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The worst catastrophes of the 20th century

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The war in Korea began in late June 1950 and continued until the end of July 1953. It was a confrontation between South and North Korea. In fact, this conflict was an indirect war between two forces: the PRC and the USSR on the one hand, and the United States with its allies on the other.

The Korean War was the first military conflict where two superpowers clashed on a limited territory without using nuclear weapons. The war ended after the signing of the truce. There are still no official statements about the end of this war.

The worst natural disasters of the century

Natural disasters can cause no less harm to humanity than major technological disasters. Nature is stronger than man, and from time to time she reminds us of this.

About major natural disasters that occurred before the beginning of the twentieth century, we know from history. Today's generation has witnessed many natural disasters that have occurred in the twentieth century.

Cyclone "Bhola"

The Bhola cyclone, which caused one of the worst tsunamis in Pakistan and India, was formed in 1970. It was formed on November 8 and hit the coast four days later with a terrible tsunami.

Cyclone hit in West Bengal and East Pakistan. The coastal settlements were simply razed to the ground. The tsunami killed about half a million people.

During the elimination of the consequences, it turned out that after the destruction of the cities, the tsunami “washed away” the border between Pakistan and India, and therefore a war broke out between the states to divide the territory ended with the separation of East Pakistan and the formation of a new state - Bangladesh.

Cyclone "Bola"

In November 1970, the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded swept through. It covered the territory of Indian West Bengal and eastern Pakistan (today it is the territory of Bangladesh).

The exact number of cyclone victims is unclear. This figure ranges from three to five million people. The lethal force of the storm was not in power. The reason for the huge death toll is that the wave flooded the low-lying islands in the Ganges delta, wiping the villages off the face of the earth.

Bhopal discharge

Another disaster that has affected India. For some reason, it is not often remembered about it, although the consequences during the Bhopal discharge were approximately the same as during the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant!

On December 3, 1984, an accident occurred at the plant of the American company for the production of pesticides Union Carbide, due to which about forty-two tons of toxic substances fell into the air.

Due to the release, more than 3 thousand people died.In the next few years, another fifteen thousand died. The total number of victims is estimated at 600 thousand people.

It is believed that the main reason for the accident was the mistake of the company's economists. They incorrectly calculated the demand for products. Because of this, the company switched to austerity mode. Unfortunately, they decided to save on the safety of people.

Mysterious signal from the constellation Sagittarius

In 1970, a project to search for extraterrestrial civilizations was launched in America. For this, a radio telescope was used, which scanned various parts of the sky. Researchers using it tried to get signals from other civilizations. In 1977, a signal was recorded from the constellation Sagittarius.

It lasted almost a minute.Its source is still unknown.

Viscous rain

In August 1994, residents of the small town of Oakville (Washington) saw jelly falling from the sky, instead of the usual rain. After that, many people developed flu-like symptoms that lasted up to 2 months.

A sample of a substance falling from the sky was sent for research, the results of which shocked all scientists. It turns out that droplets of viscous rain contained human white blood cells.

For further research, a sample of the substance was brought to the State Department of Health. It was found that jelly rain also contains two types of bacteria that are present in the human body. No one was able to identify what could provoke such a natural phenomenon that engulfed the entire city in a mysterious disease.

Kyshtym dwarf

In 1996, an unusual creature was discovered at the cemetery in the village of Kaolinovy ​​near Kyshtym. It consumed human food and gave off a strange smell. The creature’s body length was only 30 cm. The main characteristic of its head was a high frontal lobe.

The pensioner who discovered this creature called him a child’s name - “Aleshenka”. Kyshtym dwarf lived with her for about a month, and then died.

The creature's mummy was supposed to be transferred for research, but under mysterious circumstances it disappeared.

The death of the tourist group Dyatlov

The sensational incident occurred in 1959 on the territory of the Soviet Union, namely on the pass, which was later named in honor of Dyatlov, the leader of the deceased tourist group.

During an overnight stay for unknown reasons, the squad members left the tent. They fled, who was in what: without warm clothes and shoes. People walked 1.5 km, where they died.

Group members had severe internal injuries, but the skin was not damaged. There are many theories of what happened, but none of them is consistent with evidence.

Dancing death

At the beginning of the 16th century in Strasbourg, a woman suddenly began to dance right in the middle of the central square, then she fell down from fatigue and died. After 10 days in the city there were already about 30 such dancers, and a month later - 400.

Many died of heart attacks and overwork.

The doctors did not know what the reason was, and the church tried to cast out demons. Gradually, the fever stopped, but what caused it, so no one knew.

The fall of the Tunguska meteorite

In 1908, a fiery cosmic body flew over Siberia, making thundering sounds. Then it exploded, as a result of which trees were felled and windows in houses were knocked out over a radius of more than two kilometers.

The explosion was so powerful that it was recorded by observatories around the world. After it, a magnetic storm began, lasting 5 hours.

An interesting fact is that the remains of the meteorite were never discovered.

Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 Disappears

One of the most shocking and mysterious events of the 21st century is the disappearance of a Malaysian Boeing during a flight from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing in 2014. The detection systems in the aircraft suddenly turned off, but within 6 hours after that he still gave signals.

This indicates that the Boeing did not explode in the air and did not fall into the ocean at the time of disappearance.

In addition, the wreckage of the aircraft was never found. In March 2017, Malaysia announced that there is some evidence that shed light on this story, but so far it cannot be made public.

The disappearance of the colony of Roanoke

During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, an English settlement was created in America - the Roanoke colony. It had 87 men, 19 women and 8 children.

A few months later, the colony disappeared without a trace, and at the place of settlement there was only the word “croatan” scribbled on a tree - the name of one of the Indian tribes.

According to the most popular theory, the colonists met with the natives and decided to join them, but there is no substantial evidence for this.

Petrozavodsk divo

In September 1977, a UFO in the form of a shining star, from which pulsating red rays emanated, was seen over Petrozavodsk. Later it flew north, and on the upper floors of the houses there were holes in the windows with very sharp fused edges.

Also, simultaneously with UFOs in Petrozavodsk, other mysterious phenomena were recorded.

Crop Circles

The first mention of huge crop circles dates back to the 17th century, but they aroused the greatest interest in 1972. Then in the south of Britain, two eyewitnesses saw at night how the grass fell, forming a perfectly even circle.

This phenomenon is explained in different ways: someone believes that this is the work of UFOs, while others claim that this is a kind of tornadoes.

Water disasters

The death of thousands of people in the vast expanses of water is caused by various reasons: the human factor, structural errors, military operations, natural elements. Consider the most widespread in terms of the number of victims of the tragedy that occurred in the last century on the water:

1. "Goya." On a warship confiscated by the Germans after they occupied the Norwegian territories during the Great Patriotic War, 7,000 people died. On April 16, 1945, a torpedo was sent to a powerful ship from a Russian submarine, as a result of which the Goya sank in the Baltic Sea.

The ship "Goya"

2. "William Gustloff." The German ship is named after the Nazi party leader. At the time of construction, it was considered the largest ship in the world. Before the war, it was used as a means of relaxation. The ship sank on January 30, 1945. The reason is the attack of the Soviet military from a submarine. The exact composition of the passengers is unknown, but according to the official version, 5,348 people died. On board were women and children.

Ship "William Gustloff"

3. "Mont Blanc." December 6, 1917 in the Canadian harbor there was an explosion of a French military ship, which collided with the ship "Imo" (Norway). As a result of the fire, few were able to survive. Mortality is 2,000 people (1,950 people have been identified), and the cause is a commonplace human factor. Apart from the pre-nuclear era, this explosion was the most powerful in the history of mankind. You can watch a film about a terrible tragedy, shot in Canada in 2003 - "Destructive City".

The ship "Mont Blanc"

4. The Bismarck. The German battleship was sunk by British aviation on June 12, 1944 during the war. The number of victims amounted to 1 995 people.

Bismarck battleship at the bottom

5. The Titanic. This tragedy was included in our rating not only for the impressive number of victims (1,495 people), but also for the fame of the ship around the world, thanks to the film made in 1997 and received the Oscar.

The death of the Titanic

At the time of commissioning, the ship was considered the largest on earth. The giant ship sank in the first voyage on April 15, 1912, colliding with an iceberg.

Tsunami on the coast of Alaska

The strongest tsunami in the mid-twentieth century occurred off the coast of Alaska at Lituja Bay. Hundreds of millions of cubic meters of land and ice fell from the mountain into the bay, which caused a response surge on the opposite bank of the bay.

The resulting half-kilometer wave, soaring into the air, again plunged into the sea. This tsunami is the highest in the world. Only two people became its victims only because there were no human settlements in the Lituja region.

Horror and death in the air

In the mid-twentieth century, air transportation gained mass character. The active development of passenger aviation has led to an excess of death in the sky compared with the "water" mortality. Here is a list of “vivid” tragedies that claimed the lives of many innocent people:

1. Clash on Tenerife. The disaster occurred on March 27, 1977. Place of event - Canary Islands (Tenerife). The fatal “meeting” of the two airliners caused the death of 583 people. 61 people managed to escape in a tragedy. For the period of the twentieth century, this crash is the largest in terms of the number of civil aviation.

Clash in Tenerife

2. The catastrophe near Tokyo. On August 12, 1985, the Japanese airliner lost control 12 minutes after its take-off, losing a vertical stabilizer. For 32 minutes, the crew struggled to save the aircraft in the air, but the collision with Mount Otsutaka affected the devastating outcome of events. 520 people died, and only 4 survived. The crash is called the largest in the history of “one plane”.

Catastrophe near Tokyo

3. The Charches of Dadri (a city in India). The crash occurred as a result of the collision of the flagship and Kazakhstan airliners at an altitude of 4,109 meters. All passengers were killed, including the crew of both aircraft (a total of 349 people).

Plane crash over Charhi Dadri

4. Air crash near Paris. March 3, 1974 wide-body airliner, built by a Turkish company, claimed the lives of 346 people. A few minutes after takeoff, the cargo compartment door suddenly opened.

Air crash near Paris

Explosive compression destroyed all control systems. The plane picketed and crashed into the forest. An investigation revealed the imperfection of the locking mechanism in the compartment. After that, in many airlines, changes were made in the design of aircraft in order to avoid catastrophic repetitions.

Terrorist attack near Cork

5. The attack near Cork. Towards London, the flagship carrier of India was the victim of a brutal attack. Just a few minutes before arrival, an explosion occurred on board the aircraft and all those inside it died (329 people). This is the largest terrorist attack in Canadian history.

Tragedies on earth

Some tragedies that happened on the earth in the last century still cause concern and fear, continuing to destroy the health and lives of ordinary people, namely:

1. Bhopal disaster. Man-made tragedy is the largest in history. An accident occurred in a chemical plant in India (1984). Killed 18,000 people. 3,000 of those killed were victims of instant death, while the rest died in the months and years following the tragedy. The cause of the terrible event could not be established.

Bhopal disaster

2. Chernobyl. April 26, 1986 there was a major fatal accident, an explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (Ukraine). The release into the air of a huge amount of radioactive substances has caused the deaths of hundreds of people, and not immediately, but gradually.

The Chernobyl accident

3. Piper Alpha. At the oil station in 1988, 167 people died (staff members), 59 people were lucky, they managed to survive. In the oil industry, this disaster is the largest.

Crash on Piper Alpha

In addition to man-made tragedies in the twentieth century, there were many other shocking events - a warrior whose total number of millions of victims can no longer be counted: World War I (1914-1818), Civil War in Russia (1917-1923), World War II (1939 -1945), the Korean War (1950-1053).

Natural disasters

1. Cyclone "Bhol." The disaster occurred in 1970. The tropical element swept several territories of Pakistan and Bengal, obliterating cities and small villages. Researchers failed to find out the exact number of deceased citizens (approximately 5,000,000 people).

Cyclone "Bhola"

2. Valdivian earthquake (1960 - Chile). The resulting tsunami did not save many innocent residents. The number of victims reached several thousand people. In addition to death, a natural phenomenon caused significant damage to the affected territories (cost estimate - $ 500 million).

Valdivian earthquake

3. Megatsunami in Alaska (1958). An earthquake, landslides, the collapse of stones and ice in the water, the highest tsunami in the world. The disaster totals 5,000,000 people.

Tsunami in alaska

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Watch the video: Natural Disasters of the 20th Century. British Pathé (March 2020).