On Earth there are many places that may soon disappear from the face of the earth. World culture may lose some sights. If someone else has not had time to see any of the sights, then it is worth hurry. This article will introduce such attractions.
Scientists claim that this city is about 80 years old. Venice has existed since the 15th century and many wanted to own this city.
Today, the natural factor comes to the fore; Venice is gradually going under the water. If people continue to be inactive, the city will soon disappear from the face of the Earth.
This resort is loved by many Europeans, because it is a great pleasure to relax here.
The place is really unique, but located in a lowland, which is why tsunamis have become a normal occurrence for the island. Gradually, the island goes under water. Perhaps in 100 years the island will completely go under water.
Glaciers of antarctica
To get to Antarctica is quite difficult, but possible. In recent years, glaciers are actively melting.
Because of this, huge chunks of ice break away from the mountains, after a few years tourists will be prohibited from traveling to Antarctica, as this is incredibly dangerous.
These glaciers are also affected by global warming.
With each city, snow is saturated with water and loses its stability. Scientists estimate that in 50 years, skiing in Tyrol will be impossible.
Reason for extinction: ecosystem death. How much is left: the exact figure is not known.
Ironically, we begin the list of must see places on the planet with a territory that we do not recommend for visiting. Just because the reason for the disappearance of the local ecosystem is tourism. Galapagos Islands - home to 9,000 species of animals. Three quarters of the reptiles and birds that live here are unique to our planet and are not found in any other place on earth. Unfortunately, extensive tourism casts doubt on the continued existence of this paradise for all biologists - at one time it was the Galapagos that inspired Darwin to create a theory of evolution. Daily cruises and excursions constantly “unsettle” the ecosystem, and the smuggling of certain animal species exacerbates the situation.
Dead Sea - threat of extinction by 2050
Over the past 40 years, the lake has lost a third of its volume. The main reason is the irrational use of the Jordan River. Already, more than 3 thousand funnels have formed around the Dead Sea, which, under the influence of underground fresh water, cause subsidence and dissolution of salt.
If measures are not taken, then after 35 years, a salty reservoir will never have a unique composition of water.
Scientists warn that after 35 years, the island may completely disappear. The thing is that people began to actively inhabit the island and get rid of the jungle.
If people do not stop, then the island will soon become a dead zone. Unique animals live in the territory of Madagascar, therefore it is incredibly important to preserve nature.
Great Barrier Reef - several decades
The world-famous Australian attraction of the enemies, as it turns out, has more than any other place that can soon disappear from the face of the Earth. A huge, 3000-kilometer population of corals is mercilessly destroyed by humans, and frequent hurricanes, and the growing acidity of local waters.
But the main threat to the Great Barrier Reef is the Crown of Thorns, a species of starfish that uses coral polyps for food.
The threat of the disappearance of this place is a man. This city is one of a kind.
Unfortunately, in 2012 there was a man-made fire. However, the city is covered with sand, and scientists say that by 2100 there will be no city.
This attraction is located high in the mountains, the city was built 500 years ago. The influx of tourists, earthquakes, transport and repairs negatively affect the condition of ancient buildings.
This list of unique places can quickly disappear from the face of the earth, so it’s worthwhile to arrange a trip as quickly as possible and see something new and unique.
Great Barrier Reef
Cause of extinction: coral bleaching. How much is left: 100 years.
The Great Barrier Reef is the only living structure visible from space. Unfortunately, the microorganisms that form coral colonies very quickly turn white and break down. Pollution of the planet increases the acidity of water, which becomes the main cause of their death.
Fungal tree diseases
An international team of scientists working in the Netherlands, Australia and the USA has found that the Cavendish banana variety, the most popular and familiar to us, is facing complete extinction in a few decades.
This is due to a fungus called "Tropical Race - 4" (tropical race 4, TR4), which affects the roots of bananas. Once this happened in the first half of the 20th century with the banana variety Gros Michel.
Now TR4 has already spread to Pakistan, the Philippines, Indonesia, penetrated into Africa and Australia.
After 20-25 years, the oldest French, Argentinean and Chilean vineyards may become unsuitable for the cultivation of wine varieties. The cause of global warming. Due to the high temperature, grapes spice for a short time and do not have time to gain those taste qualities that good wine needs. Researchers suggest that the wine business will decrease by 70–80%, which will entail an increase in wine prices.
Colon Destruction Syndrome
Scientists have noticed that the population of the most common and useful species of bees is sharply declining. This phenomenon is called “bee colony destruction syndrome”, when the bees simply leave the hive at a time and do not return anymore. Its nature remains unclear, perhaps the whole fault is caused by pathogenic microorganisms or the tick of Varroa.
If the problem is not solved, then after 20 years, honey bees will completely disappear. This will affect the functioning of the entire biosphere, because many plants need bees for pollination.
Fungal plant diseases
Researchers from the Climate Institute of Australia concluded that by 2050 the number of agricultural plots on which coffee trees are grown will be reduced by 2 times. And by 2080, these plants will completely disappear from the face of the Earth.
The reason is again in global warming: with increasing temperature, plantations are more actively affected by fungal diseases. In 2012 alone, some producers in Guatemala lost 85% of their harvest. If this goes further, millions of coffee lovers will have to change their taste habits: 2.25 billion cups of this drink are drunk daily in the world, while consumption is growing by 5% annually.
Reason for extinction: tourism. How much is left: less than 5 years.
Another enchanting place on our list, from which we nonetheless recommend that you refrain. A mesmerizing architectural monument was built between 1631 and 1654 by order of the emperor Shaj-Jahan, in memory of his wife. About 4 million tourists visit the World Heritage Site annually, and architects who monitor its appearance are seriously concerned about the state of the white stone facades. If degradation continues at its current pace, the Indian government will put a restriction on visits to the Taj Mahal or even close it to the public. The architectural monument will not be a debutant - in order to save cave paintings, Altamira caves in Spain were once closed to tourists.
Mayan culture pyramids - actively destroyed by human activities
Belize - a small country on the border with Mexico - was one of the centers of Mayan civilization. In the spring of 2013, news spread around the world media - the workers of a local construction company destroyed the Nohmul pyramid (translated as "Big Hill") for rubble, despite the fact that this monument was under state protection.
It is known about similar facts that have taken place in the territory of neighboring Mexico.
Environmentalists concluded that by about 2050 the world may face the problem of the complete extermination of commercial fish. At present, the volume of fishing is 50-60% higher than permissible norms. It remains to hope for reforms in the fishing industry system, because this is the only way to save ocean fish.
Disease and aging of trees, drought
It is likely that after about 50 years the Earth will be left without chocolate or it will be terribly expensive. Cocoa shortages are due to several reasons.
The first is cocoa tree disease, which has already destroyed almost 1/3 of the world's cocoa harvest. The second was the drought in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire, which accounted for 70% of global cocoa production. The third reason is the aging of cocoa trees. For smooth production, these trees need to be planted regularly, which is not always feasible. Meanwhile, the demand for chocolate continues to grow.
According to data obtained by modeling climate change, at present, the temperature of sea water is increasing in all regions of our planet. And due to the dilution of the waters of the oceans, the salt concentration in the surface layer of sea water decreases. These changes will have a negative effect on marine microorganisms - bacteria and plankton, which, in turn, will affect species that are at the next level of the food chain, that is, mussels and other filtrators.
Glacier National Park
Reason for extinction: global warming. How much is left: 17 years.
100 years ago, there were 150 glaciers in the National Park, located in the US mountains on the border with Canada. In 2005, there were only 27 of them, and it is expected that by 2030 not a single one will remain. Global warming will forever change the appearance of the territory with more than 260 species of birds and 62 mammals.
Hirst Shkulev Publishing
Moscow, st. Shabolovka, house 31b, 6th entrance (entrance from Horse Lane)
Growing avocados is becoming increasingly difficult and costly. To grow 1 kg of this fruit requires an incredible amount of water (about 272 liters). California, which supplies avocados to most of the United States, has experienced severe drought in recent years. If the climate continues to change, other regions and countries that are the largest exporters of avocados will suffer the same fate.
Changing the chemical composition of hops
Although beer is far from completely extinct, scientists and brewers around the world are worried that it will soon change its usual taste. Due to the increase in temperature in the hop, the content of alpha acids, which are responsible for the taste of the drink, decreases. A way out of this situation may be the cultivation of new varieties of hops with a high content of alpha acids.
Maple syrup is not a familiar product for all the inhabitants of the Earth, but everyone has ever heard of it. So, there is a possibility that he will be a thing of the past.
To produce enough juice, maples need a long winter. It turned out that winters in the USA and Canada are getting shorter every year, which will jeopardize the production of syrup.
We really hope that scientists will still find a way to slow down the extinction of animals and plants, and, of course, our favorite products. After all, they managed, in the end, to stop the extinction of the big panda!
And we can only help them with all their might to fight global warming. How exactly this can be done, see this article.