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The smallest inhabited islands in the world

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In southwestern Africa, Namibia is home to just two million people. The population density is two and a half people per square kilometer. In fifth position in the ranking is French Guiana. This is the overseas region of France, located on the South American continent. In size, Guiana is comparable to Portugal. The total population is only one hundred eighty seven thousand people. The population density is two point one tenth of a person per square kilometer.

In fourth place among the sparsely populated countries is Mongolia. Its territory can be compared in area with Iran. In Mongolia, a little more than two million six hundred thousand people live, with a population density of one whole seven tenths of a person per square kilometer.

Western Sahara Morocco ranks third in the list of sparsely populated countries. The territory is located in North Africa and is comparable in size to New Zealand. The population is only four hundred and forty thousand people, and the density is one point three tenths of a person per square kilometer.

The Falkland Islands are located off the coast of Argentina. They are the overseas territory of the United Kingdom. By area, the islands are comparable to Northern Ireland. Only three thousand sixty people live there. The population density is extremely low - 0.25 people per square kilometer.

The most sparsely populated continent

The smallest mainland is Australia. About twenty million people live there, which is comparable to the number of inhabitants of the largest megacities in the world.

The modern population of the mainland is an indigenous minority and immigrants. The newcomers are mostly Europeans. The population located on the territory of the mainland is extremely uneven. The least populated is the north and inland Australia.

7 most sparsely populated places on the planet

If the vacation of your dreams is a vacation in a secluded place, where a person’s foot rarely steps, such that tens of kilometers are around, then you have come to the address. Everything You Know.ru presents 7 sparsely populated travel destinations, reaching their destination is already an adventure!

Pitcairn Islands (UK Overseas Territory)

The only overseas territory of Great Britain in the Pacific Ocean, the Pitcairn archipelago consists of four islands of volcanic origin. People live only on the main thing, and there are only 49 of them (residents). Recently, the local government even developed a special program: according to its conditions, anyone who wants to move to Pitcairn is allocated free land for housing, as well as an opportunity to open a business. True, in recent years there has been only one contender for such a "paradise town" - the others, apparently, are frightened by the prospect of receiving food every three months and living virtually completely alone. But as a destination for tourism, Pitcairn is a great option; it is not for nothing that more than 80% of the annual income to the local treasury is brought by vacationers. However, you can get here only by water.

Easter Island (Chile)

A much-advertised, but not so packed with tourists place, Easter Island, or Rapanui, is located, as the locals joke, “in the middle of nothing” - to the nearest at least some large permanent settlement from here more than 2500 kilometers by water or air, and the number and frequency of flights will greatly depend on the time of year and the weather. According to archaeologists, an island with stone idols that became synonymous with remoteness from civilization was once home to 15 thousand people, but at some point the population was reduced to several hundred inhabitants. Today, approximately 5 thousand people live on Easter Island, most of them are employed in the tourism industry. Nevertheless, the island still has many secluded places, such as the crater of the extinct thyroid volcano Rano Kau (pictured).

Kerguelen Archipelago (France)

No wonder the Kerguelen Archipelago is also called the Islands of Disconsolation. Desolation islands) Located about 2,000 kilometers off the coast of Antarctica, 3,400 kilometers from Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean, and 4,800 kilometers from Australia, the island group, which includes one large island and a large number of small islands and detached cliffs, rarely meets guests. There are no permanent residents on Kerguelen. In winter, about 70 people live and work here, in the summer - about 100, and most of them are engaged in scientific research and meteorological observations. To admire the penguins, seals, seabirds, rabbits and people brought here and very well settled domestic cats, as well as wild harsh nature, you will have to use water transport - there is no other way to Kerguelen.

Antarctic Amundsen-Scott Station (USA)

Going to the US-owned Antarctic Amundsen-Scott station at the South Pole is worth at least for the IceCube neutrino observatory built here in 2010–2011. A telescope frozen in the thickness of Antarctic ice makes it possible to “catch” and study neutrinos coming from the North Pole, that is, passing through the Earth. The station itself has been operating since 1956, with permanent residents, mostly scientists, here from 43 in the cold months to about 200 in the warm (the average annual temperature at the pole is about −50 ° C, usually the thermometer rises to −28 ° C in December and drops to −60 ° C in July). The station is located on a glacier, at an altitude of 2835 meters above sea level. Today it can be reached by air: the station has a runway for airplanes, and from October to February from the McMurdo station, cargo aircraft equipped with skis fly here several times a day.

Oymyakon Village (Yakutia, Russia)

“We will go, we will rush off ...” - yes, if you go to the Oymyakon ulus of Yakutia, on the left bank of the Indigirka River, in winter, you can really break into one of the harshest places on Earth except with a reindeer team. But if you go here in the summer, then it is quite possible to travel along this "cold pole" by car, for example, by jeep. About 500 people live permanently in the village of Oymyakon, another 100–150 people live in the village of Khara-Tumul nearest to it, and around 1000 in the Tomtor a little further from them.

Socotra Island (Yemen)

Offshore Yemen, the island of Socotra looks like a branch of another planet on Earth: the large number of plants and animals that grow and live here are endemic, that is, they are not found in any other place on the planet. Some of the most famous local “residents” are cinnabar-red dracaena, or dragon blood trees (pictured), and the so-called bottle trees. It is difficult to get to exotic Socotra: first you need to get a visa from the not very willing issuing government of the Republic of Yemen, then find a flight to the miracle island. Only two carriers fly to the airport of the main and only city of Socotra Hadibo from the capital of Sanaa, Yemen, and even those schedule and prices are constantly changing.

Nam Tso Lake (Tibet Autonomous Region, China)

Climbing the World Roof, as locals call the largest and highest in the world, the Tibetan Plateau, is difficult, getting to the closed salt-free Nam Tso Lake, which is about 110 kilometers northwest of mystical Lhasa, is even more difficult. The lake is located at an altitude of 4718 meters above sea level, and its area is 1920 square meters. kilometers. Three weeks are from here to the nearest settlement, and in relative comfort you will spend only one day, during which it is possible to travel by car, you will have to walk on foot for another 20 days.

A photo: Wolfgang Kaehler / Contributor / Getty Images, Yann Arthus-Bertrand (announced) / Getty Images, Auscape / Getty Images, Getty Images / Handout / Getty Images, Pro-syanov / Getty Images, John Lund / Getty Images, Xinhua News Agency / legion media

1 “Enough Place” Island (Thousand Islands Archipelago)

On the St. Lawrence River along the border of the United States and Canada, the Thousand Islands archipelago stretches. The archipelago includes more than 1800 islands, some of which are very tiny. Many of these islands have residential buildings, and one of them is the smallest inhabited island in the world.


Photo from the sitenat-geo.ru

The area of ​​the island is only 306 m². In 1950, this small piece of sushi was acquired by the American Sizland family. They called the island Just Room Enough Island - "Enough space." And they actually had enough space to plant a tree and build a small house.


Photo from the sitenat-geo.ru

2 Dunbar Island

Another very small island inhabited by people is in Honduras. Not far from the coast of the island of Guanaja, in the middle of the bay, there is a rocky island with a snow-white villa on it. The area of ​​the island does not exceed half a hectare.


Photo from the sitetop10a.ru

The three-story villa was built for almost three years due to the complex rocky terrain. The building is surrounded by a small man-made oak forest. Now the villa is a hotel, very popular among diving enthusiasts.

3 Loreto Island

Loreto is a small island on Lake Iseo in Northern Italy. In the Middle Ages there was a monastery on the island, but by the 16th century it was gradually abandoned. At the end of the 19th century, the historian Gabriel Rosa mentioned the presence on the island of Loreto the ruins of a fortress with two towers and a chapel.


Photo from the sitemirkrasiv.ru

At the beginning of the XX century, the island was in the possession of the captain of the Royal Navy, Vincenzo Ricieri. He built a neo-Gothic castle on the island, a marina and a lighthouse. These buildings date back to 1910. Coniferous trees were planted around the castle.


Photo from the sitemirkrasiv.ru

The island is currently privately owned, neither the castle nor the island itself can be visited.


Photo from the sitemirkrasiv.ru

4 Wilhelmstein Island

Wilhelmstein is an artificial island with an area of ​​1.25 hectares, located on Lake Steinhude in the Hanover region in northwestern Germany. Count Wilhelm Schaumburg-Lippe (1724−1777) built an island with a fortress to protect his rather small county. Bulk work began in 1761 in the southwestern part of the lake, 1.4 km from the coast. The local population was involved, which for several years delivered sand, gravel and stones to the site of the island's construction. In summer, the material was transported by boat, in winter - by sleigh.


Photo from the sitemasterok.livejournal.com

In 1765, a fortress began to be built on the island; in 1767, construction was completed. The island fortress was built in a typical star-bastion system of the time. The soldier’s service in the fortress was unsafe for health, constant humidity caused colds and rheumatism. In peacetime, soldiers spent a maximum of ten days on the island; on land they were stationed in Hagenburg and Steinhud.


Photo from the sitemasterok.livejournal.com

Initially, the construction consisted of 16 islands, they were united in 1810. Then the island received the current almost square shape with a side of about 100 m. The original wooden buildings that have surrounded the fortress since 1767 are gone, now there are stone replicas of the mid-19th century on the island.

In 1767, Count William founded a military school in the fortress. For the first 10 years of the school's existence, 44 cadet officers trained in it. In 1787, after the death of William (in 1777), the military school was transferred to Buckeburg. After that, the island was empty for some time, but then became the state prison of the county of Schaumburg-Lippe. By 1815, there were an average of 10 permanent prisoners on the island. In 1867, the prison was closed. After that, the island became a popular tourist attraction.


Photo from the sitemasterok.livejournal.com

Now the island belongs to the Schaumburg-Lippe family. There is a museum in the fortress, in other buildings on the island there is a hotel, cafe, souvenir shop.

5 Visovac Island

Visovac is a small island in Croatia with an area of ​​17,376 m². It is located on the Krka River in the place where it flows into the lake. The coastline of the island is 478 meters.


Photo from the sitekudatotam.ru

The island of Visovac was first mentioned in historical sources in 1345: then King Louis of Anjou transferred the city of Horn and the island of Visovac to Prince Budislav Ugrinichf. Shortly afterwards, Augustinian monks moved to the island. They built a church and monastery in honor of St. Paul.


Photo from the sitekudatotam.ru

Then, in 1440, Bosnian Franciscans came to the island to flee the Ottoman invasion. Now there is a functioning Franciscan monastery on the island, built in the 17th century.

6 Migingo

Migingo is a small rocky island located on Lake Victoria. It is located near the border of Kenya and Uganda and is the subject of a territorial dispute between the two states.


Photo from the sitemasterok.livejournal.com

Migingo is called the most populated island on the largest lake. The small island is full of huts built from corrugated metal sheets. According to the census conducted in 2009, 131 people live on the island. How many people actually live on the island right now is unknown. One can only assume that much more.


Photo from the sitemasterok.livejournal.com

Most of the inhabitants of the island are fishermen and fish merchants. The first inhabitants of the island were two Kenyan fishermen who settled on the island in 1991. Subsequently, other fishermen began to join them, learning that the area was rich in Nile perch. Now on the island live fishermen from Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania with their families.

Greenland

The population density here is only 0.14 people per 1 square kilometer. The area of ​​this giant island is as much as 2.1 million km².

Throughout this vast territory, only 56 thousand people live. Moreover, almost the entire mass of people is concentrated in the capital - the city of Nuka and its environs.

Mongolia

There are 2.04 people per 1 km², according to statistics. Mongolia is a completely continental landlocked country. The climate here is incredibly severe: very dry and cold.

It is almost impossible to cultivate any kind of culture here. Most likely, it was these facts that caused very few people to live in the country.

Namibia

The main area of ​​the country is occupied by the Kalahari and Namib deserts, which are impossible to live in on a permanent basis. There are about 2.6 million people who live mainly in the north, in the areas of Oshan, Omusati and Ohangwen. Most of the country is empty.

The population density is 2.97 people per square kilometer.

Australia

This is a whole continent, albeit small, and a population density of only 3.25 per 1 km². But this is not surprising. The main central part of the mainland is not adapted for permanent residence of people.

The population is concentrated in megacities on the coast, in cities such as Sydney, Perth, Brisbane, Melbourne, Adelaide.

No. 10. Easter Island, Chile

1. Easter Island, or Rapanui, belongs to Chile and is considered the most remote island on the planet from the continent (3500 km to the coast of Chile).


3. At the time of the discovery of the island by the Dutch admiral, the population of the island was 2-3 thousand people. After this event, they forgot about the island for 50 years. And in 1770 the island was annexed by Spain.

4. The ancient culture of Easter Island is shrouded in mystery and charm. The most famous symbol of Easter Island is large idol statues made of stone. Moai statues reach a height of 20 meters. They are made in the form of a head with a torso.

5. Moai idols were made in the period from the 12th to the 15th centuries, after this period their manufacture abruptly ceased. Why the production of Moai ceased and where the people inhabiting the island disappeared is still a mystery.

Iceland

358,780 people live in the country, with a third concentrated in Reykjavik - the state’s capital.

Many will wonder why the population is not dispersed evenly. Of course, Iceland is not covered by ice. However, its territory is replete with active volcanoes, only a burnt extreme wants to live next to it. The population density here is 3.69 people per 1 km².

No. 9. City of La Rinconada, Peru

6. The city of La Rinconada is located in the Andes mountains in the permafrost zone at an altitude of 5100 meters above sea level. Getting to the city is very difficult. The air temperature here is always below zero. There are no plants suitable for human consumption. And because of the thinness of the air, people quickly lose strength.

7. La Rinconada was formed at the end of the 20th century in the form of a small settlement of gold miners. A magnificent landscape of mountain peaks opens up from the plain, but when you drive closer, the smell of rotting waste from industrial enterprises blows into your nose.

8. The population of the city is 30 thousand people, almost all of them are engaged in gold mining in mine caves. La Rinconada has a dubious reputation for poor and desperate people. Gold is mined in terrible conditions, people are not paid salaries, they work for a percentage of the gold found, but not all and not always find it.

9. Life expectancy in the city is about 50 years. There are reasons for this: there are many accidents, people live and work in poor conditions, ore releases fumes of mercury.

Suriname

The country is located in the northeast of Latin America. Density - 3.69. This is due to the fact that there is not much land there - 156 thousand km². High humidity and incredible heat makes life in the country difficult for many.

Number 8. McMurdo, Antarctica

10. Antarctica is located at the very bottom of the world, and is one of the most remote places on the planet. This is the only mainland without indigenous people. Here, at the southern tip of Ross Island, is the largest American research station, the largest settlement of people, the port and the named capital of Antarctica - McMurdo. Established: February 16, 1956. The distance between McMurdo and New Zealand is 3864 km.

11. Here, more than 100 buildings live and work 1258 people. Previously, the path to McMurdo took several months, but now the runways allow you to get to the place much faster.

12. The station has many modern amenities - gyms, and even a golf course.

No. 5. Kerguelen Archipelago, Indian Ocean

19. The Kerguelen archipelago belongs to France. The islands are located in the Indian Ocean. The distance from the archipelago to Antarctica is 2000 km, to Australia - 4800 km.


21. The archipelago was discovered by the French expedition in 1772. They named a group of islands in honor of the leader of the expedition, whose name was Yves Josev de Kerguelen.

Number 4. Pitcairn Islands, Pacific

22. Pitcairn Islands - the only possessions of Great Britain in the Pacific Ocean. The islands are located in the South Pacific, bordering Polynesia.

One of the 5 inhabited islands. Pitcairn is the most sparsely populated territory of the planet. The population of Pitcairn is 49 people, many of whom are descendants of the famous Bounty ship.

23. In 1787, the three-masted Bounty merchant ship sailed in Tahiti to purchase breadfruit seeds for plantations in Jamaica. In 1789, a riot took place on a ship in Tahiti. Fletcher Christian seized power and expelled the captain of the ship, William Bly. Fearing a punitive expedition, he went with other apostates and several local residents to uninhabited islands. They landed on the island of Pitcairn, burned the ship and founded a colony.

24. Today, the descendants of those sailors live off agriculture, fishing, and the sale of very rare stamps to collectors. But even with modern transportation, it is still one of the most isolated communities in the world. There is no runway on the island, and to get there from the mainland, you need to sail on the ship for about ten days.

No. 3. Alert, Canada

25. The unique village of Alert is located in Canada - it is the northernmost settlement in the world. There are several meteorological and research stations in the village. The population is about 10 people.

26. In addition to the indigenous people, 5 meteorologists and about 70 military men live here. Year of foundation - 1950. To the nearest village from the village of Alert - 3578 km.

27. Climatic conditions here are quite severe, in winter up to minus 34 degrees Celsius. Temperatures above zero are only in July and August. The alert is attractive for extreme lovers and naturalists. In the summer, Alert is very beautiful.

No. 2. Tristan da Cunha Island, Atlantic Ocean

28. The most remote inhabited island in the world - Tristan da Cugna - is located in the Atlantic Ocean at a distance of 3200 km from the coast of South America and 2700 km from the coast of South Africa. Tristan Island is the largest and only inhabited island of the Tristan da Cunha archipelago.

29. It is believed that the Portuguese Tristan da Cugna discovered the archipelago in 1506, but he did not land on the shores of the islands. For the first time, French sailors set foot on the land of the islands in 1767.

30. Since 1815, the islands annexed Great Britain. The Tristan da Cunha archipelago was a strategic point when traveling from Europe to the Indian Ocean, until the Suez Canal was opened.

31. According to the 2016 census, the population of the island is 267 people. All residents are descendants of the first settlers who arrived on the island from 1816 to 1908.

No. 1. Socotra Island, Yemen

32. Socotra Island - one of the most beautiful and amazing places on the planet! Most representatives of the local flora and fauna (all terrestrial mollusks that live here, 90% of reptiles and a third of plants) are endemic and are not found anywhere else on Earth.

33. The island is part of the state of Yemen and is located at a distance of 250 km from Africa and 350 km from the Arabian Peninsula. Huge biodiversity and snow-white beaches - this is a brief description of this wonderful place.

34. For a long time Socotra was inaccessible to naturalists, and now researchers come here from all over the planet. Ecotourism is one of the most popular development areas for Socotra. The island is famous for its unique exotic landscapes.

35. About 800 species of plants grow in Socorte. According to scientists, the flora of Socorta is a unique heritage of ancient times, such species that have long died out on the continents survived here. The most famous of them are: Dragon Trees, Cucumber Tree, Giant Dorstenia and Desert Rose (Adenium Socotranum).

Libya

This country is huge - 1.7 million km². However, the land is mostly deserted. The permanent population does not reach even a million people, and almost all of them live on only 3% of the total area of ​​the state - a thin strip on the coast.

Guyana

This country is located on the Atlantic coast in South America. Most of the state is tropical impenetrable forests.

Only 8% of land is subject to cultivation. Almost the entire population living in Guyana is concentrated in the capital Georgetown and its environs.

Botswana

Continental landlocked country. On the one hand, the Kalahari desert reigns here, on the other - swamps near the Okavango River.

In total, almost 2 million people live here, but most tend to live in the large cities of Gaborone and Francistown.

Strong winds in the desert and floods in the river basin do not allow to fully live in these areas. The population density here is 3.98.

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is the largest continental country on the planet, devoid of access to the sea. Its area is 2.7 million km².

The bulk of the population is concentrated on the northern and southern edge of the state, while the center is extremely poorly populated. The population density is 6.77.

Central African Republic

The population density here is 7.49. The area of ​​the country is almost 623 thousand km². The number for 2017 exceeded 4 million people. However, ongoing armed conflicts have significantly reduced the size of the population living here permanently. The number of refugees, according to the UN, is growing steadily.

These statistics demonstrate a striking contrast between the number of the world's population and its population in the world. Huge areas are empty due to the unsuitability of living on them, and people are forced to huddle in very cramped conditions in areas that are comfortable for life.

More than 7 billion people live on the planet. However, the population is extremely unevenly distributed. There are cities and other settlements where people live almost on each other's heads. And there are places where you can overcome thousands of kilometers and not meet a single person. It is curious what this is connected with and what these sparsely populated countries are ...

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