Mythical creatures from ancient times amazed the imagination of people. They could be giants, unusual animals, command elements or combine the features of man and animal. With the development of the fantasy genre, mythical creatures moved from folklore to literature. They became a figment of the imagination of writers, and not part of folk imagination. We will tell you more about the most unusual mythological creatures.
Mythical creatures, the list of which is significant for every nation, are rooted in a mythological worldview. They were needed to explain the world order. After the religious and then scientific worldview supplanted the mythological, these creatures became part of the culture as fabulous creatures living in legends and beliefs, and later in literature.
Here is a list of the most famous mythological creatures:
Lerna is a region of the Peloponnesian Peninsula that is known for its water sources. Here, according to legend, a hydra settled in the swamps. This creature with many snake heads. Sources indicate that the hydra had from seven to 50 goals, but only the average was immortal. The creature was deadly breathing. It abducted cattle and devastated the surroundings of Lerna.
According to legend, the murder of the Lernean hydra was the second feat of Hercules. He forced her out of the den, throwing arrows of fire. Initially, the situation was not in favor of the hero. He chopped off the hydra of the head, but new ones grew in their place. Then his driver Iolaus began to cauterize the neck of the hydra, not allowing new heads to grow. Hercules was able to get to the immortal head and chop it off.
Interestingly, already ancient authors tried to find a rational kernel in myth. Some considered the hydra a source that threatened Lerne with flooding and was drained by Hercules. Others generally wrote that Hercules conquered the rebellious city of Lern, and the heads - this is just a metaphor for archers on the city walls.
Flying mythical animals of Greek mythology are diverse. Griffins occupy a special place among them. These are the most ambiguous flying creatures. In myths, they united Heaven and Earth, combined both Good and Evil. These unusual animals had the body of a lion with wings and the head of an eagle.
According to legend, the chariot of the goddess of retribution Nemesis was harnessed by griffins. The images of these creatures are also found outside of Greece - in ancient Persia and Egypt. The American historian and folklorist Adriena Mayor suggested that the image of the griffin has a real background. Since the description of this fantastic animal resembles a proto-therapos dinosaur, Adriena suggested that ancient people came across fossilized remains and created myths based on them.
These supernatural creatures in culture are traditionally represented by images of horses with human torsos. But in ancient Greek mythology, the particle "centaur" was used to denote any half-man. For example, a half-human half-donkey was called an onocentaur, and a mixture of a man and a bull was called a buntaurus.
Translated from Greek, the word “centaur” means either ‘killer’ or ‘bull hunter’. According to one version, the idea of centaurs appeared when the Greeks, who did not know riding, encountered Scythians and Taurus. The ferocious nomadic herders made a tremendous impression on the Greeks, and they created myths about centaurs.
The origin of these creatures in myths is very vague. It is known that some centaurs led their family tree from the connection of the gods with animals. For example, Chiron was considered the son of the titan Kronos and the daughter of the ocean of the mare Filira. In myths, female centaurs are rarely mentioned, so little is known about how these creatures were born.
The mythical creature that guarded the gate to the underworld was a ferocious dog that had from two to 50 goals. Often he was portrayed as a three-headed. Often in such cases, the middle head was a lion.
Cerberus gave birth to two equally interesting creatures - Echidna - half a snake, half a woman and Typhon - a giant with a human body, a hundred dragon heads and snakes instead of legs.
The task of Cerberus was not to release the dead into the world of the living and vice versa. The Greeks put a cake into the hands of a deceased relative so that he could appease the dog and easily enter the kingdom of the dead.
Mythical Creatures of Japan
Mythical creatures, whose pictures can often be found in Japanese graphic novels and anime, appeared in the process of combining Chinese Buddhism and Japanese Shintoism. As a result, a variety of creatures were born, here are the most famous of them:
Experts believe that the concept of "youkai" came to Japanese folklore from China. It means the energy with which all living and nonliving is saturated. The term "youkai" also means all unusual creatures in Japanese mythology.
When writing the word, the Japanese use two characters, meaning ‘magic’ and ‘ghost’ in translation. Youkai live their own lives and never look for a meeting with a person, on the contrary, only he accidentally enters their territory.
Researchers identify five groups of youkai:
- Living by the road.
- Appearing in a specific situation.
- Associated with a specific activity.
It is believed that the concept of "youkai" defined the characteristics of Japanese horrors. It is known that the Japanese are not afraid of supernatural beings, but they are frightened by the irrational use of ordinary objects, as youkai can penetrate them.
Scientists have counted more than 200 varieties of youkai. Among them are both anthropomorphic, which are in the form of a child, an ugly person or an old woman, and zoomorphic in the form of a fox, a dog, etc.
A strange creature associated with cold and frost. Translated from Japanese, "yucca-onna" means ‘snow woman’. Yucca-onna is believed to be the spirit of a girl who died in the snow. She is presented as a tall woman in a white kimono with almost transparent skin and long black hair. It leaves no traces in the snow and can become a cloud of steam.
Yucca-onna has strange relationships with men. There is a legend that she became a beauty and married a simple peasant, gave birth to him children and disappeared when he found out about her essence.
According to other legends, she is quite bloodthirsty. Yucca-onna kisses the traveler lost in the snow, and he dies. She also sucks life energy and blood from men. Like a vampire, she cannot get into the house without an invitation from the owners.
The image of the mouth guard, like the youkai, the Japanese borrowed from Chinese mythology, filling it with new colors. Among the Chinese, kappa is an ape-like creature that lives in water. The Japanese also have monkey mouth guards. They are covered with wool, have fangs and an almost invisible nose. They have a thumb in their hands.
But the more common kind of kappa in Japan is a mixture of frogs and turtles. Instead of a nose, they have a beak, fingers with membranes, and a small woolen tuft on their head. The mouthguards are covered with frog skin and smell like fish. They have a small saucer on their heads, which should always be filled with water, otherwise the kappa will die.
Kappas are grateful beings who fulfill the desires of the people who pleased them. At the same time, they are dangerous and capable of destroying a person by pulling them under water. Kappa are able to take the form of humans and some other creatures.
Translated from Japanese means ‘seductive spider’. According to legend, one female spider lived for four centuries and gained magical power as a reward. The Japanese believed that there was a species of giant spiders, the females of which are able to turn into women and lure men. The beauty could ask the samurai for protection or lure the traveler by playing the lute. The enchanted man did not notice how the web was entangling him. So he became food for the spider and her offspring.
Sometimes Yorogumo took the form of a woman with a child. Thus, she was able to transfer her masonry unnoticed from human eyes.
In the real world, Chironex fleckeri is an incredibly poisonous jellyfish that lives off the coast of Indonesia and Australia. The poison of one jellyfish is enough to kill 60 people in a few minutes.
In the world of “The Witcher Saga” by Andrzej Sapkowski, hironeksa are demonic unicorns that live in a different dimension. Only a few magicians are able to summon these creatures.
In the Harry Potter world, these are dangerous predators that feed on human flesh. They have a squat body and as many as five legs, covered with reddish-brown hair. These creatures live on the island of Drier near Scotland. For safety, the island was made so that it can not be found.
According to legend, quintolaws were once wizards of the MacBoons. In the fray, the head of the McClivert clan died and they turned the MacBoons into quintolaps. The MacBoons, in turn, exterminated all the McCliverts and wizards who could restore their human appearance.
In the world of The Chronicles of Narnia, Clive Lewis is a kind of mythical creatures that were once gnomes, but the wizard Koriakin turned them into one-legged. Now they move in leaps, and sleep with a raised leg. A large foot protects them from the sun and rain. Thanks to her, hunters are able to swim without boats. They live on their own island.
Among Kazakhs, Bashkirs, Tatars and Kyrgyz, tulpar is a winged horse similar to the ancient Greek Pegasus. Tulpars are faithful helpers of the batyrs. They are able to instantly appear and disappear, as well as change their appearance, turning into other animals.
According to a belief, tulpar is born along with a batyr, which should serve faithfully. He lives in a herd with ordinary horses and looks worse than them. This is the thinnest and weakest horse. But when the batyr gains its strength, the horse transforms into a handsome tulpara. The image of the mythical horse is present on the state emblem.
Albasts in Kazakh folklore are evil creatures. They are fat, hairy and fanged monsters. In females, the breasts hang down to the knees. Albasts quickly move and are able to take the form of other animals: dogs, foxes, and sometimes goats.
In the mythology of the Kazakhs, there are three types of these creatures:
- Sary albasty. Tricky, but weak and capable of minor dirty tricks, for example, they can ride a horse all night, so that in the morning he will become exhausted and not able to work.
- Kara Albasta. Evil and deadly to humans. They steal lungs from women in childbirth.
- Sysyk albasty. Bad men, destroying meat and milk.
A creature resembling a European vampire. It also draws blood from people. Zheztyrnak in mythology is an incredibly beautiful female demon, possessing extraordinary power and voice, capable of killing small animals.
Zheztyrnak has a copper nose and claws. Her clothes are adorned with silver and gold. She hides her claws under her long sleeves.
The demoness hypnotizes the person with a look and forces to lose consciousness. After drinking blood. These are unusually vengeful and vindictive creatures. If one of the family members dies, all the other relatives take revenge on him.
The mythological creatures of the peoples of the world are unusually diverse. Among them, there are those whose functions coincide, such as flying horses or bloodsucking demons, and there are unique ones that other nations do not have. With the development of writing and the popularity of fantasy literature, the list of mythological creatures was replenished with invented writers.
Amazing winged horse generated by Medusa Gorgon. Unlike his "parent", Pegasus was a symbol of the connection of all living things with each other. With the blows of hooves this horse was able to knock out springs, and also in myths he helped the heroes in their exploits. In the sky there is a constellation called Pegasus, named after this mythical creature.
In the Middle Ages, alchemists believed that such a mythical creature as Homunculus (lat. Homunculus - man) can be obtained artificially as the 5th element.
Faust with the Homunculus
For this, it was necessary to observe many different conditions, with the mandatory use of mandrakes. Alchemists were sure that such a little man could protect his master from troubles.
This is one of the most popular mythical creatures in Slavic folklore. Most Russian people know about him from fairy tales. Until now, some believe that Brownie can affect the life of the owner of the house.
According to the myth, so that he does not do harm to any of the owners, he must be appeased with various treats. Although often this leads to the opposite consequences.
The Nephilim lived before the flood, and they are even mentioned in the Bible. These creatures are fallen angels who once seduced the beauty of earthly women and entered into sexual relations with them.
As a result of these ties, the Nephilim began to be born. Literally, this word means "those who make others fall." They were very large, and also characterized by incredible strength and cruelty. The Nephilim attacked people and caused serious destruction.
In Yakut folklore (see interesting facts about Yakutsk) these stone monsters were depicted with iron teeth living in the wilderness. As they grew older, they looked more and more like children.
Initially, the Abaass ate plant food, and later began to hunt people. They are depicted with one eye, one arm and one leg. These mythical creatures harm every person by sending illness and misery to them.
This mythical creature appeared in the teachings of the Gnostics. At the dawn of Christianity, there were quite a few sects who tried to create a religion based on Judaism and paganism.
According to one teaching, all things happened in the highest Kingdom of the world, from which 365 categories of spirits emanate. The main one is Abraxas.
He is depicted with the body of a man and the head of a rooster. In place of his legs, he had two wriggling snakes.
In Scottish mythology, he meant a bloodthirsty creature. When a man saw a raven turning into a beautiful girl in a dress, this meant that he was in front of himself.
No wonder the evil spirit wore a long dress, because under it he could hide his deer hooves. These evil mythical creatures attracted men to themselves, and then drank all the blood from them.
In Japanese folklore, this "harmless" spirit has the ability to "devour dreams." People believed that if he eats their bad dream, in the future it will bring them good luck.
Although it is worth noting that the mythical Baku is able to intentionally deprive people of sleep.
Kikimora is present in Slavic-Ugric mythology and in the form of a spirit that brings a lot of harm to a person. Often this mythical creature settles in the houses where the child recently died.
Kikimora knows how to transform into a child and sometimes abducts children.
This creature is found in the folklore of many peoples. He is depicted with a cock head, frog eyes, bat wings, and the body of a dragon.
With his gaze, he is able to turn into stones any objects, including living creatures. It is believed that if the Basilisk looks at himself in the mirror, then he will die immediately. He lives in caves and feeds on stones.
This creature is very popular in the myths of the people from the Isle of Man. It is a perverse werewolf, bringing misfortune to people.
Baggain has the ability to transform into whatever he wants. However, turning into a person, ears and horse hooves protruding upward.
This bird of paradise is not rarely mentioned in Russian art.She is completely safe for people and prefers to live near the sea.
Vladimir Vysotsky mentions her in his song "Domes":
The bird Sirin is joyfully rocking for me -
Cheers, invites from the nests,
On the contrary, she’s yearning, sad
Poisons the soul of the wonderful Alkonost.
During certain holidays, the mythical creature Alkonost is able to turn dew into healing apples, by eating which you can get strength and healing from the disease.
The Slavs believed that Vodyanoy was the master of various water sources. Mermaids, Undins, and other mythical creatures living in the sea obey him.
As a rule, Vodiannoy does not cause people any problems, but sometimes it can drag a person into the abyss.
This creature is found in the myths of Abkhazia. It is distinguished by great strength and extreme fury. He is depicted with long hair, large claws and human eyes.
Abnauayu lives in the forests, so people need to be very careful when meeting him, otherwise they will face a terrible death. He knows in advance the names of those whom he meets.
In the myths of France, this mythical creature is represented by the king or queen of the serpent. It day and night guards the treasures underground.
Especially ardently Vuivre guards the fiery red ruby. If someone manages to take possession of this gem, then he will become incredibly rich.
The dress is a Bulgarian vampire who has a very nasty disposition. He is so cowardly that he is afraid to attack animals and people. Because of this, he has to eat carrion and even dung.
In the Tungus-Manchu culture, they were represented by spirits, which are the ancestors of magicians. In the process of shamanistic prayers, Ayami are instilled in shamans.
Also, these mythical creatures can take the form of different animals. Sometimes they steal human souls and make them suffer.
The Celts believed that these creatures live in oaks. Duboviks offer people various treats passing by them. A person cannot take food from them, because all of it is poisoned.
In Slavic mythology, this is one of the most popular unclean spirits. The devils are attracted to alcoholics. When they find them, they do everything possible to bring them to complete madness.
However, if a person ceases to abuse alcohol, the devil gradually weakens, as he lacks recharge.
This is a shaggy monster with great power. Present in the mythical legends of the Caucasian peoples. Vampala has several goals, and there is no particular gender.
In various interpretations it is narrated that these monsters often come to the aid of heroes when they fight with opponents.
In Italian myths, Hyanas are represented as female spirits. They are attractive, can predict the future and know where precious treasures are hidden.
In the myths of the Slavs, this evil spirit was portrayed with burning eyes on a dark face. He decides to hunt his victims only at night.
Having found any travelers, he kills them, drinking all the blood from them. Yrka is panicky afraid of fire, and when he sees it, he immediately runs away.
The demonic character of the Slavs. At his sight, people forgot about the bad deeds they intended to do.
In the beliefs of the Abkhazians, it was a trait that brings misfortune, both to people and animals. These mythical creatures could inhabit humans, endowing them with various diseases that sometimes drove them to the grave.
Shikome are represented by the Japanese in the form of mythical creatures with great power. They have very sharp teeth and burning eyes. They are only interested in participating in wars.
A small malicious creature living in a closet or under a child’s bed. Only children can see him. Buke is pleased to attack the kids and drag them into his lair.
This bird with the body of an eagle and the head of a lion is found in Sumerian-Akkadian myths. She acts as an intermediary between gods and people. Anzud embodies both good and evil principles.
In English mythology, this character is a terrible creature that scares naughty children. As a rule, he is depicted as a shaggy monster with shaggy hair.
English children believe that Bugs are able to enter their rooms through chimneys. They are very harmless and can scare a child only by their appearance.
Alrauns live in the roots of mandrakes and are able to transform into cats or small children.
These characters are found in myths of different European peoples.
Alrauns do not pose any threat to people, but it gives them pleasure to make fun of them.
Settling in residential buildings, they throw garbage into them and throw land or manure into milk.
If the owners do not sweep the trash and drink such milk, then the Alrauns will live with them.
This mythical creature originates in the Middle Ages. Gargoyles can be seen on the facades of Catholic churches.
Their role was to guard the temples in times of danger. In addition, statues were erected to protect the holy place from evil spirits.
According to medieval legends Grima lived in Europe. Often they can be found in cemeteries located near churches.
They can easily turn into any animals, but most often take the form of black dogs with luminous eyes.
Sometimes at night, these mythical creatures climb the belfry of the temples and start ringing the bells, which is considered a bad sign.
The northern peoples called the water demon. He is not bad and not good. He likes to joke around people. However, in anger, Ahti is capable of killing.
In the legends of the West Siberian Tatars, this creature means an evil spirit. It can take different images, turning into shrubs, stones, fences, haystacks and other objects.
He does this in order to lure travelers into his arms and strangle them.
They appear in the form of shapeless “eels” from protoplasm bubbles. Initially, the gods created them as servants, but they soon ceased to serve them, starting to live for their pleasure.
Shaggot, according to legend, are people intoxicated.
In the myths of some Asian peoples, this creature is closely connected with the water element. Turning into a beautiful girl, Juha marries some man.
However, even before marriage, she warns her chosen one that he should not look at her when she combes her hair. Nor should he pat her on the back.
If the beloved violates these conditions, then he will be eaten by this mythical creature.
In Slavic myths, the Ghouls meant the dead, hunting animals and people. As night falls, they rise from the graves in the guise of the dead in order to kill the victims by sucking blood from them.
After that, the murdered man himself may turn into a ghoul.
Hungarian myths called the winged dragon. There are two types of Sharkany.
One of them, appearing in the form of a fierce monster with a large number of heads, is narrated in fairy tales.
In other legends, this mythical creature is represented already with one head, and as an assistant to the shaman.
So called small spirits running through the streets with hot coals in pans. Often, they appear during certain holidays.
On such days, the Shilikuns turn into cats, and begin to deliberately get confused under people’s feet.
In the legends of Greece, they are forest spirits. In addition, the Fauns are the patrons of shepherds and fishermen. They like to have fun, dance and play musical instruments.
However, sometimes these mythical creatures can abduct children.
In Japanese myths, the so-called spiders turning into people. They are depicted in the form of huge spiders with luminous eyes.
Kumo know how to take the form of young girls. Their goal is to lure some man to him, then to eat him.
This legendary bird has immortality. According to the famous historian Herodotus, she can be seen only once every 500 years. She has bright red and golden feathers.
Outwardly, she looks like an eagle. The phoenix does not multiply, and each time after death it is reborn from its own ashes.
Phoenix is often used in winged terms.
One of the most famous mythical creatures found in different peoples of the world. A werewolf means a person who can transform into animals.
Most often, werewolves are wolves. Such modifications can occur at the request of the werewolf, or in connection with the lunar cycles.
Wendigo is an evil cannibal spirit. He is an ardent opponent of any excesses in human behavior. He likes to hunt and suddenly attack his victims.
When any traveler finds himself in the forest, this mythical creature begins to make frightening sounds. As a result of this, a person throws himself in flight, but he fails to escape.
This mythical creature is described in the work of the ancient Greek poet Hesiod. Hydra has a snake body and many heads. If one of them is chopped off, two new ones immediately grow in its place.
Destroy Hydra is almost impossible. She guards the entrance to the kingdom of the dead and is ready to attack anyone who meets in her way.
In English mythology, the so-called water fairies are called. Turning into wooden saucers, slowly floating in the water, they try to lure women into a trap.
As soon as a woman touches such a saucer, Drak grabs her at that moment and drags her to her bottom, where she has to look after his children.
In Russia, most people know that the mythical creature Leshy is the owner of the forest, vigilantly watching all his property. If a person does nothing wrong with him, then he is friendly to him and can even help him find a way out of the forest.
But he can intentionally force bad people to walk in circles around their possessions, leading them astray. Goblin can laugh, sing, clap or sob. With the onset of cold weather, he goes underground.
One of the most popular characters in Russian fairy tales. Baba Yaga is the mistress of the forest, and all animals and birds obey her.
As a rule, she appears as a negative character, but sometimes it can come to the aid of different heroes.
Baba Yaga lives in a hut on chicken legs, and also knows how to fly on a mortar. She invites children to come to her abode to eat them later.
Living in the forest, this mythical creature attacks the lost people and then eats them. In the dark, Shishiga prefers to make noise and wander through the forest.
According to another belief, Shishigi love to mock people who start to take up any work without first praying. From this follows the popular belief that they accustom people to the correct routine of life.
The harpies looked like ugly half-women, half-birds, and even had an extremely nasty disposition. It was believed that these monsters abducted children and human souls. In addition, it is the fierce harpies that ensure that no one gets out of Tartarus.
The one who invented this monster had a very peculiar fantasy. This brainchild of Tryphon and Echidna has a lion's head, a goat's body, and its tail is serpentine. Sometimes the chimera is portrayed as triceps: dragons and goats are added to the lion's head. The monster breathes fire, and it is also almost impossible to kill. Only a hero named Bellefont managed to do this - he shot a chimera from a bow.
These female mythical creatures were daughters of a sea deity. The girls were turned into monsters by the goddess Athena, as a punishment for the youngest of the sisters named Medusa trying to escape from Poseidon in her temple.
The gorgons were covered with scales, they had sharp claws and teeth, and instead of hair on their heads a ball of hissing snakes coiled. Also, all three sisters had wings, but only Medusa was able to turn living creatures into stone. She was killed by the ancient Greek hero Perseus.
This strange creature symbolizes duality. He has a leopard body and a long snake neck. Mentions, drawings of the sickle are found in both Egyptian and Sumerian mythology. Among the Egyptians, this creature symbolized the defense of the royal dynasty, and the Sumerians considered the sickle to be a powerful spirit of nature.
Yovi is often compared to the more famous Bigfoot, but attributed to him of Australian origin. According to legend, Yovi lived exclusively in Blue Mountain, in a mountainous region that is located west of Sydney. The image of this monster appeared in Aboriginal folklore to scare away European immigrants and immigrants, although there are facts indicating that the myth has a long history. There were people who spoke of meeting with this creature, which they consider to be an “evil spirit,” although there is no official evidence of Yovi’s attack on people. They say that when meeting a man, Yovi stops and stares intently, and then disappears into the dense forest.
14. Giant anaconda
In the era of colonial wars, many myths appeared or gained new life in different parts of the world. For example, in the regions of South America began to talk about the existence of giant anacondas. These snakes reach a length of up to 5 m, and the body, in comparison with ordinary anacondas, is much more massive. Fortunately, no one has ever met such a snake, neither alive nor dead.
With a crocodile’s head and a dog’s face, with a ponytail and fins, with large fangs, Bunyip is a fairly large monster who is said to live in swamps and other parts of Australia. His name comes from the word "devil", but many other qualities are also attributed to him. Most often this monster was talked about in the 19th century, and today it is believed that the creature still exists and lives on an equal footing with the locals. Aborigines most of all believe in it.
The creature Bigfoot is known to all. This is a great creature that lives in different parts of the United States. He is very tall, his body is covered with black or brown hair. They say that when you meet him, a person becomes numb in the literal sense of the word, under the influence of hypnosis. There were people who testified to cases when Bigfoot took people with him to the forest and kept them in his den for a long time. True or not, the image of Bigfoot in many instills fear.
Jikininki is a special creature born of Japanese folklore. In the past, it was a man who, after death, was transformed into a terrible monster. Many believe that this is a ghost that feeds on humanity, so people who believe in it consciously avoid visiting cemeteries. In Japan, it is believed that if a person is very greedy during his life, after death he turns into a jikini as a punishment and experiences eternal hunger for carrion. Externally, the jikini is similar to a person, but with a disproportionate body, with large, luminous eyes.
This creature has Tibetan roots. Researchers believe that the yeti crossed to Nepal in the wake of Sherpa immigrants, emigrants from Tibet. They say that he wanders around, sometimes throws huge stones and scares terribly. Yeti walks on two legs, his body is covered with light hair, and dog fangs in his mouth. Both ordinary people and researchers claim to have met this creature in reality. Rumor has it that it penetrates into our world from the other world.
Chupacabra is a fairly small creature, but capable of causing many problems. This monster was first talked about in Puerto Rico, and later in other parts of South and North America. "Chupacabra" in translation means "blood sucking goats."This name the creature received as a result of a large number of inexplicable deaths of livestock of the local population. Animals died from blood loss, through bites on the neck. Chupacabra was also seen in Chile. Basically, all the evidence of the existence of the monster is oral, neither the body nor the photograph is there. Nobody managed to catch the monster alive, but it is very popular all over the world.
7. Chewedan werewolf
In the period from 1764 to 1767, France lived in great fear because of a werewolf, either a wolf or a dog. They say that during the period of its existence, the monster made 210 attacks on people, of which 113 killed. No one wanted to meet with him. The monster was even officially hunted by King Louis XV. Many professional hunters hunted down the beast for the purpose of killing, but their attempts were in vain. As a result, a local hunter killed him with a charmed bullet. In the womb of the beast, human remains were found.
The Sumerians, representatives of an ancient, but sufficiently developed civilization, created their own epic, in which they spoke about the gods, goddesses and their daily lives. One of the most popular epics was “The Epic of Gilgamesh” and stories about the creature of Gugalann. This creature in search of the king killed a large number of people, destroyed cities. Gugalanna is a bull-like monster that the gods used as a weapon of revenge on people.
Like vampires, this creature is constantly thirsty for blood. It also devours human hearts and has the ability to detach the upper part of its body and penetrate people's homes, especially the homes where pregnant women live, to drink their blood and steal a child with their long tongue. But this creature is mortal and can be killed by sprinkling with salt.
3. Black Annis
Black Annis, as the embodiment of evil, is known to everyone in Britain, especially in rural areas. She is the main heroine of local folklore of the 19th century. Annis has blue skin and a terrible smile. Children should have avoided meeting her, as she was fed by children and sheep, whom she had taken away from houses and courtyards by deception or force. From the skin of children and sheep, Annis made belts, which she then wore in dozens.
The worst of the worst, Dibbuk, is the main character of Jewish mythology. This evil spirit is considered the most cruel. He is able to destroy the life of anyone and destroy the soul, while a person will not be aware of what is happening to him and gradually die.
The Tale of Koschey the Immortal belongs to mythology and folklore of the Slavs and tells about a creature that cannot be killed, but which spoils life for everyone. But he has a weak spot - his soul, which is located at the end of the needle, which is hidden in the egg, which is inside the duck, which sits inside the hare. Hares in a strong chest on top of the tallest oak tree growing on a fabulous island. In short, a trip to this island is hardly pleasant to call.
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Mythical characters from ancient Egyptian mythology
Egyptian mythology was greatly influenced by natural phenomena. For them, the waters of the Nile and the sun have always been sources of life, and therefore they were given divine significance.
Amat has a hippo body, a mane and forepaws — lion’s, as well as a crocodile’s mouth. This ferocious monster lives in the afterlife. It is present at the Osiris trial, and if the accused is sentenced, Amat eats his heart.
Apop is the main adversary of the Sun God Ra. It looks like a huge snake that is able to absorb the luminary. This is his main mission: to plunge everything into darkness. Every night, Ra fights with Apophus, defeating the serpent and preventing him from arranging the end of the world.
Anchutka looks like a little devil: the body is covered with black hair, small horns are on the bald head. The demon does not have a heel, because it was bitten off by a wolf. They can settle in different places, the nature of the creature differs from this: field anchovies are the most peaceful, they don’t touch people for no reason, but bath and marsh ones can harm the little things, scaring a person at the same time to death.
Sirin looks like a semi-female half-woman. But, unlike Alkonost, her voice carries danger. The person who hears the song of Sirin will forget about everything in the world. He will freeze forever. Nothing can bring him out of this state, neither thirst nor hunger.
This magic bird can fulfill wishes and knows the answers to all questions. But, as a rule, it helps people very rarely.
Mythological creatures from the European epic
The mythology of the peoples of Europe was formed under the influence of pagan beliefs and Christianity. In those regions where the transition from pagan beliefs was carried out more smoothly, mythology flowed smoothly into the category of fairy tales and legends.
This belief appeared in the era of early Christianity. In those days, cemeteries were located next to churches. To create a guardian spirit, a beast was sacrificed during the construction of the temple, most often a dog. The animal was either buried alive or walled up in the walls of the temple. Grim was committed to keeping order in the church and cemetery. The guard chased away all the offenders, scaring them away with his eerie appearance. As a rule, the spirit looked like an animal that was sacrificed, or like a little black man.
A snow-white horse with a white horn symbolized purity and morality. According to ancient legends, only an immaculate girl can lure a unicorn from the forest. In the Bible, this magical creature is also mentioned: after the fall of Adam and Eve, God gave the unicorn a choice - to leave with people or to stay in Eden. The horse chose to leave with the people, for which he received a blessing.
An interesting fact: in Russia the unicorn was called Indrik-beast. He was considered the father of all living things and lived in a dungeon, lighting his way with a horn.
Banshees came from Irish folklore. They are weeping spirits foreshadowing the imminent death of those who saw them. The banshee's creepy, heartbreaking screams pierce to the bone, stunning everyone who hears it. This creature looks like an unpleasant old woman with matted hair, or like a young girl in a gray shroud.
The same horseman without a head, but only from the Irish epic. Dullahan, unlike the rider from Mine Reed's book, is an evil spirit foreshadowing death. He holds his head under his arm; skulls with luminous eye sockets illuminate his path. Dullahan is not afraid of any obstacles; one can neither hide nor defend himself from him. The only thing this creature fears is gold. Any touch of this metal brings insane suffering to the headless horseman.
Asian mythological characters
It was Asia that became the hotbed of the birth of ancient civilizations. Beliefs in India, China, Korea, Japan and other countries at the same time have common features, but at the same time, each region has its own individual characteristics.
This Japanese spirit is considered harmless. He is engaged in devouring other people's dreams. The Japanese have a belief: if Baku eats a bad dream, it will bring good luck.
Cute werewolf animals that are considered the patrons of trade. They bring prosperity and good luck. And tanuki will never give up sake. They usually look like small raccoon dogs.
Werewolf spiders that trap young men. Kumo in the image of a beautiful woman seduces her victim, and then leads to her refuge, where she assumes her true appearance: a terrible spider with burning eyes!