Perhaps all people like to swim in the sea, especially if the weather has it, and the water is warm. Especially dreams of such sea bathing in cold winters. But some of the seas on the planet really always remain warm, and the water attracts them to swim constantly!
It turns out that many factors form the water temperature, not just solar activity and ambient temperature.
Much also depends on the flowing rivers and currents, on the winds and the presence of barriers, such as islands, spits. Nature has ordered that the warmest seas are located slightly north of the equator, isolated from ocean currents that carry cold water from the circumpolar territories. What are they, the warmest seas of the planet, which are most attractive to tourists?
Fifth Place - Arabian Sea
This sea is connected with the Red and the Persian Gulf, it is located in the north of the Indian Ocean. You can swim here, having arrived in Oman or Somalia. In summer, water has a temperature of up to 29 degrees; in winter, it drops to a value of 20 degrees. There is a monsoon climate with changeable winds, and in general, a good environment for relaxation is created.
The history of the Red Sea
The sea, which has the warmest water on our planet, is Red. A fault that occurred millions of years ago contributed to its occurrence. The Arabian plate was separated from the African, the crack was filled with water from the ocean. They are making a movement today. This contributes to the fact that the banks leave each other by 10 mm each year. In some places, the sea reaches a width of 360 kilometers. The depth in some places is 3 thousand meters.
An artificially created canal connects the warmest sea in the world with the Mediterranean; in the south, the strait of Bab el-Mandeb connects it with the Arabian. Eight countries are located on its shores. African - Egypt, Sudan, and Djibouti. Asian - Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Israel, Jordan. It’s dangerous for ships to sail near Eritrea, as you can meet Somali pirates.
There are several versions that explain the name of the sea. Rocks located on the shores have a reddish tint. Illuminated by the desert sun, they become even brighter. Algae grow here, which sometimes turn the sea red.
In winter, the water temperature is not less than 19 degrees. In the summer, 32 happens. At 18, corals die, and this is a real disaster. In the area where the plates end, due to volcanic impact, the sea warms up to 60 degrees. In the north, it is much colder than in the southern part.
Wildlife and wonders of the Red Sea
Rivers do not flow into the sea. Maybe that's why the water is amazingly clean. The Red Sea is surrounded by two arid deserts, the air in these places is very dry. The water is incredibly warm even at great depths, which contributes to the development of plants and fauna. Surprisingly beautiful fish are found here. You will not meet them anywhere else. The sea is replete with unique corals, so divers from all over the world have chosen it.
The miracles of the Red Sea include an amazing natural phenomenon. During high tide, water rises several meters. The incredible surface is suddenly replaced by islands that are created by sand. Looking at this, a legend that says that a biblical prophet named Moses walked on the sea because it had parted with a saint does not seem so incredible. The sea, besides everything, is also the most salty. In the place where it connects to the Indian Ocean, the waters do not mix.
The warmest sea in the world - Mediterranean
People come here to Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, Makadi Bay, which are located in Egypt. Israel has the resort of Eilat. It attracts not only incredibly warm water, but also an amazing underwater world. Danger for tourists are sharks, which can often be observed from the shore.
The Mediterranean Sea in terms of warmth of water and salinity is second only to Red. Millions of years ago, it was part of the Tethys Ocean. At its shores at different times were the most powerful civilizations.
Surrounded by three parts of the world - Europe, Asia and Africa. The Strait of Gibraltar separates it from the Atlantic Ocean, the Bosphorus from the Black Sea. Connected with the Red Suez Canal. The powerful African Nile flows into it. Numerous islands are scattered in the sea. The largest of them are Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Cyprus. Many tourists come to these parts. Sea waters wash 21 countries.
The Mediterranean Sea is one of the largest on the planet. Its area is about 3 thousand square kilometers. The deepest place is located in the Ionian Basin near the Greek Pellopones (over 5 kilometers). There are 8 more seas in the Mediterranean. Among them are the Adriatic, Marmara, Tyrrhenian, Aegean. But the warmest water is characteristic of the Mediterranean Sea. In the south in Turkey, it warms up to 30, in the coldest time there are no less than 8 degrees.
Dolphins and white-bellied seals live in the sea. More than 500 species of fish inhabit the depths, 70 of them are observed only here. In countries that are located on the coast, there are many tourist centers and resorts. In Turkey - Antalya, Alanya, Belek, Side. In Israel - Haifa, Tel Aviv. In Spain - Barcelona, Valencia.
The unique salt lake, whose waters are washed by the shores of Palestine, Israel and Jordan, is called the Dead Sea. This is the lowest place on our planet and the warmest sea in the world. In some places, the depth reaches 377 meters. The sea has no runoff into the ocean, the water is more saline than it is almost 9 times. Because of this, it is impossible to drown, water keeps the body on the surface, in the bright sun it is no wonder burn. Fish, animals are not able to survive in such an environment, only the simplest microorganisms live.
The lake is almost 70 kilometers long, approximately four times less wide. The Jordan River brings its waters here. On the territory of the Dead Sea are health resorts. Water is healing, it contains many minerals, there are no substances or dust in the air, which can cause allergies.
Due to the fact that the lake is below sea level, less ultraviolet rays from the sun. There is high pressure. These factors have a beneficial effect on health. Another feature of the sea is that it creates natural asphalt in the form of small black pieces. During excavations, objects still covered by it are still found.
Along the coast of the Jordan is a road that is located hundreds of meters lower than the ocean level. Water in the sea warms up to 32 degrees in the summer, to 19 in the winter.
Where is the Red Sea
The warmest sea is located between the Arabian Peninsula and Africa. The waters of this sea are washed by the shores of such countries as:
- Ethiopia and Saudi Arabia,
- Egypt. This country we put at the end of the list, so its resorts - Sharm al-Sheikh and Hurghada are the most popular, warm and party all over the world, where vacationers come from all over the world.
But Makadi Bay is recognized as the most romantic resort on the Red Sea coast.
A favorite destination for divers is Aqaba Bay. After all, the underwater world of the Red Sea is very beautiful and diverse.
The Greeks called the Black Sea impregnable, so on the banks of its many rocks. In winter, cold winds are not uncommon here, the water temperature drops almost to zero degrees. And in the summer it’s warm, the sea warms up well. In the hot months there are 26 degrees.
There are many countries on the coast. In Russia, it is the warmest sea. Resorts that are built here are located in the subtropics, have a fairly developed infrastructure. There are all opportunities for the treatment and recovery of people. Deeper than 200 meters, neither fish nor animals live. This is due to the fact that below these depths, the water in excess is saturated with hydrogen sulfide, which is why all living things die. The warmest sea in the world is a great place for a summer vacation.
Water temperature in the Red Sea
All the shores of the Red Sea are influenced by the tropical desert climate, and only the extreme north is characterized by a Mediterranean climate, but even so, the weather is still hot there. In the coldest winter days, the water temperature does not fall below + 18- + 20 degrees Celsius.
In summer, the thermometer reaches the red line +32. At the same time, wind speed in the range of 7-12 km / h. Such a favorable water temperature is explained not only by constantly sunny weather, but also by the fact that warm layers of water rise from the bottom of the sea.
As for our latitudes, the warmest seas are the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.
Therefore, when the question is where to go to the sea with a small child, so that the water is as warm as milk and it is not shallow, then you should choose a vacation on the Sea of Azov using http://travello.com.ua/berdyansk.
Firstly, the Sea of Azov is shallow. The greatest depth is 13.5 m and the average is 7.5 m.
Secondly, it is warm. A small area of 39 thousand square kilometers allows you to quickly warm up the water.
Among the main resorts of the Sea of Azov, these are:
- Berdyansk: a large resort on the Sea of Azov in Ukraine, on the coast of the Gulf of Berdyansk,
- Mariupol: a large industrial port city,
- Novoazovsk: located a little east of the city of Mariupol,
- Genichesk: located in the northwestern part of the Sea of Azov,
- Kirillovka: quite a popular resort on the Sea of Azov,
- Kerch: a beautiful, large resort city, rich in historical attractions. The city is located on the banks of the Kerch Strait, which connects the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea,
- Yeysk: a large resort in the Russian Federation on the Sea of Azov, located at the very base of the Yeysk Spit,
- Taganrog: a large port city in the Russian Federation, where there are practically no storms, and the holiday season lasts from May to September,
- Taman: the resort has a well-developed tourism and leisure industry,
- Temryuk: the city is 130 km from Krasnodar and is the largest city on the Taman Peninsula.
And other resorts on the Sea of Azov:
- Peresyp village,
- Primorsko-Akhtarsk city,
- Urzuf urban type settlement,
- Kuchugury village,
- Shchelkino village in Crimea on the shore of the Arabat Gulf, on Cape Kazantip,
- Sedovo village on the shore of the Taganrog Bay of the Sea of Azov.
For example, the East Siberian Sea is the coldest in the Russian Federation, where the temperature of the water, even in summer, does not exceed + 1 degree Celsius.
3. The Red Sea
This sea is famous for its coral reefs and a diverse underwater world, for which it is highly regarded by divers. Due to its location in the tectonic basin, it is quite deep - about 450 m. In summer, the water in the Red Sea warms up to +30 ° С, cools down in winter, but not lower than +20 ° С. Moreover, even in the hottest months it refreshes: in summer, the air temperature on its shores reaches +40 ° С. The sea is washed by the shores of 8 countries: Egypt, Jordan, Israel, Djibouti, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Eritrea. Not a single river flows into it, because of which the water in it is clean and very salty.
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2. The Persian Gulf
Despite its name, the Persian Gulf is considered the sea, and the warmest in the world: in summer, the water warms up to +32 ° C, in winter its temperature is not lower than +18 ° C. This is due to the shallow depth (only 90 m) and the fact that land surrounds it all around the perimeter. Namely, the hottest countries: Iraq, Bahrain, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Saudi Arabia and Oman. The Shatt al-Arab River flows into the Persian Gulf, the product of the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris, so the water in it is not as salty as in the Red Sea.
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1. The Arabian Sea
The Red Sea is located inside the Indian Ocean, and the Arabian Sea is in its northern part. In the east, it is washed by the Hindustan Peninsula, and in the west - the Arabian Peninsula. This sea is much larger and deeper than the first two, its depth is about 5.8 km. The large Indus River replenishes it. In summer, the water temperature is +30 ° C, in winter it is approximately +25 ° C. On the shores of the Arabian Sea are Djibouti, Yemen, Somalia, Oman, Pakistan, Iran, India and the Maldives.
All of these seas have common features: they are located close to the equator and belong to the Indian Ocean. Most often, tourists rest on their shores in Egypt, the UAE, Israel and India, somewhat less often in the Maldives. You can choose a journey to your liking and pocket here: tours on the Subtleties.
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1. The Red Sea
- area - 450,000 km 2
- average depth - 437 m
- climate is tropical
- temperature - up to +35 ˚С
Very warm and salty sea. The only one in which not a single river flows. That is why the water in it is crystal clear. The inland sea of the Indian Ocean lies between the Arabian Peninsula and Africa. Washes the shores of 8 states:
The climate of the surrounding territory, most of which is desert, makes the water area one of the hottest on the planet.
The water temperature even in the coldest months - December and January - does not fall below + 18 ... + 20 ˚С. And in July and August it rises to +27 …С ... + 32 ˚С. It is not surprising that it is here that the most popular resorts of Egypt and Israel are located.
The sea attracts the attention of researchers and tourists with its unique underwater world. This and coral reefs, stretching almost along the entire coast. And thousands of species of fish. As well as dolphins, killer whales, rays, moray eels. In the southwestern part, off the coast of Sudan, sharks live.
3. Andaman Sea
- area - 605,000 km 2
- average depth - 1043 m
- climate - tropical monsoon
- temperature - up to +30 ˚С
This sea is one of the most important transport hubs and a popular tourist area. In the north, its waters are washed by the coast of Myanmar, in the east - Thailand and Malaysia, in the south - Indonesia. In the western part are the Nicobar Islands.
The sea is located in the tropical zone and is surrounded on land from almost all sides. Therefore, its waters are warm throughout the year. The water temperature in May is approximately +29 ˚С. And even in the cold season it rarely drops below +20 ˚С.
A large amount of mainland water flows into the sea. And because of the large amount of precipitation, it is desalinated even more. Therefore, the salinity of the water is 20% in the rainy season and 30% in the rest of the year. For comparison, the same indicator in the Red Sea reaches 41%.
The Andaman Sea attracts a large number of tourists due to its comfortable climate and rich underwater world. More than 400 species of marine animals live here - stingrays, reef sharks, dugongs, lobsters, jellyfish, spiny lobsters, etc.
4. Timor Sea
- area - 432,000 km 2
- average depth - 435 m
- climate - subequatorial monsoon
- temperature - up to +30 ˚С
Located in the north-eastern part of the Indian Ocean. In the south, it washed the shores of Australia. Very warm but restless. Due to atmospheric features, there is a frequent change in air masses. In December, tropical cyclones occur. In winter, the northwest monsoons blow. In the southern part, winds of up to 25–30 m / s are observed.
Water temperature is not stable. In different parts of the sea can vary significantly. The reasons are the geographical location, the difficult topography of the seabed, and almost unhindered water exchange with the Indian Ocean. The average surface water temperature is + 26 ... + 29 ˚С. In summer, water in closed bays can warm up to +31 ˚С.
5. The Arabian Sea
- area - 3,862,000 km 2
- average depth - 3000 m
- climate - tropical monsoon
- temperature - up to +30 ˚С
Through the bays it connects with the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.Located in the northern Indian Ocean. Therefore, its water is characterized by high temperatures of both air and water. In the summer, it warms up to + 28 ... + 29 ° C. Up to + 18 ... + 20 ˚С off the coast of Somalia and Oman. In winter it is + 24 ... + 25 ˚С near the Arabian Peninsula. And + 21 ... + 22 ˚С in the north-eastern part of the water area.
The sea borders on:
- Somalia and the Arabian Peninsula in the West,
- Hindustan Peninsula in the north and northeast,
- Maldives in the east.
In the south, the underwater Arabian-Indian Range serves as the border of the sea.
The climate of the water area is monsoon. In winter, the northeast and northwest monsoons blow here. Wind speed can reach 10 m / s. In summer, the direction of the wind changes to the southwest. Its gusts in some areas reach 20 m / s.
In addition to the seas of the Indian Ocean, the Caribbean (washed by the shores of Central and South America) and the Mediterranean basin (between Europe and Asia) won the title of the warmest.