According to the Ministry of Health, 935.1 people are obese per 100 thousand inhabitants in the Kurgan region. Next are the Altai Territory (867.8) and the Ulyanovsk Region (849.7).
As for the most “harmonious” regions, Yakutia leads here. Behind it are Primorye and the Belgorod region.
In total, in Russia more than 2 million people are obese. Recently, Rospotrebnadzor reported that since 2011 the number of Russians with this problem has doubled - today in Russia 14% of men and 26% of women are overweight. The proportion of obese sufferers increases with age, but childhood obesity also increases.
The increase in the number of obese Russians is blamed, first of all, on an improper diet with an excess of fatty foods and a protein deficiency. This diet provokes the development of diseases and diabetes.
Note that earlier the Ministry of Health named the most healthy regions of Russia. It turned out that the residents of Chechnya are less likely to get sick, and more often than not, of the Altai Territory and.
10. Dzhambulat Khatokhov - 240 kg
The fattest man in Russia was born on September 24, 1999 and by the year 1 weighed 17 kilograms. And by the first class, the weight of Dzhambulat reached 115 kg, thanks to which his name appeared in the Guinness Book of Records. His mother says that the son inherited the heroic dimensions from his grandfather.
Dzhambulat won world fame thanks to the documentary video "The Biggest Boy in the World", which was broadcast on many television channels around the world.
Currently, the young man's weight reaches 240 kg, and he does not hesitate at all. On the contrary, Khatokhov builds up his body weight consciously, and plans to perform in sumo wrestling competitions. He is actively involved in sports, participated in television shows and, at the invitation of journalists, visited Japan and England.
9. Donna Simpson - 290 kg
This adventurous lady with overly curvaceous forms created her own website where her fans paid to watch Donna eat in order to get even thicker. According to foreign publications, she thus earned $ 90,000 a year. In 2010, Donna received the title "The Fattest Mom in the World" and immortalized her name in the Guinness Book of Records.
However, in 2011, a woman decided to lose weight up to 170 kg in order to be more independent and to be able to fully take care of her two children.
Simpson is a proponent of the adoption of his own fullness movement and makes fun of people who “feel guilty when they overeat”.
However, at the "peak of form" Donna was far from the late Carol Jager, who weighed 544 kg with a height of 170 cm.
8. Terry Smith - 320 kg
Once, this dark-skinned American was an active woman, despite the fact that she was distinguished by her fullness from childhood. By the age of 20, she weighed 100 kg, but at the same time lived a full life, and then she got married and became a mother.
As her natural aging, Terry was constantly getting fat, and in the end she was bedridden. The situation is complicated by the fact that a woman suffers from constant headaches and doctors suspect a brain tumor. However, there is no MRI for patients with this size.
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Who is getting fat and why?
Doctors diagnose obesity with the help of BMI (body mass index), to get it, it is enough to divide your weight in kilograms by the square of growth in meters. If the BMI is equal to or higher than 25, you are overweight, and if the BMI is equal to or greater than 30, you are facing obesity.
Russian doctors from the Scientific Research Institute of Nutrition RAMS did not divide the Russian population into peoples, but examined everyone in a row, and 2016 studies confirmed that Russians are becoming more fat every year, if in 2005 only 23% suffered from overweight residents of Russia, then in 2012 this figure was already 25.3%, and by 2016, 26% of Russians had obesity, that is, about 60% of women and almost half of men over the age of thirty literally overeat and suffer overweight.
If in the West the poor are gaining weight who cannot buy quality food, then in Russia the population is getting fat with gaining prosperity. Specialists from the NRU Higher School of Economics found that the menace of obesity is growing along with the salary and prestige of the specialty - deputies and officials are twice as obese as their peers.
Bachelors manage to save weight, while married men eat a lot and move a little. In women, on the contrary: the lower the status, the higher the weight, but at the same time, the presence of at least one child reduces the likelihood of obesity by 50%.
The “thickest” regions of Russia
Doctors found that the most well-fed population lives in western Russia and the Urals, but the east and closer to the periphery, the lower the weight of people. Obesity records were broken by the Kaluga Region (33% of the population are overweight in it), the Moscow Region (30% suffer from problems associated with being overweight there), the Nizhny Novgorod Region (28% of the population), as well as the Krasnodar Territory and Altai Territory (according to 27% of the population).
According to the latest census in these regions, the main population is Russians. In the Kaluga region, there are 888,031 of them, there are large diasporas of Ukrainians (16,662 people) and Armenians (9,962 people). In the Moscow region there live 6 202 672 Russians, 119 474 Ukrainians, 63 306 Armenians, 56 202 Tatar and 31 665 Belarusians, there are large diasporas of Georgians, Jews, Mordovians and Chuvashs.
3,109,661 Russians, 44,103 Tatars, 17,657 Ukrainians and 9,765 Chuvas live in the Nizhny Novgorod Region, 4,522,962 Russians live in the Krasnodar Territory, 83,746 Ukrainians, 281,680 Armenians and 22,595 Greeks, in Altai 2 234 324 Russians, 50 703 Germans and 32 226 Ukrainians live in the region. Obviously, the most well-fed people of Russia are among these peoples, simply because there are more of them.
In 2017, the specialists of Rospotrebnadzor made an adjustment - according to their data, the thickest Russians live in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, where the population is as follows: 26,648 people are Russians, 7,504 people are Nenets, 3,623 people are Komi and 987 people are Ukrainians. It remains for doctors to find out how this small region managed to break the record, perhaps the fact is that 75% of the district’s population are urban dwellers who move little in winter.
Alexander Baturin, head of the epidemiology laboratory of the Research Institute of Nutrition of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, believes that the population absorbs excess calories with sausages and confectionery, sweet fruit nectars, and according to Rosstat, 45% of children eat sausages daily, 53% of children cakes and sweets, 15% of children have sweet drinks and 2.5% regularly drink energy shakes.
The most “harmonious regions” of Russia
There are “tightened” regions in Russia, doctors include Udmurtia (Russians, Udmurts and Tatars live there), where only 12% of residents complain of being overweight, Orenburg region (17% of inhabitants), Krasnoyarsk Territory (17%), Primorsky Krai (18%) and Kabardino-Balkaria (19%), in which Kabardians, Russians, Balkars, Turks and Ossetians live.
And if you count according to the federal districts, then the Ural district (34.5% of the population is overweight), the Central District (32.65%), the Siberian Federal District (31.05%) and the Southern District (30.98%) will be the “thickest” ones. ), while the most “slim” ones are the Volga region (29.64%), the Far East (28.67%) the North-West (29.73%) and the North Caucasian district (23.2%), whose peoples today have become the most slim, and therefore healthy in Russia. In the North Caucasus Federal District, Russians, Chechens, Avapets, Dargins, Cubans, Ossetians, Kumyks and many other peoples live.
In Europe and in the world
In Europe, a team of doctors conducted genetic studies of a population of 14 countries, which were published in the journal Nature Genetics. It turned out that the most athletic people live in the north: in Norway, Sweden and Denmark, and the thickest were recognized as Spaniards, Italians, Portuguese and Greeks. The French and British occupied the middle of the ranking, and the Slavs and Germans did not take part in the research.
Recent WHO data indicate that the island state of Nauru holds the first place in the world by population, where almost 100% of the population is obese (Mexico occupied this place in 2015), second to the United States, third to Venezuela, then go Eastern countries: Bahrain, Libya, Emirates, Kuwait, and then Belize, Mexico and Malta. Doctors call North Korea, Cambodia, Burundi, Nepal and Congo the most slender countries.
7. Paul Mason - 445 kg
Mason's breakfast was food for ten people and included bread, bacon, sausages and chicken eggs, and snacks consisted of 40 packs of potato chips and 20 chocolate bars per day. The National Health Service of England had to expand the doors and corridors in Mason's house so that restaurant staff could deliver food directly to the fat man's bed.
Mason was called the fattest man on Earth, but this did not make him happy. The Briton was tired of his appetites, he no longer wanted to consume almost 20,000 calories daily.
In 2015, Paul Mason underwent a gastric bypass procedure. In order for the operating room to support the patient’s weight, the engineers had to install metal supports under the floor. To lose weight, the man was pushed by love for Rebecca Mountain. Thanks to this bright feeling, he lost 305 kg and got rid of 21 kg of excess skin. Unfortunately, the couple broke up.
6. Katrina Rayford - 454 kg
In childhood, Katrina was sexually abused, and began to "seize" stress. At age 14, she had to undergo treatment in a psychiatric hospital due to problems with overeating. This resident of Florida spent most of her life in the four walls of her own house, communicating with peers only on the Web.
However, Katrina did not lose hope for a normal life and managed to lose 261 kg with the help of a gastrointestinal tract and a strict diet. She is not going to stop there and already goes to romantic dinners with boyfriends.
5. Andre Nasr - 468 kg
The fattest man in Australia in 2015 sought medical help, because he could not leave his house for the past two to three years. Andre consumed 12,000 calories daily, six times the rate recommended by Australians.
The Australian became so fat that he had to take apart one of the walls of his house so that medical workers could take him to the hospital. There he joined a special treatment program.
Since then, Nasr has lost more than 170 kg and says he wants to help others overcome extreme obesity.
4. Kenneth Bramley - 468 kg
At one time, Kenneth was considered the fattest man on Earth, and the documentary Half Half Ton Dad was shot about his life. He was bedridden for four years, and the fire brigade had to break a wall in his house to pull the fat man out and take him to the Renaissance Hospital in Texas. There, Bramley managed to lose 76 kg in 40 days.
The weight loss procedure included restricting a man’s daily diet to about 1200 calories per day. For comparison: Kenneth consumed about 30 thousand calories daily.
3. Myra Rosales - 470 kg
If you look at the photo of Myra in 2008 and now, it will be difficult to believe that this is the same person. This woman is living proof that no matter how much you weigh. The right motivation to lose weight is important.
In order to take care of her nephews, Myra lost weight to 91 kg. Her sister, Jaime Lee, is serving a prison term for the manslaughter of his two-year-old child. Rosales initially took the blame on herself, saying that she accidentally sat on her nephew and crushed him. However, during a high-profile investigation, the truth surfaced. And the real criminal was punished.
2. Juan Pedro Franco - 585 kg
In 2016, a resident of Mexico got into the Guinness Book of Records as the fattest man in the world. His weight at that moment almost reached 595 kg. In a short film shown by the BBC, Franco explains that after a car accident at the age of 17, half of his body was “broken” and he failed to fully recover. Nevertheless, the doctors did not understand why the man gained so much fat. Franco suffered from diabetes, high blood pressure and hypothyroidism.
Currently, he threw 132 kg, up to 453 kilograms. In this, a whole team of 30 professionals helps him for free. The man’s goal is very simple - to get up off the couch yourself. This motivates him to perform exercises and even undergo gastric bypass surgery.
1. Khalid ibn Muhsen Shaari - maximum weight 610 kg
In adolescence, a resident of Saudi Arabia weighed 610 kilograms. He just did not reach the record set by the fattest man in history - American John Minnock, with a body weight of 635 kg.
Khalid's achievement, which was extremely doubtful in terms of health benefits, was recorded in the Guinness Book of Records.
In 2013, the king of Saudi Arabia ordered the young man to be hospitalized. He paid for the treatment. The young fat man was delivered to the clinic by military aircraft.
Two hundred and ninety kilograms - that’s how much the fattest man in the world weighs after all the medical manipulations. Through the efforts of doctors and Khalid himself, he managed to lose 320 kilograms. And by 2016, the heaviest person in the world gained the ability to walk.
Low standard of living
The quality of food consumed by people is highly dependent on their wealth. Which is quite natural, however. The Russians are not doing very well with this: too many sugars and fats, few vegetables and fruits. Moreover, according to a survey by the Levada Center, more than 60% of Russians spend half or even most of their earnings on food.
World practice shows that obesity is rising in those countries where people’s living standards are falling, ”says dietician Alexei Kovalkov. - People switch to the cheapest products that contain carbohydrates (cereals, pasta), and available fats in the form of milk, dairy products, which are actually not very healthy. Protein products go by the wayside, and in connection with this there are a lot of diseases.
However, protein foods on Russian shelves are often also of dubious quality. What are the stories of employees of chain stores who periodically reveal the secret of what they do with meat products on the other side of the counter. So, in November, a user of the popular Pikabu portal talked about how he was forced to pump chicken with toxic gel in the Magnit store. According to the user of the forum under the nickname Made1nRussia, once they brought new equipment to the grill shop. When the man found out what he had to do with him, then, to put it mildly, he was stupefied.
The technologist comes up to me and says: “We have a new production technology, now we are pumping chicken / meat type,” he says. - I’m a little *** and decided to make a post so that people see what they eat.
Moreover, according to the Rospotrebnadzor, in 2017, the sale of meat products without documents confirming its origin, quality and safety was detected at every fifth tested facility. Moreover, in 2018, such facts began to be revealed at every third tested facility, the Russian Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare reported.
Russians live in eternal stress.Most of them admitted that they experience stress at work - this is 67% of respondents, of whom 17% said that the difficult psychological situation at work is commonplace for them, according to the portal “Anketolog”.
Most often, people experience stress if they cannot solve a problem, more than half of the respondents are overloaded with too much work (49% indicated this) or make mistakes (this is already 40%). Almost a third of workers will experience discomfort due to quarrels with colleagues and superiors.
Lack of prevention
Clinical examination now is a formal thing. There is a list of standard tests that you can pass and it’s kind of like checking. ” But, so you understand, even stool analysis - one of the key studies - is not included in this list. What can we say about more serious examinations? Moreover, the medical examination for many is simply inconvenient.
The doctor on call, for example, will be taken from 3 hours, but after 3 hours the x-ray is no longer working, which means you need to spend two or three days, says Kovalkov. - Previously, all this was done in one day. I still found that golden era when schoolchildren were brought in and the entire clinic was closed only for medical examination.
Moreover, experts note that Russians are not enlightened in issues such as “proper nutrition”, “moderate physical activity”, and universities do not train dieticians.
The problem is also, experts say, that not everyone perceives their extra pounds as a problem, but this is for the time being, until the fried rooster pecks in a sensitive place, continues Kovalkov.
Famous pediatrician Yevgeny Komarovsky advises children to be introduced to sweets as soon as possible so that they don’t get stuck on the glucose “needle”. It is no secret that the abundance of sugar in the diet of children (and adults too) leads to caries, obesity, and hormone problems. The Ministry of Health announced statistics for the last year: in 2018, 39.4 kg of sugar was accounted for each Russian, with a norm of 24 kg. On the harmful list are also flour, snacks, fast food.
Very sad is childhood obesity, adolescent obesity, which is much more common than a generation ago, ”says Elena Tikhomirova, a dietitian, a member of the National Association of Nutritionists and Nutritionists. - The remaining age groups are also gaining excess weight. Why? Since the 1990s, a huge stream of high-calorie readily available food has poured into our market: baked goods, cookies, fast food. People began to eat all this and cannot stop at all. If you recall the store shelves in the 1980s, what happened? There was nothing. All according to coupons, there was Darnitsky bread and a white roll. And now there are so many varieties of bakery products, sweets, cookies, snacks, chips!