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Galina Vishnevskaya is a famous Soviet opera singer with a soprano voice, a soloist of the Bolshoi Theater of the USSR and People's Artist of the USSR. In addition to the music scene, Galina Pavlovna realized her own potential as an actress, theater director and teacher, as well as the head of the Moscow Center for Opera Singing. The talent and painstaking creative work of the singer received official recognition.

The greatest opera singer of Russia Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya was born in October 1926 in Leningrad. The future opera singer was born with the name of Ivanov. The childhood and youth of the future prima of the Bolshoi Theater and the singer, who conquered the admirers of opera fans all over the world with her own talent, were incredibly difficult.

Opera singer Galina Vishnevskaya

Parents Galina Ivanova divorced when she was a child. They transferred the burden of educating a tiny girl to grandmother, father's mom. As Galina Pavlovna later admitted, her parents were always strangers to her. Father was repressed before the war. The girl spent her childhood and youth in Kronstadt, where she met the impending war. As for the relationship of Galina Ivanova with her mother, after 13 years of separation, she simply did not recognize her daughter at a meeting.

At 16, Galina Ivanova was left completely alone - her grandmother did not survive the blockade and died. The girl was taken to the air defense unit. Even before that, it turned out that she had a wonderful voice. Therefore, Ivanova was often involved in concerts for defenders. She sang on ships, in hospitals and dugouts. A year later, a 17-year-old girl was hired by the Vyborg House of Culture, where she worked as an assistant to the illuminator.

Galina Vishnevskaya in her youth

At the end of the war, the music school in Vyborg resumed work. Galina, who had long dreamed of professionally developing vocals, immediately went to study. After the blockade was lifted, the young singer was accepted into the choir of the Leningrad Operetta Theater. Soon, solo parties trusted her.

Music

The turning point in the career of Galina Vishnevskaya (at that time she had already managed to be married to a sailor, from whom she left herself a beautiful name) turned out to be 1952. The young singer heard about the competition held by the Bolshoi Theater. Despite the fact that Vishnevskaya did not have a classical musical education, she took a chance and was invited as an intern.

Galina Vishnevskaya

Almost immediately, the young performer was offered one of the main parts in the opera Fidelio - Leonora. Admirers of opera singing immediately appreciated the talent and unusual vocal data of Galina Vishnevskaya. Soon, she turned into a prima BT. The main parties followed in Eugene Onegin, Aida, War and Peace, Stone Guest and Lohengrin.

In the 1950-60s, the creative biography of Galina Vishnevskaya was more than successful. Prima BT went on tour in America, London and Milan, where visitors to the Covent Garden and La Scala listened to the Soviet opera star.

In 1966, Vishnevskaya made her debut on the screen. She played the main character of the film-opera Katerina Izmailova, staged to the music of Dmitry Shostakovich. In the same year, the opera star externally received higher education at the Moscow Conservatory.

Galina Vishnevskaya in the movie opera "Katerina Izmailova"

In the late 1960s, Galina Vishnevskaya’s career rapidly went down. This was preceded by the support of Galina Pavlovna and her husband, Mstislav Rostropovich, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, expelled from the Writers' Union. The name Vishnevskaya was no longer mentioned in the newspapers, all her tours were canceled and they were not allowed to record new records.

Galina Vishnevskaya persuaded her husband to go abroad, where they loved and admired their work. The first spring of 1974 left Rostropovich. After him, having formalized the departure as a long business trip, Galina Pavlovna left with her children. At first, the family stayed in France, then lived in America and England. After Vishnevskaya and Rostropovich purchased housing in Paris, they were deprived of citizenship in the USSR.

Opera singer Galina Vishnevskaya

During a long stay abroad, Galina Vishnevskaya performed on the best world stages. She set a point in her career as her last performance in the Paris Grand Opera. After that, the singer was engaged in teaching, staged performances and wrote memoirs. A book entitled "Galina" was published in Washington. There Vishnevskaya in unflattering tones told the reader about life in Russia.

Rostropovich and Vishnevskaya returned to their homeland in the 1990s. They were returned all the awards and regalia, as well as citizenship. But they did not accept him. Vishnevskaya motivated this by the fact that they did not renounce Russian citizenship and did not ask him to return.

Galina Vishnevskaya

Since 1993, Galina Pavlovna served at the A.P. Chekhov Theater. She went on stage in the lead roles of several performances.

In 2002, the singer began to lead the Moscow Center for Opera Singing. The Center’s official website contains the opening speech of the singer’s daughter Olga Rostropovich, in which the woman talks about the work of this center, calls this Opera Center the life work of Vishnevskaya, as well as the singer’s main dream.

Galina Pavlovna worked in her own Opera Center five days a week. In addition, the opera diva conducted master classes, tickets for which were immediately sold out.

On the screen, the audience saw the opera diva in 2007 in the title role of the picture “Alexander” by Alexander Sokurov.

Personal life

The first marriage of Galina Ivanova happened when the singer turned 17. George Vishnevsky was a naval officer. This marriage lasted only a few months of 1944. Galina left a sonorous surname from him.

Mstislav Rostropovich and Galina Vishnevskaya

The second husband of Vishnevskaya was the 22-year-old senior director of the Leningrad Opera Theater Mark Rubin. In 1945, the couple had a son, Ilya, who died in infancy. The marriage lasted 10 years, but ended immediately after the meeting of Galina Pavlovna with Mstislav Rostropovich. This happened in 1955 at the Prague Youth Festival. Soon the musicians got married. Two daughters appeared in the marriage - Olga and Elena.

This star couple lived together for 52 years. The personal life of Galina Vishnevskaya next to her talented and beloved husband was happy and long.

Galina Vishnevskaya with her daughters

In 2009, a documentary called “Two in the World. Galina Vishnevskaya and Mstislav Rostropovich ”, which tells the love story of an opera diva and conductor. The film was shot as a dialogue between Galina Vishnevskaya and her daughter Olga Rostropovich. In the picture, women indulge in memories, nostalgia and lyrical thoughts. In addition, the picture includes footage and films stored in the family archive, as well as moments from the filming of musicians' concerts.

Vishnevskaya and Rostropovich did not have problems within the family, despite a fast-moving romance and a hasty marriage. But the family was faced with external problems. Together, the musicians survived the persecution, together left their native lands, went to emigrate and also returned back to their native country together.

Galina Vishnevskaya with her husband

But still, in an interview that happened on the 87th anniversary of the famous singer, Galina Pavlovna said that even if she had the opportunity, the singer would not replay anything in her own destiny.

Death

Galina Vishnevskaya died at the very end of 2012. At the time of her death, she was 87 years old. According to doctors, the cause of death was "natural extinction." Galina Pavlovna for 5 years outlived her husband Mstislav Rostropovich.

Grave of Galina Vishnevskaya and Mstislav Rostropovich

After the funeral of the body in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the singer was buried in the Novodevichy cemetery.

Photos >>

Photo: Galina Vishnevskaya

Childhood Galina Vishnevskaya

The singer’s hometown is Leningrad. Galina was a very young girl when her parents divorced. She ended up with her grandmother (mother of her father) in the city of Kronstadt, where she was given up for education.

The war began when she was only fourteen. Grandmother died without surviving the blockade, and the remaining Galya was admitted to the local air defense detachment. At seventeen, the girl went to work in the house of culture of the city of Vyborg, where she worked as an assistant to the illuminator.

Vishnevskaya Galina Pavlovna

Born on October 25, 1926 in Leningrad.

Opera singer (lyric-coloratura soprano of a wide range), teacher.
Honored Artist of the RSFSR (11.16.1955).
People's Artist of the RSFSR (09/22/1961).
People's Artist of the USSR (1966).

The maiden name is Ivanova (she left the name Vishnevskaya from her first husband). Her parents divorced, and her paternal grandmother, who lived in Kronstadt, took her granddaughter upbringing.
Galina was 14 years old when the Great Patriotic War began. Grandmother died in blockade in February 1942, and Galina was left alone.
She survived the blockade, during which she served in the local air defense squad (MPVO) and worked to clear the city. At the same time she participated in concerts: she sang accompanied by a jazz orchestra on ships, Kronstadt forts, in dugouts.
She studied singing at the Music School. N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov.

In 1944-1947 worked in the Leningrad Regional Operetta Theater: first in the choir, then became a soloist. Her second husband was the director of the theater, violinist Mark Rubin.
Since 1947, she worked in the Leningrad Regional Philharmonic.
In 1950, she met the main and actually the only teacher in her life - Vera Nikolaevna Garina, who managed in two years to make a talented girl a professional singer.

Since 1952 - a soloist of the Bolshoi Theater, where she sang about 30 parts.

Galina Vishnevskaya also performed as a chamber singer, including in an ensemble with a cellist and conductor Mstislav Rostropovich, whom she married in 1955.
In December 1959, she first flew on tour in the United States with the State Symphony Orchestra. Her program included parts from Aida, Chio-Cio-san and other operas, and she gave solo concerts.
In 1962, she made her debut at the Covent Garden Theater (London) in the role of Aida (Aida by Giuseppe Verdi).
In 1965, she made her debut at the La Scala theater in Milan.

In the late 1960s, together with her husband Mstislav Rostropovich, Vishnevskaya supported the writer and human rights activist Alexander Solzhenitsyn, which was one of the reasons for the constant attention and pressure from the special services. They disrupted tour concerts, radio recordings, and were forbidden to go on foreign tours.
In 1974, Galina Vishnevskaya and Mstislav Rostropovich left the Soviet Union and in 1978 were deprived of citizenship by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. They lived in the USA, then in France and Great Britain. Galina Vishnevskaya sang on all the largest stages of the world (Covent Garden, Metropolitan Opera, Grand Opera, La Scala, Munich Opera and others), speaking with the most outstanding masters of world music and theater culture.
She performed the part of Marina in the recording of the opera Boris Godunov (conductor Herbert von Karayan), in 1989 she sang the same part in the film of the same name. Her recordings made during the period of forced emigration include the full version of Prokofiev’s opera War and Peace, five discs with romances by Russian composers Glinka, Dargomyzhsky, Mussorgsky, Borodin and Tchaikovsky.

In 1982, after the triumphant performance of Tatyana’s part on the stage of the Grand Opera in Paris, Vishnevskaya left the professional stage and took up teaching, and also acted as a dramatic actress. She continued her concert activities, recorded records, and held "master classes".

After the beginning of perestroika, in 1990, Galina Vishnevskaya and Mstislav Rostropovich were restored to citizenship.
In the early 90's. returned to Russia, becoming an honorary professor at the Moscow Conservatory.
In 1993, she made her debut as a dramatic actress in the role of Catherine II in the play of the Moscow Art Theater. A.P. Chekhov's "Behind the Mirror".
On September 1, 2002, the Galina Vishnevskaya Opera Center opened in Moscow.
Rostropovich and Vishnevskaya opened a children's fund (registered in Washington), built a maternity hospital. Galina Vishnevskaya patronized the Children's Musical Theater.
She described her life path in the book "Galina. Life Story."

She died on December 11, 2012 in Moscow.

Galina Vishnevskaya - prima of the opera scene

Vishnevskaya in the fifties and sixties became the prima of the opera scene. On a tour in 1959, she went to America, and in 1962 she performed in London, where she first appeared in Aida. Having gone to Milan in 1964, Galina Pavlovna sang from the stage of “La Scala”.

In 1966, an opera film with the participation of the singer was released. It was called "Katerina Izmailova." The music for this film was written by Dmitry Shostakovich. The audience was able to appreciate not only the voice of Vishnevskaya, she was able to reveal herself as a dramatic actress.

Galina Vishnevskaya in exile

Soon her tours were banned, they were not allowed to travel abroad, as well as record records. All this became the reason that Galina Pavlovna persuaded her husband to go abroad. It was in the spring of 1974. First, Mstislav Rostropovich, who was the singer’s husband, went on a foreign tour, later Vishnevskaya went after him with her daughters. Officially, it was framed as a long overseas business trip. In fact, they were not going to return. The family lived in France, in the USA and in the UK.

When it became known in the Union that Vishnevskaya and her husband bought an apartment in Paris, they were deprived of Soviet citizenship.

After some time, Rostropovich was invited to the United States. The National Symphony Orchestra offered him the position of chief conductor. The family moved after him. Galina Pavlovna all the time performed on the stages of the best theaters. Only in the mid-eighties, the genius singer stopped going on stage, ending her career with a performance at the Grand Opera in Paris. She took up the production of performances, acting as a director, taught, starred in films and wrote memoirs.

The return of Galina Vishnevskaya to her homeland

In the nineties, Vishnevskaya and her husband returned to their homeland, where they soon returned all orders and regalia, as well as Soviet citizenship. Nevertheless, the spouses renounced citizenship.

Since 1993, the singer worked at the Chekhov Theater. In the production of “Behind the Mirror,” she played Catherine II. The singer also had experience in filming a movie. So, Galina Pavlovna starred in the main role in the movie "Katerina Izmailova" based on the opera of the same name by D. D. Shostakovich.

The youth of the singer

At the age of sixteen, the biography of Galina Vishnevskaya (her photo is presented) was full of losses, uncertainty and doubt. Her grandmother, unfortunately, could not survive the blockade, which greatly crippled the moral condition of the girl.

Left in absolute solitude, she managed to get into one of the air defense units. Here the soldiers had the opportunity to enjoy the voice of Galina Vishnevskaya. The biography of her musical creativity received its first wave just in part. At that time, Ivanov Galya was often introduced to participate in encouraging concert programs for the military. Her voice sounded both at sea and on land.

After a year of service, the girl was hired by the Vyborg Culture House. Here in the biography of Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya there was a line about working as an assistant to the illuminator. The war was coming to an end, and life in the city was getting better. One of the first to be restored was the local music school. Then, without thinking for a second, the great singer Galina Vishnevskaya went to study at this school.Her biography from this moment opened a new chapter - work in the choir of the Leningrad operetta. After a short amount of time, Galina brilliantly performed solo parts.

Foreign wanderings

The decline in the career of an opera singer for Vishnevskaya occurred in 1960. The main reason for this was the fact that Vishnevskaya, together with her third husband Rostropovich, did their best to support Solzhenitsyn, who was expelled from the Writers' Union at that time.

They began writing negatively about Vishnevskaya in the print media, she was forbidden to tour and record new records. Vishnevskaya saw her last chance in leaving abroad. The first to the west "for intelligence" went the singer’s husband. Then, on the pretext of a long trip, she herself left. The daughters of Galina Vishnevskaya, whose biography is touched on in the Personal Life section, went on a journey with their parents.

The first place of deployment of this family was France. Then they lived a little in America and England. As a result, it was decided to purchase their own housing in the beloved France. In this regard, USSR citizenship was taken from the family of Galina Vishnevskaya. In the biography, the singer's nationality is indicated as Russian, but her citizenship at that time became French. Vishnevskaya did not worry about this. In France, she performed on the best stages, here she was adored and appreciated. After completing an opera career, she began to stage performances. An important role in her work was the writing of memoirs, the first of which was printed in Washington.

Homecoming

In 1990, the couple decided to return to basics. When they moved to Russia, they wanted to return all their titles and honors, as well as citizenship taken in the seventies. But Rostropovich and Vishnevskaya refused. Spouses did not give up their homeland and their citizenship and, in their opinion, they did not need to return it.

Career Development in Russia

Since 1993, Vishnevskaya began working at the Chekhov Theater. Here she got several main roles. Nine years later, she had the opportunity to assume the post of head of the Moscow Opera Center. For Vishnevskaya this was the main business of her life, she always dreamed of doing exactly that and was happy that she had achieved this goal. At her center, she taught five days a week. On weekends, she conducted additional master classes. Tickets sold on them quickly, people bought them in a matter of minutes.

In 2007, another important event took place in the creative life of Vishnevskaya - she starred in the main role in the film “Alexandra”.

Leaving life

At the end of 2012, terrible news thundered - the great singer and actress Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya did not become. Her death was natural, she just ran out of vitality. At the time of death, the actress was 87 years old. Five years before her departure, she lost her husband. Therefore, her life was no longer so happy. Vishnevskaya was buried in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. It was decided to bury the singer at the Novodevichy cemetery.

Pebble artist

The future prima donna Galina Ivanova was born in Leningrad in a family of workers. Parents soon separated, and the girl was brought up by her grandmother Daria. The childhood of the future singer was held in Kronstadt. For musicality and artistry, she was nicknamed the Pebble artist at school. Galina met the Great Patriotic War in Estonia in Estonia, where she visited with her father: “... it was not a retreat, but simply a stampede. Stopped and recovered already in Torzhok. So the war began for me. So my childhood ended ”. Returning to Kronstadt, the girl was among almost three million blockade - residents of Leningrad and the suburbs. In February 1942, grandmother Daria died.

Galina was saved by women who were still looking for living in houses and apartments. A fifteen-year-old girl was in the local air defense squad, worked on an equal basis with adults, and sang in the evenings in the evenings. By this time, the owner of the sonorous pure soprano has already decided: she will be a singer. In 1943, after breaking the blockade, Galina left for Leningrad, studied at a music school, and in the evenings worked as an assistant to the lighting in the recreation center.

In 1944, Galina Ivanova married the sailor Georgy Vishnevsky. A hasty marriage broke up after two months, but Galina retained a sonorous "stage" surname. In the same year, Vishnevskaya got a job at the Leningrad Regional Operetta Theater, which traveled around the country destroyed by the war. Once on tour, Galina, who knew the entire repertoire by heart, saved the play: she replaced the sick singer. So from the choir she got into soloists.

After the war, Vishnevskaya began to perform on stage. Her passion for opera began with meeting Vera Garina, a vocal teacher. Before the revolution, Garina performed in Europe, studied with the Vienna diva Paulina Lucca. "Lucca was a singing actress, - noted musicologist Abram Gosenpud. - Connoisseurs found that there were many flaws in her vocal technique, that she could not compete with Patti and Nilson in this field. But just like that, Patti and Nilson could not equal Lucca in the dramatic power of transmitting the party, not to mention the range of her creative personality. ”. A century later, the talent of the opera "granddaughter" Paulina Lucca - Galina Vishnevskaya was also characterized.

In 1952, the 25-year-old singer almost by accident got an audition in the internship group of the Bolshoi Theater - so the former pop and opera artist became the soloist of the main theater of the USSR. Everything could have turned out differently, find out the leadership that Vishnevskaya’s father, who left her in childhood, was convicted as an “enemy of the people."

“Knockout in the eyes and ears”

The first parts of Galina Vishnevskaya at the Bolshoi were Tatyana in Tchaikovsky’s Eugene Onegin (by the way, the young Vishnevskaya’s voice in this part can be heard in the 1958 film Eugene Onegin) and Leonora in Fidelio, the first production of this opera in the USSR. The singer worked on both roles with the director Boris Pokrovsky, who created a new theater based on the principles of Stanislavsky, as opposed to the cliche, which over the centuries has grown over the conditional nature of the opera genre.

The main conductor of the Bolshoi Theater, Alexander Melik-Pashaev, dedicated the young soloist to the musical subtleties of the profession. Under his leadership, she sang her best roles: Aida Giuseppe Verdi, Butterfly Giacomo Puccini, Kupava in The Snow Maiden by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Natasha Rostov in War and Peace by Sergei Prokofiev, Lisa in The Queen of Spades Pyotr Tchaikovsky and many others.

In 1959, Galina Vishnevskaya first went on tour in the United States. As the singer herself recalled, the Americans did not expect to see a communist - a secular lady. Her performance was called “Knockout in the eyes and ears”. Over the years that followed, Western critics searched for the roots of her drama in Dostoevsky’s novels and “Great Russian silent cinema”. Galina began to receive offers from foreign theaters, but such decisions in the Union were made not by artists, but by the Ministry of Culture, therefore Vishnevskaya’s performances abroad were not systematic.

In 1955, after four days of dating, the singer married cellist Mstislav Rostropovich. The marriage was happy, the artists had two daughters - Olga and Elena. “It is strange that, despite such a lightning marriage, we did not discover any unpleasant surprises in the future ... It turned out to be a surprise that he is a great musician, and I am a good singer”- wrote Vishnevskaya. Their tandem was also creative: she sang, he accompanied on the piano. In the chamber genre, the experience of Vishnevskaya turned out to be indispensable, when without scenery and costumes in a few minutes she immersed the listener in an imaginary world.

Prominent composers of that era were in love with the timbre of Galina Vishnevskaya’s voice. Vocal cycles and symphonic works for her were written by Boris Tchaikovsky, Benjamin Britten, Krzysztof Penderetsky, Marcel Landowski. A special place in Vishnevskaya’s repertoire was occupied by the music of Dmitry Shostakovich, a close friend of the family. For Galina, he wrote the part of soprano in the 14th symphony, vocal cycles to verses by Alexander Blok and Sasha Cherny, the orchestra of Songs and Dance of Death by Modest Mussorgsky. Outstanding conductor Herbert von Karayan spoke of the film “Katerina Izmailova” based on the work by Shostakovich and Vishnevskaya in the title role as the best adaptation of the opera. In 1971, Karayan released a recording of Boris Godunov by Modest Mussorgsky, where Galina Vishnevskaya performed the part of Marina Mnishek.

Exile and Return

In 1970, Mstislav Rostropovich wrote an open letter to the editors of the main Soviet newspapers in defense of the disgraced writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Twelve years earlier, at the height of the persecution of Boris Pasternak, Galina Vishnevskaya refused to sign a letter from the creative intelligentsia against the writer. The government began to obstruct Rostropovich’s performances abroad and in the USSR. Vishnevskaya continued to work at the Bolshoi, but she was no longer mentioned in the media. In 1974, the couple obtained permission to leave the USSR on "creative leave", and a few years later they were deprived of Soviet citizenship. They returned it only in 1990 - since that time, artists began to regularly visit Russia.

During the years of forced emigration, the family lived in the USA, France, and Great Britain. Vishnevskaya was invited to work by major theaters. One of her notable works of that period was Lady Macbeth in “Macbeth” by Giuseppe Verdi, performed at the Edinburgh Festival. In 1982, the singer decided to leave the opera stage, giving a series of performances "Eugene Onegin" in the Paris Grand Opera. “I am pleased to think that after 30 years of career I was able to sing the role with which I debuted in the Bolshoi, and sing it well”She said later in an interview. Creative longevity is really rare in opera, and all the more surprising is that Vishnevskaya left the stage at the peak of her form. “It’s better to leave a few years earlier than a day later”She loved to repeat.

In 1984, the singer’s autobiographical book, Galina: A Life Story, was published in English. In Russia, it was first published in 1991. In 1993, the film “Provincial Benefit” was released based on plays by Alexander Ostrovsky, where Galina Vishnevskaya played the main role. On the stage of the Moscow Art Theater. Chekhov, she played Catherine II in the play "Behind the Mirror." Especially for Vishnevskaya, Alexander Sokurov wrote the script for the film “Alexandra,” which viewers saw in 2007.

In 2002, the Galina Vishnevskaya Opera Center was opened in Moscow, where beginner performers receive postgraduate education.

“I am a Russian woman, a Russian singer, and I consider it my duty to convey to Russian opera singers what I know, what my unforgettable teachers taught me”“She said. Since 2006, the Galina Vishnevskaya International Opera Competition has been held - another opportunity for young singers to express themselves.

Galina Vishnevskaya died on December 11, 2012. Her successor in managing many projects was the daughter Olga Rostropovich.

Last years of life

The death of her husband greatly undermined the health of Galina Pavlovna. Vishnevskaya died on December 11, 2012 at the 87th year of her life at home. The farewell ceremony took place on December 13, 2012 at the Center for Opera Singing, which bears her name, a memorial service - on December 14, 2012 in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. She was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery in Moscow next to her husband, Mstislav Rostropovich.

Memorable places

The era of Galina Vishnevskaya was full of bright events, incredible roles and fascinating parties. The memory of the great singer lives to this day. The following objects are named in her honor:

  • Vishnevskaya Street - located in Novokosino. This decision was made in 2013 by the Moscow government.
  • Liner "G. Vishnevskaya ”is the name of one of the Aeroflot airbuses.
  • Vishnevskaya College - it is located in Moscow. The field of activity is music and theatrical art.
  • The music school of Galina Vishnevskaya is located in Kronstadt.
  • Small planet - the name of Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya is the object of the solar system under number 4919.

Awards

The honorary titles and awards of Vishnevskaya are very difficult to count.

For the first time, the singer received the title of Honored Artist of the RSFSR in 1955. Then she was given the title of People’s.

In her piggy bank are also ten medals of various levels. Among them are the medals “For the Defense of Leningrad” and “Veteran of Labor”.

Galina Pavlovna was also awarded five times with orders of various degrees. Among them are the Order of Lenin and the Order of Merit to the Fatherland.

During her life in France, the singer was presented with a variety of awards. Among them are the Order of the Legion of Honor and the Diamond Medal of the City of Paris.

List of the brightest opera parties at the Bolshoi Theater

In total, while working at the Bolshoi Theater, Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya performed more than 20 parts. In her performance, the viewer was able to get acquainted with many different characters. Among them:

  1. The beautiful Tatyana in Tchaikovsky’s opera Eugene Onegin.
  2. The unique Margarita in the work of Gounod called Faust.
  3. Mental Zinka in Dzerzhinsky's “The Fate of Man”.
  4. Sensual Natasha Rostova in the legendary production of Prokofiev based on the novel by L. N. Tolstoy “War and Peace”.
  5. Romantic Francesca in the opera Francesca da Rimini

In addition to the Bolshoi Theater, the singer performed in others. She had occasion to act as such characters as Iolanthe, Liu, Desdemona, Lady Macbeth. As for the filmography of Vishnevskaya, she starred in 4 films. Repeatedly, she worked on voice acting. Among her works are such opera films as “Eugene Onegin”, “Free Wind”, “Boris Godunov”.

Also on the account of Vishnevskaya repeated participation in documentaries. At different times, she managed to star in such films as “Our Beloved Young Grandfather”, “The Feminine Face of War”, “Galina Vishnevskaya. Novel with Glory”.

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