The biography of Sergei Mikhalkov is the life story of a great man. The works of this famous poet and playwright are in any home today. His works include in school curricula and collections of children's literature. Mihalkov’s Peru owns not only poems and fables for young readers, but also plays, scripts for popular films and cartoons, as well as texts of anthems of the USSR and Russia.
The childhood of the poet
Sergei Mikhalkov was a direct descendant of several ancient noble families. He was born in Moscow on February 13, 1913. The boy's father, Vladimir Alexandrovich, served as a college assessor. The mother of Sergei Mikhalkov, Olga Mikhailovna, was the daughter of the district leader of the nobility, Mikhail Glebov. The future poet became the oldest child in the family. In 1917, Vladimir Alexandrovich and his wife had a son, Alexander, and five years later, they had another child - Mikhail.
Craving for creativity in Sergei Mikhalkov appeared in early childhood. At the age of nine, he was already in full swing composing poetry. The father supported the elder son's desire for writing and even showed his early works to the poet A. Bezymensky.
Further biography of Sergei Mikhalkov is associated with the Stavropol Territory. The Mikhalkovs moved here in 1927. A year later, the Rostov magazine “On the Ascent” first published the poem of the 15-year-old poet “The Road”. Since that time, a gradual recognition of the talent of young Mikhalkov began.
Beginning of a creative career
After graduating from school, Sergei Vladimirovich returned to the capital. He got a job as a laborer at a weaving and finishing factory, and later took part as a junior observer in a geological exploration expedition. In the early 30s, the poet was enlisted as a freelance correspondent in the newspaper Izvestia. Then the poetry of Sergei Mikhalkov began to be actively published in Komsomolskaya Pravda, Ogonyok, Pioneer, Evening Moscow and other popular newspapers and magazines of the time.
In 1935, the poet entered the Literary Institute (he studied there until 1937) and composed his most famous poem, Uncle Styopa. In the same year, it was published in the journal "Pioneer" and attracted the attention of readers to a little-known author. But the poem “Svetlana”, presented to lovers of poetry in 1936 in the newspaper “Pravda”, became truly fateful for Sergei Vladimirovich. Comrade Stalin himself liked it, and all doors began to open before the young poet. In 1937, 24-year-old Mikhalkov was admitted to the Union of Writers of the USSR, membership in which was considered a great honor even for eminent literary figures. Sergei Vladimirovich continued to actively write and publish. For his creative activity in 1939, he was awarded the Order of Lenin (for life, the poet was awarded this highest award in the USSR 4 times).
Marriage to N. Konchalovskaya
The 30s brought happiness for Mikhalkov not only in professional activities, but also in his personal life. In 1936, he married the granddaughter of the famous painter Vasily Surikov, translator and poetess, Natalya Petrovna Konchalovskaya. The wife of Sergei Mikhalkov was 10 years older than him. For her, marriage to a young writer became the second in a row. The first husband of Konchalovskaya was the Soviet intelligence officer and businessman Alexei Bogdanov. From marriage with him, Natalya Petrovna raised her daughter Ekaterina, whom Mikhalkov adopted after the wedding. The couple lived together for 53 years. In 1937, their son Andrei was born, and in 1945 - Nikita. The common children of Sergei Vladimirovich and Natalya Petrovna became well-known filmmakers, the adopted daughter of the poet Ekaterina married the Soviet writer Julian Semenov.
Mikhalkov Sergey Vladimirovich
Born on March 13 (February 28), 1913 in Moscow.
Russian writer, poet, publicist, fabulist, playwright, screenwriter, public figure.
Honored Artist of the RSFSR (03.20.1967).
Hero of Socialist Labor (1973).
A descendant of an old Russian noble family. He spent his youth in Pyatigorsk. Ability to poetry in Sergei showed up at nine years old. His father sent several poems of his son to the famous poet Alexander Bezymensky, who spoke positively of them. In 1927, the family moved to the Stavropol Territory and then Mikhalkov began to print. In 1928, the first poem The Road was published in the journal On the Ascent (Rostov-on-Don). After graduation, he returns to Moscow and works at a weaving factory, in a geological exploration expedition. At the same time, in 1933 he became a freelance employee in the letter department of the Izvestia newspaper, a member of the Moscow group of writers. Published in the magazines Ogonyok, Pioneer, Searchlight, and in the newspapers Komsomolskaya Pravda and Izvestia. , "True". The first collection of poems comes out.
He studied at the Maxim Gorky Literary Institute (1935-1937). He began his creative career as a correspondent in the newspaper Stalin Falcon.
He gained fame as the author of poems for children. S.V. Mikhalkov is the author of the text of the anthem of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation, a number of satirical plays, a poetic cycle for children about Uncle Styop.
He made his film debut in 1935 as a screenwriter and songwriter.
During the Great Patriotic War, Sergei Mikhalkov was a correspondent for the newspapers For the Glory of the Homeland, and the Stalin Falcon. Together with the troops he retreated to Stalingrad, was shell-shocked. He was awarded military orders and medals. He worked on scripts for films and cartoons. The script for the film "Frontline Friends" was awarded the USSR State Prize in 1942.
After the war, he continued his literary work, worked in various genres of children's literature, created plays for children's theaters, and scripts for cartoons. According to his scripts, such famous films as “The Great Space Travel” (based on the play “The First Three, or Year 2001”), “Three Plus Two” (based on the play “Savages”), “The New Adventures of the Cat in Boots” and others were shot.
Since 1962 - author of the idea, organizer and editor-in-chief of the satirical newsreel "Wick". Subsequently, he is actively working on creating a newsreel and writing scripts for individual episodes.
Since the 1960s - a public figure in the field of literature.
Since 1970 - Chairman of the Board of the Union of Writers of the RSFSR.
After the collapse of the USSR, it remains at the helm of a writing organization. In 1992-1999 - co-chairman of the Executive Committee of the Community of Writing Unions. In 2005, he served as chairman of the executive committee of the International Community of Writers' Unions.
Sergei Vladimirovich passed away on August 27, 2009 at 12:30 pm at the Burdenko Research Institute in Moscow. According to his grandson Yegor Konchalovsky, "he died of old age, just fell asleep."
He was buried on August 29 at the 5th section of the Central Alley of the Novodevichy Cemetery next to the burial place of ballerina Galina Ulanova and singer Lyudmila Zykina. On the 4th site, his first wife, Natalya Petrovna Konchalovskaya, is resting.
Sergei Mikhalkov was twice married. In 1936, the poet and translator Natalya Petrovna Konchalovskaya (1903-1988), the daughter of the artist Pyotr Konchalovsky and the granddaughter of the artist Vasily Surikov, became his first wife.
In 1997, he married Yulia Valerievna Subbotina (born 1961), she is a theoretical physicist, daughter of the academician of the RAS V.I.
The father of famous film directors Andrei Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky (born 20.08.1937) and Nikita Mikhalkov (born 21.10.1945).
1941, 1942, 1949, 1978 - Laureate of four Stalin Prizes.
1970 - Laureate of the Lenin Prize.
1971 - Full member (academician) of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR.
1977 - Laureate of the State Prize of the RSFSR.
1982 - Honorary Member of the International Council for the Children's Book at UNESCO, President of the Children's Book of Russia.
1991 - Full member (academician) of the Russian Academy of Education.
1999 - Diploma on assigning the name "Mikhalkov" to one of the minor planets of the Solar System.
2001 - Prize in the nomination "Patriarch" ("To the Patriarch of Russian Literature, Theater and Cinema for Children and Youth") from the Roland Bykov Foundation.
2001 - Diploma "Person of the Year" in connection with the victory in the competition for writing the text of the State Anthem of the Russian Federation from the Russian Biographical Institute.
1939, 1963, 1973, 1983 - four orders of Lenin.
1943 - Order of the Red Star.
1945 - Order of the Red Banner.
1967, 1988 - two orders of the Red Banner of Labor.
1971 - Order of the October Revolution.
1985 - Order of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree.
1993 - Order of Friendship of Peoples.
1998 - the Order of Honor.
1993, 1998 - for the services to the Russian Orthodox Church of the Orders of St. Sergius of Radonezh and St. Blessed Tsarevich Dmitry.
2003 - March 13, on the 90th anniversary of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, II degree
2008 - March 13, on the 95th anniversary of the writer, he was awarded the Order of "St. Andrew the First-Called" - for his outstanding contribution to the development of domestic literature, many years of creative and public activity.
For his fruitful activities in the field of pedagogy, children's literature and satire, as well as for his merits in strengthening friendship with foreign countries, he noted:
* SILVER MEDAL OF THE WORLD COUNCIL OF THE WORLD (1959)
* DIPLOMA OF THE HONORARY CITIZEN OF GORI (1959, Georgia)
* MEDAL named after K.D. USHINSKY (1963)
* MEDAL named after N.K. Krupe (1969)
* MEDAL FOR THE FIGHTER FOR PEACE (1969)
* HONORARY DIPLOMA OF THE INTERNATIONAL JURY named after G.-Kh. ANDERSENA (1972)
* MEDAL named after A.P. GAIDARA (1973)
* ALICE WEDDING MEDAL (1973, GDR)
* ORDER "KIRILL AND METHODUS 1st degree" (1973, NRB)
* HONORARY SIGN "FOR SERVICES TO THE POLISH CULTURE" (1974, Poland)
* "GOLD MEDAL WITH TAPE" (1978, Czechoslovakia)
* CHILDREN'S INTERNATIONAL "ORDER OF SMILE" (1978, Poland)
* MEDAL named after YANUS KORCHAK (1979, Poland)
* AWARD "Tricky Peter" (1979, NRB)
* DIPLOMA OF THE HONORARY CITIZEN OF GABROVO (1979, NRB)
* HONORARY DIPLOMA OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PADUA (1980, ITALY)
* HONORARY DIPLOMA OF THE INSTITUTE OF ARTS OF PARMA (1982, ITALY)
* GOLD MEDAL named after A.A. FADEEVA (1982)
* DIPLOMA OF THE HONORARY MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR CHILDREN'S LITERATURE (1982)
* MEDAL OF THE CZECHOSLOVAK-SOVIET FRIENDSHIP (1983, Czechoslovakia)
* ORDER OF "FRIENDSHIP OF PEOPLES IN SILVER" (1983, GDR)
* PREMIUM OF SOCIALIST COUNTRIES named after Maxim GORKY (1985, Hungary)
* PRIZE OF NICOSIA (1986, SICILY)
* GOLD MEDAL named after L.N. THICK (1987, SSOD).
Biography of Sergei Mikhalkov during the war period
At the very beginning of the war, Mikhalkov went to the front as a military journalist. During the fighting received a concussion. For heroism and courage in the fight against the fascist invaders, he was awarded the Order of the Red Star (1943) and the Red Banner (1945). During the war, Mikhalkov did not stop his writing. From his pen come new poems and fables for the younger generation. At the same time, Sergey Vladimirovich tries himself as a screenwriter and writes texts for Soviet animated and feature films. In 1943, he co-authored with war correspondent Gabriel El-Registan to write a new text for the anthem of the Soviet Union.
Mikhalkov’s life in the 50-80s
In the postwar period, the poet Sergei Mikhalkov continued to work fruitfully. He writes plays and poems, scripts for cartoons and films. In the mid-50s, the poet headed the popular edition for children, "Funny Pictures", and in 1962 he took part in the creation of the satire magazine "Wick". In addition to working in the field of writing, Mikhalkov was an active public figure. He served as secretary of the board in the Union of Writers of the USSR, was a member of the Commission on Stalin, and later - Lenin and State Prizes in the field of art and literature. From 1970 to 1989, the poet was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In 1977, there was a need to edit the text of the national anthem existing in the USSR. This honorable work was entrusted to Mikhalkov.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Sergei Vladimirovich did not stop writing and conducting social activities. Almost until his death, he held high posts in the Community of Writing Unions. In 1993, the poet was appointed co-chairman of the commission involved in the creation of the anthem of Russia. In 1997, Mikhalkov joined the Council on State Prizes of the Russian Federation awarded in the field of art and literature. Then the 84-year-old poet, who by then had time to become a widower, married a second time. His life partner was the daughter of academician Valery Subbotin Julia. The woman was 48 years younger than her chosen one, but the solid age difference did not bother the groom and the bride, nor their family.
At the end of 2000, Sergei Mikhalkov’s biography was replenished with another significant event: his poems were approved as the modern anthem of Russia. Despite his more than advanced age, the poet continued to be creative and to be in public. In honor of his 95th birthday, for his special contribution to the development of literature and active social activity, he received the Order of St. Apostle A. the First-Called from the hands of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
The future famous Soviet and Russian poet was born on March 13, 1913. His mother was a nurse and teacher Olga Mikhailovna, and his father was a native of intelligentsia of noble origin Vladimir Alexandrovich. The boy became the eldest in the family and, together with his younger brothers (Alexander and Mikhail), spent a happy childhood in the suburbs.
The village school was far enough from the Mikhalkov’s “family nest”, because of which the boys were hired by a personal educator - Emma Rosenberg, a governess of German descent. Emma was vigilantly and strictly engaged in the development of her wards, and they were afraid to disobey her mentor. Of all subjects, Sergei liked German most of all. The eldest son of the Mikhalkovs, as a child, spoke this language perfectly and read the genuine texts of Schiller and Goethe freely.
Sergei Mikhalkov in his youth | Website of Andrei Konchalovsky
After some time, the family moved to Moscow, and then the boys finally went to school. Sergei was able to immediately transfer to the fourth grade. Classmates initially taunted a newcomer who stuttered quite a lot. But the cheerful and friendly disposition of the future poet allowed him to win the hearts of his offenders and become their best friend.
Soon, the Mikhalkov family moved again, and Sergei, like his every brother, was forced to build relationships with new classmates. This time in the Stavropol Territory. It is noteworthy that it was there that the first poetic work of the poet was published, whose talent began to manifest itself in early childhood.
This historical event for Sergei Mikhalkov’s biography took place in 1928: a journal entitled “On the Ascent” published his poem “The Road”, despite the young age of the author. It is interesting that the famous poet Alexander Bezymensky in his early childhood creations saw his huge creative potential.
Sergei Mikhalkov in his youth | Russian newspaper
After graduating from school, Sergei Mikhalkov decided to leave the Stavropol Territory and return to the capital. At first, he had a very hard time: attempts to earn on literary talent ended almost to no avail, had to agree to any job. In an effort to earn a living, Sergei Mikhalkov worked in a weaving factory, in geological expeditions, and in many other positions.
In 1933, the newspaper Izvestia granted him an honorary status for a young poet: a freelance correspondent. The future well-known children's writer did not even imagine that an even more cardinal revolution in his fate lurked literally a few steps away. In the first half of the 1930s, the first collection of works by Sergei Mikhalkov was published, and Soviet people liked them.His poems were read in clubs, in theaters, on the radio.
Sergei Mikhalkov in his youth
In 1936, the poet’s poem entitled Svetlana was published all in the same Izvestia newspaper. It is noteworthy that initially Sergei called his poem “Lullaby”, but then decided to rename it in order to please the representative of the fair sex. The girl, alas, did not appreciate this gesture. But Joseph Stalin (whose daughter was also called Svetlana) was deeply moved by this poem. Naturally, in those days, the patronage of Stalin meant a lot to the author.
Sergey Mikhalkov | Irkopedia
In the mid-1930s, the poet was offered to participate in a competition, in which it was necessary to come up with a pioneer song. Sergei Mikhalkov very responsibly approached the task and even got a job as a counselor in a pioneer camp in order to properly feel the whole atmosphere of hikes, gatherings around the fire and leisurely stories.
The first critic of the poems that were born to Mikhalkov after such an experience was Boris Ivanter (editor of the journal "Pioneer"). One of the works (then it was called "Three Citizens") Ivanter liked and was published.
Then Sergei Mikhalkov had the idea to go beyond a single poem. The author decided to write a real poem for children, which will be interesting to kids of different ages. It was then that the writer created the well-known Uncle Stepu, which is perhaps his most popular work.
Editions of the poem “Uncle Step” by Sergei Mikhalkov
Usually strict and picky, Boris Ivanter was delighted with the poem. Without any hesitation, he published the work in his journal, and he sent Sergei Mikhalkov himself to learn wisdom from Samuel Yakovlevich Marshak. The latter told the budding poet what children's works should be in order to have a beneficial effect on the process of development, study, upbringing and growing up of a child.
Under the guidance of an experienced mentor, Mikhalkov reprinted and finished writing his Uncle Step. Gradually, the poem expanded and increased, more and more plot twists were added to it. Heroism, honesty and selflessness of Uncle Stepa, a man worthy of his homeland, remained unchanged.
Photo: Sergey Mikhalkov
Soon after the outbreak of World War II, the gifted poet was drafted into the ranks of the Red Army. For several years he acted as a war correspondent. The country, desperately fighting for its freedom, inspired Sergei to write scripts for two films: “Fight at the Falcon” and “Front-End Friends”. The poet was subsequently awarded the State Prize for creating the Frontline Girlfriends script.
Sergei Mikhalkov in the war | Then
In 1943, Sergei Mikhalkov and his good friend Gabo decided to participate in a competition for writing an anthem for a union state. The option proposed by the poet came to taste to Joseph Stalin. After minor corrections and amendments, this anthem was approved and on the eve of the onset of 1944 the whole country heard it. In 1977, the author wrote the second edition of his work.
Sergei Mikhalkov in the war | To remember
Note that at the end of the 20th century Sergey Vladimirovich again took part in the development of a new anthem, already for the Russian Federation. Like decades earlier, his version was recognized as the most suitable of all, in principle, possible, and in the year 2000, under the chiming clock, we heard Mikhalkov’s poems put to music.
After the end of World War II, Sergei Mikhalkov returned to his favorite children's theme, mainly writing works for kids. On the advice of Alexander Tolstoy, he tried himself in the fable genre. The experience turned out to be very successful, and over the years of his creative activity, Sergey Vladimirovich managed to write more than 250 fabulous poems.
Also, the poet was actively writing scripts for animated films. For example, it was to him that we owe the appearance of such kind and cheerful Soviet cartoons as “They Don't Bite Here”, “Hunting Gun”, “It's Hot in Africa”, “Like an Old Man Selling a Cow”, “Zayka-Zaznayka”. In total, several dozens of animated films, including cartoons about Uncle Step, were painted according to the scripts of Sergei Mikhalkov.
Sergey Mikhalkov | RIA News
Sergey Mikhalkov also wrote scripts for the films: “Three plus two”, “New adventures of a cat in boots”, “Big space travel”, etc. He also translated into Russian and adapted for the Soviet listener the texts of famous Czech operas Damn and Kacha and Sold the Bride. The poet also distinguished himself by writing plays designed for the adult audience: “The Hunter”, “Ilya Golovin”, “Crayfish and the Crocodile”, “Savages”, “Ezitons Burchelli” came out precisely from his pen.
The first poems by Sergei Mikhalkov
The talent for writing poetry in Sergei manifested itself in early childhood. He wrote the first poem at age 9. In order to somehow organize his work, the boy invented to publish a home literary magazine, in which he acted as an editor, artist and author. Among the regular readers was the father of the boy, who, having read several poems by his son, decided to send them for review to the already famous poet Alexander Bezymensky at that time. He, having read the lines of the young poet, replied that such a talent is simply necessary to develop!
In 1927, the Mikhalkov family moved to Pyatigorsk, as the head of the family was offered work in the Terselkredsoyuz, and soon poems of the 15-year-old poet appeared in local print media. His "Road" adorned the printed pages of the magazine "On the rise." The talent of the beginning poet was noticed, the guy was taken to TAPP.
After graduating from school, Sergei decided to move to Moscow. At first, life in the capital was difficult: they paid little for literary work, and there was a catastrophic lack of money for life. Sergey began to earn money where it turned out: he was a worker at a weaving factory, participated in geological expeditions. In parallel with this (in 1933) he became a freelance correspondent for the Izvestia newspaper. At this time, the poet’s first collection was also published, and his life turned upside down: Mikhalkov’s poems did not leave the pages of the Union’s large-circulation magazines and newspapers. His works performed by Rina Zelena and Lev Kassil sounded on the radio from the stages of theaters and clubs. It is a pity that Vladimir Mikhalkov did not live up to this point, having died a year earlier from lung disease.
In 1936, another fateful turn awaited the creative path of the young poet. He published in Izvestia the poem Svetlana, which was originally called Lullaby, but the author renamed it just before going to print, devoting it to the girl he liked. And although the lines of Mikhalkov did not affect the heart of the beauty, they sunk into the soul of Stalin himself, whose daughter was also called Svetlana. Iron man, having read the rhymed lines, saw his baby in them and was moved. The poet interested him. From this very moment, Mikhalkov’s life has completely changed.
As one of Stalin's favorite poets, Sergei Vladimirovich successfully built a political career. He managed to get the post of secretary of the Writers 'Union, later - secretary of the Writers' Union of the RSFSR, and even a little later - chairman of this organization.
Also, Sergei Mikhalkov managed to work as a deputy of the Supreme Council. For political success, the poet was often criticized by contemporaries who considered his work to be pleasing to the authorities.
Deputy Sergei Mikhalkov | RIA News
Among other things, at one time Mikhalkov participated in the persecution of dissidents. It is likely that with age the writer’s attitude to this situation has changed, but at that time he really believed that he was doing the right thing.
At the end of the 20th century, the author took up the post of one of the chairmen of the Society of Writing Unions, and shortly before his death he was awarded the Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called for his great services in the literary field.
Personal life of Sergei Mikhalkov
Their marriage lasted 53 long years. The couple retained genuine feelings until the last breath of Natalia - she passed away in 1988.
In the marriage of Sergei Mikhalkov and Natalia Konchalovskaya, two sons were born. Both chose a creative path and became eminent filmmakers. The eldest son - Andrei Konchalovsky - People's Artist, Director and Writer. The youngest son, Nikita Mikhalkov, actor, screenwriter and director, is also a People's Artist. He owns many cult tapes: “Burnt by the Sun”, “Siberian Barber”, “12” and others.
Mikhalkov died on August 27, 2009 at the age of 96. The cause of his death was pulmonary edema. Grandchildren and children of Sergei Mikhalkov said that their grandfather and father just fell asleep. The poet’s grave is located at the Novodevichy cemetery, where many famous Muscovites are buried.
The eldest son of Mikhalkov
Sergei Vladimirovich, along with his first wife, raised two wonderful sons. Both Andrei (Andron) Konchalovsky and Nikita Mikhalkov became famous and respected people, not only at home, but also abroad. The eldest son of Sergei Vladimirovich chose the profession of film director and screenwriter. Like his father, he is engaged in social activities. Andrei Konchalovsky made 27 feature films, wrote 34 scripts, staged 8 performances. In 1980, he was awarded the title of People's Artist, in 2014 he won the highest award of the Venice Film Festival in the field of directing. He is president of the Nika Film Academy. In 1980, Konchalovsky emigrated to America, where he made several films. Disappointed in Hollywood cinema, he returned to his homeland after the collapse of the USSR.
He was officially married 5 times (current wife - actress and presenter Julia Vysotskaya). Beloved women gave the film director seven children (the most famous of them is actor Yegor Konchalovsky). Now Andrey Sergeyevich is growing up 8 grandchildren.
Childhood and early years
S.V. Mikhalkov was born on February 28 (March 13), 1913 in Moscow. The son of college assessor Vladimir Alexandrovich Mikhailkov (1876-1932) and Olga Mikhailovna Mikhailkovoy (nee Glebova) (1876-1943). Belongs to the old noble family Mikhailkovs, whose estate was partially preserved in the city of Rybinsk. On the paternal side, Sergey Vladimirovich is the grandson of the captain of the captain, landowner of the Moscow, Kostroma, Yaroslavl provinces, Alexander Vladimirovich Mikhailov and Anna (Alisa) Loginovna Miller, on the maternal side, the honorary magistrate, the leader of the nobility of Venevsky district, Mikhail Petrovich Glebov and Elizaveta Vasilyevna. A direct descendant of the princes Golitsyn, Ukhtomsky and other famous noble families.
Sergey’s ability to poetry appeared at the age of nine. His father sent several poems of his son to the poet Alexander Bezymensky, who spoke positively of them. In 1927, the family moved to the city of Pyatigorsk, Stavropol Territory. In these years, Sergey began to print. In 1928, in the magazine “On the Ascent” (Rostov-on-Don), his first poem “The Road” was published. After graduation, Sergei Mikhalkov returned to Moscow and worked at a weaving factory, in a geological exploration expedition. Since 1933 he became a freelance employee in the letter department of the Izvestia newspaper, a member of the Moscow group of writers. He was published in the magazines Ogonyok, Pioneer, Searchlight, and in the newspapers Komsomolskaya Pravda, Izvestia, and Pravda. The first collection of his poems came out.
The youngest son of Sergei Vladimirovich
Nikita Mikhalkov followed in the footsteps of his older brother and also became a director. In addition, he mastered the specialties of an actor, screenwriter and film producer. Nikita Sergeyevich received the title of People’s Artist in 1984. He is chairman of the Union of Cinematographers. Films Mikhalkov repeatedly nominated for the highest awards of international film festivals. In 1991, Nikita Sergeyevich was awarded the Golden Lion in Venice for his work Urga - Territory of Love. In 1995, his film Burnt by the Sun became an Oscar winner. In total, Mikhalkov directed 29 films as a director, including “Slave of Love”, “Siberian Barber”, “Station for Two”, “12”, etc. The youngest son of Sergei Vladimirovich played 44 roles, wrote scripts for 27 films, produced 14 film works.
Nikita Mikhalkov married twice. His first wife was actress Anastasia Vertinskaya. Now the wife of the master of domestic cinema is a public figure Tatyana Mikhalkova. From two marriages, Nikita Sergeyevich had 2 sons and 2 daughters, who gave him 9 grandchildren. All his children devoted their lives to the acting profession.
The value of the poet's work
Sergei Mikhalkov lived a long and fruitful life, raised wonderful children and grandchildren. Several generations of people grew up on his immortal works. The poet’s books have been translated into many languages of the world and released with a total circulation of more than 300 million copies. Poems by Sergei Mikhalkov do not lose their relevance today. In them, the author extols the kindness, justice, honesty and other universal human values on which the younger generation should be educated.
The beginning of active creative activity
In 1935, the first known work was published, which became a classic of Soviet children's literature - Uncle Styopa. In 1936, an event occurred that changed the life of a writer. He published the poem Svetlana in the newspaper Pravda, which Stalin liked. Sergei Mikhalkov became a member of the USSR Writers Union in 1937. In 1935-1937 he studied at the Literary Institute. Collections of his poems and fables were published. Many characters of Mikhalkov’s poems became common nouns (“About Mimosa”, “Thomas” and others). A little-known hitherto Moscow writer became a "nominee", quickly soared to the top of the literary hierarchy of the USSR. In 1939, Mikhalkov received the first Order of Lenin.
Activities in the years of fame
Since the 1960s, Sergei Mikhalkov is a public figure in the field of literature. Secretary of the Board of the Union of Writers of the USSR and First Secretary of the Board of the Moscow Organization of the Union of Writers of the RSFSR (1965-1970). From March 27, 1970 to December 14, 1990 - Chairman of the Board of the Union of Writers of the RSFSR. Sergei Mikhalkov is one of the five authors of the epitaph at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier near the Kremlin wall: “Your name is unknown, your feat is immortal.”
Member of the Commission on Stalin Prizes in the field of literature and art at the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR No. 5513 of December 4, 1949). By Decree of the USSR Council of Ministers No. 605 of August 2, 1976, he was included in the Commission on the Lenin and State Prizes of the USSR in the field of literature, art and architecture under the Council of Ministers of the USSR.
In 1985 he was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree.
After the collapse of the USSR, Mikhalkov remains at the helm of a writing organization. In 1992-1999 - co-chairman of the executive committee of the Community of Writing Unions. In 2005, the writer holds the post of chairman of the executive committee of the International Community of Writing Unions.
By 2008, the total circulation of books by Sergei Mikhalkov was, according to various estimates, about 300 million copies.
March 13, 2008, on the day of the 95th anniversary of the writer, Vladimir Putin signed a decree awarding Mikhalkov with the Order of St. Apostle Andrew the First-Called - with the wording for his outstanding contribution to the development of domestic literature, many years of creative and social activity .
Work on anthems of the USSR and Russia
In 1943, the government of the USSR decided to change the old anthem, the Internationale. The basis of the music was the “Anthem of the Bolshevik Party” by A. V. Alexandrov. Many famous poets were involved in creating the text of the new anthem. According to the results of the competition, the text created in collaboration with the journalist and poet Gabriel El-Registan (Gabriel Arshaluysovich Ureklyants) and the poet Sergei Mikhalkov was recognized as the best. The first performance of the USSR National Anthem on All-Union Radio took place on New Year's Eve on January 1, 1944. After the death of I.V. Stalin, and especially after the XX Congress of the CPSU in 1955-1977, the anthem was played without words, as it contained the name of Stalin.
On May 27, 1977, on the eve of the adoption of the new Constitution of the USSR, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR approved the second version of the text of the State Anthem of the USSR prepared by Sergei Mikhalkov, which does not mention the name of Stalin and emphasizes communist construction.
In 2000, work began on the adoption of the new Anthem of the Russian Federation. The draft law "On the National Anthem of the Russian Federation" was generally adopted by the Duma on December 8, 2000. On December 20, 2000, a new anthem to the old melody of Aleksandrov became the state symbol of the Russian Federation, new laws on state symbols were adopted by both houses of the Russian parliament and signed by the president. When they were discussed in the State Duma, the proposal to accept the music of the USSR anthem as a Russian anthem caused a sharp hostility of some individual deputies, but the decision was adopted by the majority.
On December 30, 2000, President Vladimir V. Putin approved the text of the National Anthem of Russia to the verses of Sergei Mikhalkov. The classic said in an interview that he sincerely wanted to compose “an anthem of the Orthodox country”, he is a believer and “has always been a believer”. “What I just wrote is close to my heart,” Mikhalkov said.
Sergei Mikhalkov successfully worked in almost all literary genres: poetry, prose, dramaturgy, criticism, journalism, scripts for films and cartoons. The poet has become a recognized classic of children's poetry. His works, such as Uncle Styopa, The Feast of Disobedience, and What Do You Have ?, have been repeatedly reprinted and enjoyed the success and love of the audience. Critics who spoke positively of his work, noted the originality of talent, the influence of classical Russian drama. There was even such a thing as “Mikhalkovsky Theater”.
The part of the critics who did not appreciate Mikhalkov’s contribution to world literature spoke of secondary nature, the desire to cater to the immediate interests of the authorities. So, for example, these critics believed that many of his works are essentially an adaptation of the classics to the requirements of socialist realism. For example, the play “Balalaikin and Company” (based on the works of M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin), the play “Tom Kenti” (based on the “Prince and the Pauper” by M. Twain). Not disputing the generally accepted opinion that Sergei Mikhalkov is a recognized satirist, they nevertheless tried to assert that his works in this direction lacked real sharpness and conviction.
He was criticized for the loyalty of any power and opportunism.
A native of a noble family who joined the party in 1950, Mikhalkov made a career in the Soviet writing field, in fact, became outside of official criticism, but constantly attracted criticism from unofficial persons (directed more against his civic position and to a lesser extent degrees against his creative failures). Most of all, his unofficial opponents did not like his loyalty to any government, the opportunistic approach, and the publication in the Soviet era of works of an openly propaganda nature.
Blank paper again
On the table in front of me
I write three words on it:
Glory party native
The poem is a true story "Motherland Day"
"Communism"! Us this word
Shines brighter than a lighthouse.
“Be ready!” - “Always ready!”
With us is the Leninist Central Committee!
Real-Time Poem "Get Ready!" (1961)
In the autobiographical book "I was a Soviet writer" (1995) Mikhalkov wrote about 1991:
“... The indestructible Union collapsed, burying under its ruins the seemingly unshakable structures of the party-state apparatus with its law enforcement and punitive system indifferent to human fate, a rotten economy,“ developed socialism ”and ghostly communist ideals ...”
The writer V.F. Tendryakov in 1974 spoke about one of the banquets in the Kremlin Palace:
The government appeared, and immediately around it a booming, merry-go-round carousel arose. Figures of art and literature, of course, are not all, but those who considered themselves sufficiently noticeable, able to claim closeness, wiping each other, with happy smiles on sweaty faces began a crush, squeezing closer. ... On the one hand, now on the other, Sergei Mikhalkov grew up, an incomparable “Uncle Styopa,” who never misses a chance to remind himself.
In the post-Soviet era, the opinion was repeatedly expressed that Mikhalkov was an opportunist who put his talent at the service of personal enrichment. The critic Stanislav Rassadin wrote about him that since the 1930s Mikhalkov had "lost his temper" and "used his divine spark to light a fire under his state rations."
Vladimir Radzishevsky spoke of Mikhalkov as a "crafty courtier".
Mikhalkov’s activity in composing the text of the anthem of the USSR and Russia also caused negative reviews. They criticized his willingness to follow the demands of the authorities with successively three different versions of the anthem. Vladimir Voinovich wrote that "quick Sergey Mikhalkov, without creative torment and moral effort on the instructions of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee, easily adapted the old composition to new conditions."
He participated in the persecution of A. A. Akhmatova, which followed the publication of her poems in the journal Znamya in 1946 (see Literary Newspaper, September 7, 1946).
When the campaign began against B. L. Pasternak’s novel “Doctor Zhivago”, Mikhalkov responded with a fable about “a certain cereal called Pasternak”.
At a time when the persecution of literary dissidents (A. D. Sinyavsky, A. I. Solzhenitsyn, B. L. Pasternak) began in the USSR, Mikhalkov took part in this process, condemning and stigmatizing ideological opponents. In response to Solzhenitsyn being awarded the Nobel Prize (1970), Mikhalkov stated that he considered this initiative is nothing more than another political provocation directed against Soviet literature and having nothing to do with genuine concern for the development of literature .
The Soviet dissident V.K. Bukovsky, son of the writer and journalist K.I. Bukovsky, spoke of Sergei Mikhalkov as a vivid example of boundless cynicism and hypocrisy:
For example, when my father was persecuted because of me at the party meetings of the Writers' Union, Mikhalkov was the most vigilant, such as "there is no place in the party ranks like Konstantin Bukovsky who raised an enemy of the people!" After the meeting, however, he ran to his father and asked: “Well, how is yours?” Or then, when the Union collapsed, he - a member of the CPSU Central Committee - was one of the first to talk about his “nobility”. However, I have personal complaints against Mikhalkov. At the age of six, I did not understand the line of the hymn “And Lenin illuminated the great path for us”, or rather, who, in fact, the great one — the path or Lenin? And everyone to whom I asked such a question gave me a slap in the face.
Mikhalkov considered his conformist position to be right and never repented of his actions. For example, he stated that the campaign to convict dissidents in the 1960s and 1970s was justified by the fact that they violated Soviet laws of that time by publishing their works in Russian abroad of the USSR, that is, in an uncontrolled Soviet writers and party press organizations. In an interview in 2000, he stated that he considered Solzhenitsyn’s play “Feast of Winners” to be a slander against the Soviet Army, and for “The Gulag Archipelago” he raised the question of awarding him the State Prize source not specified 543 days . At the same time, Stalin called an outstanding personality.
Colleagues in the writing workshop nicknamed Mikhalkov “Gimnyuk” and “Uncle Styopa” for their eyes. Mikhalkov and his family became the object of poisonous epigrams and jokes.
Sergey Mikhalkov also played a negative role in the fate of the St. Petersburg children's writer Oleg Grigoriev. In 1981, he criticized his poetry collection Vitamin Growth. This prevented Grigoriev from joining the Writers' Union and getting protection from the authorities that pursued him, like Brodsky, for “parasitism”. Subsequently, for Oleg Grigoryev personally, Mikhalkov immediately symbolized all the authorities: the party, the literary, and the police.
Mikhalkov was one of the first to openly support the GKChP and the “August putsch” of 1991.
- Works in 2 volumes. - M.: Goslitizdat, 1954. - 50,000 copies.
- Collected works in 4 volumes. - M.: Fiction, 1963-1964. - 100,000 copies.
- Collected works in 3 volumes. - M .: Children's literature, 1970-1971. - 300,000 copies.
- Collected works in 6 volumes. - M.: Fiction, 1981-1983. - 75,000 copies.
- Selected works in 2 volumes. - M .: Children's literature, 1967. - 100,000 copies.
- Selected works in 3 volumes. - M.: Fiction, 1991. - 100,000 copies.
- 1941 - Frontline Friends
- 1942 - Fight at the Falcon
- 1942 - Battle movie collection number 12
- 1948 - Red tie - based on the play of the same name
- 1949 - They Have a Homeland - based on the play "I Want to Go Home"
- 1958 - The driver involuntarily
- 1958 - The new adventures of Puss in Boots
- 1959 - Sombrero - based on the play of the same name
- 1960 - Leon Garros seeks a friend
- 1963 - Three plus two - based on the play "Savages"
- 1972 - Committee of the Nineteen
- 1972 - Residence Permit
- 1974 - Dear boy - based on the play of the same name
- 1974 - Big space travel - on the play "The First Three, or Year 2001"
- 1975 - I change the dog to a steam locomotive - based on the play Alien Role
- 1979 - Foam - based on the play of the same name
- In the Museum of V.I. Lenin
- Mother and daughter
- My secret
- What about you
- How would we live without books ...
- Cripples in the library
- Thirty six and five
- School mates
- My week
- We can also SO
- Fat Beetle
- About mimosa
- Sasha's porridge
- Wonderful pills
- Strength of will
- New Year's Eve
- Elevator and pencil
- About catfish
- Forest Academy
- My puppy
- Good buddies
- Friends song
- About the girl who ate badly
- One rhyme
- From carriage to rocket
- After victory
- No war
- Tom Kenti (1938) Comedy based on M. Twain
- Special Mission (1946)
- The Jolly Dream (1946)
- Red Tie (1947)
- I want to go home (1949)
- Ilya Golovin (1949) Play
- Bunny Bunny (1953)
- Crayfish (1953) Satirical Comedy
- Alien Role (1954)
- In one compartment (1954) Satirical performance
- How a bear found a pipe (1954)
- The Hunter (1955)
- Monument to himself ... (1959) Satirical comedy
- Sombrero (1957)
- Savages (1958)
- Ezitons Burchelli (1961)
- Caution leaf fall! (1961)
- Forgotten Dugout (1963)
- Cowtail (1966) Piece for Babies
- The first three or Year 2001. (1970)
- Dear Boy (1971)
- Balalaikin and Co. ° (1974) Play
- Slap (1973) Piece
- Pena (1975) Comedy of Morals
- Passage in the Passage (1977) Play (based on the story of F. M. Dostoevsky "Crocodile. An Extraordinary Event, or Passage in the Passage")
- Two Wicks (1978)
- Kings Can Do Everything (1982) Satirical Comedy
- What is written by pen (1984) Satirical comedy
Total written about 200 fables
- Two friends
- Book lover
- Missing Ring.
- Tailor on laurels.
- Elephant painter.
- Moskvich and Volga.
- Hop in the hop
- Fox and beaver
- Someone else's misfortune
- Hare and turtle
- Nightingale and crow
- Fly and bee
- Lion and fly
- Enviable tenacity
State awards and prizes of Russia and the USSR
- Hero of Socialist Labor (March 9, 1973) - for outstanding services in the development of Soviet literature, fruitful social activities and in connection with his sixtieth birthday
- Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called (March 13, 2008) - for his outstanding contribution to the development of domestic literature, many years of creative and social activity
- Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", II degree (March 13, 2003) - for outstanding contribution to the development of domestic culture
- Order of Honor (March 13, 1998) - for his great personal contribution to the development of domestic multinational culture
- Order of Friendship of Peoples (February 20, 1993) - for his great personal contribution to the development of literature and art, the strengthening of interethnic cultural ties and fruitful social activities
- Four Orders of Lenin (January 31, 1939, March 9, 1963, March 9, 1973, March 11, 1983)
- Order of the October Revolution (July 2, 1971)
- Order of the Red Banner (February 26, 1945) - for exemplary performance of the combat missions of command on the front of the struggle against Nazi invaders and the courage and heroism shown at the same time
- Order of the Patriotic War I degree (March 11, 1985)
- two orders of the Red Banner of Labor (October 28, 1967, March 11, 1988)
- Order of the Red Star (March 7, 1943) - for exemplary performance of the combat missions of command on the front of the struggle against Nazi invaders and the courage and heroism shown at the same time
- Honored Artist of the RSFSR (March 20, 1967) - for merits in the field of Soviet cinema
- Lenin Prize (1970) - for poetic works of recent years for children of primary school age
- USSR State Prize (1978) - for the All-Union satirical newsreel "Wick". (Latest issues)
- Stalin Prize of the second degree (1941) - for poetry for children
- Stalin Prize of the second degree (1942) - for the script of the film "Front-line girlfriends" (1941)
- Stalin Prize of the second degree (1950) - for the plays "Ilya Golovin" and "I want to go home"
- State Prize of the RSFSR named after K. S. Stanislavsky (1977) - for the play "Foam", staged at the Moscow Theater of Satire
- Silver Medal of the World Peace Council (1959)
- Medal “Fighter for Peace” (1969)
- “Gold Medal with Ribbon” (Czechoslovakia, 1978)
- Czechoslovak-Soviet friendship medal (Czechoslovakia, 1983)
- medal of K. D. Ushinsky (1963)
- medal N.K. Krupskaya (1969)
- A.P. Gaidar Medal (1973)
- Alice Wedding Medal (GDR, 1973)
- Janusz Korczak Medal (Poland, 1979)
- gold medal named after Alexander Fadeev (1982)
- gold medal named after Leo Tolstoy (1987)
- Badge “For Merit to Polish Culture” (1974)
Diplomas and Prizes
- Honorary Diploma of the International Jury of the H.K. Andersen Prize (1972)
- Honorary Diploma of the University of Padova (Italy, 1980)
- Honorary Diploma of the Institute of the Arts of Parma (Italy, 1982)
- Honorary Member of the International Council for Children's Literature (1982)
- Golden Calf Award of Literary Newspaper (Club of 12 Chairs) (1985).
- In honor of S.V. Mikhalkov, the asteroid (9540) Mikhalkov was discovered, discovered by astronomer Lyudmila Karachkina at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory on October 21, 1982.
- The name of Sergei Mikhalkov is the Republican Children's Library of the Chechen Republic in Grozny.
- March 13, 2013 in Moscow on the facade of the house number 35 on Povarskaya street in which Mikhalkov lived from 1951 to 2009, a bronze memorial plaque was opened. The author is the national artist of the Russian Federation, sculptor Georgy Frangulyan. The event was timed to the 100th anniversary of the writer and poet.
- On May 28, 2014, a monument to S.V. Mikhalkov (sculptor Alexander Rukavishnikov) was unveiled in Moscow on Povarskaya Street. The ceremony was attended by Russian President Vladimir V. Putin.
- On April 29, 2017 in Omsk, a monument to S.V. Mikhalkov was erected on the territory of the Children's Palace of Creativity.
- On December 1, 2019, a thematic train dedicated to the work of Sergei Mikhalkov was launched on the ring line of the Moscow Metro for half a year.
Medal of Sergei Mikhalkov
The Russian Cultural Foundation in 2010 established the commemorative Gold Medal of Sergei Mikhalkov. The gold medal created by George Frangulyan depicts the profile of the writer. The medal is awarded to artists "for their humanistic contribution to the upbringing of the young generation." The first award took place in 2010, the second in 2013, the ceremony was timed to coincide with the centenary of the birth of Sergei Mikhalkov. In the future, the medal is supposed to be awarded every two years.SharePinTweet+1SendSend
Watch the video: Сергей Михалков Sergey Mikhalkov. Жизнь Замечательных Людей. (April 2020).