as part of his film "Business People."

Taking a break of three years, the director released three films in a row, which became popularly loved. The comedy “Operation Y and Shurik’s other adventures,” consisting of three movie novels, won first place at the box office in 1965, as did the next two films - “Prisoner of the Caucasus, or Shurik’s New Adventures” (1966) and “Diamond hand ”(1968). The director’s eccentric comedy “The Diamond Arm” was recognized in 1995 as the best Russian comedy for 100 years, having won in a TV viewer poll for which he was awarded the RTR Golden Ticket Prize posthumously.

In the 1970s, the director filmed the classic works of domestic authors: Ilya Ilf and Evgeny Petrov, Mikhail Bulgakov, Mikhail Zoshchenko and Nikolai Gogol. In 1981-1988 he shot stories for the newsreel "Wick". Then a few new paintings appeared on the screens. For the audience, they were less noticeable than the early work of the director. The last work was the film "The weather is good on Deribasovskaya, or it is raining again on Brighton Beach", which was released in 1992.

He died on November 19, 1993 in the evening in a Moscow hospital as a result of pulmonary embolism. He was buried at Kuntsevsky cemetery in Moscow.

A family

  • Father - Job Isidorovich Gaidai (05/18/1886 - 01/19/1965), a railway employee, a native of the Orekhovschina farm in the Poltava region. Came from the peasants.
  • Mother - Maria Ivanovna Gayday (in girlhood - Lyubimova) (08.30.1890-1972), originally from the Ryazan region.
  • Brother - Alexander Iovich Gayday (1919-1994), journalist and poet.
  • Sister - Augusta Iovna Gaidai (1921).
  • Wife - Nina Pavlovna Grebeshkova (born 1930), actress, Honored Artist of Russia (2001), lived together for 40 years.
    • Daughter - Oksana Leonidovna Gaidai (Khudyakova) (born November 27, 1957) - economist, works in a bank.
      • Granddaughter - Olga Khudyakova - was born in Malaysia, an economist, works in a bank.

Awards and titles

  • Honored Artist of the RSFSR (09/29/1969) - for merits in the field of Soviet cinema
  • People's Artist of the RSFSR (03/28/1974) - for merits in the field of Soviet cinema
  • People's Artist of the USSR (08/18/1989) - for great merits in the development of Soviet cinema and fruitful social activities
  • State Prize of the RSFSR named after the Vasilyev brothers (1970) - for comedies of recent years
  • Order of the Patriotic War I degree (1985)
  • Medal "For Military Merit" (1942)
  • Medal "In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin"
  • Medal "For the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
  • Anniversary medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
  • Anniversary medal "Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
  • Anniversary medal “Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.”
  • Veteran of Labor Medal
  • Medal "50 years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
  • Medal "60 years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
  • Medal "70 years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
  • IFF short films in Krakow (Main prize "Wawel's Silver Dragon", the film "Operation" Y "and other adventures of Shurik, 1965)
  • VKF in Tbilisi (Diploma and Prize "For contribution to the development of the comedy genre", the film "12 Chairs", 1972)
  • Festival of Soviet Films in Sorrento (Special Prize Silver Siren, film 12 Chairs, 1972)
  • IFF in Moscow (Special mention of the jury, the film "For the Matches", 1981)
  • Golden Aries Award (Man of the Cinematic Year, 1993)
  • RTR Prize “Golden Ticket” (“For the Best Domestic Comedy” (posthumous), the film “Diamond Hand”, 1995)

Filmography

YearFilm
ProducerScreenwriterActorRole
1955 Liana YAlyosha
1956 Long way Y
1958 Wind YNaumenko
1958 Groom from the Other World (Short) Y
1960 Thrice risen Y Yinventor
1961 On the go (short) YTolya
1961Dog Watchdog and the unusual cross (short) Y Ybear in a hut (cut episode)
1961Moonshiners (Short) Y Y
1962 Business people Y Y
1965 Operation Y and Shurik's other adventures Y Y
1966 Prisoner of the Caucasus, or Shurik's New Adventures Y Y
1968 The Diamond Arm Y Y Ydrunkard in the gate / arm in a dream Kozodoeva
1971 12 chairs Y Y YArchivist Bartholomew Korobeinikov
1973 Ivan Vasilievich changes his profession Y Y
1975 Can not be! Y Y
1977 Incognito from St. Petersburg Y Y
1977Risk is a noble cause Yfilmmaker
1978 A chest of drawers drove through the streets Artistic director
1980 For matches Y Y
1982 Sportloto-82 Y Y
1985 Life threatening! Y Y
1989 Private detective, or operation "Cooperation" Y Y
1992 The weather is nice on Deribasovskaya or it is raining again on Brighton Beach Y Y YCrazy casino player

Footage for the newsreel "Wick"

  • 1981 - Family Jewel
  • 1983 - Metamorphosis
  • 1983 - Atavism
  • 1986 - At one's own expense
  • 1986 - Unexpected discovery
  • 1986 - Adapted
  • 1986 - Surprise
  • 1986 - Robbery by ...
  • 1987 - Picture from the exhibition
  • 1987 - Business Games
  • 1987 - Gorky
  • 1987 - Finger to the sky
  • 1988 - The Elusive Avenger
  • 1988 - Case in the bird market

Archive footage

  • 2001 - Leonid Gaidai: from the great to the ridiculous (documentary)
  • 2010 - The island of bad luck (from the cycle "Speto in the USSR") (documentary)
  • 2010 - Song of moonshiners (from the cycle "Sung in the USSR") (documentary)
  • 2010 - Operation “Y” and Shurik’s other adventures (from the series “Secrets of Soviet Cinema”) (documentary)

Programs and films about Leonid Gaidai

  • “Islands. Leonid Gaidai ”(2002,“ Culture ”TV channel).
  • “Colorful ribbon. Leonid Gaidai. Once again about Gaidai ”(2004,“ Channel One ”).
  • “How the idols left. Leonid Gaidai ”(2005, DTV channel)
  • “Operation“ Y ”and other adventures of Leonid Gaidai” (2008, “Channel One”).
  • “Leonid Gaidai. Unusual Cross ”(2008, TV Center TV channel).
  • “Leonid Gaidai. The Great Mockingbird ”(2013,“ Channel One ”).
  • “Leonid Gaidai ... and a little about“ diamonds ”” (2013, TV channel “Culture”).
  • “Leonid Gaidai. “You are our diamond!” ”(2018,“ Channel One ”).
  • “Leonid Gaidai. The man who did not laugh ". Documentary. LLC "Punch TV". 2018 TV Center. 09.09.2018. 39 minutes

Parodies in films

  • "Sportloto-82." At the beginning of the film, it is the turn of the detective "Deadly Murder", which belongs to the pen of the popular writer Genian Zeleny (an allusion to Julian Semenov).
  • "Private investigator, or operation" Cooperation "" parodies the serial television movie "Investigators are Knowledges." Trainees Znamensky, Tomin, and Cybrit (former ZNATOKs retired at the cooperative) help solve the case of the abduction of the cooperator. The surname of the police major appearing in the film - Cronin - an allusion to the popular character of detectives, Major Pronin.
  • “The weather is nice on Deribasovskaya or on Brighton Beach again.” It contains parodies of the leaders of the Soviet state: from Vladimir Lenin to Mikhail Gorbachev, as well as US President George W. Bush. In particular, the CIA General’s passion (played by Emanuel Vitorgan) for collecting Russian proverbs is an allusion to Ronald Reagan’s same inclination.

Actors

Throughout his career, the director shot the same actors in his films.

The absolute favorites who, after the first role, were shot in all subsequent films, or in all but one, are three:

  • Sergey Filippov starred in 8 films. Having played Kisu Vorobyaninov in "12 Chairs" (1971), then starred in all the films of Gaidai, he also played his last role - an episode in the film "Private Detective, or Operation" Cooperation "" (1989).
  • Leonid Kuravlyov starred in 7 films and several stories of “The Wick”, as well as in the film “A Dresser Was Driving Through the Streets”, where L. Gaidai was the artistic director. After the role Georges Miloslavsky in the film "Ivan Vasilievich Changes the Profession" (1973) he constantly worked with the director until his last film, "The weather is good on Deribasovskaya ..." (1992) (except for the film "Sportloto-82").
  • Mikhail Kokshenov starred in 6 films, starting with “It Can’t Be!” (1975) (excluding the film “Behind the Matches”), as well as in the film “A Dresser Was Driving Through the Streets” and the plots of “The Wick”.

On a special account there were also participants in the trinity. Experienced-Trus-Dunce:

  • Eugene Morgunov starred in Gaidai only in the role of Experienced, in 4 films.
  • George Vitsin starred in 10 films, starting with the film “The Bridegroom from the Other World” (1958) and ending with “Danger to Life!” (1985). Until 1967, Vitsin starred in every comedy film by Gaidai (four times in the role of Coward, twice - in different roles), then until 1985 - in every second film.
  • Yuri Nikulin starred in 7 films in a row (1961-1971), including once in the title role - in the film "Diamond Hand".

Other actors who starred more than three times:

  • Nina Grebeshkova starred not in all the films of her husband and not always in the lead roles, but, nevertheless, participated in 9 films. For the first time in the film “Three Times Risen” (1960). Often played the wives of characters of other favorites of Gaidai - Nikulin, Etush, Pugovkin, Filippov, moreover, only once.
  • Victor Uralsky starred in 11 films.
  • Mikhail Pugovkin starred in 6 films and several episodes of The Wick. In an interview, the actor said that he found in the person of Gaidai "his director."
  • Natalya Krachkovskaya starred in 6 films.
  • Vera Ivleva starred in 5 films.
  • Muse Krepkogorskaya starred in 4 films.

Three times filmed by Gaidai:

  • Rina Green
  • Vyacheslav Innocent (also participated in the "Wick"),
  • Vladimir Pitsek,
  • Rostislav Plyatt,
  • George Svetlani,
  • Alexey Smirnov starred in the film "Business People" as a gangster Bill Driscoll (short story “The Leader of the Redskins”), and played two roles in the film “Operation Y and Shurik’s other adventures”: a bully and a parasite Fedi and a buyer of paintings pronouncing the word "shame."

Three times (and taking into account the film “A Dresser Was Carried Through the Streets” - four times), the following were filmed by Gaidai:

Impact on other films

Leonid Gaidai had a huge impact on domestic cinema. Among the direct responses are:

  • At the dawn of his work, in 1964, the heroes of his films Trus, Dunce and Experienced appeared in the film “Give the Pitiful Book”, shot by another famous director and comedian Eldar Ryazanov.In the future, the trio appeared in 5 other films of other directors, for example, “Seven Old Men and One Girl”.
  • In 1977, a film concert was released based on the popular comedies of Leonid Gaidai - "These are incredible musicians, or Shurik's New Dreams." The concert involves actors and songs from films directed by 1965-1975. Along with the “favorites”, the actors involved in the film are those who starred once in Gaidai - Archil Gomiashvili, Oleg Dal, Svetlana Svetlichnaya, as well as Valery Zolotukhin, whose contribution to the films of Gaidai was in the performance of songs.
  • In 1980, the film "Comedy of Bygone Days" was released, the script for which was written by the scriptwriters of three films by Leonid Gaidai, Yakov Kostyukovsky and Maurice Slobodskaya. In the film, Archil Gomiashvili and Sergey Filippov returned to the image Ostap Bender and Kitties Vorobyaninova, respectively. Yuri Sarantsev voiced Gomiashvili again. Also, 2 heroes of the Gaidaev trinity participate in the film - Experienced (Eugene Morgunov) and Coward (George Vitsin).
  • In 1982, the film “They didn’t wait, didn’t guess!” Was released, where Alexander Demyanenko and Natalia Varley play the professor and his wife, which looks like a continuation of the biography of the heroes of the “Caucasian Captive”. This reference can be considered indirectly approved by Gaidai, since the author of the script for this film Roman Furman subsequently took part in the creation of Gaidai's film “Danger to Life!”.
  • In 1996, the musical television movie “Old Songs about the Main 2” was released, in which Alexander Demyanenko and Natalya Varley re-performed the roles Shurik and Nina from the movie "The Caucasian Captive, or Shurik's New Adventures" in one of the scenes.
  • In 1997, the musical television movie “Old Songs about the Main 3” was released, the plot of which is a formal continuation of the film “Ivan Vasilyevich Changes the Profession”. According to the plot, at the end of the original film Georges Miloslavsky, running away from the police, fell in the time of Ivan the Terrible and became king there. Now the heroes of the film need to find Ivan the Terrible and return him.
  • In 2005, the music movie “First Ambulance” was released, in which Vladimir Etush and Natalya Varley re-performed the roles Saahova and Nina from the movie "The Caucasian Captive, or Shurik's New Adventures" in one of the scenes.

His colleagues

One of the best directors of Soviet cinema, Leonid Iovich Gayday, was born in the Amur region in the family of a railwayman and a housewife. The family had three children, Leonid was the youngest.

June 18, 1941 Leonid Gaidai graduated from high school. June 23, 1941, along with all classmates, he went to sign up as a volunteer in the army. But he was taken to serve only in 1942. In 1943, Gaidai received a severe wound to his leg that reminded him of himself all his life.

Upon returning from the front, Leonid came to the Irkutsk Regional Drama Theater, began to play in performances. And in 1949, Gaidai went to Moscow, where he entered the directing department of VGIK (workshop of G. Alexandrov). In VGIK, Gaidai found his love, Nina Grebeshkova, with whom he lived his whole life.

In 1955, Gaidai tried his hand as a director. The first film, "The Long Way," Gaidai put on the Siberian stories of V. G. Korolenko. The film was far from the comedy genre. Gaidai first showed his talent as a comedian in the 9-minute film “Dog Watchdog and Extraordinary Cross”.

Then let's go«gold 60s«: «Moonshiners«, «Operation Y and Shurik's other adventures«, «Caucasian captive«, «The Diamond Arm«.

. 70s: "12 chairs«, «Ivan Vasilievich changes his profession«, «Can notto be!«.

And the 80s: "For matches"And"Sportloto-82«.

His perestroika works “Danger to life!”, “Private investigator, or Operation“ Cooperation ”and“ Weather is good at Deribasovskaya, or it is raining again at Brighton Beach ” were no longer full of such sparkling humor, but still favorably differed from the work of competitors. And what competitors could Gaidai have?

Gaidai was dying hard - he had a wound on his leg. In addition, he suffered from emphysema. At the age of 70, he began pneumonia. And on November 19, 1993, there was a blockage in the pulmonary artery and Leonid Iovich Gayday died.

People's Artist of the RSFSR (1974)
People's Artist of the USSR (1989)

Filmography: Actor

  • The weather is good on Deribasovskaya, or it is raining again on Brighton Beach (1992)
  • The Twelve Chairs (1971)


Leonid Gaidai

  • Character, Director, People Behind the Scenes
  • Date and place of birth: January 30, 1923 (96 years old), the city of Svobodny (Amur Region)

Attended 12

His colleagues

One of the best directors of Soviet cinema, Leonid Iovich Gayday, was born in the Amur region in the family of a railwayman and a housewife. The family had three children, Leonid was the youngest.

June 18, 1941 Leonid Gaidai graduated from high school. June 23, 1941, along with all classmates, he went to sign up as a volunteer in the army. But he was taken to serve only in 1942. In 1943, Gaidai received a severe wound to his leg that reminded him of himself all his life.

Upon returning from the front, Leonid came to the Irkutsk Regional Drama Theater, began to play in performances. And in 1949, Gaidai went to Moscow, where he entered the directing department of VGIK (workshop of G. Alexandrov). In VGIK, Gaidai found his love, Nina Grebeshkova, with whom he lived his whole life.

In 1955, Gaidai tried his hand as a director. The first film, "The Long Way," Gaidai put on the Siberian stories of V. G. Korolenko. The film was far from the comedy genre. Gaidai first showed his talent as a comedian in the 9-minute film “Dog Watchdog and Extraordinary Cross”.

Then let's go«gold 60s«: «Moonshiners«, «Operation Y and Shurik's other adventures«, «Caucasian captive«, «The Diamond Arm«.

. 70s: "12 chairs«, «Ivan Vasilievich changes his profession«, «Can notto be!«.

And the 80s: "For matches"And"Sportloto-82«.

His perestroika works “Danger to life!”, “Private investigator, or Operation“ Cooperation ”and“ Weather is good at Deribasovskaya, or it is raining again at Brighton Beach ” were no longer full of such sparkling humor, but still favorably differed from the work of competitors. And what competitors could Gaidai have?

Gaidai was dying hard - he had a wound on his leg. In addition, he suffered from emphysema. At the age of 70, he began pneumonia. And on November 19, 1993, there was a blockage in the pulmonary artery and Leonid Iovich Gayday died.

People's Artist of the RSFSR (1974)
People's Artist of the USSR (1989)

Filmography: Actor

  • The weather is good on Deribasovskaya, or it is raining again on Brighton Beach (1992)
  • The Twelve Chairs (1971)


Leonid Gaidai - biography, information, personal life

Leonid Gaidai

Leonid Iovich Gaidai. Born on January 30, 1923 in the Free Amur Province - died on November 19, 1993 in Moscow. Soviet film director, screenwriter, outstanding comedian, actor. People's Artist of the USSR (1989). Laureate of the State Prize of the RSFSR named after the Vasilyev brothers (1970).

Leonid Gaidai was born in 1923 in the city of Svobodny.

Father - Job Isidorovich Gaidai (1886-1965), was a railway employee, a native of the village of Orekhovschina in the Poltava region.

Mother - Maria Ivanovna, was originally from the Ryazan region.

Leonid Gaidai had a brother Alexander and a sister to Augustus. Brother - Alexander Iovich Gayday, was a journalist and poet.

Almost immediately after his birth, the family moved to Chita, and then - to the Angara region, to Irkutsk, where she lived in the station area of ​​Glazkovo.

Gaidai studied at the Irkutsk railway school No. 42. He graduated from the school on June 18, 1941, and on June 23, 1941 he went to enlist as a volunteer in the army. He was not taken into the army because of his age. Gaidai got a job as a stage worker in the Irkutsk Theater, where at that time the Moscow Satire Theater remained in evacuation. He worked with the Satire Theater, watched all the performances, went on tour.

Leonid Gaidai took part in the Great Patriotic War. He was called up in 1942 and initially served in Mongolia, then was sent to the Kalinin Front.

On December 14, 1942, in battles for the village of Enkino, he threw grenades at the enemy’s firing point and destroyed three Germans, participated in the capture of prisoners, for which he was awarded the medal “For Military Merit” (order No. 69 dated 12/20/1942 to 1263 rifle regiment of the 381st rifle division ) He was seriously injured by being blown up on an anti-personnel mine, after which he was found unsuitable for further military service and sent to a hospital. From June 1943 to January 1944 he was treated in Ivanovo evacuation hospital No. 1386, located in the buildings of the current schools No. 49 and 31 (Sosnevo market town).

In 1947 he graduated from the theater studio at the Irkutsk Regional Drama Theater (now the N.P. Okhlopkov Irkutsk Academic Drama Theater), worked as a lighting designer and actor.

In 1949 he entered the directing department of VGIK, which he graduated in 1955.

In 1956, Leonid Gaidai’s first film, The Long Way, was released based on the stories of V. G. Korolenko. Two years later, the satirical picture “The Groom from the Other World”, which almost cost the director of a career, was released. After editing and deleting all the scenes that are objectionable to the authorities, a little more than half of the film remains.

Despite the favor of the director of Mosfilm I. A. Pyryev, Gaidai was practically put aside from the director's work. Only after the ideological “correct” film “Three Risen Resurrected” (which Gaidai himself never mentioned later) was released in 1960, he was “forgiven”.

Then there were short films of 1961 - “Dog Watchdog and Unusual Cross” and “Moonshiners”. These works bring fame to the director, as well as the legendary trio Trus - Dunce - Experienced. The following year, Gaidai will film three novels by O. Henry as part of his film "Business People." Having taken a break of three years, the director releases three films in a row, which become popularly loved, the true pearls of Soviet cinema. The comedy "Operation" Y "and Shurik's other adventures, consisting of three movie novels, takes first place at the box office in 1965, as well as the next two films by Gaidai -" Prisoner of the Caucasus, or Shurik's New Adventures "(1966) and" Diamond Arm "(1968).

Leonid Gaidai’s eccentric comedy “The Diamond Arm” was recognized as the best Russian comedy in 100 years in 1995, winning a poll of television viewers for which he was awarded the Golden Ticket RTR Posthumously. Also known is the film "12 Chairs" - an adaptation of the novel of the same name by I. Ilf and E. Petrov in two parts, shot by Gaidai in 1971.

In 1981-1988, Gaidai shot stories for the newsreel "The Wick." At the same time, several new paintings by Gaidai appeared on the screens. For the audience, they were less noticeable than the early work of the director.

According to a poll by the Soviet Screen magazine in 1989, Gaidai received only third place (120 votes) in the category of Best Comedy Director, ahead of Yuri Mamin (140 votes) and Eldar Ryazanov (570) votes.

The last work of Leonid Gaidai was the film "The weather is good on Deribasovskaya, or it is raining again on Brighton Beach", released in 1992.

He died on November 19, 1993 in Moscow as a result of pulmonary embolism. He was buried at Kuntsevsky cemetery in Moscow.

The growth of Leonid Gaidai: 183 centimeters.

Personal life of Leonid Gaidai:

Leonid Gaidai was married to actress Nina Grebeshkova. The couple had a daughter, Oksana. She, in turn, has a daughter, Olga.

They met in Moscow when they studied at VGIK. Grebeshkova was his classmate, but from another branch - acting.

Future directors staged excerpts using future actors as "guinea pigs." One of these "rabbits" was for Gaidai Grebeshkov - he took her to one of the roles in his passage from the Balzac "Father Gorio".

The romance between them began by chance. Nina somehow approached Leonid and was indignant: why, when setting up a rehearsal schedule, did he always put her last? “What's the matter?” - Gaidai was surprised. “Every time I go home at 12 at night,” the girl replied. “Doesn’t anyone escort you?” - “Nobody.” “Then I will do it!” Said Gaidai and began to regularly accompany the girl home. Grebeshkova lived on Arbat, and VGIK was located near VDNH, so often, in order not to wait for transport, they traveled to Arbat on foot. Because of this, Gaidai did not always have time for the last train (he lived in a hostel in the suburbs) and sometimes spent the night at the station. Nina found out about it by accident: she noticed that Leonid had a stale shirt, and offered to wash it. Here he confessed that he had not been able to get home for a week and spent the night at the station. Since then, Grebeshkova tried so that their walks would not be delayed.

“Once Lenya, with such a sense of humor peculiar only to him, says:“ Well, we all walk and walk, let's get married! ”And I took this as another joke. “What are you, Lenya,” I say, “you are so long, and I am so small. We will be like Pat and Patashonok! ”And he told me:“ Well, you know, Ninok, I won’t raise a big woman, but I’ll carry a small woman all my life! ”There were offerings of hands and hearts even before Gaidai. But “yes” I answered only to him, ”said Grebeshkova.

Leonid Gaidai and Nina Grebeshkova

Filmography of Leonid Gaidai:

1955 - Liana - Alyosha
1956 - The Long Way
1958 - Wind - Naumenko
1958 - Groom from the Other World
1960 - Thrice Risen - Inventor
1960 - On the way - Tolya
1961 - Dog Barbos and an unusual cross - Bear (frame cut from the film) / elderly fisherman
1961 - Moonshiners
1962 - Business People
1965 - Operation Y and Shurik’s other adventures - Alcoholic (an elderly fifteen-day-old who asked for “to announce the entire list of outfits”) / Passerby (leaving the institute)
1966 - Caucasian captive, or Shurik's New Adventures
1968 - Diamond hand - A drunkard in the gateway / a hand in a dream with Kozodoev / extras actor (in the scene of an interview with Semyon Semenych)
1971 - 12 chairs - archivist Bartholomew Korobeinikov
1973 - Ivan Vasilievich changes his profession - Passer-by / Illuminator
1975 - It can't be!
1977 - Incognito from St. Petersburg
1977 - Risk - a noble cause - cameo
1978 - A chest of drawers was taken through the streets - Artistic Director
1980 - For matches
1982 - Sportloto-82
1985 - Danger to life!
1989 - Private Detective, or Operation "Cooperation"
1992 - The weather is nice on Deribasovskaya or it is raining again on Brighton Beach - Crazy casino player

Plots for the newsreel "Wick" by Leonid Gaidai:

1981 - Family Jewel
1983 - Metamorphosis
1983 - Atavism
1986 - At one's own expense
1986 - Unexpected discovery
1986 - Adapted
1986 - Surprise
1986 - Robbery by.
1987 - Business Games
1987 - Gorky
1987 - Finger to the sky
1988 - The Elusive Avenger
1988 - Case in the bird market

Childhood of Leonid Gaidai

Leonid Iovichovich Gaidai was born in the city of Free Amur Province. His father, Job Isidorovich Gaidai, was born in Ukraine from the village of Orekhovschina, from a family of serfs and had only three classes of education, he worked for 11 years. In 1908, Job Gaidai was sentenced to hard labor, taking on someone else's fault. After serving his sentence, he worked on the railway. Mother Leonid Maria Ivanovna was from the Ryazan region.

Leonid Gaidai had the older sister of Augustus and brother Alexander. In 1923, Job Isidorovich and his family moved to Chita, and then in the Angara region, in the railway village of Glazkovo, near Irkutsk. There Leonid Gaidai entered the railway school number 42.

Actor and director. Comedies by Leonid Gaidai

After discharge from the hospital, Leonid Gaidai entered the theater studio of the Irkutsk Regional Drama Theater, where he studied until 1947. Two years after that, he played in performances. He was a good actor, the audience loved him very much. About his participation in the play "The Young Guard" based on Fadeev’s novel where Gaidai played Ivan Zemnuhov even wrote in the newspaper. However, Leonid soberly assessed his capabilities, realizing that his appearance was specific and his repertoire was limited. He began to think about trying himself as a director.In 1949, Leonid Gaidai came to Moscow and entered the directing department at VGIK. He stood out from other students. His acting talent, he surprised many teachers.

While still a student, Gaidai began working as a director-intern, and also starred in the film "Liana" directed by Boris Barnet as Alyosha.

In 1955, Leonid Gaidai graduated from VGIK and began shooting his first film, The Long Way, together with V. I. Nevzorov. The film was based on the stories of V.G. Korolenko and was released in 1956.

In 1958, Gaidai's second film, “The Groom from the Other World,” shot in the genre of satirical comedy, appeared. The main roles in it were played by Rostislav Plyatt and George Vitsin. This film almost cost the director a career. Officials from the Ministry of Culture did not like this film because of the satirical image of bureaucrats in it. The film was severely censored and almost halved. This picture almost cost the director a career, for a long time he was actually removed from the director's work. In 1960, the picture "Three Times Risen" was released, shot in the genre of heroic film story. The film failed miserably. Leonid Gaidai was depressed, did not know what to shoot further and went to his parents for some time in Irkutsk.

In 1961, the short films “Moonshiners” and “Dog Watchdog and Unusual Cross” appeared. These films brought the director fame, as well as the legendary three actors (Vitsin, Nikulin, Morgunov). Subsequently, the director involved these actors in his other films.

In 1965, the comedy Operation Y and Other Shurik Adventures came out, which consisted of three movie novels. This picture has become a film distribution leader, as well as the next two “Prisoner of the Caucasus”, released in 1966 and “The Diamond Arm” of 1968. In 1995, the detective comedy “Diamond Hand” was recognized by the viewers as the best domestic comedy in the last 100 years.

The comedy "12 Chairs", released in 1971, Leonid Iovich considered his best picture. The main difficulty was to find an actor for the role of O. Bender. Initially, Vladimir Vysotsky was approved for this role, but Vysotsky washed down before shooting. Gaidai said: "I will never shoot Vysotsky." He kept his word. This role was played by unknown to anyone Archil Gomiashvili. Leonid Gaidai himself in this film played a cameo role of Bartholomew Korobeinikov.

In the 70s, Gaidai made two more comedies that were included in the golden fund of Russian cinema - “Ivan Vasilievich Changes the Profession” in 1973 and “Can't Be!” In 1975.

In the 70s and 80s, Leonid Gaidai actively filmed stories for the satirical film magazine The Wick. In the perestroika period of the late 80s, the films “Danger to Life!” And “Private Detective, or Operation“ Cooperation ”appeared. The last film by Gaidai was the comedy“ The weather is good on Deribasovskaya or it’s raining again on Brighton Beach ”in 1992. This film was not very popular.


Personal life

Leonid Gayday met his future wife, actress Nina Grebeshkova, at VGIK - the girl was his classmate. They married in 1953 and lived together for 40 years. By the way, the director was upset that the spouse refused to officially take his name, but Grebeshkova explained her refusal by the fact that it was not immediately clear that a man or woman was hiding under the name Gaidai, and this is important for the actress.

Nina Grebeshkova and Leonid Gaidai

A daughter Oksana was born in the family, who subsequently gave her granddaughter Olga to Leonid and Nina.

In recent years, Leonid Gaidai was very ill. He had a non-healing wound on his leg, and then, due to the addiction to smoking, the director was disturbed by the respiratory tract. In 1993, the director fell ill with pneumonia, went to the hospital, where he died of pulmonary embolism. He was buried at Kuntsevsky cemetery in Moscow.

The grave of Leonid Gaidai

In memory of Leonid Gaidai, a cinema in the hometown of the director of the Free Amur Region was named after him, and a monument was erected to the director. The name of Gaidai was also given to the largest cinema of Irkutsk, and a beautiful memorial plaque is located on the house where the film director grew up. Memorial plaques also appeared at the school where the film director studied, on the building of school No. 49, where in 1943-1944 the director was treated at the hospital located in this school during the war, and at house No. 5, building 1 on Chernyakhovsky Street, where Leonid Gaidai lived after moving to Moscow.

In Perm, in 2010, a monument to Leonid Gaidai appeared - the sculptural composition "Coward, Dunce and Experienced", consisting of three famous heroes of the film director who switched from film to film, was installed in front of the Crystal Cinema. Three comedic characters are depicted in full growth, in motion, without a pedestal, so they merge with the crowd when people gather around the cinema.

Monument to Leonid Gaidai in Irkutsk

After 2 years, a similar composition was discovered in Irkutsk. But here, in addition to the famous trinity from Coward, Dunce and Experienced, Leonid Gaidai himself was also present in the director's chair.

They did not forget about the legend of Soviet films in Moscow either - one of the squares on the territory of the Mosfilm film studio is named after Leonid Gaidai.


Short biography

He was born on January 30, 1923 in the Amur province, in the city of Svobodny. A few months after the birth of the boy, the father moved his wife and three children to Chita, where he got a job in the city railway department. They stayed in this city for seven years, then moved to Irkutsk, where Leonid, the youngest child in the family, entered the railway school. In childhood, he did not differ in exemplary behavior, but he actively participated in school activities, performed with a club of railway workers, and read poetry with pleasure.

In 1941, Gaidai got a job as a stage worker at the Irkutsk Regional Drama Theater. He worked on all the performances of the theater of Satire evacuated from the capital. In February 1942, a young man was drafted into the army. He graduated from the regimental school and was appointed commander of the department. At the front, he was blown up by an anti-personnel mine, was seriously wounded and recognized as a disabled person of the 2nd group. Returning to Irkutsk in 1944, Leonid entered the theater studio. The novice actor was quickly noticed: a spectacular game in episodic roles, he overshadowed the main characters. In 1949, he entered VGIK at the directing department, in the workshop of Grigory Alexandrov. The young man stood out among students. However, already in the first year, an unpleasant incident occurred to him: due to an unsuccessful joke, he was on the verge of expulsion, and he had to make a lot of efforts to stay at the university.

During his studies, Leonid met Nina Grebeshkova, who became the companion of his whole life and the performer of many supporting roles in almost all of her husband’s paintings. The couple had a daughter, Oksana.

As a student, Gaidai starred in several films, but from the mid-50s completely went into directing. In 1956, his first film, "The Long Way," set on the basis of Siberian stories by V. G. Korolenko, was released. The next tape, “The Bridegroom from Beyond the World,” almost put an end to Leonid’s career: the satire of the bureaucrats was harshly criticized by officials. The next film, “Three Times Risen”, was strikingly different from the entire work of the director, and the bright patriotic mood looked unnatural.

In 1961, Gaidai made the 9-minute film “Dog Watchdog and Unusual Cross”, inspired by the feuilleton of Stepan Oleinik in the newspaper Pravda. The short film was a resounding success and gave birth to three heroes, who later appeared more than once in the paintings of Gaidai and won the love of the audience. The images of Coward, Dunce and Experienced became common nouns and appeared again in the next work, “Moonshiners”, then migrated to the trilogy “Operation Y” and other adventures of Shurik, the film distribution leader in 1965, and later to the musical comedy “Caucasian Captive” , or Shurik's New Adventures. " Another “wandering” character, an eccentric student with glasses, was called Vladik, but censorship noticed the analogy with Lenin, and Shurik was born.

In 1968, a picture recognized by Gaidai’s best film, the crime comedy The Diamond Arm, was released. The main role was created specifically for Yuri Nikulin, and Andrei Mironov was invited to the role of Gesha Kozodoev instead of Georgy Vitsin. A KGB officer was assigned to the crew. In order to minimize the interference of censorship in the script, Gaidai resorted to tricks: he captured a powerful nuclear explosion at sea, which he did not want to cut out of the final version. When the inspection commission asked about the significance of the episode, he presented the explosion as a symbol of the complex international situation and the evil of imperialism. Goskino representatives agreed to leave the film without significant changes, provided that Gaidai excludes the scene with the explosion. The picture was included in the top five films of the Soviet film distribution, and the replicas of the heroes immediately went into quotes.

In 1971, his best work, according to the director, was released: an adaptation of the novel by Ilf and Petrov “12 Chairs”. The most difficult moment was the search for the leading actor. More than twenty eminent actors took part in the samples, but the role was received by the unknown Archil Gomiashvili. In 1973, another comedy, “Ivan Vasilievich Changes the Profession,” created based on the play by Mikhail Bulgakov, saw the light of day. Shurik appeared here again, but already in the role of an engineer-inventor working on the creation of a time machine. In 1973, more than 60 million viewers watched the picture. The last notable work of Gaidai was the tape "The weather is good on Deribasovskaya, or it is raining again on Brighton Beach."

Leonid Gaidai died in Moscow on November 19, 1993.


Leonid Gaidai: biography, personal life, wife, children, family

For many viewers, whose childhood was in the 60-70 years of the last century, Leonid Gaidai became the personification of the kindest and most fun movie in the world. But today, his comedies will be happy to watch both age and youth audiences. The legendary director was able to find the key to the most difficult genre - comedy, becoming a classic and professional master of Soviet cinema. He always gave joy to those around him and knew how to rejoice, perhaps that is why his success in this field has not yet been repeated to anyone.

The personal life of Leonid Iovich was spent in a quiet family circle, surrounded by his family and friends. He was never involved either in high-profile scandals, or in romantic stories with beautiful actresses. Despite the fact that the director’s wife never starred in his films, she was always his main muse and adviser.

Producer

Since 1955, Gaidai is the director of the Mosfilm film studio. The first film "The Long Way" (1956, together with Valentin Nevzorov), he put on the Siberian stories of Vladimir Korolenko. The director turned to the genre of satirical comedy only in his next work - “The Bridegroom from the Other World” (1958), which was severely censored and as a result was significantly reduced.

The film novel "Three Risen" (1960) also failed.

Gaidai fell into a depression and left for Irkutsk, where a decisive turn in his fate took place. In the attic of a wooden house, he found the number of Pravda with a feuilleton in the verses of Dog Barbos by Stepan Oleinik. Feuilleton extraordinarily enthralled him.

In 1961, the short film "Dog Watchdog and the Unusual Cross" was filmed, which announced the birth of an outstanding comedian. A simple short film gave rise to a unique phenomenon of three super-popular masked heroes of Soviet cinema. It was in him that the famous trinity first appeared: Experienced, Coward and Dunce performed by Eugene Morgunov, George Vitsin and Yuri Nikulin.

On the wave of success, the director staged a new short film, “Moonshiners” (1962). The heroes we loved were involved in the comedy Operation Y and other adventures of Shurik (1965) and in The Prisoner of the Caucasus (1966).

Leonid Gaidai revived comic cinema in our country.

In 1968, Gaidai made the painting "Diamond Hand". In 1971, the comedy "12 Chairs" was released. Gaidai has repeatedly admitted that this is one of his favorite paintings. Of the 22 candidates for the role of Ostap Bender, the director chose Archil Gomiashvili. He himself played an episodic role of Korobeinikov in this film.

In 1973, the comedy film "Ivan Vasilievich Changes the Profession", based on the play by Mikhail Bulgakov, was released. Shurik appeared here again, but already in the role of an engineer-inventor working on the creation of a time machine. In 1973, more than 60 million viewers watched the picture.

In 1975, another comedy came out, also included in the golden fund of Russian cinema - "It Can't Be!". This musical satirical film, based on the works of Mikhail Zoshchenko, consists of three short stories not connected by a common plot.

In the 1980s, the comedies Behind the Matches (1980) and Sportloto-82 (1982) appeared on the screens.

The memory of the great director

In 2013, a memorial plaque in honor of Leonid Gaidai was opened in Moscow. It is installed on the house in which the director lived until his death. The opening ceremony was attended by the family of the actor and his colleagues: director Nikolai Dostal, People's Artist of the USSR Vladimir Etush and actor Dmitry Kharatyan. Yevgeny Gerasimov, a Moscow City Duma deputy and famous actor, regrets that the director’s memory cannot be immortalized at every Moscow house, because Gaidai’s films allowed people to live more fun. He noted that there are no such comedies that could be reviewed several times.

Vesti.ru is informed that the General Director of VGTRK Oleg Dobrodeev is happy that the board appeared on this house. Tatyana Peltzer and Vsevolod Sanaev lived here, but it was Gaidai who was his soul. Previously, film critics regarded the work of the director as too folk, not complicated art. However, it has now become clear that Gaidai’s films will remain forever.

Vladimir Etush and the widow of the director Nina Grebeshkova cut the red ribbon after the speeches of the audience. Etush quoted Gaidai, who after filming said: "Another 50 and all." After that they removed the curtain that covered the board. A smiling Gaidai with glasses and a cigarette in his hand appeared on it, ITAR-TASS reports.

Movies

In the movie, Leonid Gaidai made his debut in 1955, moreover, as an actor. Leonid Gaidai played Aleshka in the comedy “Liana”. But the acting biography of Gaidai did not ask, which can not be said about the work on the other side of the camera. A year later, Leonid Gaidai makes his directorial debut and releases the dramatic film "The Long Way." The picture was personally noted by the famous Mikhail Romm, who somehow in a pure drama managed to consider the makings of a Gaidai comedian. It was Romm who advised Leonid Iovich to take a closer look at the humorous genre.

Then Gaidai releases the satirical tape “Groom from the Other World”, because of which he almost lost his career. From the movie after censorship barely half was left, but even after such a ruthless cut, the novice director was forbidden to shoot. Then, for the first and last time, Gaidai made a deal with Mosfilm: he made an ideological drama about the ship Three Risen, thanks to which he was allowed to work on. But the director of this film was shy until the end of his life.

In 1961, he shot the short films “Dog Barbos and the unusual cross” and “Moonshiners”, which bring all-Union fame not only to the director, but also to the trio of characters Trues, Dunce and Experienced by George Vitsin, Yuri Nikulin and Evgeny Morgunov.

Filming several short stories by the American comedian O'Henry in the film “Business People”, Gaidai returns to Soviet reality and presents the audience with the immortal paintings “Operation Y” and other adventures of Shurik, “Prisoner of the Caucasus, or Shurik’s New Adventures,” one after another The Diamond Hand ”,“ Ivan Vasilievich Changes the Profession ”,“ It Cannot Be! ”. These films became the face of Soviet cinema for subsequent generations.

In the 1970s, the director again turned to literature, but this time to his native. Leonid Gaidai filmed the classic works of Russian authors: Ilya Ilf and Evgeny Petrov, Mikhail Bulgakov, Mikhail Zoshchenko and Nikolai Gogol. So another diamond appears in the collection of Leonid Gaidai: the famous comedy “12 Chairs”.

By the way, Leonid Gaidai himself often appeared in his films in small episodes. His largest role is the archivist Bartholomew Korobeinikov in “12 Chairs”. In the 80s, the director made another classic comedy “Sportloto-82”, and also shot many of the issues of the movie “The Wick”.

In 1989, Leonid Gaidai received the title of People's Artist of the USSR.

The last works of the great Leonid Gaidai were the restructuring paintings "Private Detective, or Operation" Cooperation "and" On Deribasovskaya the weather is nice, or on Brighton Beach it rains again ", in which the main role was played by Dmitry Kharatyan.

It is worth adding that the legendary director was very conservative in the selection of the cast. Most of the artists starred in him many times. For example, George Vitsin, Victor Uralsky, Sergey Filippov and Nina Grebeshkova appeared in his paintings about 10 times. Gaidai also liked to work with Natalya Krachkovskaya, Alexander Demyanenko and Leonid Kuravlev.

Also recognizable detail of the films were the songs performed by the characters of the paintings. The cult song due to the appearance in Gaidai’s films was “The Song of the Hares,” which the hero Yuri Nikulin sings in “The Diamond Hands”, “People Lose Each Other” from the royal feast to “Ivan Vasilyevich Changes the Profession” or “Bears Rub their Backs on the Earth's Axis”, which is sung by the main character of the painting "The Caucasian Captive, or Shurik's New Adventures."

Death

In recent years, Leonid Gaidai was very ill. He had a non-healing wound on his leg, and then, due to the addiction to smoking, the director was disturbed by the respiratory tract. In 1993, the director fell ill with pneumonia, went to the hospital, where he died of pulmonary embolism. He was buried at Kuntsevsky cemetery in Moscow.

The grave of Leonid Gaidai

In memory of Leonid Gaidai, a cinema in the hometown of the director of the Free Amur Region was named after him, and a monument was erected to the director. The name of Gaidai was also given to the largest cinema of Irkutsk, and a beautiful memorial plaque is located on the house where the film director grew up. Memorial plaques also appeared at the school where the film director studied, on the building of school No. 49, where in 1943-1944 the director was treated at the hospital located in this school during the war, and at house No. 5, building 1 on Chernyakhovsky Street, where Leonid Gaidai lived after moving to Moscow.

In Perm, in 2010, a monument to Leonid Gaidai appeared - the sculptural composition "Coward, Dunce and Experienced", consisting of three famous heroes of the film director who switched from film to film, was installed in front of the Crystal Cinema. Three comedic characters are depicted in full growth, in motion, without a pedestal, so they merge with the crowd when people gather around the cinema.

Monument to Leonid Gaidai in Irkutsk

After 2 years, a similar composition was discovered in Irkutsk. But here, in addition to the famous trinity from Coward, Dunce and Experienced, Leonid Gaidai himself was also present in the director's chair.

They did not forget about the legend of Soviet films in Moscow either - one of the squares on the territory of the Mosfilm film studio is named after Leonid Gaidai.

Childhood and war years

The future star of Soviet cinema was born in 1923 in the city of Svobodny, now part of the Amur Region. But his childhood passed in the Irkutsk village of Glazkovo, where after a while the whole family moved. His parents worked at the railway station: his father was from the Poltava province, and his mother was from Ryazan. Two more children grew up in the family: the elder brother of the future director, Alexander, who became a journalist and poet, and Augusta's sister. In his childhood, little Leonid often ran with friends to the movies, where he loved to watch films with Charlie Chaplin. Even then, the boy realized that this wonderful world attracted him the most.

In 1941, he graduated from high school and was going to get an acting education, but the outbreak of war with the Germans mixed up all plans. The young man sought to be taken to the front, but because of age he was given a reprieve. At that time, the Moscow Satire Theater was evacuated to Irkutsk, where Gaidai soon got a job as a lighting fixture. A year later he was sent to serve in Mongolia, but the young man was eager for the front line, so he was sent to the Kalinin Front.

But the future director did not have to fight for long, and already in 1943, after a serious wound, he was commissated and given disability. Soon the young man decided to fulfill his childhood dream: he was admitted to the theater studio at the local drama theater, where he studied until 1947. The beginner actor with pleasure took the local theater into his collective, but he soon changed his mind to play on the stage and decided to study further as a director. Arriving in Moscow, Leonid successfully passed the exams and entered the VGIK.

Best directorial work

His debut directorial work (the dramatic film "The Long Way") was released on television in 1956. Even then, Gaidai realized that he liked the matter, but Mikhail Romm advised the novice director that he was best off making comedies. Having removed a comedy about bureaucrats called “Groom from the Other World”, Leonid Iovich fell into disfavor of officials who saw a pebble in his garden in his work. This picture was cropped, removing compromising frames, because of which its duration was only 51 minutes. After the director released the film “Three Times Risen”, he was forgiven.

Gaidai himself did not like to recall this work, but he had the opportunity to continue his career, in which progress was outlined. Since 1961, his creative piggy bank began to be replenished with such bright and extraordinary works as “Moonshiners”, “Operation“ Y ”and other adventures of Shurik,” “Ivan Vasilyevich changes his profession” and others. All the pictures went with a bang and overnight became popular favorites. Actors, who were involved in the films of Leonid Iovich, also acquired the status of demanded and popular.

Filming of the “Caucasian Captive”

The last pictures of the director were not accepted by the audience as warmly as previous works. In the dashing 90s, changes were taking place in society and it was difficult for Gaidai to catch, which could make people laugh in this difficult time. In 1993, Volovich and Inin showed him the script for a new comedy, but then the director was already sick, so he refused to shoot. Soon Leonid Iovich fell ill with pneumonia, and in November a blood clot in the pulmonary artery broke, which led to death.

Life with a beloved wife

Arriving to conquer the capital, the future director not only acquired a profession, but also met his future wife, Nina Grebeshkova, at the university. At first, the girl was shy about him, feeling an 8-year age difference. Soon Gaidai invited her to take part in his student production of "Father Gorio." Even then, he noticed a young creature and after rehearsals he always offered to lead her home. After several such meetings, the young man could not stand it and suggested she get married. Nina did not immediately realize that he was not joking, but when she realized that Leonid was serious, she immediately agreed.

In the photo Leonid Gaidai with his wife Nina Grebeshkova in her youth

In 1957, the couple became parents: their daughter Oksana was born. The director was simply absorbed in endless filming and lived from film to film. Nina Pavlovna appreciated him for all the wonderful human qualities and worshiped his talent, so she took upon herself all the housework responsibilities and raising her daughter. Despite all the difficulties, she felt like a happy woman. Leonid Iovich did not give his wife luxurious and rich gifts, but every Sunday she received from her favorite roses. Small quarrels and misunderstandings sometimes occurred in the family, which concerned both creativity and personal life. At such moments, the director locked himself in and did not talk with his wife for some time.

Leonid Gaidai's family: mother, wife and daughter

For all its popularity, the director could not call himself a wealthy man. The couple had a suburban cottage, where they liked to grow various vegetables. The director was the owner of such cars as "Lada" and "Volga". He was a good driver, but if the car failed, he could not fix it. But his wife coped with the breakdown perfectly, besides this, her duties included solving all the economic problems in the house. Since Gaidai worked on the set around the clock, Grebeshkova worried about his health and asked her husband to rest more. But even at sea they managed to visit when the director shot his legendary paintings in Crimea. Later, the couple went on tourist trips, having visited countries such as Sweden, Finland, Norway. They also saw Chad and Senegal, where he went on business trips.

When her daughter was small, Leonid Iovich did not show much interest in her, but as she grew older he gladly took her to various film festivals and other events. Thanks to the efforts of her mother, Oksana already mastered the English language in her childhood, so the girl helped her stellar father communicate with foreigners. The director never made a single film specifically for his spouse. For the first time she was involved in his film "The Caucasian Captive", starring in the role of the second doctor, but this happened due to his illness. Gaidai had an ulcer and needed a diet, so Grebeshkova went to the set to feed her husband, and at the same time worked in the episode. The director then appreciated her work and since then filmed it in almost all comedies, although she did not wait for the main character from him.

After the front wound, Leonid Iovich was an invalid of group 2: he had a fistula on his leg, which caused the bone to rot. However, the cause of death has become different. The director fell ill with pneumonia and was in the hospital, and soon he had pulmonary embolism, after which there was a sudden death. He died in the arms of his beloved wife. Despite the fact that Gaidai has not been alive for more than 20 years, on the day of his death, not only relatives but also close friends come to the grave. They do not cry, but tell funny stories that the legendary filmmaker loved so much.

Wife, daughter and granddaughter of Leonia Gaidai

The daughter did not follow in the footsteps of her star parents and chose the profession of economist. Leonid Iovich was not opposed to Oksana continuing the acting dynasty, but she herself considered this affair very dependent and difficult. The daughter got married and gave birth to a daughter Olga. The director’s granddaughter also received an economic education and now works at a bank.


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