In each century, their own tools were created. Many of them have been lost. Modern creators are gradually returning to the world pieces of the past. As a result, ancient melodies are closely intertwined with new ones, and this mixture of styles opens up more and more new faces. We present to your attention a list of the ten rarest musical instruments in the world.
10. Aeolian harp
Aeolian harp is an ancient stringed musical instrument. It is a wooden frame with several strings stretched over it, which, fluctuating from the wind, sound a gentle timbre. Named after Aeolus, the ancient Greek god of the wind. It was very popular in the era of romanticism in Germany and France. Currently, some of them play the role of sound sculptures located on the roofs of the building or windy hilltops.
9. Marteno waves
Marteno Waves is an electric musical instrument designed by Maurice Marteno in 1928. It has unique sound extraction using electronic tubes that produce vibrational frequencies. Playable sounds seem a little creepy. Marteno waves quickly gained popularity and began to be used by many composers, especially Olivier Messianu fell in love.
Theremin is one of the earliest fully electronic musical instruments played without touching its surface. This is provided by two antennas, they receive information about the location of the hands of the theremin. One of the antennas controls the oscillations (sound frequency), the other - the amplitude (instrument volume). The received electrical signals from thereminvox are fed to the speaker through an amplifier. This tool was invented by the Soviet inventor Lev Theremin in 1919.
7. Glass harmonica
Glass harmonica or simply Harmonica (from Italian Armonia) is an unusual musical instrument consisting of a series of glass bowls or cups of various sizes, rotating on the shaft using pedal mechanisms. Touching a wet finger causes vibrations of a glass bowl of a certain size, which generates the sound of the desired frequency.
Symphony house, theremin badger, pyrophone, stalactite organ and other unusual musical instruments from around the world.
The search for unusual and original sound sometimes force musicians (sometimes just scientists who have a love of music and sound) to create completely new instruments. At the same time, not only modern technologies, but also the most incredible things are taken as a basis: wheels, glass glasses, pipes, flasks with water, whole residential buildings and even caves.
Unusual musical instruments sound (sorry for the pun) unusual: some resemble whale singing and playing the wind on a harp, others try to be similar in sound to the more familiar violins, cello or guitar.
We collected (and continue to collect) the most unusual musical instruments from around the world, sorted out the history of their occurrence and found the best examples of sound.
Badger / Badger (Badgermin)
In 2012, taxidermist and music lover David Cranmer had an incredible idea: put the theremin (read about it below) inside a stuffed animal ... badger!
The tool was created in a single copy based on the PAiA Theremax Kit, consisting of a Theremin control panel, two 8 mm antennas and the cables needed for switching. The first performance using the badger was held on January 1, 2012.
On a special site, Kranmer notes that he is ready to create theremin of any kind on an individual order. For example, a taxidermist later created a theremin owl using the same technology that was used to create the thereminox from a stuffed badger.
We believe that Mr. Kranmer is a little crazy - his musical instruments turn out to be rather strange than unusual.
Waterphone was invented and patented by Richard Waters in 1968. The waterphone was used as a musical instrument in the soundtrack of films such as Let Me In, Poltergeist, and The Matrix.
The main role in the instrument is assigned to water, thanks to which it sounds. The waterphone consists of a stainless steel resonator bowl and a plurality of bronze rods of various lengths located along the edge of the bowl. Sounds are extracted with a bow, rubber mallets, fingers and everything that can create vibrations. The movement of water inside the bowl changes the sound of the waterphone.
The sound of the instrument is compared to the singing of whales. According to Waters himself, once Jim Knollman, a friend of the inventor, played on a waterphone in the middle of the ocean. Waters claims that an impromptu concert near Hawaii attracted the attention of blue whales who surrounded Nollman and did not swim away until the man finished the performance.
Hyper Bass Flute (Flute Hyper Bass)
The hyperbass flute is the largest and lowest-sounding woodwind instrument, the length of which can reach 15 meters. The first copy of the hyperbass flute was created by the Florentine master Francesco Romei for the Italian flutist Roberto Fabbriciani, who acted as a sponsor of the project. It was Fabbriciani who called the instrument a hyper bass flute. (English Hyperbass Flute, Italian. Flauto Iperbasso).
The instrument sounds four octaves lower than a regular concert flute (3 octaves below the bass flute, 2 octaves below the double bass and one octave below the double bass). The bottom note is C0 (To the subcontroctave), which makes the hyper bass flute sound one octave lower than an ordinary piano. The lower sound of the instrument sounds at a frequency of 16 Hz, going beyond the scope of human hearing, distinguishing sounds in the range from 20 to 20,000 Hz.
The materials used are PVC and wood. The flute holes are covered with the whole hand, and the instrument does not have the usual keys.
It is not known who created the ceramic guitar, but the American Dan Earlvine was the first to pay attention to an unusual musical instrument.
In 1963, Earlvine got a job as an apprentice at the Herb David Guitar Studio workshop in Ann Arbor, Michigan (USA), where he began to master the basics of repairing and making guitars. By the mid-2000s, Earlwein had turned from an apprentice into a respected guitar master, and the number of guitars that passed through his hands totaled tens of thousands.
Earlwein admits that he has seen many of the most bizarre guitars in his entire career, but the most unusual instrument was the ceramic guitar, which ended up in Dan's hands in mid-2016. There is no information about who originally produced this instrument, just as there is no information about the technology for the production of ceramic guitars.
The most unusual musical instruments in the world
Many have heard this musical instrument without suspecting it, for example, in old horror films.
Theremin was invented by the Russian scientist Leo Theremin in 1928. He makes a rather unusual, even a little eerie vibrating sound, which many underground musicians adore. However, it was the sound of the instrument that did not allow him to gain wide popularity. Playing the theremin is to change the distance from the hands of the musician to the antenna of the instrument, due to which the pitch changes.
Despite the fact that both the banjo and ukulele quickly gained an army of many fans, the hybrid of these two instruments, the banjole, never became popular. In fact, this is a very small banjo, with only four strings instead of five. The instrument makes a pleasant, soothing sound, but playing with people with big hands is quite problematic. Maybe that's why, or maybe because of the inconsistency of its name, the banjolele has remained a niche tool.
Omnicord is an electronic musical instrument introduced by Suzuki in 1981. Sounds in it are created by pressing the button corresponding to the chord and hitting a special metal plate. Being incredibly easy to use, omnichord had every chance of becoming popular, especially among novice musicians. But he didn’t. The famous melody from the song Clint Eastwood by the British group Gorillaz is perhaps the most famous piece played on this musical instrument.
Both bass and conventional guitar are some of the most popular instruments in the world. However, as in the case of the banjolele, their hybrid, despite its deep and rich sound, was not found to be very widespread. Due to their design, such guitars sound much lower than usual. Currently, they are sometimes used in recording studios to give the main guitar part a richer tone.
Despite the inconsistency of its name, the sounds this instrument makes are very pleasant. Most of all, it looks like a metal hand drum. It consists of two bowls, on one of which are the "tongues" of the drum, and on the other - a resonating hole. Each bowl is highly customizable.
The instrument found some popularity among street musicians, but it still can not be called massive.
In the 80s, in the wake of the popularity of pop music, this instrument almost entered the mainstream. Nearly…
In fact, this is a regular synthesizer, enclosed in a plastic guitar case. As in previous hybrids, they play it mainly only as needed. One of its main advantages is compactness.
Few know that Matthew Bellamy, the leader of the popular British band Muse, regularly uses the keyboard for his performances.
Wind synthesizer "Evie"
Evi is the most popular wind synthesizer, but is still unknown to a huge number of music fans. It is a mixture of saxophone and synthesizer. The principle of the game on it is almost the same as on Sax. However, the “synthesizer past” of the instrument makes it possible to connect it to a computer.
The most mysterious tool in our selection. It was invented by inventor Raymond Scott. Little is known about him, except that it is a huge prototype of a modern synthesizer. The only remaining electronium belongs to the composer Mark Mathersbo, and even that does not work.
This saw differs from the usual one only in that it can bend much more. When playing, a musician rests one end on his hip, and holds the other end with his hand. The sound is extracted with a special bow. I must say that the unusual sound of the saw can be heard in the compositions of some folk groups. However, outside the genre of ethnic music, it was not widespread.
Perhaps the most unusual tool in the collection. Maurice Marteno invented it in 1928. The sound of the instrument at the same time resembles a violin and theremin. The design of the French invention is quite complicated: when playing, the musician needs to simultaneously press the keys and pull a special ring. By the way, Johnny Greenwood, a member of Radiohead, used the Morteno Waves to record several songs, giving them a unique sound.
Wheel Lyre (Hurdy-Gurdy)
A stringed reed instrument has been known in Europe since the end of the 12th century under the name “organist”, and the oldest wheel lyre images dating from 1175 and 1188 were found in English book miniatures and on the bas-relief of St. James’s Cathedral in Spain. The oldest wheeled lyre that has survived to the present day belongs to the XII century and is a bulky tool for two people to play - one rotates the handle, and the second changes the position of the rods.
With the advent of the lightweight wheeled lyre in the 13th century, the instrument became an indispensable attribute of the medieval culture of minstrels. Lira lost popularity in the 15th century: by that time the wheeled lyre was considered an instrument of tramps and beggars. The popularity of the instrument came back in the 18th century, when the lyre gained popularity among the French aristocracy.
Wheel lira appeared in Russia around the 17th century, also associated with tramps, beggars and buffoons, performing unpretentious and humorous songs to the accompaniment of the instrument. Despite the difficult attitude on the part of people, in Russia the wheel lyre acquired the status of a Russian folk instrument.
During the game, the lyre is placed on its knees, extracting sounds by rotating the wheel handle and changing the position of the rods to which the strings are connected. The number of strings reaches 11 pieces: most of them vibrate monotonously and simultaneously as a result of friction against the wheel, and 1-4 individual strings reproduce the melody.
The sound of the wheeled lyre is distinguished by its power, monotony and a minor nasal tone, causing associations with the music of the peoples of the Middle East. Much of the sound quality depends on the exact centering of the wheel and the smoothness of its surface.
Feline Pianoforte / Feline Harpsichord / Feline Organ
There is no confirmed information about the existence of a real prototype of a cat's pianoforte, and the instrument itself is described only in the literature of the 19th century in the form of a grotesque idea. Nevertheless, we could not but include it in the list of unusual musical instruments.
The description of the cat's pianoforte was first made by the German scientist Athanasius Kircher in the mid-1650s. According to Kircher, the instrument consists of a chain of 7-9 cats fixed in one place, whose tails are connected to the keyboard. Cats and cats are selected according to the height of the meowing tone. Keystrokes pulled animals by their tails, which began to scream in pain. Thus, the instrument described by the German is closer to the clavichord than the piano, which did not exist at the time of Kircher.
The mention of such an instrument (regardless of Kircher's descriptions) is found in the work “The Musitian, excerpts from the work on rare or strange inventions” by the French writer Jean-Baptiste Weckerlen, written in 1887. Weckerlen talked about the instrument "Piganino" (from the English. Pig - pig)in which pigs were used as a sound source.
A stringed musical instrument called Chrysalis was designed by Chris Forster in 1975. Forster admits that the design of the instrument was created under the influence of the Aztec stone calendars. The inventor describes the sound of the instrument as a play of wind on a harp.
The idea of creating a chrysalis came to Chris's mind at that moment when he was interested in the opportunity to use a wheel with stretched strings as a musical instrument. Chrysalis consists of two wooden wheels, on which 82 strings are stretched. During the game, the wheels rotate freely in opposite directions.
Nickelharp is a traditional Swedish stringed instrument with a history of over 600 years. Previously, the instrument was also called nickeligig, nickelspel and nickel-lira. In Swedish, “nyckel” means a key, and the word “harpa” refers to any string instrument, be it a guitar, violin or double bass. Thus, literally, the name of the instrument can be translated as “Key Strings”.
The first evidence of the use of nickelharp is considered to be a bas-relief on the gates of the Kellung church on the Swedish island of Gotland, dated 1350. The bas-relief shows the silhouettes of two musicians playing nickelharp. The oldest nickelharp that has survived is found in the Swedish city of Mora in the province of Dalarna and dates from 1526. This instance resembles a lute in shape, and is equipped with one row of keys and two strings.
In the first half of the 1900s, the instrument was considered “dead”, and in Sweden there were practically no musicians who owned nickelharp. However, in the 1960s and 1970s. nickelharpa regained its popularity, which was not least contributed to by popular music, seeking new and unusual sounds.
The modern nickelharp is equipped with 16 strings (3 melodic, one monotonous and 12 resonant strings) and 37 wooden keys arranged in such a way as to “slide” under the strings. The instrument range is 3 octaves, and the sound resembles a violin with increased resonance.
Today in Sweden there are about 10,000 people playing nickelharp, and among the famous musicians who are fluent in this Swedish instrument, we can distinguish Anu Alkaide and Ritchie Blackmore.
The largest in size and lowest in sound bow instrument is Oktobas, also called octave double bass or subcontrabass.
The instrument is based on the judgment of some masters that the size of the double bass is too small to produce sufficiently low sounds. The first copy of the oktobas was created by the French violin master Jean Baptiste Vijyom in 1850.
Panopticon (Singing Ringing Tree)
Panopticon, also referred to as Singing Ringing Tree (acc. from English "The Singing Ringing Tree") - a musical instrument and, in combination, a sculpture in the form of a set of pipes laid out in the form of a tree, making a sound due to wind blows. The sculpture is set on a hilltop near the British city of Burnley in Lancashire.
The Tree was erected in 2006 as part of the Panopticons series, which consists of four sculptures. The project was created by British designers Mike Tonkin and Anna Lew in the framework of the development of East Lancashire and increasing the tourist attractiveness of the region by creating a series of unusual artificial and natural art objects.
Panopticon is a three-meter length construction, consisting of several dozen pipes made of galvanized steel. The wind passing through the pipes leads to the appearance of a slightly unstable sound, reminiscent of choral singing. The sound range varies within a few octaves.
Some pipes act as elements of decor and overall composition, while others serve as a source of sound. The harmonic and singing qualities of a “tree” depend on the strength of the wind, the presence of holes and recesses inside the pipes, as well as their length.
Pyrophone / Pyrophonic organ
Pyrophone (also known as “pyrophonic organ”, “fire organ”, “explosive organ”) is a musical instrument invented and patented in the 19th century by a physicist and mathematician of French-German origin Georg Friedrich Eugen Kastner together with French musicologist Albert Lavignac. Kastner was fond of science since childhood, and one of the most famous works of the scientist is the study of the “singing flame” that appears during the burning of light gas in glass tubes of a certain length.
In 1875, Kastner published The Singing Lights brochure. (French "Les flammes chantantes"), which aroused interest and attracted public attention to the invented tool. One of the first musicians to master the pyrophone is Henry Dunant, the founder of the Red Cross and a close friend of Kastner’s mother.
The first pyrophone sample consisted of a series of glass tubes of different lengths connected to a keyboard, the keys of which controlled the flow of flame in each of the tubes. Kastner was constantly working on improving the pyrophone: gradually the instrument learned to control the flame more precisely. Propane was used as the fuel for the pyrophone, although later mobile versions of the instrument appeared, connected to small barrels or tanks with gasoline, as well as pyrophone options using hydrogen.
Nevertheless, mass production could not be established, and one of the first copies of the pyrophone exploded during the game and wounded the musician. At present, the pyrophone is not used, is not produced and is practically not used in music.
Reactable is a multimedia music table, the surface of which simultaneously serves to input and output information. The intuitive interface does not require specific knowledge from the user and allows you to literally touch the creation of music.
The basic principle of the instrument is borrowed from Moog modular analog synthesizers, which use a special honeycomb system connected by cables to synthesize sound. In the case of reactable, software patches are used as the basis, and the role of cells is performed by special blocks made in the form of various geometric shapes.
Each of the blocks contains certain information. Upon contact with the working surface of the table on the processor of the system receives a signal that is converted into an audio and visual message. The position and orientation of the block in space change the sound parameters - for example, different positions of one block affect the final volume, tonality and speed of sound extraction.
The reteable was created by a group of European engineers from the University of Barcelona Pompeu Farba, and Sergie Jorda, Marcos Alonso, Martin Kaltenbrunner and Gunter Geiger were responsible for the development of the prototype.
Symphonic House - a suburban cottage on the shores of Lake Michigan (USA). An unusual house-tool project was implemented by architect David Hanwalt and musician and craftsman Bill Klose. Work on the symphony house required the creators to conduct research on the search for perfect harmonies in the vibrations, resonance and geometry of the rooms.
According to Clos and Hanauolt, they were driven by a desire to find out whether it is possible to increase the size of a musical instrument so much that a person can freely move inside it. “Being inside the instrument and simultaneously playing it allows you to feel the sound with your whole body,” the authors of the project share.
Strings are stretched inside and outside the house, the length of which reaches six meters. For safety reasons, the string tension does not exceed 43 kilograms. To play, you need to wear cotton gloves soaked in a special powder that protect the strings from sweat and dirt particles, which can cause corrosion and other destructive processes.
The sound of the symphonic house is distinguished by its depth and richness, and is somewhat reminiscent of a cello or viola with a richer top. In addition to the physical impact on a person, the house begins to “sing” from gusts of wind causing vibrations of strings.
Before humanity learned to play musical instruments with amplifiers and speakers, musicians looked for ways to make their favorite instruments sound louder.
The German inventor Johann Stroch at the end of the 19th century solved the problem by the simplest method, crossing the violin and trumpet. The resulting instrument was called the “Shtrokh Violin” and outwardly resembled an ordinary violin, to which a bell was attached. Thus, the resonator is not a wooden case of the violin, but an aluminum bell.
The use of the bell made the violin sound louder and more focused, and the instrument was liked by the theater and touring musicians - light and loud, the Stroch violin made it possible for all the audience and spectators to enjoy the performance of the musicians.
With the advent of microphones and electro-violins, the popularity of the instrument waned. Nevertheless, at the beginning of the 20th century, a separate type of violin with a resonator bell, borrowed from a gramophone, appeared on the territory of Moldova and Romania (regardless of the invention of Stroch).
As for contemporary musicians, you can hear the sound of Stroh's violin in some recordings of Tom Waits, Goran Bregovich and the band Bat for Lashes.
A unique and unusual musical instrument located in the Lurei Caves, Virginia, USA. In fact, it is a full-fledged organ created inside the cave from natural materials. In the Guinness Book of Records, the stalactite organ is recognized as "The largest underground tool of natural origin."
The tool was created by mathematician Leland Sprinkle in 1956. According to legend, the son of Sprinkle hit his head on a low hanging stalactite, and the sound of the blow impressed the scientist who appreciated the acoustic characteristics of the cave.
Sprinkle took several years of work to achieve the perfect sound of the instrument and the full functioning of the stalactite organ. The sounds produced by the instrument are heard over the entire area of the cave, which is 14 km².
The organ management console was developed by Klann Organ Supply as part of the Sprinkle project. Wires are brought to the processed stones, through which special signals are transmitted to the fixed hammers, which appear after pressing the keys of the tool. Hammers hit stones, extracting sound.
In 2011, the Swedish-Finnish musical group Pepe Deluxe became the first group to record their own musical composition using a stalactite organ. Organ compositions were featured on Queen Of The Wave, an album released in 2012.
Today, guided tours are held inside the cave, at the end of which anyone can purchase CDs with music recorded by organist Monty Maxwell.
Musical instrument picasso guitar
Picasso guitar stands out from the total number of guitars. The instrument has forty-two strings, three fingerboards and two sound holes on the body. An unusual guitar was created in 1984 by the Canadian Linda Manzer, having spent 1000 working hours and two years of life on this.
This musical instrument is the basis of Irish culture. It is rare that Irish music dispenses with the sound of this authentic instrument: funny jigsaw motifs, fast polka, emotional airs - the whistle voice is felt in each of the presented directions.
The instrument is an oblong flute with a whistle at one end and 6 holes on the front side. As a rule, whistles are made of tin, but tools made of wood, plastic and silver also have a right to exist.
The history of the appearance of whistle goes far into the 11-12th century. It is these times that date back the first memories of this instrument. Whistle is easy to make from improvised materials, which is why the instrument was especially appreciated among ordinary people. Closer to the nineteenth century, a common standard for whistle was established - an oblong shape and 6 holes used for playing. The Englishman Robert Clark made the greatest contribution to the development of the instrument: he proposed to make the instrument from light metal - tinplate. Thanks to the hoarse and perky sound, the Whistle is very fond of the Irish people. Since then, this instrument has become the most recognizable folk instrument.
The principle of playing the whistle is very simple, so much so that even if you never picked up this instrument, after 2-3 hours of hard training you can play your first melody. Whistle is both a simple and complex tool. The difficulty lies in its sensitivity to breathing, and simplicity lies in the easy achievement of fingering.
This oldest reed instrument over the centuries of its existence has not practically changed externally. From Old Slavonic “wargs” mean “mouth”. It is in the name of the instrument that the method of extracting sounds from the instrument is hidden. The most vargans are common among the peoples of the north: the Eskimos, Yakuts, Bashkirs, Chukchi, Altai, Tuvans and Buryats. With this unusual tool, locals express their emotions, feelings and moods.
Vargans are made of wood, metal, bones and other exotic materials, which in their own way affect the sound of the instrument. The reliability and durability of the vargan also depend on the material used.
It is almost impossible to describe the sound of the instrument - it is better to hear its melody once than to read its description 10 times. But nevertheless, we can confidently say that the melody emanating from playing the harp is velvet, soothing, and thought-provoking. But learning to play the harp is not so simple: in order to extract a melody from an instrument, you must learn to control your diaphragm, articulation and breathing. Indeed, in the process of playing the instrument does not sound, but the body of the musician.
Bonang is an Indonesian percussion instrument. It consists of a set of bronze gongs, which are fixed with cords and horizontally located on a wooden stand. Above in the central part of each gong there is a bulge - pencha. It is she who makes the sound if you knock on it with a wooden stick with a winding at its end made of cotton fabric or rope. Burnt clay balls suspended under gongs often act as resonators. Bonang sounds soft and melodious, its sound fading slowly.
Kazu is America's folk instrument. Used in skiffle style music. It is a small cylinder, tapering to the end, of metal or plastic. A metal plug with a membrane made of tissue paper is inserted into the middle of the instrument. Playing kazu is very simple: just singing kazu is enough, and the tissue paper will do its job - it will change the musician’s voice beyond recognition.
Erhu is a stringed bowed musical instrument, it is also an ancient Chinese two-stringed violin, which uses metal strings.
Scientists cannot say exactly where and when the first erhu instrument was created, since it is a nomadic instrument, which means that it changed its geographical location along with nomadic tribes. It is established that the approximate age of erhu is 1000 years. The instrument became popular during the reign of the Tang Dynasty, which fell on the 7-10th century AD.
The first erhu were slightly shorter than modern ones: their length was 50-60 cm, and today - 81 cm. The instrument consists of a body (resonator) of a hexagonal or cylindrical shape. The case is made of high quality wood and a snake skin membrane. Neck erhu - a place where strings are attached. At the top of the neck is a curved head with a pair of pegs. Erhu strings are usually metal or from animal veins. The bow is made of a curved shape. The string for the bow is made of horsehair, and the rest is made of bamboo.
The main difference between the erhu and other violins is that the bow should be fastened between two strings. Thus, the bow becomes one and inseparable from the base of the instrument. During the game, the erhu is held in a horizontal position, resting the leg of the instrument on its knee. The bow is played with the right hand, and at that time the fingers of the left hand press the strings so that they do not touch the neck of the instrument.
One of the most interesting musical instruments is ukulele - a stringed plucked instrument. Ukulele is a miniature 4-string ukulele. It appeared in 1880 thanks to three Portuguese who arrived in Hawaii in 1879 (as the legend says). In general, ukulele is a consequence of the development of the Portuguese plucked instrument kavakinho. Outwardly, it resembles a guitar, with the only difference being its reduced shape and the presence of only 4 strings.
There are 4 types of ukulele:
- soprano - instrument length 53 cm, the most common form,
- concert instrument - 58 cm long, slightly larger, sounds louder,
- tenor - a relatively new model (created in the 20s of the last century) 66 cm long,
- Baritone - the largest model with a length of 76 cm, appeared in the 40s of the last century.
There are also non-standard ukuleles in which 8 strings are divided into pairs and tuned in unison. The result is a full, surround sound instrument.
Perhaps the most amazing, interesting and melodic instrument is the harp. The harp itself is oversized, but its sound is so exciting that sometimes you just don’t understand how it can be so amazing. So that the instrument does not seem messy, its frame is decorated with carvings, making it elegant. Strings of different lengths and thicknesses are pulled onto the frame so that they form a net.
In ancient times, the harp was considered the instrument of the gods, in the middle - theologians and monks, then it was considered an aristocratic predilection, and today it is considered an excellent instrument on which you can play absolutely any melody.
The sound of the harp cannot be compared with anything: it is a deep, disturbing imagination, unearthly. Due to the capabilities of the instrument, the harp is an indispensable member of symphony orchestras.
There are many amazing musical instruments in the world. And they all sound special, creating melodies that touch the soul. Each of the tools presented above certainly deserves attention. But still, do not forget about the well-known violins, guitars, pianos, flutes and other no less beautiful and interesting instruments. After all, they are the basis of human culture and the best way to express feelings and emotions.
Organ of stalactites
Music, if you want, can be heard everywhere, as proved by Leland Sprinkle, an amateur and connoisseur of organ music. Once on an excursion to Lurei Caves (Virginia, USA), where unusual acoustics, he drew attention to the ability of stalactites to make beautiful sounds.
Having received the consent of the owner, Leland proceeded to the cave, whose area is rather big - 14 km², far and wide, picking up “sounding” stalactites. Some had to be filed, achieving perfect clarity of sound. Work on the construction of the organ began in 1957 and lasted three years.
Unusual and unique stalactite organ consists of a regular oran keyboard, to which metal mallets are connected, and those, in turn, are connected to a specific icicle stone.
Later, the mechanism was improved, adapting it to play without a musician, i.e., to a mechanical game. Visitors to the cave can hear twenty melodies performed by the organ itself. Music, which you can listen to for hours, fills the entire space of the cave, and it seems that even the walls make unusual sounds.
Reference! The stone organ was entered into the Guinness Book of Records as the only natural musical instrument in the world located underground.
A musical percussion instrument, similar to a regular box or box, originally from Peru. According to one of the assumptions, the reason for its appearance (XIX century) was the ban on the use by slaves of traditional drums. Instead, they began to use tobacco boxes and fish boxes.
The modern type of cajon is stylized for various musical directions. In a small cajon they use mesh wires and use it, most often, in combination with power tools. The device of the string cachon involved guitar strings (2-5 pieces), fixed from the inside to the back wall. The sound hole is located on the back or on the side surfaces.
Reference! The standard sizes of the cajon are height 50 cm, width and length 30 cm each.
The game on the cajon is carried out while sitting on it, punches, palms, special brushes are performed on the front wall made of hard wood: yew, ash, beech, bubing, zebrano.
The reason for creating this unusual musical instrument was P. Picasso's painting “Guitar”. Seeing the picture, Linda Manser from Canada set out to turn a fantastic instrument into a real guitar.
Two years later (1984), the Picasso guitar appeared - it has three vultures, 42 strings and two holes for sound output. Linda made it for jazz artist Pat Metini, who masterfully handles it.
Hydrophone is an amazing musical instrument in which fluid vibrations are used to extract sounds. This is its difference from many water tools, in which water is used as a means of pumping air.
Water under pressure is fed into a pipe with holes, each of which corresponds to a certain note. It depends on how the musician acts on the stream, completely covers, covers or rejects which sound will result. Water after exposure to the jet is directed to the pickup.
Hydrophone is used in public places for entertainment, in the performance of serious musical compositions. Without exposure to the liquid stream, the tool works like a fountain.
Gravicord is a double electric harp, which was invented and patented by Robert Gravy in 1986, modeled on 21 string West African bark. It is a welded stainless steel pipe frame with 24 nylon strings. The technique of the game is very similar to the bark - the musician plucks the strings with his thumb and forefinger, but his hands are on the strings in a more ergonomic and natural position.