Name: Petr Stolypin
Middle name: Arkadevich
Birthday: April 14, 1862
Place of Birth: Dresden, Saxony, German Union (now Germany)
Date of death: September 5 1911 (49 years old)
Cause of death: find out murder
Place of burial: find out Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, Kiev, Ukraine
Height: 190 cm
Career: Historical figures
The future prominent figure was born on April 14, 1862 in Dresden, where at that time his mother, Natalia Mikhailovna, the niece of Chancellor A.M., was staying with relatives. Gorchakova, great-great-granddaughter of the great commander A.V. Suvorov. His father, Arkady Dmitrievich, the general and chief chamberlain of the Highest Court, also came from an eminent family. Among his ancestors were senators, generals, adjutant Suvorov.
Pyotr Arkadevich had siblings: the eldest for 3 years, Mikhail, the youngest for a year, Alexander, the weather sister, Maria, as well as his brother Dmitry from his father (from his first marriage). Among the paternal relatives of Peter was the poet Mikhail Lermontov, who was his second cousin.
Until the age of 7, the boy and his family lived in the suburbs, then - on the estate located near the Lithuanian city of Kovno (now Kaunas), periodically traveling to Switzerland. Until the age of 12, Petya received a home education. In 1874, his father decided to identify him and other children to the gymnasium, for which he bought a two-story house with a garden in Vilnius (now Vilnius).
Five years later, his father received a transfer to Orel (at that time he was the commander of the army corps), where their family moved. In this city, in 1881, a young man completed secondary education at a local gymnasium and went to St. Petersburg, where he became a student in the natural sciences department of the University Physics and Mathematics. Mark “excellent” appreciated his knowledge at the final exam, Dmitry Mendeleev himself.
Previous Interior Ministers - Dmitry Sipyagin and Vyacheslav von Pleve - were killed by revolutionaries. At that time, four assassinations had already been committed at Stolypin himself. The responsibilities of the minister of this department were very large, so Pyotr Arkadyevich was not enthusiastic about the new appointment, but was forced to accept it.
In the same period after the dissolution of the 1st State Duma, in addition to his post, he headed the government. In his new post, he again showed his respectable qualities - personal courage, excellent oratory, fearlessness. To combat revolutionary violence, a law was instituted on military courts (as a result, people in the gallows began to call the “Stolypin tie”).
Attempt on Apothecary Island
September 12 (25), 1906. St. Petersburg. It was Saturday - the day when Peter Stolypin hosted visitors. The reception was full of people.
At this moment, two people dressed in a gendarme uniform enter the reception room, they report that they arrived on an urgent matter and ask them to be taken to the office of the Prime Minister. But the adjutant Stolypin, Zamyatin hesitates. He is confused by the old gendarme helmets on the heads of visitors, and after all, reform has recently passed and the uniform of the gendarme ranks has been changed.
This vigilance of the adjutant cost his own life and saved the life of Peter Stolypin. Unable to break into the office, the Socialist-Revolutionaries threw a briefcase with a bomb from afar.
As a result, more than 50 people suffered: 23 visitors gave their soul to God on the spot, and the nanny of the children of Pyotr Arkadevich died. The upper floor collapsed, the entrance to the house and the lower floor premises were destroyed.
Stolypin himself was only sprayed with ink from a heavy bronze inkwell, discarded by an explosion.
But the children of the Stolypin, the youngest son Arkady and daughter Natalya were seriously injured. A 3-year-old boy broke his leg and got a concussion.
Natalia was the second daughter of the Stolypin, at the time of the assassination was only 17 years old. Her legs were crushed by the explosion. Doctors insisted on urgent amputation.
Father begged his daughters to wait and a miracle happened: they managed to save her legs, but the girl remained disabled for life and felt pain in her injured limbs.
For the merits of her father, Natalia was made one of the Empress’s maids of honor, however, it was rather an honorary title, since Natalya could not fulfill the troublesome maids of honor.
In 1911, the family was orphaned. After the death of their father, they had no material need, but the feeling of constant fear and danger remained forever.
In 1915, girls from noble families were very patriotic: some worked in hospitals as sisters of mercy, others fled to the front. So Natalya, along with her sister Olga, also decided to escape.
They were able to find and return to their parental home. Soon after returning, Natalya married Prince Yuri Volkonsky. In 1921, he disappeared after a series of dubious financial transactions.
During the civil war, Natalia Stolypina moved to France, survived the occupation. She died of oncology in 1949. Was her life happy? I don’t think so.
Olga and Elena
The middle daughter of Peter Stolypin Elena, in 1915 she married Prince Shcherbatov, she lived with him for only 5 years. In 1920, the husband was killed. Elena with children and relatives, fleeing the revolution and civil war, left for Ukraine at the Shcherbatov estate near Vinnitsa.
But trouble got there too. Maria Shcherbatova and her daughter were shot by drunk Red Army soldiers. And Olga Stolypin, a 23-year-old beauty, was badly beaten.
The agony lasted several days. All this time, the sister was faithfully looked after by the youngest daughter of the Stolypin Alexander. Olga did not get out, becoming another victim made by this family.
The surviving Stolypin managed to board the last train of the Red Cross, which took them away from Russia forever.
Elena settled in Italy. She raised her younger brother Arkady. The second marriage did not bring her happiness, her husband managed to lead the family to financial collapse. Nevertheless, Elena Petrovna lived for 92 years and died peacefully in 1985.
- The Stolypins were related to Lermontov (the poet’s grandmother was Stolypin as a girl), and among their relatives were: Suvorov, Gorchakov, Zubov brothers,
- Maria was the oldest daughter of the Stolypin, she is in I got married, emigrated with my husband. She lived for 100 years, died in California, left interesting memories of her father and family.
Illustrations from the public Internet
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Stolypin Petr Arkadievich - an outstanding reformer, statesman of the Russian Empire, who at various times was the governor of several cities, then became Minister of the Interior, and at the end of his life served as Prime Minister. The agrarian reform of Peter Stolypin and the law on the military field courts were for their time, if not a breakthrough, then, in any case, a liferaft. Many decisions in the biography of Peter Stolypin are considered to be the most important for the end of the revolution of 1905-1907.
Stolypin Petr Arkadevich | Encyclopedia "Around the World"
The personality of Peter Stolypin is characterized by his fearlessness, because more than a dozen attempts were committed on the life of this man, but he did not deviate from his ideas. Many of Stolypin’s phrases became winged, for example, “We need a great Russia” and “Do not intimidate!”. When Peter Arkadyevich Stolypin was born, his noble family existed for more than 300 years. A rather close relative of the statesman was the great Russian poet Mikhail Lermontov.
Stolypin with his brother Alexander in childhood | Memory site
Stolypin Peter Arkadievich himself, whose biography began the countdown in 1862, was born not in Russia, but in the German city of Dresden, then the capital of Saxony. Relatives of his mother, Natalia Gorchakova, lived there, and the mother of the future reformer visited them. Peter had siblings Michael and Alexander, as well as a sister, with whom he was very friendly.
Stolypin: at the gymnasium and at the university
The boys grew up in the Moscow province, and then on the estate in the Coven province. At the gymnasium, teachers emphasized Peter's prudence and his strong-willed character. After receiving a certificate of maturity, Peter Stolypin briefly rested in the estate of his parents, and then left for the capital, where he became a student of the natural department of St. Petersburg Imperial University. By the way, one of the teachers he had was the famous scientist Dmitry Mendeleev. After receiving the diploma of an agronomist, the service of Peter Stolypin of Russia began.
Activities of Peter Stolypin
As a brilliant graduate of the university, Pyotr Arkadevich gets a place as a college secretary and makes an outstanding career. For three years, Stolypin rose to the rank of title adviser, which was an unprecedented achievement in such a short period of time. Soon he was transferred to the Ministry of the Interior and appointed chairman of the Covenian Court of Peace Mediators. Perhaps modern man needs to be explained briefly: Peter Stolypin Arkadyevich was actually appointed to the general post, being in the rank of captain, and even at the age of 26.
Chairman of the Coven Court | LitRes Library
At the 13-year service in Kovno, as well as during the governorship in Grodno and Saratov, Stolypin paid much attention to agriculture, studied advanced methods in agronomy and new varieties of grain crops. In Grodno, he managed to liquidate the rebel societies in two days, opened craft schools and special girls' gymnasiums. His successes were noticed and transferred to Saratov, a more prosperous province. It was there that Peter Arkadyevich found the Russo-Japanese War, followed by the revolt of 1905. The governor personally went out to calm the crowds of rebellious fellow countrymen. Thanks to the energetic actions of Stolypin, life in the Saratov province gradually calmed down.
Governor of Grodno | Russian newspaper
Nicholas II twice expressed his gratitude to him, and for the third time appointed Minister of the Interior. Today you might think that this is a great honor. In fact, two predecessors in this post were brutally killed, and Pyotr Arkadevich was not eager to become the third, all the more so since he had already committed four assassination attempts, but there was no choice. The complexity of the work was that the bulk of the composition of the State Duma was revolutionary and openly opposed. Such a confrontation between the executive and legislative branches created enormous difficulties. As a result, the First State Duma was dissolved, and Stolypin began to combine his post with the post of prime minister.
Saratov Governor | Chronos. The World History
Here the activity of Peter Arkadyevich Stolypin was again energetic. He proved himself not only a brilliant orator, many of whose phrases became winged, but also a reformer and a fearless fighter against the revolution. Stolypin carried out a number of bills that went down in history as the Stolypin agrarian reform. He remained in the post of prime minister until his death, which ensued as a result of another assassination attempt.
Reforms of Peter Stolypin
As Prime Minister Petr Arkadyevich Stolypin, reforms began to be implemented immediately. They dealt with bills, and foreign policy, and local government, and the national question. But the main importance was the agrarian reform of Stolypin. The prime minister’s main idea was to motivate peasants to become private owners. If the former form of the community fettered the initiative of many working people, now Pyotr Arkadevich hoped to rely on the prosperous peasantry.
Prime Minister Petr Arkadyevich Stolypin | Russian newspaper
To implement such plans, it was possible to make very favorable bank loans for private peasants, as well as transfer large untreated state territories in Siberia, the Far East, Central Asia and the North Caucasus to private hands. The second important reform was the zemstvo, that is, the introduction of local governments, which reduced the influence on the policy of wealthy landowners. This reform of Peter Stolypin was very difficult to enter into life, especially in the western regions, where residents are accustomed to relying on the gentry. They opposed the idea in the legislative council.
Portrait of Stolypin, artist Vladimir Mochalov | Wikipedia
As a result, the prime minister even had to go to the emperor ultimatum. Nicholas II was ready to very toughly deal with Stolypin, but Empress Maria Fyodorovna intervened in the matter, persuading the reigning son to accept the conditions of the reformer. Thanks to the third, industrial reform, the rules for hiring workers have changed, the length of the working day, health and accident insurance, and so on. Another no less important reform of Peter Arkadyevich Stolypin concerned the national question.
Portrait of Peter Stolypin | Russian planet
He was a supporter of the unification of the peoples of the country and proposed the creation of a special ministry of nationalities, which could find a compromise to meet the interests of each nation, without humiliating their culture, traditions, history, languages, religion. The Prime Minister believed that in this way it is possible to eradicate ethnic and religious hatred and make Russia equally attractive to people of any nationality.
Stolypin reform results
Evaluation of the activities of Stolypin both during his life and later by professional historians was ambiguous. Pyotr Arkadyevich had and remains both ardent supporters who believed that he was the only one who could prevent the subsequent October Revolution and save Russia from years of war, and equally ardent opponents, confident that the Prime Minister used extremely cruel and severe methods and did not deserve praise . The results of Stolypin's reforms have been carefully studied for decades, and it was they who formed the basis of Mikhail Gorbachev's Perestroika. Stolypin’s phrases about “Great Russia” are often used by modern political parties.
Reformer of the Russian Empire | Chronos. The World History
Many are interested in the relationship of Grigory Rasputin and Stolypin. It is worth noting that they treated each other sharply negatively. Pyotr Arkadevich even prepared a special report for the emperor on the negative impact of Rasputin's activities on the Russian Empire, to which he received the famous answer: "Better a dozen Rasputins than one hysteria of the empress." Nevertheless, it was at the request of Stolypin that Rasputin left not only St. Petersburg, but also Russia, going on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and returned only after the death of the famous reformer.
Pyotr Stolypin married at 22, while still a student, which was nonsense for that time. Some contemporaries of Stolypin say that he pursued a very solid dowry, while others say that the young man defended the honor of the family. The fact is that the wife of Peter Arkadyevich Stolypin was the bride of his older brother Mikhail, who died from wounds received in a duel with Prince Shakhovsky. And on his deathbed, allegedly, his brother asked Peter to take his wife, who was named to him.
Peter Stolypin and his wife, Olga Neidgardt | Russian newspaper
Is this story a legend or not, but Stolypin really married Olga Neidgardt, who was the maid of honor of Empress Maria Fedorovna, and also was the great-great-granddaughter of the great commander Alexander Suvorov. This marriage was very happy: according to contemporaries, the couple lived soul to soul. The spouses had five daughters and one son.The only son of Peter Stolypin, whose name was Arkady, subsequently immigrates and becomes a well-known writer and publicist in France.
As mentioned above, Pyotr Stolypin attempted to attempt ten times to no avail. They wanted to kill him four times when Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin was the governor of Saratov, but these were more likely not organized acts, but splashes of aggression. But when he headed the government, the revolutionaries began to plan his assassination more carefully. During the Prime Minister’s stay on Aptekarsky Island, an explosion was made in which Stolypin himself was not injured, but dozens of innocent people died.
Picture of Diana Nesypova "The Killing of Stolypin" | Russian folk line
It was after this event that the government issued a decree on “speedy” courts, popularly called the “Stolypin tie”. This meant a quick death penalty for terrorists. Several subsequent conspiracies were discovered on time and also did not harm the reformer. However, from the 11th, committed in the autumn of 1911, nothing could be saved from Peter Arkadyevich Stolypin.
The death of Peter Arkadyevich Stolypin | To remember
He was with the imperial family in Kiev on the occasion of the opening of the monument to Alexander II. There, a message came from a secret informant Dmitry Bogrov that terrorists arrived in the Ukrainian capital to kill Nicholas II. But in fact, the attempt was conceived by Bogrov himself, and not with the emperor, but with Stolypin. And since this person was trusted, he was given a pass to the box, where there were high-ranking persons. Bogrov twice shot Pyotr Arkadyevich, who died of his wounds four days later and was buried in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra.
Brilliant career of official Stolypin
Peter Stolypin was born into a noble family in Germany. His father was a soldier, so the family often had to move. The boy spent his early childhood in the estate of Serednikovo in the Moscow province, then the family moved to a small estate in Lithuania. Petr Stolypin received primary education at home, at the age of 12 he entered the second grade of the Vilna Gymnasium. Here he studied for five years, until in 1879 his father was transferred to Oryol. The young man entered the seventh grade of the Oryol men's gymnasium.
After graduating from high school in 1881, Peter Stolypin, contrary to noble tradition, did not choose military service, but entered the physics and mathematics department of St. Petersburg University. The young man studied diligently, therefore, at the end of his studies, the Council of Petersburg University approved him as a “candidate of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics”. In addition, Stolypin received the rank of college secretary, who corresponded to the X class in the Table of Ranks, although usually graduates graduated from the university with the rank of XIV and very rarely XII class.
While still a student, Peter Stolypin joined the Ministry of Internal Affairs. But the young official was more interested in agriculture and land management of the Russian Empire, so in 1886, at the request of Stolypin, he was transferred to the Department of Agriculture and Rural Industry of the Ministry of State Property. Two years later he received the title of chamber junker of the Court of His Imperial Majesty, which corresponded to V class according to the Table of Ranks. Thus, in just three years, Stolypin climbed the Table for five ranks - an unprecedented achievement in such a short period.
In 1889, Stolypin returned to service at the Ministry of the Interior. First, he was appointed the Kovensky district leader of the nobility and Chairman of the Coven congress of world mediators, and in 1899 - the Kovensky provincial leader of the nobility. In total, Stolypin spent 13 years in service in Lithuanian Kovno - from 1889 to 1902. He paid special attention to agriculture: he studied advanced technologies, bought new varieties of grain crops, raised pedigree trotters. The productivity of peasant farms increased, and they themselves became more prosperous.
The state celebrated Stolypin’s work with new ranks and awards. He received all new titles, ranks and orders, and in 1901 he became a state adviser. A year later, Minister of the Interior Vyacheslav von Pleve appointed Stolypin Governor of Grodno. First of all, Peter Stolypin liquidated rebel societies in the province. Then he began to develop farming: he bought modern agricultural implements and artificial fertilizers. The governor paid attention to the education of peasants: he opened craft schools and special girls' schools. Many noble landowners condemned his reforms and believed that "Education should be accessible to wealthy classes, but not to the mass ...". To which Stolypin answered: “The education of the people, correctly and reasonably delivered, will never lead to anarchy”.
Soon Stolypin was appointed governor of the Saratov province. When he took office, the country was swept by the first revolution. The Saratov province turned out to be one of the most radical-minded: here was one of the centers of the revolutionary underground. In cities, strikes of workers began, in villages - peasant riots. The governor personally reassured the protesters and spoke to the crowds of rebels. The revolutionaries began to pursue him.
Minister of the sixth part of the globe
Emperor Nicholas II in 1906 offered Peter Stolypin the post of Minister of the Interior. The minister at that time was responsible for almost everything: maintaining the police order, the smooth operation of the post and telegraph, and the reliability of statistics. The Ministry of the Interior provided the population with food, monitored the construction, was in charge of the fire department and local courts.
Having survived the revolution and four assassination attempts, Stolypin tried to resign, because the two previous ministers were killed by terrorists, but could not.
The appointment to the post of minister coincided with the beginning of the work of the First State Duma, which openly opposed the existing government. Stolypin, however, opposed the opposition and insisted that “It is necessary to fairly and firmly maintain order in Russia”.
First of all, Peter Stolypin took up order in the country. He developed a decree on military courts to replace the ineffective military. The new courts examined cases of crimes within two days, and the sentence was executed within a day after its announcement. As a result, the wave of the revolutionary movement subsided, and stability was restored in the country.
Also, Peter Stolypin issued a decree on passports for peasants - this equalized their rights with the other estates of the Russian Empire. Now peasants were free to change their place of residence and choose a place of study for their children. The minister said: “Our main task is to strengthen the lower classes. They have all the power of Russia. There are over a hundred million of them. ”.
Stolypin began to develop a large-scale project of agrarian reform. He proposed to give the peasants the undeveloped lands of the Volga and Siberia and to provide a cheap loan for 50 years in the Peasant Land Bank for the purchase of land from the landowners. This is how market conditions were formed: land was not taken from the landlords, but sold to the most efficient owners.
Prime Minister of the Russian Empire
The State Duma did not agree with the measures of Stolypin, she demanded that they take the land from private owners and give it to the peasants. The constant confrontation between the legislative and executive powers prevented the Russian Empire from overcoming the crisis after the defeat in the Russo-Japanese War and Revolution, so in 1906, Nicholas II decided to dissolve the State Duma and the government at the same time. The emperor appointed Peter Stolypin to the post of prime minister.
In 1907, elections were held in the II State Duma. The new composition of the legislative body was even more radical, so the Duma was soon disbanded again. The dissolution of the first and second state thoughts was a mandatory measure, since none of them performed its main function - it did not adopt laws. To avoid this in the future, Stolypin created a new electoral law: now, mainly wealthy classes could enter the Duma. The representations of communal peasants, industrial workers, and national minorities were greatly reduced. According to these rules, the III State Duma was created.
During the Duma of the third convocation, Stolypin continued to introduce new laws. Among them are the laws of civil equality, freedom of religion, the abolition of restrictions for the Old Believers, the improvement of the life of workers. Over the five years of the Stolypin reforms, productivity has grown by a quarter, meat production has tripled. The area of cultivated land, grain exports, the number of purchases of agricultural machinery increased, and the population grew by three million people every year. The development of Siberian and Volga lands began.
The next major reform after the agrarian reform was to be self-government reform. Stolypin planned to create general-purpose volost zemstvos on the basis of a low property qualification, put prosperous landowners and landowners at one table and allow them to solve local problems themselves.
Increasingly, Stolypin’s ideas did not receive support - both from the right and from the left. From 1905 to 1911, they attempted to attack him 11 times. In 1911, the terrorist-anarchist Dmitry Bogrov killed Stolypin at the Kiev Theater. Politicians were buried in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra.
Love amid loss
When Peter Stolypin was still a young student, and his older brother Mikhail, the ensign of the Life Guards of the Preobrazhensky Regiment, was preparing for an engagement with the charming Olga Neidgardt, great-great-granddaughter of the famous commander Alexander Suvorov and maid of honor Empress Maria Fedorovna.
Shortly before the upcoming engagement, Mikhail Stolypin challenged Prince Shakhovsky to a duel, standing up for the honor of his bride. During the fight, Michael was seriously injured and died in torment. At his death hour, a bride and a brother were with him. Legend has it: while dying, Mikhail put Olga’s hand in his brother’s hand, instructing him to take care of the girl.
Peter Stolypin considered it his duty to stand up for the honor of his brother and shot himself with Shakhovsky, as a challenge, throwing a glove in his face and a glass of water and calling the prince a scoundrel. The duel took place very quickly, however, it was not duel revolvers that were used as weapons, but personal browning. As a result, Peter Stolypin was injured in his right hand, and the prince was injured in the chest. The bullet passed right through, but a year after the incident, Shakhovskaya died of consumption.
Attempts by Pyotr Arkadevich to support Olga, completely crushed by the loss, led to close communication between young people, then a real deep feeling flared up between them. Olga was three years older than Peter, but for himself this seemed inconsequential. However, having come to ask the hands of her father Boris Aleksandrovich Neidgardt for her lover, Peter Stolypin himself pointed out the age difference and expressed the hope that this fact would not cause a refusal.
Boris Alexandrovich only answered the groom with a smile: “Youth is a flaw that is corrected every day,” and entrusted the daughter to the cares of this serious young man, knowing for sure that she could not find a better groom.
At 22, Peter Arkadyevich Stolypin, a student at St. Petersburg Imperial University, became the head of the family. Such an early marriage at that time was a curiosity, and he became a personality known in student circles. And he had absolutely no time to reflect on how he looks in the eyes of fellow practitioners and teachers.
This marriage was very happy. In 1885, the Stolypin's eldest daughter, Maria, was born 4 years later, Natalia, in 1893 Elena, in 1895 and 1897 Olga and Alexandra, respectively, and in 1903 the long-awaited son Arkady was born, named after his grandfather.
The relationship of Peter Arkadievich and Olga Borisovna could serve as an example of mutual love and devotion of the spouses. Even two decades after the wedding, Stolypin wrote to his wife touching letters full of love and tenderness, he did not hesitate to admit his wife his feelings and always said that the meaning of his life lies in the family.
Their days were never overshadowed by family scandals, jealousy or mistrust. Each minute spent together was happiness, each letter was a reward for patience, and each meeting was like a first date.
Together they resisted external storms, anxiously protecting their world from outside interference. The ill-wishers even spread rumors about Stolypin's almost painful dependence on the opinion of his dearest wife. Allegedly, Olga Borisovna had a huge influence on her husband, and this, by her will, Pyotr Arkadevich makes some decisions. In fact, Stolypin never asked his wife for advice on government affairs, and she would not have dared to give them. Pyotr Arkadevich in his letters and conversations with his wife could only reflect or talk about the decisions that he had already taken.
But Stolypin and his wife did not pay attention to the rumors surrounding them, to the dislike of the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, the cooling from Nicholas II. But in 1906 a real disaster came to their house.
In August 1906, two terrorists blew up the Stolypin’s house on Aptekarsky Island, 30 people died on the spot, another 70 were injured. The daughter of the Stolypin Natalia was seriously injured. Father and her son Arkady took out from under the rubble. Natasha hardly managed to save her broken legs in many places, but until the end of her days she was in great pain.
Subsequently, the whole family lived in fear of assassination attempts. However, no one gave a sight, because all the Stolypin, young and old, had natural restraint and knew how not to show their emotions in public. In fact, there were several more attempts on Stolypin.
September 1, 1911 in the Kiev theater in the presence of the king in Peter Stolypin Dmitry Bogrov shot. Falling, wounded in the arm and stomach, Pyotr Arkadyevich baptized Nicholas II and, losing consciousness, said: “I am happy to die for the tsar ...”
Three days later, Stolypin died. Olga Borisovna was next to her husband until the last second. She seemed cold and restrained. And only her eyes seemed frozen, and her face seemed just stone.
After the death of her beloved spouse, she still had to learn how to live without him. Raise children, stoically endure the trials that fell to their family. For several years after the 1917 revolution, the children and wife of Peter Stolypin emigrated abroad. In 1920, Olga, beaten by the Red Army soldiers in Nemirov, was tragically killed.
Olga Borisovna settled in Paris in 1921 and devoted herself to perpetuating the memory of Pyotr Arkadevich. She died on October 22, 1944, all alone in a nursing home in Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois, where she spent her last years.
At the time of Stolypin’s birth, his noble family existed for over 300 years. A close relative to Peter Arkadievich was the legendary poet Lermontov. In addition to his public merits, fearlessness is associated with the personality of Stolypin. More than ten assassination attempts fell on him, but he did not back down from his principles. The legendary reformer of the Russian Empire at different times held the position of governor in several provinces, then was appointed head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and by the end of his life he became prime minister.
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