Temples have long been considered a place where the earth connects with heaven. Architects sought to make this connection more tangible, so there are many very high churches in the world.
1. Height 161.5 m Ulm Cathedral (1377-1890) Ulm Germany
2. Height 158 m Notre-Dame-de-la-Pae (1989). Height includes a cross on the main dome. Yamoussoukro Côte d'Ivoire
3. Height 157.4 m Cologne Cathedral (1248-1880) The tallest church in the world with two identical towers. 533 steps lead to a height of 100 meters. Cologne. Germany
4. Height 151 m Rouen Cathedral (1877). The highest cast-iron tower in the world. Rouen. France
5. Height 147.3 m. Cathedral of St. Nicholas (1874). Not restored after the Second World War, left as a monument. Hamburg Germany
6. Height 142 m Strasbourg Cathedral (1439). From 1625 to 1874 the highest building of mankind. Strasbourg. France
7. Height 141.5 m. Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lichen (2004). Lichen Star. Poland
8. Height 136.4 m. St. Stephen's Cathedral (1433). Vein. Austria
9. Height 134.8 m. New Cathedral (1924). Linz. Austria
10. Height 132.5 m. Cathedral of St. Peter Petersdom (1626). Vatican
11. Height 132.2 m. St. Peter's Basilica The first building in 1516. Restored after the Hamburg fire of 1878. Hamburg. Germany
12. Height 132 m. Church of St. Michael (1786). Colloquially called "Michel." Hamburg Germany
13. Height 130.6 m. St. Martin's Cathedral (1500 g.) Landshut. Germany
14. Height 129 m. Oratorio of St. Joseph (1917-1967) Montreal. Canada
15. Height 125.4 m. Church of St. Jacob (1962) Hamburg. Germany
16. Height 124.9 m. Church of St. Mary (1350) Lubeck. Germany
17. Height 124 m. Cathedral in Maringa (1959-1972) Maringa. Brazil
18. Height 123.7 m. Church of St. Olav (1267). At the turn of the XVI century, the height reached 159 meters, which allowed it to be considered the tallest building in the world since 1549, when the tower of the Lincoln Cathedral collapsed, to its own misfortune, a fire in 1625 . Tallinn. Estonia
19. Height 123.5 m. Church of St. Peter (1209-1690). Riga. Latvia.
20. Height 123.1 m Salisbury Cathedral (1220-1258). Salisbury. Great Britain
The five largest churches
The best builders and architects were engaged in the construction of temples, and it was the temples that were always best decorated, sometimes even richer than the palaces of rulers and kings.
And now the main temple of any city is one of its most important attractions.
Interesting to know as well which churches are the largest in the world.
For a long time, the largest Christian church in the world was the main Catholic Cathedral - St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican.
Its dimensions are impressive - 212 meters long and almost 150 meters wide in transepts (side rooms around the altar) with an occupied area of more than 22 thousand square meters.
The height at the top of the cross on the dome is 136 m. The Cathedral can accommodate about 60 thousand people!
It was built in the 16th century by such great masters as: Donato Bramante, Raphael and Michelangelo.
Number 1 - Notre Dame de la Pe
St. Peter's Basilica is undoubtedly a great architectural masterpiece. The same goes for its richly decorated interior.
He became the prototype for many other large churches, including the basilica Notre Dame de la Pe (Blessed Virgin Mary of the World) in the capital of Côte d’Ivoire, Yamoussoukro.
It was built in 1989 and is now listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest church in the world - Its area is about 30 thousand square meters.
Although its capacity is less than 20 thousand people, which is three times less than St. Peter's Basilica.
Basilica of Notre Dame de la Pe
- Italy's largest church - St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican. It is also the largest basilica in the world and the main pilgrimage site for believing Catholics.
- Milan Cathedrallocated in Italian Milan, is decorated with the largest number of statues in the world.
- Seville Cathedral in Spain - not only one of the largest in Spain, but also is the tomb of the discoverer of the New World, Christopher Columbus.
- Basilica of the National Sanctuary of Our Lady of Aparecida in the Brazilian city of Aparecida - the largest in Brazil, under which there are shops, restaurants and car parking.
- Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lichen in the Polish city of Lichen Stary - the largest church in Eastern Europe.
- Church of the Holy Trinity in the city of Fatima in Portugal - a modern Art Nouveau building, decorated with works of art by artists from around the world.
- Basilica of Our Lady of the Long-suffering in the city of Tissur, Kerala in southwestern India - the largest Catholic cathedral in Asia.
- St. Mark's Basilica in Venice. It was built as a symbol of the power and wealth of Venice in the XI century. and this is one of the most illustrative examples of Byzantine architecture.
- St. Patrick's Cathedral in Melbourne - Australia's tallest church and one of the leading examples of the Gothic Revival style.
- Notre Dame Cathedral - One of the most elegant examples of French Gothic architecture.
Number 3 - St. Paul's Cathedral in London
Also, the Vatican Cathedral served as a model for St. Paul's Anglican Cathedral in Londonwho is in third place on our list.
Since this temple, unlike the first, is Protestant, it was built in opposition to it at the end of the 17th century.
But the architectural forms themselves are magnificent.
Number 4 - Cathedral of Milan
Then we return to Italy again. In fourth place is Milan Cathedral.
Unlike the previous three, it has a pronounced Gothic style, by the way, not typical of Italy. In general, the appearance of this temple is unique.
It is all made of marble and full of various decorative elements. In fact, Milan Cathedral is almost the largest marble building in the world.
- St. Sava Cathedral In the capital of Serbia, Belgrade is the largest Orthodox cathedral on the Balkan Peninsula.
- Salvation Cathedral in the capital of Romania Bucharest covers an area of 6 thousand square meters. m and is able to accommodate 6 thousand parishioners. By area, the cathedral ranks third in the world among Orthodox churches.
- Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg. The area of the cathedral is 7 thousand square meters. m. From the roof of the cathedral overlooks the city and the Neva River.
- Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow - the main cathedral of Russia, there are worship services on the main church holidays, as well as ceremonies dedicated to the main events of the country.
- Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in the capital of Bulgaria, Sofia - a working cathedral in neo-Byzantine style.
- Holy Trinity Cathedral in Tbilisi - the main temple of the Georgian Orthodox Church.
- Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg holds 6 thousand parishioners. Located in the historic city center on Nevsky Prospect.
- Kronstadt Cathedral in Kronstadt - the temple of the Russian Navy. Its construction was dedicated to the dead sailors.
- Blagoveshchensky cathedral in Ukrainian Kharkov was once the largest and highest church of the Russian Empire. After 1930 it was closed, but during the German occupation in 1943 it was again opened for worship.
- Church of St. Panteleimon, located in the center of Athens, is the largest church in Greece.
- Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist in New York - the largest Anglican cathedral in the world. It also works as a repository of valuable textile artifacts.
The largest cathedral in the world of the Protestant type is the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist in New York.
Number 5 - Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore
Quite a bit smaller in size Florence Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiorefifth place.
Its size is 153 by 90 meters, and the capacity is the same - about 40 thousand people.
But he is the oldest of all, because was erected in the 15th century.
Thus, before the construction of the Cathedral of Milan in the 16th century. Florence Cathedral was the largest in the world.
One characteristic feature of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore is the giant orange octagonal dome of the work of the great Florentine architect Filippo Brunelleschi.
Its diameter is 42 m. And is equal to the domes of the Roman Pantheon and St. Peter's Basilica, which are still considered the largest in the world.
The greatest temples in the world
One of the largest temples in the world is called the Cathedral of Seville (or the Cathedral of Maria de la Side). It is located in Andalusia, and is the pride and almost the main attraction of Spain. Five centuries have passed since the foundation of the temple, but it still amazes tourists with its huge size and architectural luxury. It is already universally recognized that Seville Cathedral is the largest Gothic cathedral on the planet.
Some experts say that it is the largest Catholic church in the world by cubic capacity. And even ahead of the cathedrals of St. Peter in the Vatican and St. Paul in England. Moreover, in the temple of Seville is the most expensive altar of all the Gothic. To decorate it, 3 tons of gold were spent.
The architectural plan of the Seville Cathedral is not similar to the classic samples that are present in the royal cathedrals of different countries (France, for example). It has its own, original and unique architecture. The temple is a spacious huge hall with a rectangular base, it is based, by the way, on the foundation of an Arab mosque. In total, the length of the structure, which consists of 5 naves, is 126 meters. The central nave, as well as the side chapels and chapels are located between the retaining walls. They provide a width that is not found in any other church - 82 meters.
The choir and the main chapel of one of the largest temples in the world are located in the central nave, this is to the west and east of the central dome. This arrangement gives the nave the appearance of a separate structure, which in its form and luxury resembles a treasury. It is worth noting that the expansion in the cathedral was carried out in various styles, but mainly in the Renaissance style. For example, the Royal Chapel, the Hall of the Chapter, the Main Sacristy can be noted. Later, in the southwestern part of the temple appeared the administrative part, built in the style of Spanish Baroque.
The tallest temple in the world
Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. Its height is 103 meters - it is almost a 40-storey building. But the temple architect Konstantin Ton created such proportions that from the side the cathedral does not seem so tall or large. Big? Yes. The largest, or even the highest, no.
You become aware of the scale when you find yourself inside. The dimensions of the central altar are like a parish church. Vaults - breathtaking.
At the same time, unlike the Catholic cathedrals, whose dimensions are also astounding, in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior there is no feeling that you are a small person (they say this is a feature of the Latin style - to give a person the feeling that he is an ant compared to God). You are part of the whole building, this is your home. The feeling that is so close to the Orthodox church ...
This cathedral had an unusual and difficult story - to begin with the fact that initially it was supposed to be completely different (quite completely), and stand not on Volkhonka, but Sparrow Hills. But this is a completely different story.
The largest Orthodox church in the world
The building stretched 91 meters from west to east, and 81 meters from south to north. And this is much larger than the famous Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. The largest temple in the world is visible from anywhere in Belgrade, as it stands at an altitude of approximately 135 meters above sea level. And the cross on the dome increases its height by 12 meters.
The magnificent cathedral is made in the Serbian-Byzantine style. And the temple was built exactly on the spot where at the end of the 16th century the Ottoman invaders burnt the relics of St. Sava of Serbia. The huge cathedral, by the way, can simultaneously accommodate 10 thousand believers, as well as a choir of 800 singers.
The highest Orthodox cathedrals in the world
So, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior is the highest Orthodox church in the world - 103 meters.
But the height of what other cathedrals exceeds 90 or 100 meters:
101.5 meters - St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg. The example of “Latin” architecture, when the temple is not only a temple, but also a magnificent castle, which either “lifts” you up, or “crushes”, is not clear ...
97.5 * - Tsminda Sameba, Tbilisi, Georgia. An asterisk stands because the most diverse data are given everywhere - up to 86 meters without a cross. This is due to the design feature of the Cathedral (part of it goes underground under 10 meters), and with that - to consider the cross as part of the construction or not: and it’s seven and a half meters ...
96.0 - Transfiguration Cathedral in Khabarovsk. Built in 2004 year. Unlike the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, it has more elongated proportions and therefore it seems much higher.
93.7 - Smolny Cathedral, again Peter and again an example of the "Latin" style. As architecture, Rastrelli’s unconditional masterpiece: an absolutely perfect composition. But once inside, you understand why it is so important to appreciate and honor traditions in temple building ...
If you take Europe, then there will be the highest Orthodox church Cathedral of Three Saints in Timisoarae, Romania - 83 meters. Here it is: (pay attention to the tradition that is different from ours in Orthodox architecture - it is completely familiar to Eastern Europe)
Temples that have become iconic: top 10 largest in the world
|Temples that have become iconic: top 10 largest in the world||10||Seville Cathedral||4.1|
|9||Temple of Amon||4.2|
|8||Temple of Saint Sava of Serbia||4.3|
|6||Temple of Solomon||4.5|
|5||Saint Paul's Cathedral||4.6|
|3||Notre Dame de la Paix||4.8|
|1||Forbidden Mosque (al-masjid al-haram)||5.0|
One of the largest and most beautiful temples in the world. It also bears another name - the Cathedral of Maria de la Side. It is the largest religious memorial of Andalusia and one of the most significant in all of Spain. Residents of the country consider the cathedral a source of pride. 500 years have passed since the laying of the first stone in its foundation, and the monumental structure continues to amaze with its bewitching beauty and incredible architectural power.
The process of building the cathedral took a little more than 100 years, which by that time can be considered a real record (for example, the Catholic Cathedral in Cologne was built as much as 600 years). In addition, the architectural plan of the temple is not at all like the classic version of the royal cathedral.
The temple is presented in the form of a huge hall with a rectangular base, which stands on the foundation of the mosque. Previously, it was on the site of the cathedral (in those days when Spain was captured by the Moors). The length of the structure as a whole is 126 meters, and the width of the cathedral has no equal in the world - 82 meters. Extensions were carried out in various styles, but the Renaissance prevails among them.
Interesting fact. The Cathedral of Seville was the official site of the beginning and end of the first round-the-world trip made by Magellan.
The Seville Cathedral opens for visitors no earlier than 11 a.m. and all because of the morning bell ringing: if you get inside this religious building at that time, you can simply go deaf. The bells beat so loudly that half a kilometer from the cathedral the sound is as if you are standing next to it.
Temple of Amon
The largest and most important religious building of Ancient Egypt is located near the famous city of Luxor, in the small village of Karnak, which during the time of the Egyptian pharaohs was Thebes, the largest city and capital of the Kingdom of Egypt. The first stone of the temple was laid 4000 years ago, and the construction process, it must be said, was by no means quick. Dozens of generations have contributed to its construction: the temple was constantly being built and updated over the course of several centuries.
Each of the rulers ascending the throne considered it his duty to contribute to the construction of the temple of Amon: many not only supplemented the structure, but also destroyed some of its parts. So, for example, Thutmose III acted, destroying the obelisks of Queen Hatshepsut and replacing them with a completely new building with descriptions of his military exploits carved on its walls.
The temple of Amon Ra is dedicated to the ancient Egyptian supreme god of the sun - Ra. In ancient times, the entrance to it was accessible only to the elite: the priests and rulers of Egypt. Today anyone can visit the famous temple complex. The temple is presented in the form of a rectangular structure with an area of about 30 hectares. The road to it is guarded by sphinxes, and you can get inside only after passing 10 huge pylon gates. The largest of them is 113 meters long and about 30 meters high. The “heart” of the temple is a hypostyle (supported by columns) hall with an area of more than 5000 m 2.
Temple of Saint Sava of Serbia
It can surely be called the largest Orthodox religious building in the world. The Macedonian-style temple was erected on the very spot where in 1894 the Ottoman invaders put to fire the relics of St. Sava, the first Serbian archbishop and national hero.
The construction began on the eve of World War II. After the deployment of active hostilities in Europe, the construction of the temple was stopped and resumed only half a century later. To date, the cathedral is fully completed (there were only trifles - small finishing work).
The Church of St. Sava is located in the Serbian capital - Belgrade. It is the largest church in the Balkans. The building is striking in its size: the length of the structure is about 90 meters, the width is 81 meters, and the internal area of the temple reaches 7400 m 2. The main dome of the temple weighs about 4 tons. On it stands a 12-meter cross made of gilding. The construction is perfectly visible from anywhere in the city, as it stands at an altitude of 135 meters above sea level.
This Buddhist stupa (sacred place for Buddhists) is considered the largest in the world. There is an ancient religious building in one of the holy cities of Anuradhapura - the capital of Sri Lanka in ancient times and a real treasury of the country: there is a huge number of unusual and unparalleled monuments of the past.
The construction of the building began under the Sri Lankan ruler Mahasen in the 3rd century and was completed in record time (not only by the standards of antiquity, but also today) in just 15 years. Archaeologists, architects, and with them thousands of tourists who visit this incredible religious building every year, are struck by the unusual stupa: it is made in the form of a domed structure, consisting of 100 million burnt bricks. The height of the stupa reaches 122 meters with a whopping 100-meter diameter.
Temple of Solomon
Many Protestant churches have been built on the planet. One of the largest structures is the Temple of Solomon, located in the Brazilian capital - Rio de Janeiro. The construction of the religious facility was commissioned by the Kingdom of God organization, the founder of which is one of the richest people in the world - Edir Macedo.
The dimensions of the temple are surprising: a 12-story structure that can accommodate up to 10,000 believers reaches a length of 126 meters and its width is 104 meters. In terms of area, the building can be compared with 5 football fields. During religious services, what is happening in the building is broadcast on each of the two screens located inside. About 113 million dollars were spent on the construction of the temple, of which more than 13 million were spent on spectacular evening lighting alone.
Saint Paul's Cathedral
The Roman Cathedral is rightfully considered one of the most famous, significant and largest on the planet. The construction of the Renaissance was built over a century (more precisely, 120 years). Several generations of famous artists have invested all their talent in creating one of the most iconic religious monuments in the world: Rafael, Buanarroti, Michelangelo - the geniuses of art were able to give the interior of the cathedral an incredible, simply bewitching look.
The building is about 220 meters long and 150 meters wide. Up to 400,000 people can be simultaneously on the territory adjacent to the cathedral - St. Peter's Square. The temple stands in the western part of the Vatican - the smallest state in the world. In the days of the Roman Empire, on the site of St. Peter's Basilica there was a circus (a place of horse racing and other shows held during the holidays), where during the time of Nero the first Christians were martyred. Among them was the apostle Peter.
The main dome of the cathedral can be seen for several kilometers - its height reaches 138 meters, and the surface is replete with quotes from the Gospel. At the entrance to the building, believers and travelers are greeted by the figures of the holy apostles - Peter and Paul. This enormous element rests on powerful columns. Behind the columns of the portico there are 5 gates: Death, Good and Evil, Filaret, Sacraments and Holy Gates. The most notable of these are the Gates of Death, built later than the rest (in the 20th century). It is through them that the pontiffs of the Vatican are sent to the last journey.
The cult sanctuary is an ancient Hindu complex dedicated to the supreme god in Hinduism - Vishnu. The huge temple complex is located in Cambodia and is considered not only a valuable cultural and historical monument of the country, but also one of the most significant archaeological buildings in the world.
Built more than 800 years ago, the complex is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Earlier, on the site of the temple construction was the majestic city of Angkor - the ancient capital of the Khmer state with an area of 200 km 2. But recent studies show that this figure can be much larger: it is believed that the area of the ancient half-millionth reached 3,000 km 2. In the pre-industrial era, this city was considered one of the largest and most developed.
The architecture of the temple is presented in the form of the mythical Mount Mera (the habitat of the ancient gods), consisting of 3 large rectangular buildings surrounded by a perimeter high wall, behind which is a water moat. Inside the temple, 5 towers were built, reminiscent of a lotus. The height of the central tower is 42 meters, the entire complex as a whole is 65 meters.
Notre Dame de la Paix
One of the largest Christian temples is located in the capital of one of the West African countries - Côte d'Ivoire. Translated, the name of the building means "Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace." The temple is considered one of the youngest in the world: it was built in the recent 1990. The height of Yamoussoukre Notre Dame is 158 meters. Notre Dame de la Paix is the champion of the Guinness Book of Records for two indicators at once: the height of the structure and the area of the stained glass surface (7400 m 2).
The building with an esplanade and garden is a gift to the Pope. This is the property of the Vatican. It was built on the model of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. It is noteworthy that the African temple is larger than the Vatican counterpart, but at the same time accommodates 3 times less than believers (only 18,000 people). The Pope set the condition for his participation in the consecration of the cathedral: next to it should be a hospital. The condition was met, and the pontiff personally laid the first stone near the temple.
Interesting fact. The cost of operating the temple structure is incredibly high. In this regard, full coverage is turned on only for one day a year - Christmas.
The German cathedral, whose construction took almost 5 centuries, has earned the title of the highest on the planet. In 1543, he became Lutheran. The Gothic-style temple was not completed until 1890. Ulm Cathedral is distinguished by a number of architectural features: these are chimeras, powerful arches, battlements, panoramic windows elongated in height. In general, the outlines of the cathedral can be called unique, very spectacular and strict.
Today, everyone can enjoy the magnificent view from the observation deck of the cathedral - a panoramic picture of the city and the sacred river of the Slavs - the Danube. To do this, you need to climb up to the highest religious building in the world, having overcome 768 steps.
Forbidden Mosque (al-masjid al-haram)
The main mosque of the Islamic world and the largest among existing ones. It is not in its territory that the main shrine of religion is located - the Kaaba. This is a monumental cubic building, inside of which there is a Black stone (when the Prophet Muhammad captured Mecca and cleaned it of idols, he favorably touched the stone with a cane). There is a religious building in Mecca. This is the main goal of all pilgrims performing the hajj.
It is believed that the first mosque near the Kaaba was erected in the 7th century. In its present form, it has been known since 1570. Over the long years of its existence, the mosque has been repeatedly modified. In fact, there is no trace left of the primary version.
Interesting fact. The mosque originally had 6 minarets. But when the same number of Blue Mosques in Istanbul was done, the Imam of Mecca called it sacrilege, since no Islamic building can equal the holy Kaaba. Then it was ordered to build the 7th minaret in the mosque.
For 5 years (2007-2012), a massive reconstruction was carried out on the orders of the King of Saudi Arabia. The territory of the mosque was increased northward, after which the total area was 400,000 km 2. On this vast territory, up to 1,200,000 people can fit simultaneously.
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- Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the World, which is located in the capital of Cote d’Ivoire, the city of Yamoussoukro - one of the largest churches in the world. The basilica was supposed to attract pilgrims from all over Africa. It was built in 1985-1989. in the image of St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican and exceeds its size. However, the interior of the basilica in Yamoussoukro is designed so that it can accommodate 18 thousand parishioners, while the Vatican’s Basilica has enough space for 60 thousand.
- Sagrada Familia, or the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona will become the tallest cathedral in the world when it is completed (172 m). The construction of the cathedral began 137 years ago; completion is planned in 2026.
- Saint Sophie Cathedral in Istanbul (Constantinople) was built in 537 and at that time became the largest building in the world and a unique example of the Byzantine style that changed the world history of architecture. Until the XV century. the cathedral served the Orthodox Church, but after Constantinople became part of the Ottoman Empire, Hagia Sophia was turned into a mosque. In the middle of the XX century. a museum was opened in the cathedral.
Basilica of the National Sanctuary of Our Lady of Aparecida, Aparecida, Brazil
The largest cathedral in the world after the Vatican is dedicated to the Virgin Mary, who is the patroness of Brazil. According to legend, the basilica was built at the site of the discovery of the statue of the Virgin Mary. In 1717, three fishermen caught fish in the Paraiba River for a banquet in honor of the arrival of the Governor of São Paulo.
Despite all the efforts of the fishermen, they did not manage to catch anything until one of the fishermen abandoned the net and pulled it out with a statue of the Virgin Mary. They cleaned the statue and wrapped it in cloth. After this, luck turned to the fishermen, and they were able to catch as many fish as they wanted. It is believed that the statue was created by Frey Agostino de Jesus, a monk who lived in Sao Paulo.
First, the statue was installed in the house of Felipe Pedroso, one of the fishermen who caught it. The house quickly became a popular place for people to come to pray the statue, and this led to the fact that the Pedroso family built a small chapel in which the statue was installed. In 1734 a larger chapel was built, and in 1834 a large church.
But the number of parishioners continued to grow, so in 1955 the construction of the basilica began. A modern building with an area of 18 thousand square meters. m holds 45 thousand parishioners. The building was built in Neo-Romanesque style and has the shape of an equilateral Greek cross. The height of the basilica with the dome is 70 m, and the bell tower reaches 102 m.
On the underground floor there is a shopping center, clinic, restaurants and parking, designed for 4 thousand buses and 6 thousand cars. From Monday to Friday, divine services are held at 7:00, 9:00, 10:30, 12:00, 16:00 and 18:00. On Saturdays and Sundays - at 6:00, 10:00, 12:00 and 16:00. Free admission.
Seville Cathedral, Seville, Spain
The largest cathedral in the world in the Gothic style is located in the city of Seville in southwestern Spain. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The cathedral was built in order to emphasize the beauty and wealth of Seville, which became in the XIII century. major shopping center. The construction of the cathedral lasted more than a century, from 1401 to 1506.
Local legend says that when planning the construction, the city authorities wanted to build a church so beautiful and grand that everyone who saw it would take them for crazy people. The total area occupied by the building is 23.5 thousand square meters. m, at the highest point the cathedral reaches 37 m. Seville Cathedral is the burial place of Christopher Columbus and his son Diego.
The cathedral was built on the site of a mosque, which stood here during the occupation of the Iberian Peninsula by Muslim Moors. The bell tower of the cathedral, whose height is about 96 m, is a rebuilt minaret of the mosque. It is called the Giralda and is a symbol of the city of Seville.
The beauty of the tower inspired architects from all over the world. Many buildings were built in its image, including the Palace of Science and Culture in Warsaw and the seven “Stalin High-Rises” in Moscow. The cathedral serves as both a functioning church and a museum. Services are held here almost every day, after which everyone can visit the cathedral.
|Day of the week||September-june||July August|
- Adult ticket - 9 €.
- Reduced ticket - 4 € (benefits apply to pensioners and students under 25 years old).
- Seville residents, unemployed, disabled people and children under 14 years old can attend the cathedral for free.
Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, New York, USA
St. John the Evangelist Cathedral is located on New York's Manhattan Peninsula Avenue Amsterdam. The plan for the construction of the cathedral was developed in 1888, and the construction itself began in 1892, but was interrupted by two world wars. It was planned to build a cathedral in the Neo-Byzantine style, but after 1909 the plan was changed in favor of the Neo-Gothic. In 2001, a fire destroyed the northern part and the organ.
The construction and decoration of the interior of the cathedral continues today, so unofficially it is called the "Cathedral of John the Unfinished." The area of the cathedral is 11.2 thousand square meters. m, height - about 38 m. In 1922, a stone parapet worth $ 16 thousand was built in the cathedral, on which statues of people who made the greatest contribution to history in each century were erected.
Christopher Columbus, William Shakespeare, George Washington and Abraham Lincoln took their places in the corresponding niches of the parapet, and the niche of the 20th century. It was decided to leave free for 79 years. Now in the niche there is a sculptural group dedicated to Martin Luther King, Albert Einstein, Susan Anthony and Mahatma Gandhi.
The cathedral is also famous for having the largest stained glass window in the form of a rose, consisting of 10 thousand pieces of glass.
Another feature of the cathedral is its stained-glass windows, dedicated not only to scenes from the Bible, but also to human achievements, professions and historical events.The development of medicine, jurisprudence, sports, the creation of a television, train and even the collapse of the Titanic are reflected in the stained glass windows of the cathedral along with images of saints and angels. From Monday to Saturday, the cathedral is open to visitors from 9:00 to 17:00.
|Visitors Category||Individual excursions||Group excursions (from 10 people)|
|Students and senior citizens||$8||$6|
Milan Cathedral, Milan, Italy
The construction of the Milan Cathedral began in 1386. Initially, it was planned to use terracotta stone for the cathedral, however, the decision was changed in favor of white marble from Lake Maggiore. Especially for the delivery of marble, canals were built that can still be seen in the south of Milan. Thousands of artists, sculptors and workers took part in the construction of the cathedral.
However, in 1418 the construction stopped, and for several centuries the cathedral stood in unfinished form. Napoleon Bonaparte became a man, thanks to whom construction was resumed at the beginning of the 19th century. The main feature of the Cathedral of Milan - a huge number of statues that adorn it - 3.4 thousand statues, 135 gargoyles and 700 figures of saints - this is the only cathedral in the world with so many decorations.
From the roof of the cathedral overlooking the city, and in fine weather you can see the snow-capped peaks of the Alps. In the cathedral you can admire the famous Madonina - a gold-plated statue of the Virgin Mary. A sundial is laid out on the square next to the main entrance to the cathedral, so accurate that the townspeople set the time on their watch.
At the top of the arch of the altar you can see a small red light bulb. She marks the place where the nail lies, taken from the body of Jesus Christ after the crucifixion.
Every year on Saturday closest to September 14, the Archbishop of Milan is raised to the arch in a wooden basket with figures of angels so that the eon will move the nail to the altar, where it will be exposed until Monday. He can be seen after the services.
Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lichen, Lichen Stary, Poland
The story of the foundation of Poland’s largest basilica begins in 1813, when a Polish soldier, Thomas Klossowski, was seriously injured in a battle with Napoleon’s troops near Leipzig. He offered a prayer to the Virgin, asking him not to leave him to die in a foreign land. According to legend, the Virgin appeared to Thomas in a golden crown, a red robe with a gold cloak and a white eagle on his shoulder.
She comforted the soldier and promised him that he would recover and return to Poland. She asked Thomas to establish her image in a place where people can come for prayer and get her help in difficult times. The design of the modern basilica was prepared by the Polish architect Barbara Bilechka. Construction lasted 10 years, from 1994 to 2004.
The church was built entirely with money from donations from parishioners. The cornerstone of the church was a fragment of the tomb of St. Peter from the main cathedral of the Vatican. During the construction of the basilica, 6.5 million bricks were used. The church harmoniously fits into the surrounding nature due to the color of the walls and the motif on the windows - ears of wheat.
33 steps lead to the entrance to the basilica, symbolizing 33 years of the earthly life of Jesus Christ. 365 windows and 52 doors symbolize the number of days and weeks in a year. The 12 columns supporting the vaults belong to the 12 apostles, and the 4 columns on which the dome rests are the 4 Gospels. Above the altar is the heart of the temple - the miraculous icon of the Virgin of Lichen.
The basilica is famous for its altar, the largest in Poland.
The height of the basilica with the dome is 98 m. Next to the basilica is a bell tower 65 m high, with a bell weighing 15 tons, made in Milan. Entrance to the basilica is free, you can take the bell tower by elevator for 5 zl (1.16 €), or by stairs for 2 zl (0.5 €). Every Saturday and Sunday, services are held in the basilica, which everyone can attend.
Liverpool Cathedral, Liverpool, UK
The largest cathedral in Great Britain is the Cathedral of Christ Risen in Liverpool. Its construction took 74 years, beginning in 1904. In 1901, a competition was organized for the best architectural design of the cathedral, in which the project of 22-year-old Gilles Hilbert Scott, who at that time was a student of the builder and had no achievements in this, won area.
Despite his youth, Scott was knowledgeable about the style of the Gothic revival, so he designed the cathedral in accordance with the features of this style. Unrest in Europe and in the world influenced the course of construction. With the outbreak of World War I, construction was suspended due to a lack of materials and labor.
The same thing happened during the Second World War - the number of workers was reduced from 266 to 35, in addition, the cathedral suffered from German bombing. Gilles Scott died in 1960, and the architect Frederick Thomas became responsible for the construction of the cathedral. The end of construction in October 1978 was marked by the initiation ceremony that Queen Elizabeth II attended.
The length of the cathedral is 190 m, the area is almost 10 thousand square meters. m, the height of the tower is 100 m. The cathedral is open for visitors from 8:00 to 18:00, services are held daily at 8:30, 12:05 and 17:30 hours. Admission is free, but donations of £ 5 are welcome.
Church of the Holy Trinity, Fatima, Portugal
The largest Art Nouveau cathedral in the world is in Portugal. In 1953, the Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Mary was built in the Portuguese city of Fatima. In 1973, the basilica was found unable to accommodate all believers and pilgrims, and the abbot Luciano Guerra proposed the construction of a larger church.
The proposal was accepted, but in reality it was only launched in 2004, although back in 1996 an international competition was organized for the best project for a new church, in which the Greek architect Alexander Tombasis won.
The cornerstone of the basilica - a marble fragment of the tomb of St. Peter, located under the Vatican Basilica, was blessed and sacrificed by Portugal by Pope John Paul II on March 9, 2004. The laying of the cornerstone became a symbolic act, since it was put on display by believers after completion of construction.
In 2008, a three-meter statue of the Virgin Mary of Fatima, made of Carrara marble, was installed in the church. In 2009, the church received an award from the International Society for Urban Planning, which is awarded to the most creative and innovative construction projects.
The church is made in the Art Nouveau style and is decorated with sculptures, paintings and prints created by artists from around the world. Divine services in the Church of the Holy Trinity are held on Saturdays and Sundays at 11 o’clock. Free admission.
The largest religious building in the world
Angkor Wat was built in the first half of the 12th century, during the reign of King Suryavarman the Second. Now the complex is included in the UNESCO list.
One of the largest temples in the world is located 5.5 kilometers north of the city of Siem Reap in Cambodia. And it is a whole temple complex. Earlier in this place was the ancient capital of the Khimer state, the city of Angkor. It occupies approximately 200 square meters of area. Recent studies have shown that the area of the city could actually be approximately 3,000 square meters. The population of Angkor reached half a million inhabitants. Thanks to this figure, the city has become one of the largest settlements of people of the pre-industrial era.
Angkor Wat is dedicated to the god Vishnu, but if you look at the architecture of the temple, then it combines the typology of a Hindu mountain temple. It represents the mythical Mount Meru (this is the abode of the gods) and the typology of galleries that were characteristic of later architecture.
The second in the ranking of the largest temples in the world consists of three concentric structures in the form of rectangles. Their height increases towards the center. Along the perimeter, the buildings are surrounded by an almost two-meter wall, as well as a moat with water. Its length is more than 3.5 kilometers and a width of almost 200 meters. Inside the structure there are five towers created in the form of a lotus. The central tower rises to 42 meters. Well, the total height of the temple is 65 meters.
In the 15th century, this is almost the largest temple in the world was abandoned. It was opened to European civilization in 1860. And now Angkor Wat is painted on the arms and national flag of Cambodia.
The largest temple in the world
By the way, a few millennia ago on the site of the humble Karnak was the capital of Egypt, the largest city of Thebes. And here they laid the first stone of the temple. It was completed and supplemented for many centuries by various rulers who had ever been to the throne. Dozens of generations have contributed to the appearance of the temple. Thousands of slaves who were captured during the battles worked at the construction site. By the way, the largest temple simply explains its name - the God of the sun Amon is the most revered god among the ancient Egyptians.
The temple of Amon consists of three parts. The first is dedicated to God Amon, the second part to his wife, the patroness of the Queen Mut, and the third part to the son of Amon, the god of the moon.
Basilica de Nuestra Senora del Pilar, Zaragoza, Spain
According to local traditions, the history of the basilica begins with the dawn of Christianity in Spanish land, brought here by the apostle James. After the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ, Saint James came to Spain to spread the Word of God, but his mission was unsuccessful.
January 2, 40 e., during a prayer on the banks of the Ebro River, the Mother of God came to him, gave him a column of jasper and told him to build a church in her place in her honor. During the year, Jacob built the world's first chapel dedicated to the Mother of God. A statue of the Virgin Mary and a jasper column were installed in it.
This first chapel, like other Christian churches, was later destroyed, however, thanks to the inhabitants of the city, the statue and column survived.
The modern baroque basilica was built in 1681-1686. King of Spain Charles II. The vaults and domes of the cathedral are decorated with frescoes by the hand of Francisco Goya. During the Civil War in Spain in 1936-1939. several bombs fell on the church, but none of them detonated. Two of them are exhibited in the basilica.
The most spacious temple
Tsminda Sameba in Tbilisi (Georgia), Trinity Cathedral, Holy Trinity Church - the most capacious Orthodox church in the world. Generally speaking, some consider it also the highest - 105 meters. But this is the height along with a 7.5-meter cross, and even then - at best, the data from source to source is too different.
But one fact is undeniable - this is the only Orthodox cathedral that can accommodate 15 thousand people.
Like the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the cathedral was built exclusively on donations: from ordinary Georgians to large businessmen. Construction was completed in 2004.
The temple was designed with echoes of the traditional Georgian temple style - like the Cathedral of Christ the Savior with elements of the old Russian style.
The cathedral stands on a hill on the banks of the Kura River, is visible from everywhere.
Tsminda Sameba, as is often the case with large cathedrals, includes not only the central, amazing, temple, but also nine chapels, which are located underground at a depth of more than 10 meters (this may cause such large differences in the height of the building, and someone else takes into account underground structures).
But what other churches, apart from the Trinity Cathedral, are included in the "five" of the most spacious (all figures are estimated, that is, approximate):
- 14,000 people - St. Isaac's Cathedral (St. Petersburg)
- 12 000 - Mikhailovsky Cathedral (Cherkasy, Ukraine)
- 11 000 - St. Sava Cathedral (Belgrade, Serbia)
- 10,000 are several temples at once: the Cathedral of Christ the Savior (Moscow), the temple of the Vlkmch. Panteleimon (Athens, Greece), Transfiguration Cathedral (Odessa, Ukraine), Church of the Holy Sepulcher (Jerusalem, Israel)
Temple of Saint Sava, Belgrade, Serbia
St. Sava Cathedral is the largest Orthodox church on the Balkan Peninsula. This temple is visible from anywhere in Belgrade. Every day, the ringing of nearly 50 bells on its towers announces the onset of noon. Saint Sava is considered the founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church and is an important figure in the medieval history of Serbia.
In 1594, the Serbs tried to rebel against the power of the Ottoman Empire. The rebellion was quickly suppressed, and, according to legend, the temple is located in the place where in 1595 the remains of St. Sava were burnt by the Great Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, in the hope of breaking the spirit of the Serbs.
In 1895, 300 years later, the Society for Supporting the Construction of St. Sava Cathedral was founded in Belgrade, however, due to several wars, construction began only in 1935 and continues to this day. After the construction is completed, the walls of the temple will be decorated with mosaics, and the interior design of the temple is done by specialists of the Russian Academy of Arts.
The temple was built in the form of an equilateral Greek cross. The height of the dome of the temple is 70 m, the golden cross adds another 12 m to it. The dome weighs 4 thousand tons, it took 40 days to go up. The area of the temple is 3.2 thousand square meters. m, it easily accommodates 10 thousand parishioners.
In the modern world, churches and cathedrals are not only the religious centers of the city or country in which they are located, they are also iconic places for tourists attracted by centuries-old history and architectural features. Most of the most famous temples also work as museums and cultural centers, where you can get acquainted with the history and traditions of religious denominations.
Article design: Lozinsky Oleg
2. Notre Dame de la Paix, Yamoussoukro, Côte d`Ivoire (158 m)
This basilica is noteworthy at once from several sides. It is located on the Black Continent, and there only a fifth of the population there are Christians. We are used to seeing similar buildings in old Europe, which has a lot of magnificent Gothic. But in 1983, President Felix Bouani decided to transfer the country's capital to the city of Yamoussoukro and build this magnificent basilica there. His goal was to build the world's largest church and thereby perpetuate his name. Therefore, on her stained glass windows next to Christ and the apostles you can see the face of Buany.
The construction of the basilica continued from 1985 to 1989, and it cost the treasury $ 300 million. But although the North Dame de la Paix is larger and larger than the famous St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican, but its interior was much more modest - it can accommodate no more than 18 thousand believers, while in the main Catholic church this figure is much larger. The then pontiff John Paul II put forward one condition for his participation in the ceremony of consecration of the temple - that a hospital was built next to it. He was promised this, after which he laid the symbolic first stone not far from the place where the church now stands. The stone still lies there, but the hospital was not there, it is not.
3. Cologne Cathedral, Germany (157.4 m)
The official name is the cathedral in the name of St. Peter and St. Mary, although for most it is simply known as Cologne Cathedral. It serves as a world standard of high Gothic architecture. At the time of construction, it became the tallest building in the world and remained so for another 4 years. Its dominant are two magnificent towers. The area of the cathedral is approximately 7914 square meters. m. The Cathedral is the main church of the Cologne archdiocese, and its construction was divided into two historical segments: the first stage fell on 1248-1437, and the second - 1842-1880.
The exterior and interior of the temple have a typical Gothic style. Of particular interest are Germany’s largest choirs, in which 104 singers can sing. The temple also has two chairs, always free during worship: one of them is for the pope, and the other is for the Emperor. Here is the famous relic - the cancer of the three kings (sorcerers) - the golden sarcophagus, which contains the ashes of those same three sorcerers, who, according to the Bible, brought gifts to the newborn Christ to Bethlehem.For Christians, this is an incredibly attractive object for pilgrimage, every year millions of believers come to pray at the Cologne Cathedral.
4. Rouen Cathedral, France (151 m)
The Cathedral of Our Lady of Rouen is located in the ancient French city; it has become a monument to the national heritage of the country. Until the completion of the construction of Cologne Cathedral in 1880, it was Rouen Cathedral that was the highest building in the world. It is clear that he still holds the title of the highest church in France and is at the same time a masterpiece of the Gothic style of architecture. Its oldest part is the north tower of Saint-Romain, which was built in 1145. In 1944, it almost completely burned out as a result of the bombing, only stone walls remained.
The South Oil Tower is much younger (1485). The current nave of the church appeared in 1200, as the previous one in the Romanesque style collapsed as a result of a fire. Among the original architecture, only the northern portal of John the Theologian has been preserved, which depicts scenes of the life of John the Baptist and John the Theologian. After 1769, the portal was repeatedly restored. And two more portals in the XVI century were badly damaged. The archbishop's palace included in the complex with the cathedral is as old as the Gothic temple itself.
5. St. Nicholas Cathedral, Hamburg, Germany (147.3 m)
The neo-Gothic church of St. Nicholas became one of the five Lutheran temples in Hamburg and the second tallest building in this city after the memorial to the victims of the tyranny of the Nazi regime and the last world war. A wooden church was built here in the XI century, and in 1335 the construction of a stone building began. The centuries-old construction was completed only in 1874 under the guidance of the Englishman George Scott. Another 2 years after the construction was completed, the church was the tallest building in the world.
In 1943, massive bombing raids hit the port of Hamburg, leaving only a tower from the temple. The church continued to crumble after the war (1951). Only in 1990, its restoration began, managed by the Foundation for the Salvation of the Church of St. Nicholas. Now, instead of the church, there are ruins called a memorial to the victims of World War II. In 2005, an elevator was built there, in which visitors can go up to the top of the church, where a platform has been installed under the spire, from which Hamburg is well viewed.
6. Strasbourg Cathedral, France (142 m)
The Cathedral of the Virgin Mary of the now French city of Strasbourg has been the tallest building in the world for over two centuries. It is still considered unfinished, but this does not prevent him from being one of the most beautiful Gothic buildings in Europe. It stands on a low hill where the ancient Roman temple used to be. During construction, red Vosges sandstone was used. The construction of the cathedral began in 1015, and over the following centuries it was repeatedly transformed and completed. The eastern wing of the building, the choirs and the southern portal are built in the Romanesque style, while the nave and the famous western facade, which is decorated with thousands of sculptures, are recognized as Gothic masterpieces. Due to the unfinished south tower, the cathedral looks asymmetrical.
7. Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lichen, Lichen Stary, Poland (141.5 m)
This basilica has become the spiritual symbol of the new revival of Poland and the largest temple in this country. Contrary to tradition, this church was built in just 10 years (1994-2004) in the Polish village of Lichen-Stary, and an extensive architectural and park complex is spread around it. The place for construction is not accidental - according to legend in the XIX century, it was here that the Mother of God appeared to the two Poles, after which in 1852 a miraculous icon appeared in the local parish church. Now from afar you can see the domed dome of the basilica covered with gold of impressive size (height 45 m, diameter 25 m). It is supported by a two-level reinforced concrete colonnade, based on 4 reinforced concrete columns. The temple can pray 7,000 seated or 10,000 standing parishioners, and in the square in front of the basilica there will be enough space for 250,000 people.
8. St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna, Austria (136.4 m)
The magnificent Viennese temple - St. Stephen's Cathedral is the residence of the Cardinal Archbishop, and its 137-meter tower has become one of the symbols of the capital of Austria. The very first temple on this site arose in 1137-1147, and to its current size it increased during the XIII-XV centuries, until in 1511 it acquired a modern look.
The bombing of World War II, fortunately, did not affect him, as well as the offensive of the Red Army. Later, he was looted and set on fire by looters. A group of volunteers restored the foundation of the cathedral in 1948, but to this day restoration work does not stop here. Catacombs are dug under the building, in which they buried the dead in the era of Charles VI, who forbade the burial of the dead in old cemeteries within the city. To this day, the highest representatives of the clergy are buried in the crypt of the bishop inside the cathedral, the last time this happened in 2014.
9. New Cathedral, Linz, Austria (134.8 m)
The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary or simply the New Cathedral is a Catholic church located in Linz, Austria. In Austria there is no equal to him in capacity - 20,000 people. Its construction in the Gothic style began in 1855 under the patronage of Bishop Franz Joseph Rudiger. True, the first stone was laid only in 1862. After completion of construction in 1924, the church was consecrated by Bishop Johannes Maria Gföllner. It is noteworthy that this cathedral has 5 chapels, each of which is decorated with marble altars and beautiful marble statues. Some of the stained-glass windows were damaged during the last war, especially in the southern portal of the cathedral. They were never restored in their original form, and instead of them there were stained-glass windows on a modern theme.
10. St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican (132.5 m)
This main Catholic temple of the world is the pearl of all Rome. The basilica was named so because, according to legend, under it is the tomb of the Apostle Peter. Inside this grandiose temple, many large European temples could fit entirely. The height of the dome of the basilica, crowned with a cross, is 136 meters. No building should be built above it in Rome. The construction of the cathedral took half a century, and it was completed in 1607. It was created by different generations of the greatest masters of the Renaissance: Raphael, Bramante, Michelangelo, Bernini. The cathedral can accommodate up to 60,000 people and another 400,000 will fit in St. Peter's Square.
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