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Abramovich, Roman Arkadevich

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Born October 24, 1966 in Saratov. Roman's parents lived in Syktyvkar (Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic). Father Arkady (Aron) Nakhimovich Abramovich (b. 1937) worked in the Komi Economic Council, died as a result of an accident at a construction site when Roman was 4 years old. Mother Irina Vasilyevna (nee Mikhailenko) died when Roman turned 1 year old.

Before the war, the parents of Abramovich’s father - Nakhim (Nakhman) Leibovich (1887 - June 6, 1942, the Reshota camp, Krasnoyarsk Territory) and Toybe Stepanovna (1890—?) - lived in Belarus, after which they moved to the city of Taurage in Lithuania.

In June 1941, the Abramovich family was sent to Siberia with their children. The couple ended up in different cars and lost each other. Toybe was able to raise three sons - father Roman and his two uncles. In 2006, the municipality of Taurage invited Roman Abramovich to celebrate the 500th anniversary of the city. The maternal grandmother of Roman Abramovich, Faina Borisovna Grutman (1906-1991), was evacuated to Saratov with her three-year-old daughter Irina from Ukraine in the early days of World War II.

Taken up in uncle Leib Abramovich’s family, Roman spent a significant part of his youth in the city of Ukhta (Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic), where he worked as head of the Pechorles working supply department at KomilesURS. Roman studied in the 2nd grade at school number 2.

In 1974 he moved to Moscow to his second uncle - Abram Abramovich. In 1983, he graduated from Moscow secondary school No. 232. He served in the military platoon of an artillery regiment (in Kirzhach, Vladimir Region) in military service in 1984-1986. In December 2009, T. B. Yumasheva (adviser to her father, President Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin in 1996-1999) claimed, referring to Abramovich’s own story, that Roman Abramovich, a private avto-platoon of artillery regiment in military unit No. 11785, shared the forest that they needed was to cut down (as an assignment before being transferred to the reserve) into equal squares, which he sold to the peasants of a neighboring village for cutting down firewood, the money (“there was a lot of money”) that he had shared with his colleagues.

In 1983 he entered the Ukhta Industrial Institute at the Forestry Faculty. He did not differ in his desire for study, but had excellent organizational skills, despite the fact that he was the youngest in age in the group. There is no information about the completion of the UII; accordingly, I have not received a higher education. Among classmates there are famous people in business and musical culture. Roman does not support communications with them.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, he was engaged in small business (production, then intermediary and trading operations), subsequently switching to oil trading activities. Later, he became close friends with Boris Berezovsky and the family of Russian President Boris Yeltsin. It is believed that it was thanks to these ties that Abramovich later managed to obtain the ownership of the Sibneft oil company. (see below for more details).

In 1999, he became a State Duma deputy in the Chukotka single-mandate constituency No. 223. It was in Chukotka that companies affiliated with Sibneft were registered through which its oil and oil products were sold.

In the Duma, he did not enter any of the factions. Since February 2000 - Member of the State Duma Committee on the problems of the North and the Far East.

In December 2000, he left the Duma in connection with his election to the post of governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Region. According to media reports, he has invested considerable funds of his own in the development of the region and improving the living standards of the local population.

In 2003, he bought the English football club Chelsea for £ 140 million and actually moved to live in the UK. In October 2005, he sold his block of shares (75.7%) to Sibneft for $ 13.1 billion and tried several times to resign from the governor’s post, but each time after meeting with Russian President Vladimir V. Putin from your intention to refuse.

On October 16, 2005, the President proposed Abramovich’s candidacy for reappointment to the governor’s post; on October 21, 2005, the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug approved him.

On July 3, 2008, President D. A. Medvedev prematurely terminated the powers of the governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Region with wording of his own free will.

On July 13, 2008, deputies of the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Region asked Roman Abramovich to become a deputy and head the district Duma.

On October 12, 2008, at the by-election, he became a deputy of the Chukotka Duma, gaining 96.99% of the vote.

October 22, 2008 was elected to the post of chairman of the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. The deputies unanimously supported the candidacy of Roman Abramovich.
Personal life

He was married twice:

The first wife is Lysova Olga Yuryevna (1963 or 1964), a native of the city of Astrakhan.
The second wife is Irina Vyacheslavovna Abramovich (Malandina) (1967), a former stewardess.

From his second marriage, Abramovich has five children, sons: Arkady Abramovich (1993), Ilya Abramovich (2003), daughters: Anna Abramovich (1992), Sofya Abramovich (1995) and Arina Abramovich (2001).

In March 2007, he was divorced by the Chukotka District Court at the place of registration. According to the press secretary of the governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, the former spouses agreed on the division of property and who their five children would stay with.

Currently, Abramovich’s girlfriend is designer Daria Zhukova (1983), who on December 5, 2009 gave birth to a son named Aaron Alexander Abramovich (part of Alexander was given in honor of the father of Daria Alexander Zhukov).


Roman Abramovich. According to Forbes, Roman Abramovich headed the list of the richest people in Russia; according to Time, he is one of the most influential people in the world. At the same time, the financial tycoon does not like to advertise, by all appearances he shows a disregard for the norms of secular society: he wears a ceremonial tuxedo only on great holidays, loves shabby jeans and a sweater, and categorically refuses to shave.

Roman Arkadevich Abramovich was born on October 24, 1966 in Saratov in the family of an employee of the Syktyvkar Economic Council. His mother died when Abramovich was a year and a half. Father, Arkady Nakhimovich, worked in the Syktyvkar Economic Council, died in an accident at a construction site when Roman was 4 years old.

Adopted into the family by the brother of his father, Leib Nakhimovich, Roman spent a significant part of his youth in the Komi Republic. Leib Abramovich at that time worked as head of the Pechorles department of supply of workers at Komilesresurs.

According to the NES + S newspaper (Ukhta, June 9, 1999), “the future oil tycoon lives in Ukhta in his five-story brick building at 22 Oktyabrskaya Street” during his childhood and adolescence. As the newspaper wrote, “according to the recollections of adults, Roman was always emphasized politely, sociable, and was known as a rather judicious child. According to one source, in 1983. Abramovich graduated from city school No. 2 with good grades and entered the Industrial Institute, where he managed to unlearn two courses. There is a version that he enrolled in two universities at once - both in Uha and Moscow - at the Institute named after Gubkin. As if in both universities, Roman passed through the competition. According to another version, he studied at school No. 2 only in the first grade, and then moved to the Moscow region. It is clear that from the second year Abramovich takes possession of knowledge at the Moscow Institute of Oil and Gas named after Gubkin and lives with his second uncle - Abram Nakhimovich Abramovich. "

According to other media reports, Roman Abramovich failed to graduate from the Industrial Institute in Ukhta, as he was called up for service in the Soviet Army. He served as a private avtovzvoda artillery regiment. Then he entered the Moscow Institute, which also did not finish.

Roman Abramovich began his career in 1987 as the mechanic of the construction department No. 122 of the Mosspetsmontazh trust. Abramovich himself tells how, while studying at the institute, he simultaneously organized the Uyut cooperative: “We made toys from polymers. Those guys with whom we worked in a cooperative, then made up the management link of Sibneft, then for a while I was a broker on the stock exchange. " They sold products on the markets of Moscow (including Luzhniki), which made it possible to make a profit in cash and pay taxes at that time.

Childhood and youth

Born October 24, 1966 in Saratov. Roman's parents lived in Syktyvkar (Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic). Father - Arkady (Aron) Nakhimovich Abramovich (December 26, 1937 - May 13, 1969) - worked in the Komi Economic Council, died in an accident at a construction site when Roman was 2 years old. Mother Irina Vasilyevna (nee Mikhailenko, February 3, 1939 - October 23, 1967) died when Roman was 1 year old.

Before World War I, his father's parents - Nakhim (Nakhman) Leibovich (1887 - June 6, 1942, Resheti camp, Krasnoyarsk Territory) and Toybe Stepanovna (1890 -?) - lived in Belarus, after the revolution they moved to Lithuania, to the city of Taurage. After joining the USSR, during the deportations of June 1941, the family was expelled with children to Siberia. The couple ended up in different cars and lost each other. Toybe was able to raise three sons: Roman's father and two of his uncles. The maternal grandmother of Roman Abramovich, Faina Borisovna Grutman (1906-1991), with her three-year-old daughter Irina from Ukraine, was evacuated to Saratov in the early days of the war.

Taken up in uncle Leib Abramovich’s family, Roman spent a significant part of his youth in the city of Ukhta (Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic), where his uncle worked as head of the Pechorles work supply department at KomilesURS. Roman was in 2nd grade at school number 2.

In 1974 he moved to Moscow to his second uncle - Abram Abramovich.

In 1983 he graduated from Moscow secondary school No. 232 (now GBOU of Moscow, “School No. 2054”).

In 1983 he entered the Ukhta Industrial Institute at the Forestry Faculty. He did not differ in his desire for study, but he had excellent organizational abilities, despite the fact that he was the youngest in age in the group. There is no information about the completion of the UII; accordingly, I have not received a higher education. Among classmates there are famous people in business and musical culture (in particular, Andrei Derzhavin), Roman does not support relations with them.

In 1984-1986, he served in the military service as an ordinary auto-platoon of an artillery regiment (military unit No. 11785) in Kirzhach (Vladimir region).

Career

He began his career as a worker: in 1987-1989, the mechanic SU-122 of the Mosspetsmontazh trust.

In the late 1980s, it acquired the Uyut cooperative, whose official activity was the production of toys from polymer materials. Abramovich’s partners in the Cosiness Evgeny Shvidler and Valery Oif subsequently formed the managing link of Sibneft.

In the early 1990s, he was the founder of the companies: Mekong JSC, ICE Firm Supertechnology-Shishmarev, AOZT Elita, AOZT Petroltrans, AOZT GID, NPR and many others.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, he was engaged in small business (production, then intermediary and trading operations), subsequently switching to oil-trading activities. Later, he became close friends with Boris Berezovsky and the family of Russian President Boris Yeltsin. It is believed that it was thanks to these ties that Abramovich later managed to obtain the ownership of the Sibneft oil company.

In 1991-1993 Abramovich headed the small enterprise "AVK", engaged in commercial and intermediary activities, including the resale of petroleum products. In 1992, the investigation ordered that he be detained on suspicion that Abramovich had stolen 55 diesel tanks from the state-owned Ukhta oil refinery worth about 4 million rubles (criminal case no. 79067 of the Moscow city prosecutor's office).

It was at the beginning of 1995 that the 28-year-old Abramovich, together with Boris Berezovsky, began a joint project to create a single vertically integrated oil company based on Noyabrskneftegaz and the Omsk Oil Refinery, which were part of Rosneft at that time. Victor Gorodilov supported this idea to invest $ 35.5 million in the company. The guarantee was again made by SBS-Agro Bank. Rifine-Oil CJSC was established with equal shares in Servet and Oil Impex (both established by Roman Abramovich).

The Accounts Chamber, which conducted a later audit of Sibneft’s privatization, recognized it as extremely inefficient and inappropriate.

In June 1996, Roman Abramovich became a member of the board of directors of Noyabrskneftegaz JSC, and also headed the Moscow representative office of Sibneft. In September 1996, he was elected by the shareholders to the board of directors of Sibneft.

According to the data, a computer analysis of the transactions made by the General Prosecutor's Office showed that R. Abramovich was involved in speculation in the GKO market (which became one of the reasons for the 1998 default).

In November 1998, the first mention of Abramovich appeared in the media (even his photographs were missing for a long time) - the dismissed head of the President’s Security Service, Alexander Korzhakov, called him treasurer of the closest associates of President Yeltsin (the so-called "family"). The public became aware that Abramovich pays for the expenses of the president’s daughter Tatyana Dyachenko and her future husband Valentin Yumashev, financed Yeltsin’s election campaign in 1996, and lobbies for government appointments.

In December 1999, Abramovich became the owner of a fortune of $ 1.4 billion.

In 1999, he became a State Duma deputy in the Chukotka single-mandate constituency No. 223. It was in Chukotka that companies affiliated with Sibneft were registered through which its oil and oil products were sold.

In the Duma, he did not enter any of the factions. Since February 2000 - Member of the State Duma Committee on the problems of the North and the Far East.

In December 2000, he left the Duma in connection with his election to the post of governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Region. According to media reports, he has invested considerable funds of his own in the development of the region and improving the living standards of the local population.

In October 2001, it became officially known that Sibneft shareholders had created Millhouse Capital, which was registered in London and received all their assets under management. The president of Sibneft E. M. Shvidler becomes the chairman of the Millhouse board of directors.

In December 2002, Sibneft together with TNK acquired at an auction 74.95% of the shares of the Russian-Belarusian company Slavneft (earlier Sibneft bought back another 10% of the shares from Belarus) and subsequently divided its assets.

In the summer of 2003, Abramovich bought the English football club Chelsea, which was on the verge of ruin, paid its debts and staffed the team with expensive football players, which was widely covered in the media in Britain and Russia, where he was accused of investing Russian money in foreign sports , although in anticipation of this, according to some reports, Abramovich tried to buy CSKA Russian football club, but the deal did not materialize. The amount spent by the businessman on the purchase of an English club amounted to approximately 140 million pounds. On May 19, 2012, Chelsea won the UEFA Champions League for the first time in their history, defeating Bayern Munich in the final match in the penalty shootout.

Starting in the second half of 2003, Sibneft was subject to inspections by the Prosecutor General’s Office and the Tax Inspectorate regarding the legality of the acquisition in December 1995 of a stake in a number of companies - Noyabrskneftegazgeofiziki, Noyabrskneftegaz, Omsk Oil Refinery and Omsknefteprodukt, and in March 2004 The Sibneft Ministry of Taxes and Levies filed tax claims for 2000-2001 in the amount of about one billion dollars. Later it became known that the amount of tax debt was reduced by more than three times by tax authorities, and the debt itself has already been returned to the budget.

In 2003, another attempt was made to merge Sibneft and Yukos, which was frustrated at the initiative of Abramovich after the arrest of Khodorkovsky and the presentation of multibillion-dollar tax claims to Yukos.

During 2003-2005, Abramovich sold his stakes in Aeroflot, Russian Aluminum, Irkutskenergo and the Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station, RusPromAvto, and finally Sibneft.

In 2003, he bought the English football club Chelsea for £ 140 million and actually moved to live in the UK. In October 2005, he sold his block of shares (75.7%) to Sibneft for $ 13.1 billion and tried several times to resign from the governor’s post, but each time after meeting with Russian President Vladimir V. Putin from your intention to refuse.

On October 16, 2005, the President proposed Abramovich’s candidacy for reappointment to the governor’s post; on October 21 of that year, the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug approved him.

On July 3, 2008, President Dmitry Medvedev prematurely terminated Abramovich’s powers as governor with the phrase “of his own free will”.

On July 13, 2008, deputies of the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Region asked Roman Abramovich to become a deputy and head the district Duma, and on October 12 in the by-elections, gaining 96.99% of the vote, became a deputy of the Chukotka Duma. On October 22, he was elected to the post of chairman of the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, deputies of the Duma unanimously supported Abramovich’s candidacy.

In the spring of 2018, after toughening the UK's requirements for the cleanliness of funds that qualify for an investor visa, Abramovich had problems with entering this country. After that, in May 2018, Abramovich, who had Jewish roots, received an Israeli passport, which allows visa-free entry to the UK. According to media reports, Abramovich became the richest citizen of Israel.

Friendship and business partnership with Boris Berezovsky

According to two different sources, Abramovich first met with Berezovsky either at a meeting of Russian businessmen in the Caribbean in 1993, or in the summer of 1995 on the boat of his friend Peter Aven. Berezovsky introduced Abramovich to his “family” - the close circle of Russian President Boris Yeltsin, which included his daughter Tatyana Dyachenko and chief security adviser Alexander Korzhakov.

Together with Berezovsky, Abramovich founded the offshore company registered in Gibraltar, Runicom Ltd. and five subsidiaries in Western Europe. Abramovich headed the Moscow branch of the Swiss company Runicom S.A. In August 1995, Sibneft was established by decree of President Boris Yeltsin. There were rumors that Abramovich was the head of the organization, and Berezovsky promoted the interests of business in the highest circles of power.

In January - May 1998, the first unsuccessful attempt was made to create a joint company, Yuksi, based on the merger of Sibneft and Yukos, the completion of which was prevented by the ambitions of the owners.

According to some reports, the beginning of the divergence of business and political interests of Abramovich and Berezovsky dates to the same time, which subsequently ended in a breakdown in relations.

Abramovich and Russian sport

Roman Abramovich was one of the initiators of the invitation of the Dutch specialist Guus Hiddink to the post of head coach of the Russian national football team. Salary Hiddink, as well as the second coach of the national team Igor Korneev, as well as all expenses associated with their stay in Russia (accommodation, transportation, etc.) were paid by the National Football Academy foundation, created by Abramovich in 2004. The head of this fund is Sergey Kapkov, who in 2001 at the age of 25 became the Deputy Governor of Chukotka for sports and youth policy. The foundation also sponsors children's youth football schools.

In April 2012, Roman Abramovich and the Omsk Region Governor Leonid Polezhaev agreed to transfer the Arena Omsk MSC to the Avangard Sports Club Non-Profit Partnership free of charge. Earlier, the Hockey IC was transferred to the ownership of NP Avangard IC Center "Vanguard", built at the expense of Roman Abramovich.

Features of the acquisition of Sibneft and aluminum wars

In 1995, Abramovich and Berezovsky acquired a controlling stake in the giant Soviet oil company Sibneft. The branches of Abramovich, as well as the branches of Boris Berezovsky, acquired Sibneft for $ 100.3 million (at that time the company was worth $ 2.7 billion). As of 2000, Sibneft annually produced oil in the amount of about 3 billion US dollars.

Abramovich founded several shell companies and, together with his friend Boris Berezovsky, used them to acquire Sibneft shares. As a result, the tycoon managed to pay 25 times less than the market price for the company. Purchased for a total of $ 200 million, Sibneft was worth seventy-five times more expensive. The New York Times claimed that Abramovich was helped by Badri Patarkatsishvili. This acquisition was made as part of the Disputed Credits for Shares program, initiated by Russian President Boris Yeltsin.

After Sibneft, the next goal of Abramovich was the aluminum industry. Following the privatization of industry enterprises, the “aluminum wars” led to the killing of steel plant managers, metal dealers and journalists. Abramovich became known as the winner of aluminum wars. Later, during a BBC investigation on Abramovich’s wealth, reporter John Sweeney noted that after the oligarch (Abramovich) was at the top of the aluminum industry, the killings stopped.

Biography

Roman Arkadievich Abramovich is a Russian entrepreneur, owner of a multi-billion dollar fortune, whose success is evident in the business sphere and in high life.

Roman Arkadevich Abramovich

This is a person who knows how to create events that invariably attract the attention of the world community.

Childhood and youth

The childhood of the future billionaire was not easy: at the age of 4, Roman was left an orphan. Although he was born into a Jewish family, in the Soviet passport of Boris Abramovich, “Russian” was written in the column “nationality”. His mother died when the boy was one year old, and after 3 years, his father Arkady Nakhimovich Abramovich died at a construction site as a result of an accident.

After this tragic event, Roman was taken up by his uncle Leib, who worked as the head of the supply of forestry in Ukhta. In this city, most of the childhood of the future billionaire passed.

Roman Abramovich in his youth

In 1974, the boy moved to Moscow, where he lives with his second uncle Abram Abramovich. After graduating from the 232nd school, Roman Abramovich enters the army, ends his service with the rank of ordinary air defense. After returning to Ukhta 2 years later, the young man enters the forestry department at the local industrial institute. Here, the future entrepreneur does not show interest in studying, but already at that time he notices brilliant organizational abilities.

Abramovich never received a higher education, which did not affect his further biography.

Business and career

Since the late 80s, Roman begins entrepreneurial activity. In his youth, a businessman acquires his own manufacturing enterprise - the Uyut cooperative, which makes polymer toys. Abramovich’s partners in this company later became part of the management of Sibneft.

Roman Abramovich

The next stage for him are mediation and trading operations. After some time, the sphere of interests switches to oil trading. The circle of his acquaintances was replenished with a significant number of influential people. At that time, Roman was talking with Boris Berezovsky, and also maintained close relations with the family of Russian President Boris Yeltsin. Subsequently, thanks to these ties, he managed to become the owner of Sibneft.

In the early 90s, Roman became the founder of several companies. Later he became the head of the company "AVK", which carried out intermediary operations in the oil market. At this time, the first scandal involving Abramovich was recorded - in 1992 he was taken into custody on suspicion of theft of diesel fuel in the amount of 4 million rubles.

Boris Berezovsky and Roman Abramovich

In the mid-90s, Roman was working on a vertically integrated oil corporation. In the spring of 1998, an attempt was made to merge Sibneft and Yukos, but this idea was unsuccessful due to the fact that the owners could not agree among themselves. The break in relations between Abramovich and Berezovsky also belongs to the same year. The reason for this was business and political disagreement.

In 1998, the media first mentioned the name of Abramovich. Until that time, he managed to stay in the shadows so successfully that no one even knew what he looked like. Everything changed when the press became aware that Roman Arkadievich is a confidant of the Russian President Boris Yeltsin, and also pays for the expenses of his daughter and son-in-law, finances the politician’s election campaign in 1996.

Boris Yeltsin and Roman Abramovich

By December 1999, Abramovich’s capital was estimated at $ 14 billion. Among the major projects of the businessman of the early 2000s, the creation of the Russian Aluminum company together with Oleg Deripaska stood out. In addition, Roman bought back the shares of ORT, owned by Berezovsky, and sold them to Sberbank. Sibneft’s management also buys a controlling stake in Aeroflot.

From 2001 to 2008, Abramovich served as governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Region. The governor of Chukotka has been successfully developing the region’s oil industry for 7 years.

Roman Abramovich bought the Chelsea club

In 2003, the oligarch carries out a business deal that brought him, in addition to profit, wide publicity in society. Abramovich buys the English football club Chelsea, which was at that moment on the verge of ruin. Having repaid the debts of the club, Roman undertakes to update the composition of the team. The conclusion of multi-million dollar contracts with prestigious footballers is widely publicized in the Russian and British media.

According to rough estimates, the businessman invested about £ 150 million in the development of the club, which caused a stream of criticism in the Russian press related to the fact that Abramovich is developing foreign sports. According to rumors, before the purchase of Chelsea, the oligarch attempted to acquire the Moscow club CSKA, but the deal did not take place.

Roman Abramovich

Thanks to investments, the Chelsea club won the UEFA Champions League (the most prestigious club tournament in Europe) for the first time, having beaten Bayern Munich in the penalty shoot-out.

Russian sports did not go unnoticed by the businessman either - in April 2006, an outstanding Dutch footballer Guus Hiddink was invited to the post of head coach of the Russian national football team. The initiator of this was Roman Abramovich. The National Football Academy foundation he created pays for the fees and travel expenses of the coaching staff of the Russian national team.

Income and wealth

Since 2009, Roman Arkadievich has been 51st in the list of the richest people on the planet, published by Forbes, an American financial and economic magazine. In recent years, Abramovich was not considered the richest man in Russia, since he constantly stayed in second place after billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov.

At the end of 2015, Roman Abramovich’s capital was estimated at $ 9.1 billion. The businessman owns villas in the UK, France and Russia. The oligarch also owns 2 yachts, each of which is equipped with helicopter platforms.

Yacht Abramovich Eclipse

The famous Abramovich Eclipse yacht, estimated at € 340 million, reaches 170 meters in length, is equipped with a modern missile warning system and a small submarine. The vessel is capable of diving to a depth of 50 meters. In the manufacture of the yacht were used valuable wood, bulletproof glass and cladding.

The oligarch owns two armored limousines, a collection of sports cars, including the Ferrari FXX and Bugatti Veyron. In addition, the businessman acquired 2 personal aircraft - a Boeing 767 worth 56 million pounds, converted according to the wishes of the entrepreneur, and an Airbus A340 with increased take-off weight (version 313X), which he bought in 2008.

For his contribution to the social and economic development of the Chukotka Autonomous Region, Roman Abramovich was awarded the Order of Honor in 2006.

A number of financial experts argue that the opinion of Abramovich’s solvency does not correspond to reality. The billionaire remains on the list of top entrepreneurs, but his position in recent years has been noticeably lost. According to Forbes, in 2016, Roman Arkadyevich was 13th in the list of the richest Russian businessmen. Nevertheless, the oligarch continues to be considered one of the most active players in the real estate market.

Houses and villas of Roman Abramovich

At the end of 2014, the billionaire spent a significant amount of money on the acquisition of three townhouses in New York on East 75th Street. The businessman planned to combine these premises into a five-story mansion. A similar purchase cost the Russian $ 70 million.

According to the declaration, Abramovich’s significant property includes real estate in the suburbs. According to Russian media reports, the entrepreneur owns two "palaces" with an area of ​​2421.2 and 1131.2 square meters. m

The mega-mansion of Roman Abramovich in New York

Analysts suggest that the collection of art that Abramovich has at his disposal is also quite impressive. Independent experts estimated it at $ 1 billion. It is known that in January 2013 Abramovich acquired a collection of 40 works by Ilya Kabakov, an approximate cost of $ 60 million.

Forbes predicts that the financial condition of the Russian in the future will show a downward trend. A similar situation has been observed since 2011, when the businessman had more than $ 13 billion in his accounts, but by 2016 this figure had gradually dropped to $ 7.6 billion, his incomes had fallen.

In September 2014, due to the crisis, the international company Evraz North America did not conduct an IPO in the US Securities and Exchange Commission. Abramovich’s failed attempt, who holds the post of chairman of the board of directors of this organization, to carry out successful operations on exchanges exacerbated the situation, the billionaire was not able to increase capital.

Personal life

The billionaire was officially married twice. His first wife Olga Lysova was from Astrakhan. Their relationship lasted from 1987 to 1990. The second wife of Roman Abramovich is Irina Malandina, a former stewardess. Young people met during the flight. In this marriage, the couple had five children - three daughters, Anna, Sofia and Arina, and two sons - Arkady and Ilya.

Former wives of Roman Abramovich Olga Lysova and Irina Malandina

At one time, Arkady began a business career in the London office of VTB Capital. He later became the owner of the oil company Zoltav resources. It was rumored that the young man wanted to invest in FC CSKA.

In 2007, Roman filed for divorce in the Chukotka District Court. Former spouses safely settled all the formalities associated with the division of property and the further fate of the children, the family broke up. Abramovich had to pay the ex-wife $ 300 million and leave behind her 4 villas abroad and 2 apartments.

Roman Abramovich with his wife Irina and children

After breaking up with his wife, Roman Abramovich did not hide his relationship with designer Daria Zhukova. He met his new darling after the next match of the Chelsea football club, which was held in Barcelona. Dasha was introduced to the businessman by her father, businessman Alexander Zhukov. The girl at that time met with tennis player Marat Safin.

The romance proceeded violently, lovers quickly won the title of the most beautiful pair of the Russian beau monde.With a growth of 177 cm, the weight of Abramovich does not exceed 74 kg, and Zhukov has model parameters of the figure.

Daria Zhukova and Roman Abramovich

Roman and Daria bring up two children - Aaron and Leah. It was rumored that the civil spouses officially formalized the relationship after a while, but the entrepreneur himself refused to comment on this information in an interview. In addition to personal relationships, Roman and Daria conducted common affairs. They became co-founders of the Garage Museum of Modern Art in Moscow and the cultural center on the island of New Holland in St. Petersburg. In 2017, the couple announced a breakup.

Later it became known that as a gift to his ex-wife, Roman left 3 houses in a prestigious area of ​​New York, which will be combined into one giant mansion. The billionaire remained on friendly terms with Daria, despite the fact that she soon adjusted her personal life. Zhukov began to be noticed in the society of the Greek oligarch Stavros Niarchos. Abramovich himself spent time only in the company of models.

Roman Abramovich and Emma Watson

During a relationship with Zhukova, a billionaire was rumored about romances on the side. At a football match involving the English club Chelsea in 2011, Abramovich was seen in the company of actress Emma Watson, the performer of the role of Hermione Granger from the Harry Potter saga.

Many immediately started joking that the billionaire bought her daughter Hermione, but some also started talking about the beginning of a relationship between a British film actress and a Russian entrepreneur.

Ballerina Diana Vishneva

Also, the media repeatedly found unconfirmed information that the oligarch had an affair with the ballerina of the Mariinsky Theater Diana Vishneva. Due to his status, Abramovich rarely communicates with reporters, he does not even have a personal Instagram, so photos of his relatives are extremely rare on the Network.

Roman Abramovich now

In 2018, the fortune of Roman Arkadievich increased. The declared amount reached $ 11.7 billion. In the spring, the entrepreneur turned to the Israeli authorities in order to obtain citizenship.

Billionaire Roman Abramovich

Earlier, the businessman was refused an extension of a British visa, and in order to enter the UK, he needed a workaround in the form of an Israeli passport. True, to obtain it, Abramovich needed to make a number of investments in the economy of the eastern state. The entrepreneur donated $ 30 million to the University of Tel Aviv, sponsored several business projects. For personal use, Abramovich bought a $ 28 million hotel in Israel, previously owned by actress Gal Gadot.

Roman Abramovich Mansion in Kensington

In the United Kingdom, Abramovich has something to lose. In addition to the famous Chelsea club, owned by a businessman and in which, according to rumors, $ 2 billion was invested, its assets include shares of the gold mining business, energy enterprises, and a mobile communications company. In addition, the billionaire owns a mansion in the most prestigious London area of ​​Kensington, a 6-story house in Knightsbridge and an estate in West Sussex.

Roman Abramovich, Anton Belov and Dasha Zhukova at the Garage Museum of Modern Art in 2018

Now Roman Abramovich is going to launch a fund to support Russian cinema. The businessman plans to allocate up to $ 1 billion annually for the needs of filmmakers. It is assumed that funding will occur free of charge, mainly at the post-production stage. In case of commercial success of the picture, the fund will claim a part of the profit.

Entrepreneur, billionaire

Roman Arkadevich Abramovich - Russian entrepreneur, billionaire, former governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, deputy of the Chukotka District Duma (2008), chairman of the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008−2013). Owner of Chelsea Football Club (London).

The childhood of Roman Abramovich

Roman Abramovich was born on October 24, 1966 in Saratov.

Father - Arkady Nakhimovich Abramovich (1937−1969) - worked in the economic council of the Autonomous Republic of Komi. The mother of Roman Abramovich - Irina Vasilievna Abramovich (maiden name - Mikhailenko) was a music teacher, she died when Roman was 1 year old.

Abramovich’s grandfather Nakhim (Nakhman) Leibovich and grandmother Toybe (Tatyana) Stepanovna (according to other sources - Semenovna) were wealthy residents of the Lithuanian city of Taurage, after Lithuania joined the USSR they lost their property and were sent to Siberia, having lost each other in a train. Abramovich’s grandfather was killed in 1942 in the Resheti camp (Krasnoyarsk Territory) as a result of an accident, a tractor with Nakhim Abramovich fell into the pit, as the oligarch’s biography says. Toybe raised three sons - the father of Roman Abramovich Arkady and his brothers Leib and Abram. As the neighbor Abramovich recalled in an interview with SP, Tatyana Semenovna was a seamstress, sewed clothes even for actors in Syktyvkar theaters.

Abramovich’s maternal grandmother Faina Borisovna Grutman (1906−1991) was evacuated to Saratov from Ukraine at the beginning of the war. There is almost no information about Abramovich’s grandfather Vasily Mikhailenko in biographies. In the book of Alexander Khinshtein “Berezovsky and Abramovich: the oligarchs from the high road”, it is said that “only a harmonious surname Mikhailenko” remained from him.

Abramovich’s parents met in Saratov, where Arkady Abramovich studied in absentia at the Road Institute. Irina Mikhailenko graduated from a music school and worked as a piano teacher at the school at the garrison house of officers. Having married, Arkady and Irina left for Syktyvkar, where Abramovich’s father rose to a leading position in the supply department for the construction company Komistroy. Irina, for the birth of Roman Abramovich, came to her mother in Saratov, and then returned to Syktyvkar with her child. Abramovich’s mother died of leukemia in 1967, according to data from Hinstein’s book, the cause was an abortion that failed.

Arkady Abramovich, blaming himself for what happened, survived his wife for 18 months. On May 5, 1969, during a community work day, a multi-ton reinforced concrete slab falling off a crane fell onto Abramovich’s father. May 13, 1969 Arkady Abramovich died (in the biography of Roman Abramovich, Wikipedia indicates 1970 as the year of the death of his father).

After life took the little Roman into his cold embrace, making the boy an orphan, he was taken to his family by his uncle Leib Abramovich. Roman lived with his uncle in the city of Ukhta (Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic), where Leib Abramovich worked as head of the supply department of Pechorles at KomilesURS. In Ukhta, Roman studied in grades 1–2. In 1974, Roman Abramovich moved to Moscow to his second uncle - Abram Abramovich. In 1983 he graduated from Moscow secondary school No. 232.

At school, as his classmates recall, Roman Abramovich was quiet and modest, he studied medium and there were no fives in the certificate of the oligarch. At the same time, already at school, Abramovich showed commercial abilities: he sold cigarettes, "fartered" at Moscow Intourist hotels. Having studied with Abramovich, singer Natalya Sturm recalled the corporate smile of the future billionaire.

Immediately after school, Roman Abramovich entered the Ukhta Industrial Institute at the Forestry Faculty. However, he did not show much zeal for study and did not receive a diploma. In 1984-1986, he served in the military at the training center for air defense (military unit No. 63148) in Bogodukhov (Kharkiv Oblast). Later, Roman Abramovich studied for six months at the evening department at the Moscow Automobile and Road Institute. In 2000 he graduated from the Moscow State Law Academy.

Business of Roman Abramovich

Returning from the army, the guy decided to devote himself to business, especially since Roman, when he was still a student, showed excellent organizational skills. First, Abramovich went into small business (in the late 1980s - early 1990s). In 1988 he headed the cooperative "Cosiness", producing rubber toys. In 1991-1993 Abramovich headed the small enterprise "AVK", engaged in commercial and intermediary activities, including the resale of petroleum products. In 1992, the investigation ordered him to be detained, suspecting Roman Abramovich of stealing 55 diesel tanks from the state-owned Ukhta oil refinery worth about 4 million rubles (criminal case no. 79067 of the Moscow city prosecutor's office). The damage to the Ukhta refinery was compensated by the actual recipient of the fuel, the Latvian-American enterprise Chikora International. Roman Abramovich himself, as reported in the news, actively helped the investigation, in December 1992 the case was dismissed due to lack of corpus delicti.

From June 1993 to December 1995, Abramovich was the director of AOZT Petroltrans. From 1993 to 1996, Roman Arkadevich headed the Moscow branch of the Swiss company RUNICOM S.A. In 1995-1996, together with Boris Berezovsky, he became the founder of several new companies, in particular, P.K. Trust.

In early 1995, 28-year-old Roman Abramovich, together with Boris Berezovsky, began a joint project to create a single vertically integrated oil company based on Noyabrskneftegaz and the Omsk Oil Refinery, which were part of Rosneft at that time. In June 1996, Roman Arkadevich became the head of the Moscow representative office of Sibneft, and then joined the board of directors of this company.

It was only in 1998 that Roman Abramovich was first mentioned in the media by the ex-head of the Presidential Security Service, Alexander Korzhakov, who described Abramovich as the treasurer of the “family”, that is, Boris Yeltsin’s entourage.

In 2005, Roman Abramovich earned $ 13 billion from the sale to Gazprom of a 73% stake in Sibneft.

In 2012, Abramovich won a trial against a fugitive oligarch and former partner Boris Berezovsky. Berezovsky tried to prove that under pressure from Abramovich he was forced to sell shares in several companies, including Sibneft, in 2000-2003 at a price significantly lower than the market price. Berezovsky estimated his damage at 5.5 billion dollars. Abramovich refuted the information, arguing that Berezovsky was never a real co-owner of the business and received payments only for the “roof” that was standard for Russia in the 1990s. The High Court of London on August 31, 2012 refused Boris Berezovsky to satisfy the claims against Roman Abramovich in the case of the sale of assets of a number of Russian companies in the early 2000s.

In 2015, they decided to make a film about the relationship between Abramovich and Berezovsky in the United States. The book was supposed to be a book by American writer Ben Mezrich, Once Upon a Time in Russia: The Rise of the Oligarchs - A True Story of Ambition, Wealth, Betrayal and Murder.

Political career of Roman Abramovich

In 1999, Roman Abramovich became a State Duma deputy in the Chukotka single-mandate constituency No. 223. In the parliamentary elections, Abramovich won 59.78 percent of the vote. It was in Chukotka that the companies affiliated with Sibneft were registered. From 2001 to 2008, Abramovich was the governor of Chukotka. On July 3, 2008, President Dmitry Medvedev prematurely terminated Abramovich’s powers as governor with the phrase “of his own free will”. Then, for 5 years, Roman Arkadievich was the chairman of the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Region.

In 2013, Roman Abramovich resigned after the adoption of the law banning the possession of property abroad.

According to media reports, Roman Abramovich has invested considerable funds of his own in the development of the Chukotka region and improving the living standards of the local population. In 2010, Millhouse LLC, controlled by Abramovich, sold the Dvoynoye and Vodorazdelnoe gold deposits in Chukotka to the Canadian company Kinross Gold Corporation (Kinross).

Obtaining Israeli citizenship

On May 28, 2018, Free Press reported that a Russian businessman, Roman Abramovich, flew on his personal plane to Tel Aviv, where he received an Israeli ID at Ben Gurion Airport.

It is noted that the billionaire took advantage of the right to immigration, which he has due to Jewish origin, after he had difficulties with the extension of the British visa.

A serious "run over" of London on the interests of Roman Abramovich received an immediate rebuff from Moscow. Moreover, at the highest level, the presidential spokesman spoke out. Dmitry Peskov and representatives of the Russian Foreign Ministry. According to Peskov, a report published on May 21 by the House of Commons Committee on Foreign Affairs of the British Parliament “on dirty money” from Russia is “the next step in line with unfriendly and unfair competition.” He recalled that in recent decades, Russian business has grown, developed and led a peaceful economic expansion into other countries, and suddenly this process came to such an annoying ending.

Israeli citizenship gives Abramovich the right to visa-free travel to dozens of countries, including the UK, and the status of a “new repatriate” - 10-year tax exemption and assistance in arranging in his new homeland, the so-called “absorption basket”.

Recall that in Israel, a Russian businessman has long been conducting philanthropic and commercial activities, investing in high-tech sector companies and real estate. In particular, Abramovich is building a large mansion in the prestigious tourist area of ​​Tel Aviv Neve Tzedek.

As stated in the news, Roman Abramovich left Israel almost immediately after obtaining local citizenship, having spent a few hours in the country. The billionaire went to the airport terminal on a common basis - to the room where the arrived returnees are registered. There Abramovich was issued a certificate of a new repatriate (“teudat-ole”) and an identity card (“teudat-zeut”), RIA Novosti reported.

Status and income of Roman Abramovich

Roman Abramovich is a regular in the ranking of the richest people in the world. In the 2009 Forbes ranking, the entrepreneur ranked 51st in the list of billionaires from around the world.

According to The Sunday Times (April 2007), he ranked second in the list of the richest people in Great Britain; Roman Abramovich’s fortune was estimated at 10.8 billion pounds. In 2009, Abramovich’s condition declined as a result of the financial crisis by three billion pounds to 8.7 billion pounds.

In the ranking of Russian businessmen Forbes since 2012, Roman Abramovich is outside the top ten. In 2017, Abramovich’s fortune was estimated at $ 9.1 billion, he was in 12th place. Abramovich’s fortune over the past 5 years ranged from 7-10 billion. In 2011, Roman Abramovich had $ 13.4 billion. According to the publication, the assets of Abramovich include: Evraz (31%), Channel One (24%) ), the property.

Personal life of Roman Abramovich

Roman Abramovich was married three times.

The first wife of Roman Abramovich - Olga Yuryevna Lysova. No common children.

Second wife - Irina Vyacheslavovna Abramovich (Malandina, born November 26, 1967), a former stewardess. During his family life with Irina, Roman Abramovich had five children: Anna (January 30, 1992), Arkady (September 14, 1993), Sophia (April 3, 1995), Arina (2001) and Ilya (February 18, 2003). In March 2007, Abramovich was divorced by the Chukotka District Court, the couple agreed on the division of property.

Irina Abramovich, whom Roman Abramovich divorced in 2007, shares photos from a personal photo archive. On her Instagram page, the ex-wife of the billionaire published pictures of children - Sophia, who before that first appeared, Arina and Ilya.

The third wife of Roman Abramovich is designer Daria Zhukova (1981), the daughter of the famous businessman Alexander Zhukov, the founder and main owner of the international investment group Interfinance. Abramovich's third wife lived with her mother in the United States, then studied at the London Institute of Naturopathy. Daria Zhukova - founder of the Garage Museum of Modern Art in Moscow, designer and co-owner of Kova & T.

Roman Abramovich and his third wife Daria Zhukova have two children: son Aaron Alexander (December 5, 2009) and daughter Leia (April 8, 2013).

Abramovich’s children, in particular, Sophia, often post photos on Instagram, in addition, the British media print news about the children of the Chelsea owner. You can read even more photos and news from the secular chronicle about the last wife of Abramovich Daria Zhukova.

On August 7, 2017, the main news in the media was the statement of Roman Abramovich and his third wife Daria Zhukova about the decision to divorce. According to businessman’s adviser John Mann, the decision to divorce after 10 years of marriage, Abramovich and Zhukova was not easy. At the same time, Roman Abramovich and Daria Zhukova emphasize that they remain close friends, parents of two wonderful children and partners in projects that they developed together (the Garage Museum of Modern Art in Moscow and the cultural center in St. Petersburg).

About why Roman Abramovich and Daria Zhukova are getting divorced, the tabloids can only guess so far. Undoubtedly, the topic of divorce of the oligarch, as in other similar cases, will be a hot topic in the news in the coming years.

After the news of Abramovich’s divorce in the media, it became fashionable to write about the future new wife of the billionaire.

Former classmate of Roman Abramovich Natalia Sturm suggested that the billionaire has already decided on the replacement of Daria Zhukova. “I think that this place is likely to have been occupied a long time ago. I’m even sure. For the public, they “dotted the“ i ”for something. Either it will be an official marriage of either Dasha or Roman Arkadievich, or a new union will be announced, ”Sturm noted.

Natalia also told what will be the new wife of Abramovich. “A little imagining the personality of Roman Arkadievich, I think that this must be a very beautiful woman. And beautiful also by her deeds. An outstanding personality, relations with which, perhaps, have been tested for years, ”the singer made a forecast about the oligarch’s new love. Later Natalia Sturm added that the news about the reunion of Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie could have appeared thanks to Abramovich, as Roman Arkadievich allegedly wanted to distract attention from his person and discuss his new companion.

If this is so, then the idea was unsuccessful, at least in Russia. The yellow press of the Russian Federation continues to discuss Abramovich’s new novel, in particular, rumors about Roman Arkadievich’s connection with star ballerina Diana Vishneva have intensified. The press recalled that Abramovich and Vishneva appeared together at the Olympics in Sochi, and the oligarch is the sponsor of Vishneva’s projects. However, Diana Vishneva is married to her own producer Konstantin Selinevich. I must say that after the news of the divorce of Abramovich Vishnev herself gave rise to rumors by posting on Instagram her photo in a scarf and baseball cap of the London “Chelsea”. “The day of the game. The Mariinsky Ballet and Orchestra team at the legendary Wembley Arena, ”Diana Vishneva signed the photo in the symbolism of the Abramovich club.

The tabloid news also mentioned Nadezhda Obolentseva and Julia Peresild. The Moscow actress and Abramovich fell into the photo of the yellow press at the Kinotavr in Sochi, it is also known that, at the invitation of Peresild, Roman Abramovich attended social events of the Galchonok charity foundation.

There is also an initiative from below, so one of the participants in the famous television show Dom-2 Ruslan Solntsev decided to woo Olga Buzova, the future enviable bachelor of Roman Abramovich, who, by the way, recently also experienced a difficult divorce from football player Dmitry Tarasov.

Hobbies of Roman Abramovich

Roman Arkadevich is interested in football. In 2003, Abramovich acquired Chelsea English football club for £ 140 million. However, Abramovich also supports Russian football. He was one of the initiators of the invitation of Dutch specialist Guus Hiddink to the post of head coach of the Russian national football team. The salary of Hiddink, as well as the second coach of the national team Igor Korneev, as well as all expenses associated with their stay in Russia (accommodation, transportation) were paid by the National Football Academy Foundation, created by Roman Abramovich in 2004. Ex-coach of the Russian national team Leonid Slutsky noted that Abramovich did a lot to “help Russian football”, in particular, built about 300 artificial football fields and was a sponsor of the Russian national team.

In addition to football, Roman Abramovich has many other interests. Abramovich built a venue for concerts and other musical events under the London Stamford Bridge Stadium. Cost of work - 7 million pounds.

In general, the billionaire’s hobbies are quite expensive. Abramovich owns five luxury yachts; in the news of Western media they are called the “Abramovich fleet”. By the way, one of his yachts - Pelorus - is equipped with a missile defense system, a plasma generator, a laser holographic projector, a helicopter and a submarine to escape in case of danger.

In addition to yachts, Abramovich is also interested in airplanes. So, the Russian billionaire owns a private Boeing 767−33A / ER (registration P4-MES, registered in Aruba), known as the “Bandit” because of the details of painting the cabin. The plane was originally ordered by Hawaiian Airlines, but the order was canceled, Abramovich bought this Boeing and converted it according to his own requirements. In September 2008, Airbus completed the construction of a new oligarch aircraft, the A340-313X, by Abramovich’s personal order. He also owns three Eurocopter helicopters.

And Roman Arkadievich is known for his love of large and expensive cars. In 2004, Abramovich bought two Maybach 62 armored limousines worth £ 1 million. Abramovich owns a Ferrari FXX, worth $ 2 million 200 thousand. It is interesting that in the world of all 30 such cars were produced. Roman Arkadyevich also has other models in the fleet - Bugatti Veyron, Maserati MC12 Corsa, Ferrari 360 and a modified Porsche Carrera GT. Sometimes Abramovich loves to drive and drive. Of course, under the supervision of numerous guards.

In 2013, a Russian billionaire bought luxury apartments in a fashionable area of ​​New York, according to news reports, in an apartment located on Fifth Avenue, eight bedrooms, several bathrooms, a huge kitchen and a large central hall.

Abramovich’s condition allows him to go to good restaurants. In 2009, the oligarch had dinner with his girlfriend Daria Zhukova, son Arkady and three of his friends in a restaurant in New York for 47 thousand dollars. After Abramovich and the company left the restaurant, the waiters discussed their generous tip.

At the same time, sometimes Abramovich is not averse to walking. He had long dreamed of climbing Kilimanjaro. To climb, Roman Arkadyevich invited six friends. To have everything at hand, they took 13 porters with them. Naturally, the guards accompanied Roman Arkadievich. However, due to the lack of preparation at the level of 4,602 m, Abramovich had symptoms of mountain sickness, so his companions were quick to bring the billionaire to the foot of the mountain.

Likes Abramovich and listen to good music. In January 2017, the famous Beatle, the legendary British musician Paul McCartney, spoke at the exclusive New Year's party for oligarch Roman Abramovich, which was held on the Caribbean island of Saint Barthélemy.

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Watch the video: How Roman Abramovich Made His Billions - Russian Billionaire Documentary (April 2020).