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Biography of the most famous mayor of Moscow, Yuri Luzhkov

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Died the former mayor of Moscow, Yuri Luzhkov. This was reported by several media, including Interfax, citing a source. It was confirmed to Vedomosti by a friend of the ex-mayor. Luzhkov was 83 years old.

According to a man surrounded by the ex-mayor, Luzhkov died in a Munich clinic as a result of complications that arose after undergoing a planned heart operation. According to him, the ex-mayor could not get out of the state of an artificial coma, into which he was introduced before surgery. The resuscitation measures carried out by the doctors did not give a result, the source said.

The chairman of the board of directors of AFK Sistema Vladimir Yevtushenkov told Open Media that on December 8 he talked with Luzhkov and he was “full of energy”. “That I greatly grieve over this premature demise is true. That I spoke with him only on Sunday and he was full of strength and hope and desire to do much, much - it is. What else can be said in such cases? ”Yevtushenkov said.

“Luzhkov made an irreparable mistake - he allowed Primakov to go to the presidency”

“I am sincerely sorry that the energetic, cheerful person who led Moscow in the difficult post-Soviet period didn’t do much for the city and Muscovites,” Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin wrote on his Twitter page.

“Yuri Mikhailovich was an outstanding person. A person with character, with a core. Always with your opinion. I am grateful to him for important lessons in my life, ”said the Moscow Region Governor Andrei Vorobyov in a conversation with Vedomosti.

“Yuri Mikhailovich headed Moscow in the most difficult years for her. And for all this time that he worked as the mayor of the capital, he served the interests of Muscovites wholeheartedly, never spared himself. His departure is a huge loss for everyone who knew him and who worked with him, ”Yury Roslyak, deputy head of Roskosmos, who worked in 2003–2010, told Vedomosti. First Deputy Mayor in the Moscow Government.

“This is a loss for us all. Yuri Mikhailovich is a man who has done a lot for both Moscow and the country. We talked with him, discussed his plans: he had interesting ideas on pharmaceuticals, on buckwheat processing. We really hope that the enterprise that he created in the Kaliningrad region will develop. Unfortunately, now without him, ”said the Governor of the Kaliningrad Region Anton Alikhanov.

Luzhkov led Moscow from June 1992 to September 2010 and was fired by then-President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev with the wording “in connection with the loss of confidence”. The Kremlin did not officially disclose the reasons for the mayor’s resignation. Sources in the presidential administration said that Medvedev was unhappy with Luzhkov’s decision to go on vacation, while Moscow was covered in smoke from forest fires in Central Russia.

Luzhkov will be buried at the Novodevichy cemetery, spokeswoman Sobyanina Gulnara Penkova told Interfax. The date of the funeral will be announced later.

Under Luzhkov, the Moscow Ring Road, the Third Transport Ring were built in Moscow, the demolition of five-story buildings began, the Tsaritsyno park was completed, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was rebuilt, construction of the Moscow City business district began. The founder of the Inteko construction company, the spouse of the former mayor, Elena Baturina, according to Forbes, is still the richest woman in Russia.

After resigning as mayor, Luzhkov began developing his own business. In 2013, the former mayor bought 87% of the Vedern horse farm in the Kaliningrad region and began to create an agricultural holding on its basis. Luzhkov’s enterprise is engaged in horse breeding and sheep breeding, as well as growing buckwheat, mushrooms, wheat, etc.

Luzhkov was born in Moscow. He graduated from the Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. Gubkin. He worked at the Research Institute of Plastics, in the management of the State Committee for Chemistry, at the Ministry of Chemical Industry of the USSR. In 1968, he began a party career - he was a district deputy of Moscow, a deputy of the Moscow Soviet, in 1987-1990. was a deputy of the Supreme Council of the RSFSR. Luzhkov was one of the founders of the Fatherland-All Russia party, as a result of the merger of which with the Unity party in 2001, United Russia appeared.

Yuri Luzhkov died in 2019 on December 10

The name of this man went down in history. And although his decisions were controversially evaluated by his contemporaries, he left behind a city that had changed beyond recognition: with a high standard of living, well-groomed, clean, with high-paying jobs. Under him, the capital survived the “construction boom”, the temples destroyed by the Bolsheviks were restored, and the transportation system was improved.
On December 10, 2019, he died in a hospital in the German city of Munich. On this day, he had surgery on the heart. From anesthesia did not wake up. He was in his 84th year.

Life story and photo by Yuri Luzhkov

A native Muscovite, Yuri Mikhailovich was born in a simple working-class family. Father is from Tver province, mother is from the Bashkir village of Kalegino. In the late 1920s, both came to Moscow in search of work, where they met. Michael and Anna’s spouse got a job as laborers at an oil base. The long-awaited second son of Jura appeared only after eight years. When the child was three years old, his father went to the front. His mother took him to his grandmother in Konotop, in Ukraine. After the war ended, they returned to the capital.

There were no problems with choosing an educational institution - the young man followed in the footsteps of his parents and entered the specialty of design engineer at the University of Oil and Gas, which the students affectionately nicknamed "kerosene." In his free time, he had to work - the family lived very poorly. I went to harvest on collective farms, unloaded wagons by train, swept the streets in the mornings. At the end of the university, he got a job as a junior research fellow at the Plastics Research Institute. He worked there until 1963. From 1964 for ten years he was the head of the industry department, and later - the director of Chemavtomatika.

Mayor of Moscow

In 1987, on the recommendation of Boris Yeltsin, who was then the first secretary of the CPSU, Yuri Luzhkov was appointed deputy chairman of the Moscow City Executive Committee - he was responsible for the cooperative movement. His career began to grow rapidly. Three years later he was elected to the city council. During the August Coup, he took a lively part in the defense of the Government House. The pregnant wife gave him all kinds of support: he brought the defenders food and concrete blocks to create barricades.

In June 1991, he won the first-ever election of the head of Moscow and took the honorary position of vice mayor, and since June 1992 he headed the city. The predecessor, Gabriel Kharitonovich Popov, was forced to leave his place - food supplies in the last year of his administration fell so much that they began to issue food on coupons. The decree of appointment was signed by President Boris Yeltsin. Luzhkov devoted 18 years to this business, received three times more than 70% of the vote in the elections.

Under him in Moscow were created:

  • Highly paid jobs
  • The indicator of the general standard of living has become much higher than in other regions of Russia
  • All pensioners received bonuses of 10 thousand rubles
  • The Social Mortgage Program since 2005, which allows you to purchase housing at reduced prices

In autumn 2010, due to a conflict with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, Yuri Mikhailovich was prematurely removed from his post.

Family, children and wife - Elena Baturina

The former Moscow mayor was married three times. He made his first marriage as a student - he quickly broke up. The girl's name was Alevtina, but her further fate is not known. With a second wife, Marina Bashilova, the young man also met at the university. The couple signed several months later in 1958. They lived 30 years, during which the woman managed to give Yuri two sons - Misha and Sasha. She died of cancer at 54.

Until 2010, Mikhail was Deputy General Director for Gas Market Development at Gazprom. He came under reduction two months after his father resigned. The second son, Alexander, in the same year sold his advertising business in the capital and left the country in 2019.

Now the man is married to the businessman Elena Baturina. They worked together for a long time, but drew attention to each other only in 1991. 56-year-old woman runs the construction company Inteko. She received many building projects from her husband when he held a high post. According to Forbes magazine, this is one of the richest women in Russia, she is among the top 200 most influential people in the world. After the sale of the business, she began to invest in international development funds.

Both daughters from Luzhkov’s third marriage, Olya and Lena, live in the UK. They graduated from the Department of Politics at the London Institute, and Olga also received a diploma in hospitality in New York. Now she runs a restaurant in a chain of hotels owned by her mother, Grand Tyrol.

Childhood and youth of Yuri Luzhkov

The biography of Yuri Mikhailovich Luzhkov began in Moscow, a city which in the future he had to manage for almost two decades. Yuri Luzhkov was born on September 21, 1936 in the capital of the Soviet Union in an ordinary working-class family.

Mikhail Andreevich, the father of the boy, moved to Moscow from the Tver region in 1928, was an employee of the oil depot. Luzhkov Sr. distinguished himself in World War II, for which he was awarded two medals "For Military Merit." The boy’s mother, Anna Petrovna, a Bashkir by nationality, gave most of her life to the factory, where she was listed as a handyman.

The childhood and school years of the future capital mayor were held in Konotop in the Poltava region. Here he lived with his grandmother. Here he graduated from seven classes of high school, after which the parents took their son to Moscow.

In the capital in 1953, the young man completed the secondary education process, having studied from 8th to 10th grades at local school No. 529.

Biography

Luzhkov Yuri Mikhailovich - a brilliant politician of the Russian Federation, who ruled Moscow for 18 years, a doctor of chemical sciences, a writer, and in recent years - a farmer. Yuri Mikhailovich was born in Moscow (date of birth - September 21, 1936), but he spent his early childhood, as well as seven school years in Konotop, in his grandmother's house.

By the time of his birth, the situation in the family was disastrous. Trying to survive, parents were forced to work a lot: father worked at the capital's oil depot, mother got a handyman at the factory. Therefore, it was decided to entrust the child to his paternal grandmother.

In 1953, Yuri Luzhkov, a graduate of a seven-year comprehensive school, returned to his parents in Moscow, where he completed his studies at 529th school (current school No. 1259) and entered the Institute named after Gubkin.

Studying was not easy, especially since in parallel I had to earn a living. During the institute, the future doctor of chemical sciences managed to work as a janitor and a loader at the railway station.

At the same time, his outstanding organizational abilities appeared - on the student’s account, holding public events, continuous Komsomol work. At the initial stage of a working biography along the Komsomol line, Luzhkov gets to Kazakhstan - he works as part of a student squad, developing virgin soil.

Career

Immediately after receiving a diploma, Yuri Mikhailovich Luzhkov becomes a junior researcher at the Plastics Research Institute, where he is promoted to the group leader and deputy laboratory head. Further career evolved.

Politician Yuri Luzhkov / President of Russia

In 1964, Luzhkov took up the post of head of the department for improving management of the State Committee for Chemistry, after seven years he became the head of the ACS of the Ministry of Chemistry. USSR industry, and then director of the department "Chemicals" OKBA. Soon followed by a promotion to the post of director of NPO Himavtomatika.

Since the mid-80s, Luzhkov was again transferred to serve in the Ministry, this time to a leading position in the management of the Ministry of Chemical Industry. A year later, Yuri Mikhailovich settles in the Moscow City Executive Committee, where he first becomes deputy head, and then gets the position of acting chairman. In 1991, Luzhkov became the prime minister of the Moscow government, essentially fulfilling the function of mayor.

Moscow Mayor

The decree of Boris Yeltsin on the appointment of Luzhkov as the mayor of the capital was issued on June 6, 1992. At that turbulent time, Yuri Mikhailovich supported the first Russian president, becoming his faithful ally. He remained in such positions during the period of the constitutional crisis in October 1993. And in 1996, after all the vicissitudes, he won the mayoral election in Moscow.

Yuri Luzhkov and Vladimir Putin / President of Russia

In this post, Luzhkov stayed for the next 14 years. During this time, a lot has been done for the capital. The retail area of ​​the city increased by 1.5 times with significant support from small businesses. The construction market has grown, and the number of hotel complexes has increased by 1/4. For low-income citizens, the Social Mortgage program was launched, which helped to purchase housing at reduced loan rates. The Department of Social Protection was organized. Every year, new jobs were created in industrial enterprises.

At the expense of budget funds, Yuri Mikhailovich Luzhkov erected new buildings of Moscow State University, equipped them with modern technical and scientific equipment. He also contributed to the revival of religious buildings: the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the Iversky Gate and the Kazan Cathedral. Under Yuri Luzhkov, the first concert of the star of the world stage, King of Pop Michael Jackson at the stadium in Luzhniki Stadium took place.

Education

Having received a certificate of maturity, Yuri became a student at the Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry named after I.M. Gubkin. In his free time, the young man worked part-time as a station loader and janitor.

Not standing out in his studies, Yuri established himself well in the social and Komsomol life of the university. In 1954, as part of the student construction team, he took part in the development of virgin land in Kazakhstan.

As mayor

The beginning of 1992 found the capital of the Russian Federation in distress. The interruptions in the supply of food and basic necessities were followed by the introduction of coupons, which caused indignation of the population, ready to result in riots. Gabriel Popov, who was then the mayor of the capital, had to resign. His place was taken by Yuri Luzhkov, appointed by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin.

Over the next 18 years of his biography, Yuri Luzhkov remained the unchanged leader of the main city of Russia. He was loyally perceived in political circles and enjoyed the confidence of the people. This is evidenced by his re-election for a second, third and fourth term, when during the next election, Yuri Mikhailovich received the support of at least 70% of the electorate.

In his activities, Luzhkov invariably supported the policy of Boris Yeltsin. In 1993, the Moscow Mayor assisted the President in dispersing the Supreme Council and the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation. After 3 years, Luzhkov supported Boris Nikolaevich in the next presidential election. In addition, the politician was a supporter of military operations in the Chechen Republic, and also contributed to the promotion of the party "Our Home - Russia" in the State Duma of the Russian Federation.

Luzhkov departed from the usual line in 1999 when, together with Evgeny Primakov, he headed the Fatherland party.The Moscow Mayor critically outlined the situation in the country and blamed Boris Yeltsin for this, demanding his resignation. At the same time, Yuri Mikhailovich significantly strengthened his political position. He became a member of the Federation Council, where he was in charge of the budget, foreign exchange regulation, taxation and banking.

In 2001, Luzhkov led the United Russia party. At the same time, he strongly supported the new President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin. In 2007, the post of the mayor of the capital ceased to be an electoral post, and the candidacy of the head of the city was put forward by the President and was to receive the support of deputies of the State Duma. Luzhkov once again without problems ahead of rivals and again became at the helm of Moscow.

The end of the mayor’s career as a “man in a cap” came in 2010, when his person suffered persecution by the authorities, and more specifically, Dmitry Medvedev, who was one of the main contenders for the presidency of the Russian Federation. The media was full of information about the illegal enrichment of the mayor, his nepotism and the use of powers for personal purposes.

The latter responded to the indignant letter of the Moscow mayor to Medvedev about unfair criticism by removing Luzhkov from this post as having lost the confidence of the President of the Russian Federation.

Political scientists accepted this event as backstage intrigues of V. Putin. After the Luzhkov family began to receive threats, the former mayor had to retire to the UK. The leadership of Moscow was transferred to Sergei Sobyanin.

Luzhkov - businessman

Leaving the post of mayor, in 2010, Yuri Mikhailovich was invited to Moscow International University, where he then received the post of dean at the faculty of management of large cities.

Luzhkov saw Latvia as his further place of residence, and the ex-mayor justified the possibility of obtaining citizenship of this country $ 200 thousand, which he invested as an investment in one of the Latvian banks. However, this venture failed. Yuri Luzhkov was accused of hostility to the Latvians, after which he was ranked in the list of undesirable persons in Latvia.

After removing all suspicions, the Luzhkov family returned to their homeland. Now the politician decided to switch to business. In 2012, he joined the board of directors of United Oil Company, a member of Sistema JSFC.

In 2013, Luzhkov began to join the horse breeding, after he became the owner of a controlling stake in the Weedern horse farm. Yuri Mikhailovich as a businessman expanded his range of interests in the agricultural sector.

And yet, the ex-mayor did not get too far removed from politics. In 2016, during the next election campaign in the State Duma of the Russian Federation, he represented Vladimir Komoyedov, a candidate from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.

In 2016, on his birthday, Luzhkov received the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, IV Class, from President of the Russian Federation V. Putin. Yuri Mikhailovich took this gift as “removing the opal.”

State of Yuri Luzhkov

The personal condition of the former Moscow mayor is legendary. It is difficult to say how much Yuri Luzhkov earned. However, his income while in power can be judged by the numbers provided by Forbes.

In 2010, a politician led the list of the richest Russian officials. The mayor’s family income amounted to 30.943 billion rubles. Interestingly, as a civil servant, Luzhkov earned a little less than 8 million rubles, the rest of the capital was credited to the merits of his wife - businesswoman Elena Baturina.

In addition to cash, the Luzhkov family had a fleet of 7 cars and owned nine real estate in Moscow and other regions. Now the geography of the real estate of the ex-mayor and his family, in addition to Russia, extends to England and Austria.

An elite mansion with a farm and farmland, where Yuri Luzhkov lived, is located in the Kaliningrad Region. The place, located far from the noise of megalopolises, is striking in its colorful views, and its buildings in exquisite chic.

Personal life of Yuri Luzhkov

Yuri Mikhailovich was an excellent family man who paid close attention to relatives as much as work. Luzhkov’s personal life was overshadowed by the loss of his first wife, a former classmate: Marina Mikhailovna died of liver cancer, leaving the politician with two sons - Mikhail, born in 1959, and Alexander, born in 1973.

Luzhkov did not remain a widower for long and soon married Elena Baturina, who subsequently was associated with many scandalous publications regarding her fabulous wealth, to which the businesswoman owes her husband.

This marriage brought the capital mayor two more children. Now the eldest daughter Elena is connected by her mother to the hotel business, and the youngest Olga has devoted herself to interior design. Both girls live with their mother in the UK, but often visit Russia.

Among the sports hobbies of Yuri Luzhkov it is worth noting equestrian sports and tennis.

The ex-mayor of the capital made a significant contribution to the development of domestic science. Doctor of Chemistry, Honorary Professor of Moscow State University and many other prestigious educational institutions is the author of more than two hundred scientific works and books relating to the economic and social life of Russia. On the account of Yuri Mikhailovich at least 50 patented inventions.

Recent years and passing away

Donedavna Yuri Mikhailovich continued to lead an active lifestyle. He devoted himself entirely to agriculture on his farm in the Kaliningrad region. The former mayor was an avid beekeeper. A photo in the apiary and with honeycombs full of honey is Luzhkov's visiting card.

In addition to the maintenance of the farm, the former politician devoted much time to agricultural work. Luzhkov had the rights of a tractor driver. And his favorite birthday gifts were combines, tractors, seeders and other tillage equipment.

But in general, in recent years, Luzhkov led a hidden lifestyle and for a long time experienced serious heart problems. At the very end of 2019, in Germany, at the clinic of the University of Munich Grosshadern, Yuri Mikhailovich underwent heart surgery. The surgery was successful, but then there were complications in which he could not get out of anesthesia.

Yuri Luzhkov died on December 10, 2019. The ex-mayor was decided to be buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.

Photo: Yuri Luzhkov

Childhood, family, education

Yuri Luzhkov was born in the family of a joiner on September 21, 1936. Shortly before his birth, his father, fleeing hunger, moved from the village of Young Tud, near Tver, to Moscow, where he settled in an oil depot. His mother, a native of the Bashkortostan village of Kalegino, was a handyman at a metropolitan factory.

Yuri spent his childhood with his grandmother in Konotop, graduated from the seven-year school there, and returned to his parents in 1953. Grades 8-10 finished already in Moscow, at school No. 529 (now - No. 1259). Enrolling in the Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. Gubkin, he began to earn money on his own. He worked as a loader at the station, a janitor.

Scientific and political career

In 1971, Yuri Mikhailovich already headed a similar department at the USSR Ministry of Chemical Industry. Taking off on the career ladder, Luzhkov did not forget about the Komsomol duty: in 1968 he joined the Communist Party, in 1975 he became a People’s Deputy of the Babushkinsky District Council, and in 1977 he became a deputy of the Moscow Council.

As a deputy of the Supreme Council of the RSFSR of the XI convocation from 1987 to 1990, Yuri Mikhailovich was among the “fresh personnel” whom the First Secretary of the CPSU MGK Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin included in his team. So, in 1987, 51-year-old Luzhkov was appointed First Deputy Chairman of the Moscow City Executive Committee. At the same time, he headed the city commission of cooperative and individual activities, and took the post of chairman of the Moscow Agro-Industrial Committee.

Dismissal

In response to a letter to the president dated September 27, 2010, in which the mayor expressed indignation at the criticism he received on television, Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree “On the early termination of office of the mayor of Moscow.” The basis for this decision was the "loss of confidence of the President of the Russian Federation."

Experts instantly dubbed Luzhkov a victim of behind-the-scenes intrigues of Putin. Declaring threats against his family, the ex-mayor moved to live in London. Most of Luzhkov’s associates were removed from their posts by the new mayor Sergei Sobyanin, and criticism of the “Luzhkov policy” for a long time did not go from the pages of the press, online media and television screens.

In 2017, the ex-mayor wrote an autobiography in which he honestly spoke about the reasons for his resignation. According to him, he was fired when he refused to support Dmitry Medvedev, who intended to run for a second term.

The last years of life and death

On December 23, 2016, the media reported on the emergency hospitalization of Yuri Luzhkov. He fainted in the library of Moscow State University. The mayor was taken immediately to the intensive care unit.

In the last years of his life, Yuri Mikhailovich led a non-public lifestyle. On December 10, 2019, the former mayor of the capital passed away. He was 83 years old. According to media reports, he had heart surgery in a German clinic, and his wife was nearby. Although the forecasts of the doctors were encouraging, and the operation itself was successful, the politician did not get out of anesthesia.

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