10/16/2018 | 00:32 | Joinfo.ua
Over time, elevators became more efficient, reliable and faster. And so unusual devices began to appear among them that they began to be of value in themselves, in isolation from the general architectural ensemble. And now about such unusual elevators Joinfo.ua will tell you now.
Or "Hundred Dragons Lift." It is located on a picturesque mountain rock in Zhangjiajie National Park. It is entered in the Book of Records, as the largest lift in the open area, since its height is 330 meters. And yes, cubicles with transparent walls - for more effect.
The most unusual elevators in the world
What is an elevator - everyone knows for sure. Modern designers offer many options for elevator cabs and its device. An elevator doesn't have to be boring at all. We offer you a selection of the ten most unusual elevators that exist in the modern world.
So, what is an elevator - everyone knows for sure. Modern designers offer many options for elevator cabs and its device. An elevator doesn't have to be boring at all. We offer you a selection of the ten most unusual elevators that exist in the modern world.
A spherical elevator capsule with transparent walls leisurely (meter per second) crawls along the Globen Arena dome, providing a panoramic view of Stockholm. And yes, the capsule constantly remains horizontal, regardless of the curvature of the surface.
1. Louvre Museum, France
The Louvre Museum is the largest and most popular art museum in the world, located in the very center of Paris, France. The total area of the museum is more than 160 thousand square meters, and museum expositions occupy 58 thousand square meters of them. The ancient royal palace has completely modern technological equipment and an elevator is one of the wonders of engineering. This futuristic building, as it were, grows directly from the floor of the first floor, and then silently and quickly delivers passengers to the level they need. At the same time, the elevator does not have a large capacity: the cylindrical shape of the cabin made of light metal can accommodate about 10 people. An interesting feature of the elevator in the Louvre is an open cabin from which passengers can view the floors of the museum.
Sky Tower Elevator
Making glass elevator cabin walls is a good idea. But to make a glass floor is even more interesting. And if the elevator still rises to a height of 328 meters, then it’s generally wonderful. Although, Joinfo.ua team would not risk taking a ride on such an elevator.
The fastest in the world. Ascent to the 89th floor, for example, takes 39 seconds. And there are several such elevators in one of the tallest buildings in the world. Their official speed is 60.6 km / h.
We also believe that you would be interested to know that you recently resumed the construction of the next tallest building in the world. Nevertheless, the Saudi authorities still want to impress all of humanity. And Kingdom Tower Jeddah is a good way to do this.
2. Sky Tower, New Zealand
The Sky Tower is located in downtown Auckland, New Zealand. The building is a radio tower, the height of which reaches 328 meters. This is the tallest building in the entire Southern Hemisphere of our planet, at the very top are observation platforms, to which you will be dominated by a modern bodice. If you are not aware of fear, look at your feet at the height of the last floors. The fact is that part of the floor in the cab is transparent, and the elevator shaft is illuminated from the inside. When you look down, the feeling of falling into the abyss does not leave. Several such elevators function here, they take passengers to the very top every 15 minutes at a speed of 18 km per hour. Especially exciting will be not the ascent, but just the descent, similar to falling into the abyss - the elevator will “take” you from the last to the first floor of the 70-story tower in just 40 seconds.
3. Taipei 101 Skyscraper, China
Taipei 101 is China's tallest skyscraper located in the city of Taipei. The 101-floor building reaches a height of 509 meters, making it the fifth tallest building in the world. There are shopping centers on the lower floors of the skyscraper, offices are located on the upper floors, and of course, the elevator deserves special attention here. The elevator speed when lifting - 60.6 km / h - these are the fastest elevators in the world. The skyscraper is equipped with 67 elevators, two of which are able to lift passengers from the fifth floor to the observation deck of the 89th floor in just 38 seconds. Thus, per second, the elevator has a speed of 16.8 meters. Not everyone will appreciate the pleasure of taking a high-speed elevator, so for those who do not like extreme sports, there are quite ordinary elevators.
4. Aquarium "Aqua Dom", Germany
Aqua Dom is the world's largest saltwater aquarium (total water volume - 1 million liters), which is located in the center of Berlin, Germany. It is a cylindrical tank of acrylic glass with a height of 16 meters and a diameter of 11.5 meters. The overall height of the structure is 25 meters. In the center of the cylinder is an elevator for up to 40 people, with which visitors can move up and down the aquarium. This is truly one of the most impressive elevators on our list. Agree - how breathtaking the trip is in such an elevator inside the water column, and the aquarium, where about 1,500 fish of fifty different species live. Once every three to four days, divers enter the aquarium to feed the fish and clean the aquarium: this requires about 8 kilograms of feed per day and 3-4 experienced drivers.
5. Globe Arena, Sweden
Globen Arena is a major sports arena in Stockholm, Sweden. This architecturally very interesting building is the largest spherical structure in the world. It hosts not only sporting events and matches, but also concerts and special occasions. “Globen Arena” is made in the form of a huge white ball with a diameter of 110 and a height of 85 meters. The arena lift is a kind of attraction for passengers. The SkyView glass gondola, consisting of two spherical cabins, lifts passengers along the outer wall of the sphere to the very top, from where a magnificent view of the Swedish capital opens from a height of 130 meters above sea level. The elevator was opened in 2010. On the first day, 160,000 people took advantage of it. In summer and on weekends, elevator tickets usually sell out very quickly, so those who wish to ride it should reserve them in a timely manner.
6. Bailong, China
China continues to amaze with its technical facilities. The highest elevator in the world is located in the park’s conservation area in Hunan, China. This is an open elevator, it is located outside buildings, and takes passengers to a height of 330 meters - to the observation deck of the picturesque steep cliff Zhangjiajie. In total there are three cabins, each of which seats up to 50 people. The walls of the cabs are transparent, during the entire climb passengers can watch amazing views of the surroundings. Work on the construction of the lift began in 1999 and ended in 2002. The cost of construction amounted to about 18 million dollars. The elevator of the Hundred Dragons, as the locals call it, is located about a third inside the rocky mountain, and two-thirds outside. The ride inside the transparent cabin is truly breathtaking.
7. "Gateway to the West", USA
The archway, known as the Gate of the West, is the hallmark of the city of St. Louis in Missouri, USA. It was designed in 1947, and built from 1963 to 1965. This is the tallest monument in the United States - the height of the arch reaches 192 meters at the highest point, the same parameters are the width from base to base. When the elevator built into the arch was conceived, the construction of the structure did not allow the use of standard models. The arch elevator system, installed in 1968, is truly unique - it combines a conventional cable elevator and a Ferris wheel cabin with a universal joint suspension. The egg-shaped cabin is designed for 5 seats, and the composition of 8 such cabins that maintain the desired level, periodically rotating every 5 degrees, raises passengers to the top of the curved arch, where the observation deck is located.
8. Volker wheel, UK
As you know, in addition to passenger elevators, there are also freight elevators. Have you ever seen an elevator for transportation. ships? If not, then it's time to go to Scotland. It was here that in 2002, Queen Elizabeth II inaugurated the world's first rotating ship-lift for transporting ships. This peculiar “elevator” performs the same function as the gateway and moves ships from the Fort Clyde Canal to the Union Canal, the height difference between which is 24 meters. On the opposite sides of the wheel there are recesses filled with water, into which ships sail, rotating at the same speed as the wheel itself, but in the opposite direction. The wheel rotates 180 degrees, moving the vessels from the top level down, which takes several minutes. The elevator was named after the neighboring city of Falkirk in the central area of Scotland. Initially, the canals were connected by eleven locks, but they were decommissioned and filled up in the 1930s.
9. Elevador de Santa Justa, Portugal
Elevador de Santa Justa is located in Lisbon - the capital of Portugal - known for its elevation differences in urban territory and different levels of the city. So, the Elevador de Santa Justa city elevator is designed to move pedestrians from the Baixa area in the lowlands to the Chiado area on the hill. The construction of the lift is made of cast iron, the facades of the building are decorated in a neo-Gothic style. The height of the structure is 45 m, the height between the connected levels is 32 m. The elevator is designed for two elevators, which are driven by electric traction. Cabins can accommodate 19 seats and 10 standing places. The elevator has been operating since 1902 and helps residents of the city to overcome this steep climb without problems, and tourists, among other things, are attracted by panoramic views that open from the upper station. In 2002, this object was recognized as a monument of national importance.
10. Non-stop elevator, UK
For a snack, we will delight you with a not so large-scale elevator project as some of the previous ones. He does not have a high shaft, as well as impressive speeds. However, the uniqueness of the elevator, built back in 1884 in the city of Essex, England, lies in the fact that it moves continuously, without stops. The elevator name is interesting - Paternoster, which literally translates from Latin as “Our Father”. The elevator consists of open cabins moving slowly and continuously in one shaft. There are no doors to the cabs, so you can go here at any time, as well as go out. Lifts of a similar design were very popular for use in office buildings in continental Europe. Today they are practically never used anywhere, despite the uniqueness of the technical idea.
1. Falkirk Wheel (Scotland)
This ship elevator is located in the middle of Scotland near the town of Falkirk. This unique structure is the only rotating ship elevator on the planet. It has a simple principle of operation - it has two pools of water (caissons) - upper and lower. Caissons always, being empty or with ships, have the same weight. A vessel enters the caisson, displacing from it a volume of water weighing exactly as much as it weighs. Then the wheels change places in 5 minutes, slowly turning around the axis. Since the caissons are balanced, it takes only 1 kW of motor energy to move 100 tons of cargo - incredibly economical! It turns out that in terms of efficiency, this system has come quite close to the perpetual motion machine.
2. The elevator of the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric station (Russia)
On the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric complex located on the Yenisei River, the ship elevator was built in 1976, and it began to work in 1982. A similar design has not appeared anywhere in the world since then. This is an inclined ship elevator equipped with a vessel chamber and a rotary device. The design of the ship elevator is based on a rocky base, it has an automated control system, video cameras and an alarm system. The elevator is a platform moving along rails (track gauge 9 m) with gearing. Each rail rests on a separate flyover, and movement is achieved using electric traction. In order for the ship to fall into the lift, the platform is immersed in water, the ship enters above it, after which the platform rushes up the overpass with the vessel floating on the platform. At the top, the platform enters a turntable, which turns it to another rut along which it descends below the water level into the upper pool. After that, the ship can only get out of the lift.
10. Chinese Baylong
Such a beautiful name received not just one elevator, but a whole complex that impresses with its length and openness of structures. It is located not somewhere, but in the reserve of the Hunan province, where it delivers large tourist groups to the very top of a steep cliff. The height of the latter is about 360 meters, and at the top a magnificent panorama of the national park opens.
Baylong was designed in 2001 and includes 3 spacious cabins of 2 floors each. 50 people can safely push into one cabin, since the carrying capacity is 3750 kg. Transparent walls and fast speed give tourists a real adrenaline from the tour.
3. Ship Lift Strepi-Thieux (Belgium)
This is the world's tallest twin vertical boat elevator located on the Central Canal near the Belgian town of Thieu. His project was developed during the modernization of the Central Canal. The goal was to replace a pair of obsolete locks and 4 16-meter ship elevators built in 1889-1919. The new ship elevator is capable of lifting a ship with a displacement of 1350 tons. At this point, the difference between the lower and upper pools is more than 73 meters. There are two water-filled and balanced chambers in the ship elevator that can move vertically independently of one another. Moreover, the weight of the chambers does not depend on whether the vessel is in it or not. In practice, it is impossible to maintain a constant water level in the chambers, so their weight ranges from 7200-8400 tons.
9. SkyTower Skyscraper in New Zealand
Of course, we are not interested in the chic skyscraper itself, but in the lifting mechanism installed there. A person feels the fullness of emotions from the speed of movement and the moment that there is no visible support under the legs in the bodice, which was made possible thanks to the transparent floor.
The height is 328 meters, which forces you to pronounce the affirmation "just do not look down." Almost all the way the cabin is outside, and then moves inside the room itself.
But the climb is not so terrible as the descent, which was appreciated by avid extreme lovers. Such is the free ride.
4. Ship Lift Saint-Louis - Arzwiller (France)
This French ship elevator is located on the Marne Rhine Canal. Even King Louis XVI thought about connecting the river basins of the Rhine and Seine, but the engineer Charles-Etienne Collignon took up the construction of the canal after the revolution in 1838. During the construction process, it was necessary to overcome natural barriers, for example, the Northern Vosges ridge. The channel was laid through the Sversky pass, where it turned into a chain 4 kilometers long of 17 locks with a total height difference of 44.5 meters. But the canal was dug narrow, and two barges could not disperse in it. Not satisfied with this, the French announced an international competition of projects. As a result, the transverse ship elevator project won.Prior to this, there was only one analogue of it in the world - an inclined ship-lift located in the English county of Leicestershire, built in 1900. Finally, in 1969, instead of a chain of locks, the St. Louis shipbuilder, Arzwiller, was built.
8. Berlin Lift Aquarium AquaDom
Want to get aesthetic pleasure - go to the famous Radisson Hotel, which did not stint for the comfort of its guests. Located in the very center of Berlin, the hotel offers a cylindrical lift ride inside the aquarium.
The two-story structure made of acrylic glass is absolutely transparent and during movement allows you to enjoy the real water world, full of various representatives of flora and fauna. The cabin capacity is about 30 people.
So, when staying at the hotel, you get an underwater excursion several times a day - the children will definitely be delighted. By the way, the number of storeys of the building itself is also considerable - 25 sites. The aquarium is filled with 900 thousand liters of sea water, where more than 1.5 thousand different fish were settled.
5. Ship Lift in Peterborough (Canada)
This ship elevator is located in the francophone Canadian province of Ontario. It was built in 1904, using a pair scheme, in which the simultaneous lifting and lowering of ships is possible. There are two caissons in this ship elevator, in which vessels are placed that rise or fall between the pools. In both caissons at the opposite ends there are sealed gates, with only one gate opening at the lower point, and opposite at the upper point. At the same time, the gates open simultaneously in both caissons, which makes it possible for vessels at the upper and lower levels to enter or leave the caisson. This ship elevator does not need any drives or energy sources to drive it - just some excess water is added to the caisson in the upper pool, after which it becomes heavier and begins to lower, raising the lower caisson. When the gates in the downstream open, the excess water goes into the canal, reducing the mass of the caisson.
6. Lift in Hubei Province (China)
In Hubei province, a new cargo ship-lift began to operate at the Sansia Hydroelectric Power Station (that is, Three Gorges) around the clock. Chinese experts who built the Sanxia waterworks consider it the largest and most technically challenging in the world. It was jointly designed by German and Chinese experts. With its help, river vessels weighing up to 3000 tons will be able to overcome the dam of a hydroelectric power station, which provides a difference in elevation of water levels of 113 meters. The ship elevator has a caisson with dimensions of 120x18x3.5 m, filled with water. A water-filled caisson weighs 15500 tons. In addition to the ship elevator, since 2003, the largest five-stage lock in the world has been operated on this dam. But the ship needed 3-4 hours to pass through the system of locks, while the new ship-lift, put into operation, was able to reduce this time to 40 minutes.
7. Ship elevator in Scharnebach (Germany)
This ship elevator is a movable platform filled with water. Initially, the platform aligns with the level of the river and opens the gateway, letting the ship in. After that, in a matter of minutes, the platform with the ship rises 38 meters, where the lock opens again, releasing the ship into the channel bed. This ship elevator appeared in Sharnebek in 1974. Since then, it remains the largest double vertical elevator for river boats on the planet, and at the time of construction it was generally the largest ship elevator. The weight of its caisson (platform) is 5800 tons (which is approximately equal to the weight of 6 thousand passenger cars). Every day, 57 river vessels pass through it, and in a year their number runs up to 21 thousand.
8. Inclined ship elevators on the Ostroda-Elblлонg Canal (Poland)
This channel is located near the town of Elblбg, and it connects the Masurian Lakes and the Baltic Sea in the Gulf of Wislin. The canal became famous thanks to a small section, less than 10 kilometers long, where there is a large (over 100 meters) elevation difference. Therefore, here the Poles had to build as many as five ship elevators, transporting ships dry.
Boats rise and fall on carts that move along rails starting at the bottom of the upper channel, then go along the earthen slope and end at the bottom of the lower channel. The ship heading upstairs stops above the trolley flooded beneath it and is fixed to it. After that, the trolley is pulled out of the water with a cable along with the vessel attached to it and lifted uphill. At the same time, the same trolley with a ship descending down moves towards it. Having reached the upper mark, the trolley plunges into the upper channel, the vessel is released and goes further along the channel to the next ship elevator.
This design dispenses with external energy sources - the carts are moved by water, which descends along a technical channel parallel to the transport channel. Each lift even has its own name: Tsaluny, Elenje, Olesnitsa, Comty and Buchinets.
9. Ship elevators of the Central Canal (Belgium)
On the Central Canal located in Belgium, 4 ship elevators were built. They were built in the period from 1882 to 1917. UNESCO even included them in its 1998 World Heritage List. These structures remain in their original state when they were built over a century ago. It should be added that in 2002 their commercial use was discontinued, since then a new Central Canal was opened, and the Strepi-Thieux ship elevator began to use the entire cargo flow. And this was preceded by an accident that occurred in January 2002 on the first ship elevator, as a result of which not only the ship sank, but the elevator lifting mechanism was also destroyed. Because of this, traffic along the entire old Central Channel was interrupted until a parallel new Central Channel was launched. But even some old ship-lifts do not rust from idleness now - the 2nd and 3rd miss pleasure and sports vessels.
10. Inclined gateway in Montes (France)
In this case, it is not a usual inclined longitudinal ship-lift that is used, but its particular version - the “inclined lock”. At this gateway, one of the shutters is movable, due to which there is the possibility of changing the length of the working chamber, due to which the ships are moving. In France, two such types of ship elevators appeared: one - an inclined lock in Montes (on the side channel of the Garonne River), and the second in Fonceran, on the South Canal.
The sloping gateway to Montes, as already mentioned, was built on the Garonne Canal in 1974. Here, a canal was dug between the lower and upper concours for a boat elevator of rectangular cross section, finishing its walls with reinforced concrete, the bottom and the adjacent technical embankment. A pair of eight-axle tractors on a rubber track and with diesel engines (750 kW) moves along this embankment, which, like catamaran boats, are rigidly connected by a common frame. The ship enters here between the tractors, after which the shutter, which is tightly adjacent to the walls of the channel, is lowered. Then the tractors begin to move, pushing with the help of a damper the water and the vessel floating on its surface along an inclined channel. When the tractors reach the upper reach, the gateway gate opens and the ship continues its journey further along the channel. In exactly the same way, the ship moves from the upper channel to the lower one.
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Street elevator in Pamplona
Recently, in the Spanish city of Pamplona, a rather unusual form of urban public transport has appeared. It is a huge street elevator connecting two parts of the Echavacoiz area, separated by a thirty-meter slope.
Pamplona is located in the foothills of the Pyrenees, and therefore the terrain in the city is very hilly, which greatly complicates the movement on it. And this type of transport is a pilot project, commissioned by the municipality. If a street elevator in the Echavacoiz quarter works well, similar structures will appear in other areas of the capital of Navarra.
Falkirk Wheel - Boat Lift
Sometimes an elevator may be needed not only by people and cyclists, as in Pamplona, but also by boats. Such an unusual design exists near the city of Falkirk in Scotland.
The Folerka wheel is an unusual elevator that connects two channels, the height difference between which is 24 meters. The boat, which needs to be moved to another level, swims with a special cradle, which then rises or falls. And this process itself takes only 4 minutes.
Pneumatic Vacuum Home Lift
The Argentinean company PVE has created a simple and inexpensive elevator for private homes and small buildings up to three floors high. It will become a favorite means of transportation for the elderly and people in wheelchairs.
The principle of operation of this elevator is based on the same technology as the mail transfer system between floors and offices of bureaucratic institutions in the mid-twentieth century. The PVE cab rises and falls like a projectile through a pneumatic vacuum tube.
Trondheim Cyclist Elevator
In the Norwegian city of Trondheim, there is the world's only ski lift for cyclists. It is located in the lower part of the street, going up at an angle of 20 degrees. On such a slope it is very difficult to climb even on foot, let alone a bicycle!
Therefore, the Trondheim authorities decided to build an elevator that would help fans of two-wheeled vehicles climb the hill. It is enough to put your foot in a special receiver, and this design itself will pull it, its owner and his bike up. The length of the drag lift is 130 meters.
AquaDom - a lift inside the aquarium
At the Radisson SAS Hotel in Berlin, the elevator connecting the lobby with the restaurant and the observation deck on the top floor is located right inside the 25-meter aquarium.
This is not just an aquarium, but a huge reservoir with its own ecosystem. Fifty-six species of marine life live in it, dozens of different plants, and sometimes inside, to the delight of the elevator passengers, scuba divers engaged in maintenance of the structure swim.
Elevator for cars in the technopark Volkswagen
In Wolfsburg, the hometown of Volkswagen, the Autostadt technology park appeared a few years ago, the most notable elements of which are the two Autostadt Silos towers. As before, grain was stored in silos, so now they store new VW cars.
Between floors, these cars move thanks to an unusual elevator - a mobile platform that can rise to any car, fix it and carry it down to the buyer. Autostadt Silos also has a special module for tourists who want to look at the operation of this lift from the inside.
Lift in the West Gate arch
The giant 192-meter arch Gate of the West is one of the symbols of the American city of St. Louis. Many people heard about this building thanks to photographs and movies, but only those who personally visited this object know about the existence of an elevator with the name Gateway Arch Tram in it.
Gateway Arch Tram is a five-seat cabin that takes passengers for four minutes to the top floor of the arch, where the observation deck is located.
7. Elevator Lift Elevador di Santa Zhusta
In hot Portugal, in addition to local attractions, you can appreciate the elevator lift, built since 1901. Since then, the ancient structure has already become a local "chip", as it remained the only vertical elevator in the city.
At the top of the structure is a snack selling point, as well as an observation deck, which offers a beautiful view of the city. The elevator was made in the neo-Gothic style, so the selfies will be breathtaking. Its height is 45 meters, and each cabin accommodates up to 25 people of medium build.
Double Decker Lift
Sometimes it happens that in a large building there are not enough elevators to transport all visitors, and there is no place to correct this constructive misunderstanding. In such cases, it is customary to use double-decker elevators. Of course, they do not move between floors as fast as ordinary ones, but they fit two times as many passengers.
Two-story elevators exist in about a hundred buildings around the world, for example, in the Burj Khalifa skyscraper in Dubai, the Eiffel Tower in Paris and the World Trade Center in Hong Kong.
6. Vacuum lift
Just a godsend for fans of science fiction and all the futuristic. Daytona Elevator Corporation was one of the first to realize fantasies from utopian works, where mankind could travel distances in glass capsules.
Scientists of the company invented a pneumatic, and even vacuum design, which operates using a special pump. It creates air pressure, which pushes the elevator in the right direction.
All cabins are made of special organic glass, and the technology of moving the capsule helps to do without cables, cables and other similar communications. This design has no analogues so far, which allows the company to skim the cream.
SkyView - Stockholm Circular Elevator
The design with the name SkyView combines the elements of an elevator and a ferris wheel. It is part of the Ericsson Globe Arena multifunctional complex in Stockholm, but is not located inside, but outside.
SkyView booths take passengers to the top of the 85-meter dome, which offers excellent views of the capital of Sweden, and then lowered down from the other side of the huge structure.
5. Double-deck elevators of OTIS firm
The corporation works on skyscrapers, which have a very high load. Two-story elevators that provide an optimal flow of passengers have become relevant. OTIS constructions imply placing cabins strictly one above the other, which allows using a common (one) lifting mechanism.
The entrances to the cabins are located not only from the outside, but also from the inside at all levels. Managing such engines is difficult enough, so not every organization can afford such a luxury.
Space elevator from Obayashi Corporation
This elevator does not yet exist in nature, but it is not the first decade that has been talking about the possibility of its appearance. We are talking about an unusual vehicle that will allow us to rise from the surface of the Earth into the orbit of our planet in a cabin moving along a cable.
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4. The largest elevator in the Umeda Hankyu Building business center
Developed Japan boasts the coolest skyscrapers. And in the city of Osaka there is a unique business center where the largest elevators on the planet (5 pieces) are installed.
Each cabin occupies an area of 7 square meters and can safely accommodate 80 people of average physique (carrying capacity is 5250 kg).
The size of one such cabin can be compared with the standard bedroom of a residential building. It is interesting that one of the elevator walls was made of bulletproof glass - it is through it that an interesting view of the city opens when moving.
3. Ship elevator Falkirk wheel
The elevator is not designed to move people, but to transport goods between the Fort Clyde canals and the Union in Switzerland. It was opened back in 2002, becoming a unique rotating planet hoist on the planet.
The difference between the levels of the above channels is 24 meters (approximately the height of an eight-story building). Depressions with water are installed on different sides of the elevator wheel, where ships with cargoes float.
After that, the wheel turns 180 degrees, transporting ships from one level to another in a few minutes. Truly unique design!
2. Hammetschwand Highest Open Elevator
While in Switzerland, try to ride the outdoor elevator, which takes tourists from the rocky path to the viewpoint of the Burgenstock mountain.When you reach your destination, you can contemplate the famous Lake Lucerne. You are invited to overcome a height of 153 meters in less than 1 minute. The elevator was built in 1903 and reconstructed in 1935. It is interesting that it was Bond that lifted it during the filming of Goldfinger.
1. Hydraulic lift in the Louvre
Our review is completed by a technological novelty installed in a world-famous museum. The design moves forward as if from the floor, which amazes the first-time tourists. The elevator takes people to the right level, allowing through the transparent walls to observe the legendary Louvre halls. The futuristic mechanism is hydraulically driven and has an open top - really worth the price.
So, unnoticed by us, technological progress is moving forward by leaps and bounds. I wonder what unique lifts will appear in a couple of decades?
Elevator in AquaDome (Germany)
In Berlin, a huge cylindrical aquarium, AquaDom, was built from acrylic glass, and an elevator is located inside it.
A 25-meter glass structure with a diameter of over 11 meters is filled with 900 thousand liters of sea water, the elevator is located right in the center of this aquarium and allows you to enjoy the view of 50 species of marine fish. All residents of this water house are fed daily by three or four divers who spend about eight kilograms of feed on this.
Falkirk Wheel Lift (Scotland)
The Falkirk Wheel appeared in Scotland in 2002 and got its name thanks to the town of the same name located nearby. The purpose of the construction is to transport ships from the Union Canal to the Fort Clyde Canal. The Falkirk Wheel is the only rotating ship-lift in the world.
The elevation difference of the elevator is equal to the height of an eight-story building. Vessels swim in water-filled caissons located on each side of the wheel and rotating in the direction opposite to the rotation of the wheel. Turning the structure through 180 degrees allows you to move the vessel from the upper level to the lower level in a few minutes.
Sky View Elevator (Sweden)
Sky View gondola lift is installed on a giant sphere-shaped structure - Globene Arena.
The huge ball of the Stockholm Globen Arena reaches 110 meters in diameter and has a height of 85 meters. The length of the elevator located on it is 100 meters. The ski lift is equipped with two spherical cabs that deliver tourists upstairs, offering a magnificent view of the surroundings.
Hammetschwand Elevator (Switzerland)
Hammetschwand has the status of Europe’s highest open elevator and was created to raise everyone to Mount Burgenstock, from where you can admire the magnificent Lake Lucerne.
In less than a minute, the elevator overcomes a 153-meter height and stops at the mountain peak of Hammetschwand. The building appeared in Switzerland in 1903. It is noteworthy that in the film about the famous James Bond “Goldfinger”, Agent 007 rose on this elevator.
Elevator Baylong (China)
Chinese Bilong is another name - "elevator of a hundred dragons." This glass lift is not only the tallest, but also the heaviest. An elevator was built in 2002 on the slope of Mount Zhangjiajie 330 meters high.
The elevator seats about 50 people and can carry up to 1380 visitors per hour. Just a minute - and here you are already on the mountain peak admiring the huge pillars of sandstone.
Gates of the West (USA)
Missouri has the town of St. Louis, which houses an incredible arch-shaped landmark. Passengers need to get to its top in a special egg-shaped cabin, accommodating up to 5 passengers. In total, there are eight such cabins. At the top of the arch is an observation deck.
The rise will take you about 4 minutes, and the descent - only 3. The glass panels of the booths allow you to see the structure of the arch near.
Elevator Elevador di Santa Giusta (Portugal)
The second name of the elevator Elevador di Santa Justa, located in Lisbon - Elevador do Carmo. The magnificent design allows you to connect the lower street of Rua do Ouro in the Baixa region with the upper square of Largu do Carmo in the upper region of Chiado.
For over a hundred years, this neo-Gothic-style lift has been a tourist attraction and takes visitors to a panoramic platform that is 45 meters high. The elevator car accommodates up to 25 passengers at once.
Lacerda Lift (Brazil)
The Lacerda Lift in El Salvador carries over 30 thousand people from the Lower City to the Upper.
A half-minute trip to a height of 72 meters will cost you 5 centavos, and your eyes will enjoy a beautiful view of the coast of the bay.
Taipei 101 Skyscraper Elevator (Taiwan)
The skyscraper, with 101 floors and located in Taiwan, has a height of 509 meters and is called Taipei 101. It contains the fastest elevators on Earth. In total, the skyscraper is equipped with 67 elevators, two of which are lifted from the fifth floor by 89 in exactly 37 seconds, which means that the elevators go at a speed of 16.8 meters per second. In second place in speed is the elevator in Yokohama - a Japanese skyscraper. Its speed is 12.5 meters per second.
The Louvre Elevator (France)
In a place that stores many great works of art, an unusually futuristic elevator is located, which is one of the most modern lifts.
Its open-top cabin is equipped with a hydraulic drive, which allows quietly and smoothly moving visitors around the Louvre, as if growing out of the floor.
Sky Tower Elevator (New Zealand)
Riding the elevators at the 70-story Sky Tower in Auckland is extremely scary. The floor in each booth is made of glass, so the rise to a height of 328 meters gives an unforgettable experience.
The speed of the lift is 18 kilometers per hour, it rises to the very top in 40 seconds. Just imagine that you are in an elevator and see under your feet a huge height from which you fall at high speed! The ride is not for the faint of heart.